Cost comparison SGR Kenya vs SGR Tanzania


Geza Ulole

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Tanzania secures $7.6 billion financing deal from Chinese lender to build new railway

President John Magufuli with China Exim Bank president Liu Liang after holding talks at Chamwino State Lodge in Dodoma this week. PHOTO | COURTESY

In Summary

  • Dar es Salaam is positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its neighbouring landlocked countries.
  • The EAC railways master plan incorporates the standard gauge railway’s Northern and Central Corridors, which are both commercially viable for landlocked countries in the region as they give them strategic access to the ports of Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.
  • The Northern Corridor Integration Projects championed by Rwanda, Kenya and Uganda spearheaded the establishment of a railway link from Mombasa to Kigali.
  • In June 2013, a Northern Corridor Integration Projects Heads of State Summit held in Kampala put in place mechanisms for fast-tracking the development of the SGR.


Tanzania has secured a $7.6 billion loan from China’s Export-Import Bank (Exim) for the construction of a railway line that will link it with Burundi, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo.

President John Magufuli secured the concessional loan after meeting with the Exim Bank’s president Liu Liang.

President Magufuli, while announcing the funding, alluded to a preferential deal without providing details.

Oil and gas discoveries have turned Tanzania into an exploration hotspot, but the country’s transport infrastructure has suffered from decades of under investment. The country is also positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its regional landlocked neighbours.

According to Mr Liu, China Exim Bank will offer Tanzania technical support.

READ: China Exim sets terms for financing Uganda’s SGR

ALSO READ: Rwanda looks to Tanzania for rail transport as Uganda falters on SGR

Last year, Tanzania announced that it had awarded rail contracts to a consortium of Chinese firms led by China Railway Materials (CRM), which included the standard gauge rail project.

The Exim Bank is also financing a $1.2 billion, 532km natural gas pipeline in Tanzania.

On Wednesday last week, Finance and Planning Minister Dr Philip Mpango after a meeting with Dr Alberic Kacou, African Development Bank vice-president for human resources and corporate services, announced that Tanzania had secured a further $200 million loan from the AfDB to finance transport infrastructure projects.

“We will use some of this funds towards the construction of the SGR project to transform the country’s infrastructure,” Dr Mpango said.

In an interview with Bloomberg, Gerson Msigwa, a spokesman for Tanzania’s presidency, said the construction will start by July next year. Before then, Tanzania and Exim Bank China will be expected to have finalise technical issues on the contract and sign the financing deal for the 2,190km project.

Tanzania Transport Minister Samuel Sitta said the SGR will have a main line that will connect the port city of Dar es Salaam to Rwanda and Burundi, with additional branch lines running within the country.

“We expect to have two offshoots: One of them to Mwanza, which will open up the lakeside port city and link it with Uganda, while the second one will link to the coal, iron ore and soda ash mining areas in the south. Through this, we expect an increase in cargo on this route,” Mr Sitta said, adding that will be at an additional cost of $6.6 billion.

Already, Tanzania has signed contracts with China Railway No 2 Engineering Group to build a rail link between the southern port of Mtwara, which is rich in coal, iron ore and natural gas. The contract will see China Railway No 2 Engineering Group provide 10 per cent of the funding with the rest provided by the government.

Kenya is also constructing a $3.27 billion 609km new standard gauge railway line between Mombasa and Nairobi to boost the movement of cargo from the port.

However, queries have been raised over the economic viability of SGR, after key landlocked states indicated their intention to connect to the Indian Ocean through Tanzania.


The issue of cost is also bound to arise now that Tanzania’s SGR is four times longer than Kenya’s but only two times as expensive.

In a previous interview with The EastAfrican, Kenya Railways managing director Atanas Maina said that the cost of the Kenyan SGR was high because of the design adopted, which will see the train maintain an average speed of 80 kilometres irrespective of the terrain.

“We have built bridges, and raised the track in areas where we would have had corners to achieve the average speed we expect the wagons to travel at. This has increased the costs immensely as compared with the neighbouring Ethiopia and Tanzania SGER designs that haven’t taken this into account,” Mr Maina said.

Recently, a confidential World Bank report cast doubt on the region’s push for the SGR projects, saying they would only be viable with increases in cargo of between 20 tonnes and 55 million tonnes per year.

The report done by the Africa transport unit at the World Bank titled The Economics of Rail Gauge in the East Africa Community showed that the volumes of the forecasts undertaken for the EAC railway master plan and central line in Tanzania, are unattainable over the medium to longer term.

“Based on these assumptions, there is no economic or financial case for standard gauge in the EAC area at this time. A refurbished meter gauge network would appear to be the most appropriate option in economic and financial terms, and could easily accommodate forecast traffic up to 2030, with lower investment requirements,” the report concludes.

The World Bank team highlighted the rehabilitation of the existing railway network as the best alternative, which would allow a phased approach to the regions development, consistent with current and projected demand and the financing envelope available.

The SGR alternative, which the regional governments chose, involves the construction of a standard gauge railway on a new right of way, an option the World Bank team said required additional investment in land acquisition and structures, and new right-of-way construction.

“This alternative predicates axle loads in the order of 25 tons per axles and a maximum operating speed of up to 120 km per hour. Again, based on these assumptions, the estimated maximum carrying capacity of the current network would exceed 60 million tonnes per year. The estimated investment cost per km will be $ 3.25 million,” the report said.

From the estimates provided, the Tanzanian new railway line will cost an average of $3.4 million per kilometre.

MY TAKE

It is time now to look at the cost of the two rails as we know cost of construction is very important for prospect of any infrastructure! i welcome bright minds to contribute and not some propaganda in here!


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Kafrican

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Mkuu,

SGR zote mbili (yaani ya ngo'mbe huko kaskazini na ya kati huku kwetu) zinatumia Fiber Optic cables kwa ajili ya Ethernet-based backhaul communication link to the core network/main control centre, wakati kwenye fronthaul communication links kati ya trackside sensors na radio block centre (RBC) zinatumia a variety of wireless technologies e.g., GSM-R etc, nimeona SGR ya ng'ombe mmesha-install Huawei basestations....

Cha msingi kwenye mada hii ni standards gani za Railway Traffic Management System (RTMS) zinazotumiwa katika hizi SGR mbili.

Hii ya huku kwetu tunaweka European Train Control System version level 2 (ETCS-2) hii ni among the latest RTMSes.

Jee huko kaskazini mnaweka standard gani?

Natoa senti zangu 2.
Ungekua ulianza na kumueleza huyo mwenzako manake huwa kila siku haelewi tofauti ... Eti fiber cable ni outdated technology! Naelewa bado technolojia ya fibre haijafikia kua compatible na interface za access layer / end devices na hata Kwa distribution network zengine.. kwahivyo inevitably lazima utahitaji ethernet cables Ku interface na endpoint devices....

Technolojia za traffic control ziko nyingi zana hata hio ya European standards unayosema ni latest, bado kuna ETCS3 na ETCS4 ambazo ni more advanced, tofauti hua ni matumizi ya reli ndo yanaongoza muelekeo wa technolojia itakayotumika ...
Lakini Lazima uwe unaelewa kwamba tofauti ya Kati ya hizo technojia za traffic control ni Software package Tu! Yani zinatumia algorithms zilizo andikwa na watu tofauti, lakini ikija Kwa sensors zinazotumika haijalishi ni sensors za Aina gani Bora ziwe zina send back the right signals back to the core software for processing.... Hata Germany wanatumia sensor na hardware ya Huawei Ku operate system Yao ya ETCS....

Haiwezi kua ndani ya Kenya SGR wameweka fibre kila Kwa sensors na GSM-R base station after every 15km inayotuma signals to the locomotive na kule Nairobi wako na Traffic control center alafu baada ya hayo yote watumie software algorithms ambazo hazileti optimal utilisation of the rail track... Lazima like walicholeta is the perfect scalable modules solution to our problems kwasababu pia ndani ya hiyo EISA report short and medium term goal ni Ku operate up to 50 cargo trains a day, while long term after 2033 their will be up to 100 cargo trains per day Kwa hivyo hio traffic control solutions lazima Ike inaweza Ku handle hio expansion.. Kwenye hio EISA report ya SGR Kenya wameita CTS 'Cetralized Traffic Control System" nitajaribu kuileta hiyo ripoti nikiwa Kwa computer, Kwa sasa ntakuachia hii ya Huawei ambao ndo wanaprovide backbone ya communication infrastructure

Huawei Digital Railway Solution Supports New Mombasa-Nairobi Railway - Huawei Press Center
 
Geza Ulole

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Ungekua ulianza na kumueleza huyo mwenzako manake huwa kila siku haelewi tofauti ... Eti fiber cable ni outdated technology! Naelewa bado technolojia ya fibre haijafikia kua compatible na interface za access layer / end devices na hata Kwa distribution network zengine.. kwahivyo inevitably lazima utahitaji ethernet cables Ku interface na endpoint devices....

Technolojia za traffic control ziko nyingi zana hata hio ya European standards unayosema ni latest, bado kuna ETCS3 na ETCS4 ambazo ni more advanced, tofauti hua ni matumizi ya reli ndo yanaongoza muelekeo wa technolojia itakayotumika ...
Lakini Lazima uwe unaelewa kwamba tofauti ya Kati ya hizo technojia za traffic control ni Software package Tu! Yani zinatumia algorithms zilizo andikwa na watu tofauti, lakini ikija Kwa sensors zinazotumika haijalishi ni sensors za Aina gani Bora ziwe zina send back the right signals back to the core software for processing.... Hata Germany wanatumia sensor na hardware ya Huawei Ku operate system Yao ya ETCS....

Haiwezi kua ndani ya Kenya SGR wameweka fibre kila Kwa sensors na GSM-R base station after every 15km inayotuma signals to the locomotive na kule Nairobi wako na Traffic control center alafu baada ya hayo yote watumie software algorithms ambazo hazileti optimal utilisation of the rail track... Lazima like walicholeta is the perfect scalable modules solution to our problems kwasababu pia ndani ya hiyo EISA report short and medium term goal ni Ku operate up to 50 cargo trains a day, while long term after 2033 their will be up to 100 cargo trains per day Kwa hivyo hio traffic control solutions lazima Ike inaweza Ku handle hio expansion.. Kwenye hio EISA report ya SGR Kenya wameita CTS 'Cetralized Traffic Control System" nitajaribu kuileta hiyo ripoti nikiwa Kwa computer, Kwa sasa ntakuachia hii ya Huawei ambao ndo wanaprovide backbone ya communication infrastructure

Huawei Digital Railway Solution Supports New Mombasa-Nairobi Railway - Huawei Press Center
Between the two which one is better than the other?
 
Kafrican

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Kafrican

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Between the two which one is better than the other?
I can't tell you that with certainty.... But I can tell you for a fact China has more rail network than the whole of Europe combined.... More people travel by rail in China than in Europe and Chinese train are more punctual than European trains with the exception of Scandinavian countries like Netherlands,swizaland etc .... Of course Japanese trains are the most punctual in the world (on avg) and they use a completely different model than what is currently used in Europe....


I would say the best system is the one that results in optimal performance of a rail track... if I remember correctly our rail track can only reach about 40% of its capacity as is currently constituted... Both Tz and Ke will use less than 100 trains on their respective rails, I can bet you even the old traffic technology (when steam engines were usedd) of using hand signals to direct trains to different tracks and writing daily train schedules on a piece of paper would work fine and there will be no collisions or delays at all... I mean Even a trained 15 year old will be able to come up with a daily schedule for less than 50 trains and be able to account for everything .. on the other hand Acountry like Germany has more than 15,000 daily trains on 41,000km of track, you can't even begin to comprehend that on your imagination ...
 
Geza Ulole

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I can't tell you that with certainty.... But I can tell you for a fact China has more rail network than the whole of Europe combined.... More people travel by rail in China than in Europe and Chinese train are more punctual than European trains with the exception of Scandinavian countries like Netherlands,swizaland etc .... Of course Japanese trains are the most punctual in the world (on avg) and they use a completely different model than what is currently used in Europe....


I would say the best system is the one that results in optimal performance of a rail track... if I remember correctly our rail track can only reach about 40% of its capacity as is currently constituted... Both Tz and Ke will use less than 100 trains on their respective rails, I can bet you even the old traffic technology (when steam engines were usedd) of using hand signals to direct trains to different tracks and writing daily train schedules on a piece of paper would work fine and there will be no collisions or delays at all... I mean Even a trained 15 year old will be able to come up with a daily schedule for less than 50 trains and be able to account for everything .. on the other hand Acountry like Germany has more than 15,000 daily trains on 41,000km of track, you can't even begin to comprehend that on your imagination ...
GPS vs block system! Be frank my friend which one is technological advanced system!? 😅☝
 
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Kafrican

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GPS vs block system! Be frank my friend which one is technological advanced system!? 😅☝
Once again comparing things that cannot even begin to be compared!!!!!!!! your ETCS also uses a block system know as "Moving block system"
GPS is an accurate positioning system that can be used to accurately and continuously pin point the position of the train as in moves along the track..
 
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picha na video nyingi za SGR kenya hua zimechukuliwa na wachina ili waonyeshe progress ya project huko uchina kwa facebokk na youtube na forum za kichina manake kule uchina akina Youtube hua zimebaniwa........ maranyingi hua picha za SGR kenya hua zimetolewa kwa forum za kichina..... Screenshots kutoka kwa youtube ya Kichina 中交一公局集团有限公司内马铁路铺架施工简介_腾讯视频


Suswa









 
Geza Ulole

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picha na video nyingi za SGR kenya hua zimechukuliwa na wachina ili waonyeshe progress ya project huko uchina kwa facebokk na youtube na forum za kichina manake kule uchina akina Youtube hua zimebaniwa........ maranyingi hua picha za SGR kenya hua zimetolewa kwa forum za kichina..... Screenshots kutoka kwa youtube ya Kichina 中交一公局集团有限公司内马铁路铺架施工简介_腾讯视频


Suswa









Kwavile Wakunya hawaruhusiwi kuchukua picha toka bridge ime-collapse na kuua! Huwezi ona picha toka Wakunya!
 
Kafrican

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Kafrican

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Kwavile Wakunya hawaruhusiwi kuchukua picha toka bridge ime-collapse na kuua! Huwezi ona picha toka Wakunya!
Kuna mashindano ya SGR photography competition hufanyika kila mwaka tangu 2017 ambapo wakenya wanashindana kupiga picha na mshindi atakaetoa picha nzuri zaidi anatuzwa na CRBC... Fwatilia hii channel uone cometiotion ya 2017 SGR Photography Competition

Mshindi wa huo mwaka alipewa 400,000 Ksh ambayo ni sawa na Tsh 9,257,080 m


The photographers were requested to submit their original works for consideration. The top 25 pictures and the photographers were to be selected for a chance to compete for the top prize in the competition.
The award gala to announce the winners took place on April 21, 2017 in Nairobi.

  • The top prize was KShs 400, 000, the runner up KShs 200,000 and the third position KShs 100,000.
  • There was also cash prizes for 7 auxiliary positions.
Kisumu Based Photographer is 1st Runners Up in the SGR Photography Competition - Amazing Kisumu


Hata wewe ukitaka 9 Million Tzh unaweza ukapiga safari na Camera yako ujisajilishe ya Competition ya SGR phase 2 mwaka huu
















Washindi tofauti






Huyu jamaa ndo alishinda 2017




CRBC awards winners of the 2017 edition of the SGR photography competition | CGTN Africa
 
Geza Ulole

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Geza Ulole

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Kuna mashindano ya SGR photography competition hufanyika kila mwaka tangu 2017 ambapo wakenya wanashindana kupiga picha na mshindi atakaetoa picha nzuri zaidi anatuzwa na CRBC... Fwatilia hii channel uone cometiotion ya 2017 SGR Photography Competition

Mshindi wa huo mwaka alipewa 400,000 Ksh ambayo ni sawa na Tsh 9,257,080 m


The photographers were requested to submit their original works for consideration. The top 25 pictures and the photographers were to be selected for a chance to compete for the top prize in the competition.
The award gala to announce the winners took place on April 21, 2017 in Nairobi.

  • The top prize was KShs 400, 000, the runner up KShs 200,000 and the third position KShs 100,000.
  • There was also cash prizes for 7 auxiliary positions.
Kisumu Based Photographer is 1st Runners Up in the SGR Photography Competition - Amazing Kisumu


Hata wewe ukitaka 9 Million Tzh unaweza ukapiga safari na Camera yako ujisajilishe ya Competition ya SGR phase 2 mwaka huu
















Washindi tofauti






Huyu jamaa ndo alishinda 2017




CRBC awards winners of the 2017 edition of the SGR photography competition | CGTN Africa
Under specific permission PR stunt!
 
Kafrican

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Kafrican

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Under specific permission PR stunt!
Competition hufanywa in collaboration with media association of Kenya ili kuhakikisha professionality.... MAK ndo inafanya kila kitu from betting to confirmation Kama ni original work lakini unaruhusiwa ku submit picha zako zozote kwa gallery, CRBC inaprovide transportation kutoka Nairobi hadi mombasa lakini haichagui wapi picha zitapigwa.....

Besides, Kenya Railways wenyewe pia hiua wanapiga picha Mara kwa Mara , feats Facebook au twitter handle Yao
 
Bantugbro

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Bantugbro

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Haya, wasanii wa filamu, bongofleva, muziki wa dansi na wanamichezo karibia wote wa Dar leo wametembelea ujenzi wa SGR...
 
J

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J

Janerose mzalendo

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Haya, wasanii wa filamu, bongofleva, muziki wa dansi na wanamichezo karibia wote wa Dar leo wametembelea ujenzi wa SGR...
Vizuri. Acha hawa watembelee hapa nao viongozi wa dini wakawashutumu wale wanaochinja watoto na kula viungo vyao
 
Kafrican

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Kafrican

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KIla contena hupimwa uzito juu ya hii weighting scale kabla kutoka nje ya Bandari Mombasa, Pia Urefu wa treni hupimwa...

 

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