Jifunze TENSES hapa

English Kona

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Habari wakuu ! Natumaini wote ni wazima wa afya , kwa upande wangu niko poa . Sasa twende moja kwa moja kwenye mada yetu .

16975756-yesterday-today-tomorrow-past-present-future-arrow-signs-jpg.1031445
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Tenses huelezea wakati au muda tendo linafanyika , lilifanyika au litafanyika .

Katika kiingereza kuna tenses ( nyakati ) kuu tatu , ambazo ni :

The present tense ( wakati uliopo)
The past tense ( wakati uliopita )
The future tense ( wakati ujao )

Na kila tense imegawanyika katika sehemu kuu nne ambazo : simple , continous , perfect na continous perfect.

1. PRESENT TENSE ( Wakati uliopo )

I.
Simple present tense
II. Present continous tense
III. Present perfect tense
IV. Present perfect continuous tense

2. PAST TENSE ( Wakati uliopita )

I.
Simple past tense
II. Past continuous tense
III. Past perfect tense
IV. Past perfect continuous tense

3. FUTURE TENSE ( Wakati ujao )

I.
Simple future tense
II. Future continuous tense
III.Future perfect tense
IV. Future perfect continuous tense


Leo tuanze na "simple present tense "

Simple present tense -huu ni wakati ambao unaonyesha vitendo ambavyo vinafanyika kila siku au vya mazoea. Vitenzi ( verbs ) ambavyo vinatumika
katika wakati huu havibadiliki isipokuwa katika nafsi ya tatu umoja .

Zifahamu Nafsi

Nafsi ya kwanza : I ( mimi )
Nafsi ya pili : You ( wewe )
Nafsi ya tatu : He / she / it ( yeye

WINGI

Nafsi ya kwanza : We ( sisi )
Nafsi ya pili : You ( ninyi )
Nafsi ya tatu : They ( wao )

Examples :

I sing songs = > huwa naimba nyimbo

You sing songs = > huwa unaimba
nyimbo

He sings songs = > huwa anaimba nyimbo

She sings songs = > huwa anaimba nyimbo

It sings songs = > huwa anaimba nyimbo

We sing songs = > huwa tunaimba nyimbo

You sing nyimbo = > huwa mnaimba nyimbo

They sing songs = > huwa wanaimba nyimbo

#Kwa nafsi ya tatu umoja , hapa
nazungumzia : ( He , she na it ) ambapo hawa vitenzi vyao vinabadilika vinakuwa vinaongezewa S , ES au IES .

Mfano : take / takes , do / does / fry / fries .

SHERIA YA KUBADILISHA VITENZI ( VERBS ) .

Vitenzi ( verbs ) vingi huwa vinaongezewa " S " tu . Mfano : Seem / seems , look / looks , take / takes .

Kwa vitenzi ambavyo vinaishia na O huwa tunaongezea - ES . Mfano : Go / goes / , do / does , veto / vetoes ) .

Kwa vitenzi ( verbs ) ambavyo vinaishia na - S , - Z , - CH , -SH na - X , hapa huwa tunaongezea " ES " . Mfano : Punch / puches , wash / washes , kiss / kisses , fizz / fizzes , mix / mixes )

Kwa vitenzi ( verbs ) ambavyo vinaishia na sauti ya konsonant alafu mbele zimeishia na - Y huwa tunatoa Y alafu tunaongeza
IES , Mfano : ( Hurry/ hurries , Clarify / clarifies )

Ila kwa vitenzi ambavyo vimeishia sauti ya irabu ( vowel ) huwa tunaongeza " S " tu mbele . Mfano : ( Play / plays , enjoy / enjoys )

KUMBUKA : Kanuni zote za hapo juu zinatumika katika nafsi ya tatu umoja tu ( He , she na It ) .
Kwa nafsi zingine zote vitenzi huwa havibadiliki .

MIUNDO YA SENTENSI KATIKA TENSE HII .

1. Kwa sentensi za kukubali / chanya :

SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

I wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa naamka saa 12 asubuhi )

You wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa unaamka saa 12 asubuhi )

He wakes up at 6 AM
( Huwa anaamka saa 12 asubuhi )

She wakes up at 6 AM
( Huwa anaamka saa 12 asubuhi )

2. Kwa sentensi za kukanusha

SUBJECT + DOESN'T/ DON'T + MAIN VERB

Ufafanuzi :

DOESN'T - inatumika kwa nafsi ya tatu umoja , yani He, she na It .

DON'T - inatumika kwa nafsi

KUMBUKA : Unapotumia DON'T au DOESN'T basi kitenzi kikuu ( main verb ) kinakuwa hakibadiliki ( infinitive ) .

Pia :

Does not = Doesn't
Do not = Don't

KUMBUKA : Unapotumia DON'T au DOES basi kitenzi kikuu ( main verb ) kinakuwa hakibadiliki ( infinitive ) .

Examples :

-I do not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa siamki saa 12 asubuhi )

-You don't wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa hauamki saa 12 asubuhi )

-He does not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa haamki saa 12 asubuhi )

-She doesn't wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa haamki saa 12 asubuhi )

- It does not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa haamki saa 12 asubuhi )

- We do not wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa hatuamki saa 12 asubuhi )

They don't wake up at 6 AM
( Huwa hawaamki saa 12 asubuhi)

3. Sentensi za kuuliza maswali

DO / DOES + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

Examples :

Do you live here ?
( Je unaishi hapa ? )

Does he like this t-shirt ?
( Je anaipenda fulana hii ? )

Jinsi ya kujibu

-Yes I do .
-Yes he does .
-Yes she does .

Mifano zaidi

She loves her mother
( anampenda mama yake )

He eats banana
( Hula ndizi )

I drive a car
( ninaendesha gari )

You like this movie
( unaipenda muvi hii )

They hate us
( wanatuchikia )

Source : www.englishkona.com

Kwa leo tuishie hapa....tutaendelea .

WhatsApp : 0767329643

NOTE : Huu uzi utakuwa unasasishwa kila mara .

Updates :

II. Present contunuous tense ==> Post namba 235

III. Present perfect tense ==> Post namba 236.


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Don Clericuzio

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Hivi kidhungu kina nini ??. Yaani graph langu linashuka kwa kasi
Achana na watoto mchele mchele hao. Wamezoea kudekezwa, kwa hiyo hata andika yao ni ya kimideko.

Halafu utakuta ni wa kiume.
 
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Don Clericuzio

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Daahh Halafu siku hizi ni tabu kumkuta mtu anaandika fresh
Mimi nagombana na wadogo zangu kila siku kwenye group la family, na unakuta ni graduates kabisa.

Sijui hata report wanaandikaje.
 
Eyce

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Eyce

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Mimi nagombana na wadogo zangu kila siku kwenye group la family, na unakuta ni graduates kabisa.

Sijui hata report wanaandikaje.
Wengi wanachukulia poa ila ukiwakuta katika academic issues wanaandika vizuri tu. Usasa tu unawaharibu wengi
 
Don Clericuzio

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Wengi wanachukulia poa ila ukiwakuta katika academic issues wanaandika vizuri tu. Usasa tu unawaharibu wengi
Hapo nakupata, bahati mbaya old schools tunakagua hadi SMS. Unaanza kum-judge mtu kwenye mwandiko, then content.
 
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Hapo nakupata, bahati mbaya old schools tunakagua hadi SMS. Unaanza kum-judge mtu kwenye mwandiko, then content.
Hahaaaaa i'm not old school ila hizi new ways huwa zinanipa tabu kiasi mfano kutumia x kwenye s, Kutumia K badala ya ok.
 
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Hahaaaaa i'm not old school ila hizi new ways huwa zinanipa tabu kiasi mfano kutumia x kwenye s, Kutumia K badala ya ok.
Ni shida sana, unajikuta mpaka kichwa kinagonga kusoma SMS.
 
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ukitaka kumuuliza mtu wewe ni mtoto wa ngapi kuzaliwa kwenu hapo kwa english inakuaje?
Utunzi wa sentensi kwa kila lugha hotofautiana na huwezi kutafsiri lugha kwenda lugha nyingine kwa kufikiri kwa lugha yako au kwa kufikiri kwa tamaduni yako. Kiheshima za tamaduni husika inabidi uulize swali kama wenye lugha watavyouliza. "Are you the first born in your family?" Na hata hapo inabidi uwe na mazowea ya ukaribu sana na unaemuuliza na akikuheshimu atakujibu yeye ni wangapi kuzaliwa, la sivyo anaweza kukushangaa kwa kumuuliza vitu vya familia yake. Wanajali sana "privacy".

Hata kuulizana umri tu kwa tamaduni za wazungu ni jambo lisilo pendeza.
 
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Ila kuna wazee hawapati tabu hasa wanaopenda kutoka na wenye rika dogo au wanaoshinda instagram. Automatically wanajikuta vitu vingi wanavijua
Mtaka cha uvunguni...!
 
English Kona

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II. Present continuous tense ( wakati uliopo hali ya kuendelea )

Tumeshasoma kuhusu simple present tense . Sasa hapa tunaangalie " the present continuous tense . "

Vitenzi vya " the present continuous tense " huwa vinaongezewa ING mbele.

MUUNDO WA SENTENSI ZA PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE :

Hapa tuna miundo mitatu ya sentensi ambayo ni :

1. Sentensi za kukubali / chanya
2. Sentensi za kukanusha
3. Sentensi za kuuliza maswali

1. Sentensi za kukubali / chanya

SUBJECT + AM / IS / ARE + MAIN VERB+ING

Ufafanuzi

AM - inatumika na I
IS
- inatumika na nafsi ya tatu umoja , yani " He, shena It " .

ARE - inatumika na " You , We na They"

Examples :

I am cleaning my room
( Nina safisha chumba changu )

She is listening to music now.
( Anasikiliza mziki sasa )

They are waiting for me.
( Wananisubiria mimi )

You are watching TV
( Unaangalia TV )

2. Sentensi za kukanusha

SUBJECT + AM / IS / ARE + NOT + MAIN VERB + ING

Examples :

She is not eating food .
( hali chakula . )

He is not watching television .
( Haangalii runinga . )

I am not reading a book now
( Sisomi kitabu kwa sasa . )

3 . Sentensi za kuuliza maswali

Muundo wa sentensi hizi unakuwa kama hivi :

AM / IS / ARE + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB + ING

Examples :

Is he watching TV ?
( je , anaangalia TV ? )

Are they waiting for john ?
( je wanamsubiria john ? )

MATUMIZI YA THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE ( WAKATI ULIOPO UNAOENDELEA ) :

1. Kwa vitendo au vitu ambavyo vinaendelea kwa sasa yani muda huu .

Examples :

They are eating right now .
( wanakula chakula sasa hivi . )

I am learning to drive a car .
( Ninajifunza kuendesha gari . )

He is living with his sister until he finds a room .
( Anaishi na dada yake mpaka pale atakapopata chumba . )

2.Tunatumia kuongelea vitu vijavyo au vitakavyofanyika wakati ujao.

Pia tunaweza kutumia the present continuous tense kuongela mambo yajayo - kama tukiongezea neno la wakati ujao kama vile : tomorrow , next year , next week n.k .

Tunatumia present continuous tense kuongelea vitu vijavyo ikiwa tayari tushaamua na tushapanga kabla ya kuongea .

Examples :

I am starting my new job next month
( ninaanza kazi yangu mpya mwezi ujao )

We are eating at mama ntilie tonight . We have already booked the table .

( Tunakula kwa mama ntilie usiku . Tayari tushaweka ( oda ) .... )

When you are starting your new job ?
( Lini unaanza kazi yako mpya ? )

SHERIA ZA VITENZI KATIKA PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE .

Vitenzi vya present continuous tense huwa tunaongezea " ING " katika kitenzi kikuu ( main verb )

Mfano : go / going , do / doing , look / looking , read / reading , stay / staying .

- Ila kwa vitenzi ambavyo vinaishia E , huwa tunaondoa E na kuongezea ING , Mfano : come / coming , mistake / mistaking .

- Kwa vitenzi ambavyo vinaishia na IE , huwa tunabadilisha IE kuwa Y . Mfano : lie / lying , die / dying .

.......................
 
English Kona

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III. Present perfect tense ( wakati uliopo hali timilifu )

The present perfect tense
ni moja wapo ya nyakati muhimu sana ambayo unatakiwa kuifahamu wakati unapoanza kujifunza lugha ya kiingereza .

Nyakati hii tunaitumia kuzungumzia mambo ambayo tayari yameshafanyika tayari ( au yameshakamilika kufanyika tayari au tukio ambalo limekamilika kufanyika ) .

MUUNDO WA SENTENSI ZA " THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE " .

1. Sentensi za kukubali/ chanya

SUBJECT + HAS / HAVE +MAIN VERB

Ufafanuzi

" Has " inatumika kwa nafsi ya tatu umoja, yani => He , she na It .

" Have " inatumika kwa => I , You , We na They .

Main verb - hiki ni kitenzi kikuu , katika tense hii huwa tunatumia vitenzi ambavyo vipo katika muundo wa past participle . Mara nyingi huwa vinaishia na ED .

2. Sentensi za kukanusha/hasi

SUBJECT + HAS / HAVE + NOT + MAIN VERB .

Mfano : I have not done ( sijafanya ) .

3. kwa sentensi za kuuliza maswali

HAS / HAVE + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB

Examples :

Have you finished ?
( umemaliza ?)

Have they done it ?
( wameifanya ? )

VIFUPISHO VINAVYOTUMIKAKATIKA PRESENT PERFECT TENSE .

I have = I've
You have = You've
He has = He's
She has = She's
It has = It's
We have = We've
They have = They've

SASA TUANGALIE BAADHI YA MIFANO YA SENTENSI ZA NYAKATI HII .

1. You've told me that before .
( Uliniambia hilo kabla .)

2. She has seen it .
( Ameiona )

3. You have eaten my food .
( Umekula chakula changu )

4. We have not played football .
( Hatujacheza mpira )

5. Have they done it ?
( Wameifanya ? )

6. He's seen Harry Potter .
( Ameiona Harry Potter )

Jinsi ya kutumia SINCE na FOR

Mara nyingi huwa tunatumia SINCE na FOR katika tense hii

👉 Tunatumia FOR kuongelea kipindi cha muda , mfano : For 6 years , for 2 hours , for 4 weeks , for 8 minutes ... N.k

👉Tunatumia SINCE kuongelea muda wa kitu kuanza ... SINCE ( tangu ) . Mfano : Since yesterday ( tangu jana ) , since wednesday ( tangu jumatano ) n.k

Mifano zaidi

I have been here since morning
( Nimekuwa hapa tangu asubuhi )

He has worked here since 2001.
( Amefanya kazi hapa tangu mwaka 2001 )

I have worked here for 3 years
( Nimefanya kazi hapa kwa miaka mitatu )

She has known your parents for long time .
( Amewajua wazazi wako kwa muda mrefu )
..……...............................................
 
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meck pro

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Utunzi wa sentensi kwa kila lugha hotofautiana na huwezi kutafsiri lugha kwenda lugha nyingine kwa kufikiri kwa lugha yako au kwa kufikiri kwa tamaduni yako. Kiheshima za tamaduni husika inabidi uulize swali kama wenye lugha watavyouliza. "Are you the first born in your family?" Na hata hapo inabidi uwe na mazowea ya ukaribu sana na unaemuuliza na akikuheshimu atakujibu yeye ni wangapi kuzaliwa, la sivyo anaweza kukushangaa kwa kumuuliza vitu vya familia yake. Wanajali sana "privacy".
Hata kuulizana umri tu kwa tamaduni za wazungu ni jambo lisilo pendeza.
asante
 
English Kona

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English Kona

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IV.Present perfect continuous tense

images-11-jpeg.1107761



Tumeshasoma tayari " present perfect tense " . Sasa leo tuangalie " The present perfect continuous tense " .

Present perfect continuous tense - nyakati hii hutumika kuonyesha vitendo ambavyo vipo katika hali timilifu inayoendelea ( Yani
kitendo kilikuwa kimefanyika lakini katika hali ya kuendelea ) .

JINSI YA KUTENGENEZA SENTENSI ZA " PRESENT CONTINUOS TENSE " .

1. Kwa sentensi za kukubali / chanya

SUBJECT + HAS / HAVE + BEEN + MAIN VERB + ING

Ufafanuzi

MAIN VERB - Hiki ni kitenzi kikuu , kitenzi hiki tunaongeza ING mbele . Mfano : live / living , go / going , see / seing .

" Have " inatumika na I , You , We na They ( Nafsi ya kwanza umoja , na nafsi zingine isipokuwa nafsi ya tatu umoja )

" Has " inatumika na He , She na It.

Mfano :

I have been living here for 2 years
( Nimekuwa nikiishi hapa kwa miaka miwili ) .

She has been working here for 4 months .
( Amefanya kazi hapa kwa miezi minne )

2. Kwa sentensi za kukanusha / hasi
SUBJECT + HAS / HAVE + NOT + MAIN VERB + ING

Mfano : I have not been ......

3. Kwa sentensi za kuuliza maswali

HAS / HAVE + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB + ING

Mfano : Have you been.......

MIFANO ZAIDI .

I have been waiting for you 4 hours .
( Nimekuwa nikikusubiri kwa masaa
manne )

I'm tired because I have been running .
( Nimechoka kwa sababu nimekuwa
nikikimbia )

You have been talking to him since
morning .
( Umekuwa ukiongea nae tangu asubuhi )

It has not been raining.
( Haikuwa ikinyesha )

We have not been playing football .
( Hatukuwa tukicheza mpira )

You don't understand now because you
have not been listening
( huelewi sasa kwa sababu haukuwa
ukisikiliza .)

Have they been doing this work ?
( je , wamekuwa wakifanya kazi hii )

***************************
 

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IV.Present perfect continuous tense

View attachment 1107761


Tumeshasoma tayari " present perfect tense " . Sasa leo tuangalie " The present perfect continuous tense " .

Present perfect continuous tense - nyakati hii hutumika kuonyesha vitendo ambavyo vipo katika hali timilifu inayoendelea ( Yani
kitendo kilikuwa kimefanyika lakini katika hali ya kuendelea ) .

JINSI YA KUTENGENEZA SENTENSI ZA " PRESENT CONTINUOS TENSE " .

1. Kwa sentensi za kukubali / chanya

SUBJECT + HAS / HAVE + BEEN + MAIN VERB + ING

Ufafanuzi

MAIN VERB - Hiki ni kitenzi kikuu , kitenzi hiki tunaongeza ING mbele . Mfano : live / living , go / going , see / seing .

" Have " inatumika na I , You , We na They ( Nafsi ya kwanza umoja , na nafsi zingine isipokuwa nafsi ya tatu umoja )

" Has " inatumika na He , She na It.

Mfano :

I have been living here for 2 years
( Nimekuwa nikiishi hapa kwa miaka miwili ) .

She has been working here for 4 months .
( Amefanya kazi hapa kwa miezi minne )

2. Kwa sentensi za kukanusha / hasi
SUBJECT + HAS / HAVE + NOT + MAIN VERB + ING

Mfano : I have not been ......

3. Kwa sentensi za kuuliza maswali

HAS / HAVE + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB + ING

Mfano : Have you been.......

MIFANO ZAIDI .

I have been waiting for you 4 hours .
( Nimekuwa nikikusubiri kwa masaa
manne )

I'm tired because I have been running .
( Nimechoka kwa sababu nimekuwa
nikikimbia )

You have been talking to him since
morning .
( Umekuwa ukiongea nae tangu asubuhi )

It has not been raining.
( Haikuwa ikinyesha )

We have not been playing football .
( Hatukuwa tukicheza mpira )

You don't understand now because you
have not been listening
( huelewi sasa kwa sababu haukuwa
ukisikiliza .)

Have they been doing this work ?
( je , wamekuwa wakifanya kazi hii )

***************************
Pls mkuu tuendelee na somo....

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