muungano

Tanzania (, Swahili: [tanzaˈni.a]), officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
Many important hominid fossils have been found in Tanzania, such as 6-million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils. The genus Australopithecus ranged all over Africa 4 to 2 million years ago; and the oldest remains of the genus Homo are found near Lake Olduvai. Following the rise of Homo erectus 1.8 million years ago, humanity spread all over the Old World, and later in the New World and Australia under the species Homo sapiens. Homo sapiens also overtook Africa and absorbed the older archaic species and subspecies of humanity. One of the oldest known ethnic groups still existing, the Hadzabe, appears to have originated in Tanzania, and their oral history recalls ancestors who were tall and were the first to use fire, medicine, and lived in caves, much like Homo erectus or Homo heidelbergensis who lived in the same region before them.
Later in the Stone and Bronze Age, prehistoric migrations into Tanzania included Southern Cushitic speakers who moved south from present-day Ethiopia; Eastern Cushitic people who moved into Tanzania from north of Lake Turkana about 2,000 and 4,000 years ago; and the Southern Nilotes, including the Datoog, who originated from the present-day South Sudan–Ethiopia border region between 2,900 and 2,400 years ago. These movements took place at about the same time as the settlement of the Mashariki Bantu from West Africa in the Lake Victoria and Lake Tanganyika areas. They subsequently migrated across the rest of Tanzania between 2,300 and 1,700 years ago.German rule began in mainland Tanzania during the late 19th century when Germany formed German East Africa. This was followed by British rule after World War I. The mainland was governed as Tanganyika, with the Zanzibar Archipelago remaining a separate colonial jurisdiction. Following their respective independence in 1961 and 1963, the two entities merged in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania.The United Nations estimated Tanzania's 2018 population at 56.31 million, which is slightly smaller than South Africa, making it the second most populous country located entirely south of the Equator. The population is composed of about 120 ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The sovereign state of Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic and since 1996 its official capital city has been Dodoma where the president's office, the National Assembly, and some government ministries are located. Dar es Salaam, the former capital, retains most government offices and is the country's largest city, principal port, and leading commercial centre. Tanzania is a de facto one-party state with the democratic socialist Chama Cha Mapinduzi party in power.
Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish. To the south lies Lake Malawi. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar's largest marine protected area. The Kalambo Falls, located on the Kalambo River at the Zambian border, is the second highest uninterrupted waterfall in Africa.Over 100 different languages are spoken in Tanzania, making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. The country does not have a de jure official language, although the national language is Swahili. Swahili is used in parliamentary debate, in the lower courts, and as a medium of instruction in primary school. English is used in foreign trade, in diplomacy, in higher courts, and as a medium of instruction in secondary and higher education, although the Tanzanian government is planning to discontinue English as the primary language of instruction but it will be available as an optional course. Approximately 10 percent of Tanzanians speak Swahili as a first language, and up to 90 percent speak it as a second language.

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  1. Analogia Malenga

    Wana-CCM wajitokeza kuchukua fomu ya kutia nia ya kuwania nafasi ya Spika wa Bunge la JMT. Yupo Dkt. Tulia na Masele

    Aliyewahi kuwa Makamu wa kwanza wa Rais katika Bunge la Afrika (PAP), Stephen Masele na Naibu Spika wa Bunge la Tanzania Dkt. Tulia Ackson wamechukua fomu ya kuomba kuteuliwa na Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) kugombea nafasi ya Spika wa Bunge la Tanzania Mtu mwingine aliyechukua fomu ni Patrick...
  2. Sandali Ali

    Serikali ya JAMHURI YA MUUNGANO WA TANZANIA ijiuzulu kwa kushindwa kutumia rasilimali za nchi hii kwa maendeleo ya watu wote

    Habari! Huu uzi ninauandika nikiwa na jazba na ghazabu. Nimefanya kazi mgodi wa GGM(GEITA GOLD MINE), kisha nikafanya Mgodi wa Bulyanhulu uliokuwa ukimilikiwa na Barrick kisha Acacia. Ardhi yetu imemeza matrilioni ya fedha. Nimefanya kazi kwenye hifadhi ya Serengeti kwenye hoteli ya kitalii...
  3. D

    Mkopo wa tril 1.3 kutikisa muungano, hii ni baada ya bil 200 kupelekwa Zanzibar yenye watu mil 1.7 huku Watanzania bara kuumia kulipa deni la mkopo

    Kuna kasiriko kubwa sana miongoni mwa watanzania bara hii ni sababu kuna dalili kubwa kuwa mgao wa pesa za mkopo wa Uviko 19 hazikufanyika kwa uwiano mzuri. Kati ya bil 1300 bil 200 zilipelekwa Zanzibar sehemu ya JMT yenye watu takribani mil 1.7. Huku Tanzania bara ikipata kiasi kinacho...
  4. T

    Tetesi: Stephen Masele kuwa spika mpya wa Bunge la Jamuhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania?

    Kuna tetesi kuwa aliyekuwa Makamu wa raisi wa Bunge la Pan African, Mh.Stephen Masele kuwa spika mpya wa Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania. Hii imekaaje wadau?
  5. Chinga One

    Huu hapa utaratibu wa kumuondoa Spika wa Bunge la Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

    Sehemu ya 16 ya kanuni za kudumu za Bunge inafafanua kwa uzuri kabisa jinsi ya kumuondoa Spika na Naibu Spika. Enjoy!
  6. Kasomi

    Mfahamu Mzee Mwinyi: Mtanzania wa Kwanza Kuwa Rais Zanzibar na Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

    Wakati naanza kuandika makala ya huyu Mzee aliyejaaliwa miaka mingi na heri hapa Duniani nikakumbuka yule dogo aliyemzaba kibao sijui yuko wapi. Kweli maisha ya mwanadamu ni hadithi tu ndiyo maana Mzee Mwinyi anapenda kusema tujitahidi kuacha hadithi nzuri hapa duniani. Kwakweli huyu Mzee...
  7. Lexus SUV

    JE KUNA MFANYAKAZI WA SERIKALI ANALIPWA MSHAHARA ZAIDI YA RAIS WA JAMHURI YA MUUNGANO ...

    Msaada please kwa anaejua. A cha na na posho Bali mshahara tuuu
  8. Mr Dudumizi

    UTABIRI: Hawa ndio watakuwa wagombea urais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania.

    Habari zenu wakuu, ama baada ya salam ningependa sasa kuelekea kwenye mada yetu husika. Ndugu zangu katika maono yang na uzoefu wang wa mambo ya kisiasa, natabiri kuwa hawa ndio watakuwa baadhi ya wagombea urais wa JMT wa mwaka 2025. Hapo chini ni majina yao na vyama vyao watakavyotumia...
  9. S

    Bora Muungano uvunjike tuwe Nchi jirani tu

    Ni bora huu Muungano wetu ukavunjika halafu tukawa nchi jirani zenye kupendana kuliko maelezo,ila hivi tulivyo inakuwa kama hatuelewani. Tugawane mbao kisha kila mtu ajenge mtumbwi wake. Tatizo wabara hawajiamini kujitawala,wanahisi watagawika ,Zanzibar imekuwa kama hirizi.
  10. Z

    Wakenya, mnaona vipi Muungano wa Tanzania, are Tanganyikans duped?

    Well kwa huku kwetu kila moja anajivutia kamba kwake, nimeona tupate viewpoint kutoka kwa 254. Muungano haukuwa Takwa la nyerere bali takwa la nchi za kibepari kama uingereza wakihofia nchi za ujamaa zisije zikaichukua Zanzibar na kuwa koloni la ki -socialist!!!!Nyerere kama kijana aliekuwa...
  11. sky soldier

    Mnielimishe: Ni kitu gani haswa Nyerere alikitaka kwenye Muungano, maana nachoona tunapigwa wazi wazi

    Naombeni wenye jicho la ziada mnitoe ujinga maana huu ujinga nilionao ndio unanifanya niwe napatwa na hasira kwa maono mafupi yanayonifanga nione Zanzibar inatunyonya Kwa upeo wangu mfupi najionea mambo haya, Naombeni mnipe maarifa, huenda mtazamo wangu haupo sawa. Mambo ya huku bara lazima...
  12. M

    Rais Samia awapa shavu Wazanzibar: Ajira asilimia 21 za Muungano kuwa za Wazanzibar

    Watu milioni 58 wanagombania asililia 79 ya Ajira Ila watu milioni 1.5 unawapa asilimia 21 ya Ajira Hongera mama, Charity begins at home. Watanganyika huu ni muda wa kukaa na kutafakari huu muungano una faida na sisi au la? Hebu tazama 1. Mzanzibar ana haki ya ardhi yote ya Tanzania...
  13. peno hasegawa

    Mwenye kuzifahamu faida za Muungano wa bara na visiwani Tafadhali

    Muungano wa bara na visiwani uangaliwe upya bara wanaumia. Zanzibat kuna utawala wa Rais wa muungano na Rais wao wakato bara wana Rais wa miungano. Zanzibar wana bumge lao na wengine wanakwenda kwenye bunge la muungano, idadi ya wazanzibar ni 1.3 milinoni na wabara ni zaidi ya 58 milioni...
  14. Ze Bulldozer

    Rais wa Zanzibar, Dkt. Hussein Mwinyi amshukuru Rais Samia Suluhu na IMF

    === Rais wa Zanzibar na Mwenyekiti wa Baraza la Mapinduzi Mhe Hussein Ally Hassan Mwiny amemshukuru Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano Mhe Samia Suluhu Hassan kwa Upambanaji wake kwa Taifa lake la Tanzania na kumtaka aendelee hivyohivyo kuumizwa na umasikini wa watu wake anaowaongoza toka pande...
  15. M

    Kero za Muungano: Ni wakati muafaka kwa Wazanzibari kufanya Referendum

    Nafikiri niwakati sasa umefika Zanznibar wafanye referendum kwamba wanataka muungano Ndio/Hapana. Baada ya hapo ndo tutakuwa na jibu sahihi la kupata ufumbuzi wa kudumu wa hiki tunachoita muungano.
  16. D

    Pengo kwenye Muungano

    Zanzibar ina Rais, ina wimbo wa taifa, ina bendera ya taifa na ya Rais, ina Baraza la Wawakilishi, ina Baraza la Mapinduzi, ina Valantia, Mafunzo na KMKM, ina Serikali Kamili ya Mapinduzi SMZ, ni taifa kamili lililoungana na Tanganyika kutengeneza Tanzania bila kupoteza utaifa wake. Mojawapo...
  17. comte

    BAVICHA: Unamuenzije Nyerere huku unadhihaki Mwenge na Muungano

    Nimesikitika sana kusikia BAVICHA ati wameenda Butiama kwenye kaburi la Nyerere kumuenzi. Naomba niwakumbeshe dhihaka zao kwa Nyerere. BAVICHA-Mwenge upelekwe makumbusho Lissu- wakati wa bunge la Katiba - Nyerere alikuwa laghai- CHADEMA- serikali za ukabila za majimbo na kuvunja Muungano kwa...
  18. APA CHICAGO

    Hongera Samia Hassan Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

    Leo ilikuwa kilele cha mbio za Mwenge kitaifa huko Chato -Tanzania.Mwenge wetu wa Uhuru ulizimwa rasmi kule Chato. Masikio ya wanachato yalikuwa kisikia Chato ikipewa hadhi ya kuwa mkoa lakini haikuwa hivyo. Nideclare interest kuwa Mimi ni mwenyeji wa kanda ya Ziwa na ninajua maeneo mengi huko...
  19. D

    Je, Muungano Bridge inawezekana Tanzania?

    Taswira kwa hisani ya Google Hii haiwezekani Tanzania? Kwanini isiwezekane? Nadhani hii ya juu tunaweza ila ya chini ya bahari ndiyo hatuwezi.
  20. W

    Usafiri na usafirishaji wa anga ni jambo la 17 la Muungano, Tujikumbushe mambo 22 ya Muungano

    Ukurasa wa 218 na 219 wa Katiba ya Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania 1977, unataja Mambo ya Muungano ambayo ni:-. 01. Katiba ya Tanzania na Serikali ya Jamhuri ya Muungano 02. Mambo ya nje 03. Ulinzi na Usalama, 04. Polisi 05. Mamlaka juu ya mambo yanayohusu hali ya hatari,. 06. Uraia. 07...
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