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Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Chanzo, Dalili na Kinga/Tiba yake

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by JamiiForums, Oct 19, 2010.

  1. JamiiForums

    JamiiForums Official Robot Staff Member

    Oct 19, 2010
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    Wadau wengi wamekuwa wakiumizwa na maradhi haya; hebu tuyaangalie kwa mapana yake:


    What Is a Urinary Tract Infection?

    About half of women will get a urinary tract infection or UTI at some point in life. It happens when germs infect the system that carries urine out of your body -- the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that connect them. Bladder infections are common and usually not serious if treated promptly. But if the infection spreads to the kidneys, it can cause more serious illness.


    UTI Symptoms: Bladder Infection
    Most UTIs are bladder infections. Symptoms include:
    Pain or burning during urination
    The urge to urinate often
    Pain in the lower abdomen
    Urine that is cloudy or foul-smelling
    Some people may have no symptoms


    UTI Symptoms: Kidney Infection
    An untreated bladder infection can spread to the kidneys. Signs of this include:
    Pain on either side of the lower back
    Fever and chills
    Nausea and vomiting


    When to See Your Doctor
    See your doctor right away if you have signs of a urinary tract infection. A bladder infection is generally not a medical emergency -- but some people have a higher risk for complications. This includes pregnant women, the elderly, and men, as well as people with diabetes, kidney problems, or a weakened immune system.


    UTI or Something Else?
    Although burning during urination is a telltale sign of a UTI, it can also be a symptom of certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs.) These include chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Simple lab tests are available to distinguish a UTI from an STD.


    UTI Complications
    The main danger associated with untreated UTIs is that the infection may spread from the bladder to one or both kidneys. When bacteria attack the kidneys, they can cause damage that will permanently reduce kidney function. In people who already have kidney problems, this can raise the risk of kidney failure. There's also a small chance that the infection may enter the bloodstream and spread to other organs.

    Case Studies:
    Athari kwa watoto:
  2. s.fm

    s.fm JF-Expert Member

    Oct 19, 2010
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    jamani wan JF naombeni msaada kwa hili! nina kaka yangu anasumbuliwa sana na UTI kama kuna mtu anafahamu dawa nzuri anielezee! ameshakunywa sana antibiotics (cipro,cephalexin,celexin etc) lakini wapi inatoka kwa muda then inarudi!

    napendelea sana tiba asilia mwenye ujuzi amwage data
  3. Speaker

    Speaker JF-Expert Member

    Oct 19, 2010
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    i will be back kuona kama kuna ushauri umetolewa
  4. pmwasyoke

    pmwasyoke JF-Expert Member

    Oct 20, 2010
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    Urinary tract infection
  5. Tausi Mzalendo

    Tausi Mzalendo JF-Expert Member

    Oct 20, 2010
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    1. Kunywa maji mengi na juice
    2. Kuwa msafi hasa wa mavazi ya ndani na uoge au kujiswafi kwa maji safi salama
    3. Acha michezo michafu ..nadhani unanielewa
  6. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    Oct 20, 2010
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    How to Treat Urinary Tract Infections

    Urinary tract infections are also known as UTIs, cystitis and bladder
    infections. They are most common in women, but men and children can also
    get them, and almost all of them are caused by E. coli bacteria.


    Things You'll Need:

    • Celery
    • Cranberry Juice
    • Parsleys
    • Watermelons
    • Acidophilus
    • Colloidal Silver
    • Cranberry Capsules
    • Vitamin C
    • Vitamin C

    1. 1
      Drink plenty of fluids. Begin as soon as you feel the first signs and symptoms. Drink up to several gallons in the first 24 hours after the onset of symptoms. Doing this can actually flush the bacteria out and wash it away.
    2. 2
      Choose water as your primary fluid.
    3. 3
      Drink cranberry juice. The second choice is orange juice. They make your urine more acidic, which helps kill the bacteria and provide relief from symptoms.
    4. 4
      Take cranberry tablets or capsules if you are unable to drink or locate the juice. Take them with a large glass of water.
    5. 5
      Take vitamin C with a bioflavonoid complex, at least 2,000mg per day. Divide the dose. This helps acidify the urine and also strengthens your immune system.
    6. 6
      Urinate whenever you feel the urge. Don't hold it in. Try not to be in a place where there is no available bathroom.
    7. 7
      Empty your bladder completely when you urinate. Urine left in the bladder provides a good breeding ground for bacteria.
    8. 8
      Avoid alcohol, caffeinated and carbonated drinks, and spicy foods. They can worsen symptoms.
    9. 9
      Avoid sexual intercourse while you are having symptoms.
    10. 10
      Refrain from taking bubble baths or using bath oils while having symptoms.
    11. 11
      They can cause increased irritation.
    12. 12
      Pour warm water over genital area while you are urinating. This helps relieve burning when you urinate, which is a common symptom of urinary tract infections.
    13. 13
      Eat parsley, celery and watermelon. They act as natural diuretics.
    14. 14
      Use colloidal silver, which is a natural antibiotic. Use as directed on label.
    15. 15
      Take the entire prescription of antibiotics if your doctor prescribes them.
    16. 16
      Do not stop just because you are feeling better. Not taking the full prescription can cause a relapse or recurrence.
    17. 17
      Take acidophilus with each meal if you are on antibiotics. It will help maintain and restore normal bacterial growth.

    Read more: How to Treat Urinary Tract Infections | eHow.com How to Treat Urinary Tract Infections | eHow.com
  7. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    Oct 20, 2010
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    Natural Remedies for a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

    Although natural remedies are being studied for urinary tract infection, it is important to seek medical attention and not self-medicate. If improperly treated, a urinary tract infection may spread to the kidneys. This can occur even though a person's symptoms appear to improve.

    Cranberry juice (Vaccinium macrocarpon or Vacinnium oxycoccus) has been used for more than a century as a home remedy to prevent and treat urinary tract infection.
    Although it was previously thought that cranberry worked by making the urine more acid, more recent evidence suggests that constituents in cranberry called proanthocyanins prevent bacteria from adhering to the walls of the urinary tract. This is thought to allow urine to wash away the bacteria.
    A study published in the Canadian Journal of Urology in 2002 compared pure cranberry juice, cranberry extract tablets, and a placebo in 150 women at high risk for infections. Both the juice and tablets both significantly reduced UTI. Of the two, the tablets were the most effective. The National Institutes of Health and the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Health recently launched a $2.6 million dollar initiative for research into cranberries.
    Cranberry juice should be unsweetened. Unsweetened juice can often be found in health food stores.
    Uva Ursi

    Uva ursi (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) is a herb that is used as a folk remedy for certain types of urinary tract infection. The active component, arbutin, appears to be broken down and then excreted in the kidneys, where it appears to have antiseptic properties.
    Uva ursi contains significant amounts of compounds called tannins. Tannins are not believed to be absorbed from the intestines, however, liver damage has occured with people who have taken large doses of tannins. There have been no reports of uva ursi toxicity due to the tannins.
    People with kidney or liver disease or pregnant or nursing women or children should not take uva ursi.

    Side effects of uva ursi can include brown or green colored urine, nausea, ringing in the ears, or indigestion. Rarely, uva ursi has been associated with retinal damage, seizures, cyanosis, cancer, or even death when taken in large amounts for long periods of time.
    Other Natural Remedies

    Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
    Marshmallow root (Althea officinalis)
    Buchu (Barosma betulina)
    Corn silk (Zea mays)
    Horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

    Homeopathic Remedies
    Cantharis - sharp burning pain, intense urge to urinate
    Staphysagria - continual burning, result of sexual intercourse

    Source: Natural Remedies for Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) - Best Urinary Tract Infection Remedies
  8. c

    chilamjanye Senior Member

    Oct 20, 2010
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    Mimi napenda kufahamu causes za UTI first
  9. pmwasyoke

    pmwasyoke JF-Expert Member

    Oct 20, 2010
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    Baadhi ya njia za kuambukizwa UTI ni pamoja na

    • Kuoga maji machafu;
    • Kushare mataulo, nguo za ndani, nk;

    • Kujamiiana na mwenye UTI;
    • Kutokuzingatia usafi wa nguo za ndani;
    • nk.
  10. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    Oct 20, 2010
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    Urinary Tract Infection Causes

    There are different causes of bladder infections in men and women and so bladder infection remedies for men and women may differ.
  11. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    Oct 23, 2010
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    U.T.I ni ugonjwa sugu unaosumbua sana watu wengi hivi sasa, wakubwa kwa wadogo. U.T.I (Urinary tract Infection) ni ugonjwa unaoathiri njia ya mkojo na huweza kusababisha maumivu makali na unapojiimarisha mwilini kwa muda mrefu huathiri figo pia. Dalili za ugonjwa huu ni pamoja na mtu kusikia haja ya kukojoa kila wakati na kusisimka wakati wa kujisaidia, kusikia maumivu, kutoa mkojo mchafu na hata kutoa haja ndogo iliyochanganyika na damu.

    Wataalamu wetu wa masuala ya tiba wanatueleza kuwa tatizo hili hujitokeza pale mlango wa njia ya haja ndogo inaposhambuliwa na bakteria ambao husambaa na wasipotibiwa mapema huenea hadi kwenye figo na athari zake ni mbaya.


    Kwa kawaida kila ungonjwa una tiba mbadala, siyo lazima kwenda hospitali. Unaweza kuudhibiti au kuponya ugonjwa huu kwa kunywa maji mengi pamoja na juisi itokanayo na matunda halisi, iwapo utawahi kabla tatizo halijawa sugu.

    Kwa maana nyingine, unaweza kujikinga na ugonjwa huu kwa kuwa na mazoea ya kunywa maji ya kutosha kila siku. Ukinywa maji ya kutosha yatakufanya uende haja ndogo kila mara na kwa njia hiyo wale bakteria watakuwa wakitoka na hatimaye kuisha kabisa. Aidha, njia nyingine ya kuudhibitibi ugonjwa huu ni kunywa maji mengi au kwenda haja ndogo mara baada ya kufanya tendo la ndoa, kitendo hiki husaidia kuwaondoa mapema bakteria wote ulioambukizwa wakati wa kujamiiana na mwenzio.

    Katika hali ya kawaida, ugonjwa wa UTI hutoweka ndani ya siku tatu mara baada ya kuanza kutumia tiba asili ya kunywa maji mengi na juisi ya matunda halisi, iwapo ugonjwa utaendelea kuwepo baada ya siku hizo, hiyo itakuwa na maana ugonjwa wako umeshakomaa na hivyo hauwezi kutibika kwa tiba hii ya nyumbani.

    Katika hali kama hii, utakuwa huna njia nyingine isipokuwa kwenda hospitalini na kuonana na daktari ambaye atakufanyia uchunguzi na kukupatia dozi sahihi ambayo utatakiwa kuizingatia bila kukosa. Uamuzi huu ni muhimu hasa kama unasikia maumivu makali ambayo yanaweza kuwa yanasababishwa na kuathirika kwa figo. Kwa kawaida tiba ya kidaktari kwa ugonjwa huu huhusisha matumizi ya dawa kali za ‘antibiotics’, ambazo watu wengi wanazikimbia kutokana na athari zake za baadae (side effects). Lakini ni muhimu kufuata ushauri wa dokta na kumaliza dozi ili kuepuka uwezekano wa kurejea kwa ugonjwa, tena kwa kasi kubwa.

    Ili kujiepusha na ugonjwa huu, suala la usafi na kuwa na tabia ya kunywa maji ya kutosha ni jambo muhimu sana. Hakikisha unajisafisha vizuri mara baada ya kwenda haja na kubadilisha mara kwa mara nguo yako ya ndani, hasa kwa akina mama.

    Vile vile usikae na haja ndogo kwa muda mrefu, nenda kajisaidie mara nyingi kadri unavyosikia kufanya hivyo. Kitu cha mwisho cha kuzingatia kwa mgonjwa wa UTI ni kupunguza unywaji wa pombe na vinywaji vingine vyenye sukari, kwa sababu sukari ni chakula cha bakteria hivyo kwa kuendelea kunywa kinywaji chenye sukari kutaifanya hali kuendelea kuwa mbaya. Ugonjwa huu ni rahisi kuepuka kwa mtu anayependa kunywa maji ya kutosha na kunywa juisi halisi kila siku.

    Katika kuudhibiti ugonjwa huu, pendelea kula vyakula ama vinywaji vyenye kiwango kikubwa cha vitamini C ambayo utakipata kwenye matunda ya aina mbalimbali yakiwemo machungwa, mboga za majani n.k. Jiepushe na ulaji wa vyakula vya ‘kupaki’ kama vile ‘chizi’, chokoleti na bidhaa nyingine zilizotengenezwa kutokana na maziwa. Pia jiepushe na ulaji wa vyakula vyenye viungo vingi kama pilau, epuka vyinywaji vyenye ‘caffeine’, kilevi na sigara na mwisho achana na vinywaji kama soda na vinavyofanana na soda.
  12. upele

    upele JF-Expert Member

    Oct 28, 2010
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    thanx mkuu give us more on this
  13. V

    Venezuela Member

    Oct 28, 2010
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    Go to the hospital for them to take a swab of your juices. Request them to culture the swab for bacteria and fungi. This will be a culture sensitivity test which will isolate the causative organisms and the best medicine to get rid of them,

    Good luck!
  14. The Finest

    The Finest JF-Expert Member

    Oct 28, 2010
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    The following are some of the antibiotic classes used most commonly to treat UTIs:

    The beta-lactam antibiotics share common chemical features and include penicillins, cephalosporins, and some newer similar drugs.
    Penicillins (Amoxicillin). Until recent years, the standard treatment for a UTI was 10 days of amoxicillin, a penicillin antibiotic, but it is now ineffective against E. coli bacteria in up to 25% of cases. A combination of amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin) is sometimes given for drug-resistant infections. Amoxicillin or Augmentin may be useful for UTIs caused by Gram-positive organisms, including Enterococcus species and S. saprophyticus.
    Cephalosporins. Antibiotics known as cephalosporins are also alternatives for infections that do not respond to standard treatments or for special populations. They are often classed as first, second, or third generation. Cephalosporins used for treatment of UTIs include cephalexin (Keflex), cefadroxil (Duricef) cefuroxime (Ceftin),loracarbef (Lorabid), and cefixime (Suprax, among others.
    Other Beta-Lactam Drugs. Other beta-lactam antibiotics have been developed. For example, pivmecillinam (a form of mecillinam), is commonly used in Europe for UTIs.
    Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX)

    The typical treatment is a 3-day course of the combination drug trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, commonly called TMP-SMX (such as Bactrim, Cotrim, or Septra). A 1-day course is somewhat less effective but poses a lower risk for side effects. Longer courses (7 - 10 days) work no better than the 3-day course and have a higher rate of side effects.
    TMP-SMX should not be used in patients whose infections occurred after dental work or in patients allergic to sulfa drugs. Allergic reactions can be very serious. Trimethoprim (such as Proloprim or Trimpex) is sometimes used alone in those allergic to sulfa drugs. TMP-SMX can interfere with the effectiveness of oral contraceptives. High rates of bacterial resistance to TMP-SMX exist in many parts of the United States.
    Fluoroquinolones (Quinolones)

    Fluoroquinolones (also simply called quinolones) are now becoming as widely used as TMP-SMX. They are the standard alternatives to TMP-SMX. Examples of quinolones include ofloxacin (Floxacin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), norfloxacin (Noroxin), and levofloxacin (Levaquin).
    Pregnant women should not take fluoroquinolone antibiotics. They also have more adverse effects in children than other antibiotics and should not be the first-line option in most situations.

    Tetracyclines include doxycycline, tetracycline, and minocycline. Treatment with tetracycline or doxycycline may be used for infections that are caused by Mycoplasma or Chlamydia. Tetracyclines have unique side effects among antibiotics, including skin reactions to sunlight, possible burning in the throat, and tooth discoloration. They cannot be taken by children or pregnant women.

    Aminoglycosides (gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin) are given by injection for very serious bacterial infections. They can be given only in combination with other antibiotics. Gentamicin is the most commonly used aminoglycoside for severe UTIs. They can have very serious side effects, including damage to hearing, sense of balance, and kidneys.
    Other Antibiotics Used Specifically for UTIs

    Nitrofurantoin. Nitrofurantoin (Furadantin, Macrodantin) is an antibiotic that is used specifically for urinary tract infections as an alternative to TMP-SMX or a quinolone. Unlike many of the other drugs, however, it is usually taken for 7 - 10 days, even in cases of simple cystitis. It is not useful for treating kidney infections. Nitrofurantoin frequently causes stomach upset and interacts with many drugs. Other chronic or serious medical conditions may also affect its use. It should not be used in pregnant women within 1 - 2 weeks of delivery, in nursing mothers, or in those with kidney disease.
    Fosfomycin. The antibiotic fosfomycin (Monurol) may be prescribed as a 1-dose treatment for women who are pregnant.
    Doripenem. Doripenem (Doribax) is a new carbapenem antibiotic, which was approved in 2007 for the treatment of complicated urinary tract infections. It is given by injection.
    Medications for Treating Symptoms

    Although antibiotics can cure for most urinary tract infections, severe symptoms can persist for several days until treatment effectively eliminates the bacteria. A number of options are available for relieving symptoms until the antibiotics take action.
    Phenazopyridine. Phenazopyridine (such as Pyridium, Uristat, Barodium, Eridium, and AZO Standard) relieves pain and burning caused by the infection. Patients should not take this medicine for more than 2 days.
    Side effects include headache and stomach distress. The drug turns urine a red or orange color, which can stain fabric and be difficult to remove. Rarely, it can cause serious side effects, including shortness of breath, a bluish skin, a sudden reduction in urine output, shortness of breath, and confusion. In such cases, patients should immediately call the doctor.
    Antispasm Drugs. Methenamine (such as Atrosept, Prosed, and Urised) or flavoxate (Urispas) reduce bladder spasms, which may occur with some UTIs. These drugs can have severe side effects, however, that the patient should discuss with the doctor.

    NB: Nakiete Pharmacy au JD Pharmacy wana dawa nzuri kwa ajili ya UTI
  15. Raia Fulani

    Raia Fulani JF-Expert Member

    Oct 29, 2010
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    Hapa zimezungumziwa dawa za famas tu. Vipi za kienyeji za wamasai
  16. Zneba

    Zneba Senior Member

    Nov 1, 2010
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    Habari yako mzizi mkavu,yani nashukuru sn kwa maelezo yako marefu kuhusiana na UTI mi ni mmoja wapo ninayesumbuliwa sana na ugonjwa huo but nimejifunza zaidi kupitia haya maelezo yako asante sana ubarikiwe
  17. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    Nov 4, 2010
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    Juisi ya mchangayiko wa nanasi, epo na tikitimaji huondoa mlundikano wa chumvi mwilini, husafisha kibofu cha mkojo pamoja na figo. Hii ina maana kwamba juisii hii ni kinga tosha dhidi ya magonjwa ya kibofu cha mkojo na figo.
  18. Visenti

    Visenti JF-Expert Member

    Nov 8, 2010
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    Ni vigumu kusema ipi ni dawa nzuri ya UTI kati ya antibiotiki lukuki zilizopo, kwani inategemea aina ya vimelea vilivyosababisha hiyo UTI, kwa mazingira yetu, madaktari/matabibu huchagua dawa kutokana na uzoefu wa practice zao au kutokana na upatikanaji wa dawa hizo, lakini kitaalamu na kisayansi dawa madhubuti ya UTI hupatika baada ya kuotesha vijidudu hivyo kwa kuchukua sampuli ya mkojo wa mgonjwa na kujaribisha aina nyingi za dawa nje ya mwili wa mgonjwa, yaani maabara (urine culture and sensitivity test), kisha wataalamu wa maabara wanamshauri daktari aina za antibiotiki ziliyoonyeha kuua aina ya vimelea vilivyooteshwa na zilizoshindwa.
  19. Chitemo

    Chitemo JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Leo nimepima mkojo na choo nimekutwa nina maambukizi ya urinary tract infections (UTI). Kwa kweli mwenzenu nina maumiv makali sana ya mwili na sehemu za siri. Tatzo n kwamba: nimepima hapa Marie stopes-Mwanza na gharama ya dawa nambiwa tsh 35,000 halafu vpimo sh 12,700. Nimeomba niandikiwe dawa nkatafuta kwingine hawataki, uwezo wa kulipia hzo dawa mie sina,
    naomba ushauri ndugu zangu nifanyeje au nitumie dawa gani nipone mapema kwani maumivu ni makali sana sehemu za siri na choo hamna infection. I'm MALE.
  20. LiverpoolFC

    LiverpoolFC JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Mmmmm!! Pole sana! Bila shaka wana Jf waliopo hapo Mwanza wanaweza wakawa na msaada zaidi! Mi nimepita2! Ntarudi baadae.