Cost comparison SGR Kenya vs SGR Tanzania


Geza Ulole

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Tanzania secures $7.6 billion financing deal from Chinese lender to build new railway

President John Magufuli with China Exim Bank president Liu Liang after holding talks at Chamwino State Lodge in Dodoma this week. PHOTO | COURTESY

In Summary

  • Dar es Salaam is positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its neighbouring landlocked countries.
  • The EAC railways master plan incorporates the standard gauge railway’s Northern and Central Corridors, which are both commercially viable for landlocked countries in the region as they give them strategic access to the ports of Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.
  • The Northern Corridor Integration Projects championed by Rwanda, Kenya and Uganda spearheaded the establishment of a railway link from Mombasa to Kigali.
  • In June 2013, a Northern Corridor Integration Projects Heads of State Summit held in Kampala put in place mechanisms for fast-tracking the development of the SGR.


Tanzania has secured a $7.6 billion loan from China’s Export-Import Bank (Exim) for the construction of a railway line that will link it with Burundi, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo.

President John Magufuli secured the concessional loan after meeting with the Exim Bank’s president Liu Liang.

President Magufuli, while announcing the funding, alluded to a preferential deal without providing details.

Oil and gas discoveries have turned Tanzania into an exploration hotspot, but the country’s transport infrastructure has suffered from decades of under investment. The country is also positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its regional landlocked neighbours.

According to Mr Liu, China Exim Bank will offer Tanzania technical support.

READ: China Exim sets terms for financing Uganda’s SGR

ALSO READ: Rwanda looks to Tanzania for rail transport as Uganda falters on SGR

Last year, Tanzania announced that it had awarded rail contracts to a consortium of Chinese firms led by China Railway Materials (CRM), which included the standard gauge rail project.

The Exim Bank is also financing a $1.2 billion, 532km natural gas pipeline in Tanzania.

On Wednesday last week, Finance and Planning Minister Dr Philip Mpango after a meeting with Dr Alberic Kacou, African Development Bank vice-president for human resources and corporate services, announced that Tanzania had secured a further $200 million loan from the AfDB to finance transport infrastructure projects.

“We will use some of this funds towards the construction of the SGR project to transform the country’s infrastructure,” Dr Mpango said.

In an interview with Bloomberg, Gerson Msigwa, a spokesman for Tanzania’s presidency, said the construction will start by July next year. Before then, Tanzania and Exim Bank China will be expected to have finalise technical issues on the contract and sign the financing deal for the 2,190km project.

Tanzania Transport Minister Samuel Sitta said the SGR will have a main line that will connect the port city of Dar es Salaam to Rwanda and Burundi, with additional branch lines running within the country.

“We expect to have two offshoots: One of them to Mwanza, which will open up the lakeside port city and link it with Uganda, while the second one will link to the coal, iron ore and soda ash mining areas in the south. Through this, we expect an increase in cargo on this route,” Mr Sitta said, adding that will be at an additional cost of $6.6 billion.

Already, Tanzania has signed contracts with China Railway No 2 Engineering Group to build a rail link between the southern port of Mtwara, which is rich in coal, iron ore and natural gas. The contract will see China Railway No 2 Engineering Group provide 10 per cent of the funding with the rest provided by the government.

Kenya is also constructing a $3.27 billion 609km new standard gauge railway line between Mombasa and Nairobi to boost the movement of cargo from the port.

However, queries have been raised over the economic viability of SGR, after key landlocked states indicated their intention to connect to the Indian Ocean through Tanzania.


The issue of cost is also bound to arise now that Tanzania’s SGR is four times longer than Kenya’s but only two times as expensive.

In a previous interview with The EastAfrican, Kenya Railways managing director Atanas Maina said that the cost of the Kenyan SGR was high because of the design adopted, which will see the train maintain an average speed of 80 kilometres irrespective of the terrain.

“We have built bridges, and raised the track in areas where we would have had corners to achieve the average speed we expect the wagons to travel at. This has increased the costs immensely as compared with the neighbouring Ethiopia and Tanzania SGER designs that haven’t taken this into account,” Mr Maina said.

Recently, a confidential World Bank report cast doubt on the region’s push for the SGR projects, saying they would only be viable with increases in cargo of between 20 tonnes and 55 million tonnes per year.

The report done by the Africa transport unit at the World Bank titled The Economics of Rail Gauge in the East Africa Community showed that the volumes of the forecasts undertaken for the EAC railway master plan and central line in Tanzania, are unattainable over the medium to longer term.

“Based on these assumptions, there is no economic or financial case for standard gauge in the EAC area at this time. A refurbished meter gauge network would appear to be the most appropriate option in economic and financial terms, and could easily accommodate forecast traffic up to 2030, with lower investment requirements,” the report concludes.

The World Bank team highlighted the rehabilitation of the existing railway network as the best alternative, which would allow a phased approach to the regions development, consistent with current and projected demand and the financing envelope available.

The SGR alternative, which the regional governments chose, involves the construction of a standard gauge railway on a new right of way, an option the World Bank team said required additional investment in land acquisition and structures, and new right-of-way construction.

“This alternative predicates axle loads in the order of 25 tons per axles and a maximum operating speed of up to 120 km per hour. Again, based on these assumptions, the estimated maximum carrying capacity of the current network would exceed 60 million tonnes per year. The estimated investment cost per km will be $ 3.25 million,” the report said.

From the estimates provided, the Tanzanian new railway line will cost an average of $3.4 million per kilometre.

MY TAKE

It is time now to look at the cost of the two rails as we know cost of construction is very important for prospect of any infrastructure! i welcome bright minds to contribute and not some propaganda in here!


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Geza Ulole

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KIla contena hupimwa uzito juu ya hii weighting scale kabla kutoka nje ya Bandari Mombasa, Pia Urefu wa treni hupimwa...

What's so special? our Dar port has scan machines to screen containers while a train in motion! Yet u talk of a weight scale!

 
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What's so special? our Dar port has scan machines to screen containers while a train in motion! Yet u talk of a weight scale!

Mbona unajishuku kiasi hichi, sio kila kitu ni attack on your SGR, mi naonyesha sensors ambazo zinatumika kupima uzito na urefu wa kila contena wakati treni inatoka bandarini.... Sijataja Tz, we tayari unachukulia nimekuingilia!!!!
Najua hata ETCS ambayo mtaeka itakua na sensors kama hizo ambazo zinahesabu mabehewa baada ya km kadhaa ili kuhakikisha hakuna mabehewa mengine yameanguka au kuwachwa nyuma... Ssio kila kitu ni competition
 
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Maintenance, Management, Repair........ Waanafunzzi ambao wamekua wakifaanyiwa mafunzo tangu 2016 pole pole wanaanza kupewa majukumu makubwa na mwishowe baada ya miaka mitano inatarajiwa wataachiwa majukumu yote..

Train Inspection


















Sehemu ambayo bado Wakenya hawajaachiwa ni Traffic command and Control ambapo ukibofya vibaya unaweza kufanya treni mbili zigongane, Kuna wakenya kadhaa kama 24 wametumwa Jiotong University kule China Kusomea ku operate hio traffic controll system

 
Geza Ulole

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Maintenance, Management, Repair........ Waanafunzzi ambao wamekua wakifaanyiwa mafunzo tangu 2016 pole pole wanaanza kupewa majukumu makubwa na mwishowe baada ya miaka mitano inatarajiwa wataachiwa majukumu yote..

Train Inspection


















Sehemu ambayo bado Wakenya hawajaachiwa ni Traffic command and Control ambapo ukibofya vibaya unaweza kufanya treni mbili zigongane, Kuna wakenya kadhaa kama 24 wametumwa Jiotong University kule China Kusomea ku operate hio traffic controll system

Miaka mitano? Kwani nyie ni vilaza kiasi gani?
 
Kafrican

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Kafrican

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Miaka mitano? Kwani nyie ni vilaza kiasi gani?
Kenya inaishinda Tanzania kwa World banks Human Capital Index (HCI) ambayo hupima productivity ya wafanyikazi :D:D:D:D
Ku manage na ku maintain Reli inahitaji watu ambao wana develope culture ya Military precision, Kutoka kwa kufanya scheduled maintenance, time keeping.....
kwanini tujidanganye, Tungefundiswa na kuwachiwa wakenya siku ya kwanza ingekua tayari treni zishaanza kuchelewa na nyengine zingekua zishawekwa kwa garage kama vile tulivyofanya meter gauge... The only reason Thika Highway haina potholes Miaka kumi baadae ni kwasababu kwa kandarasi kulikua na dili kwamba contractor atatengeneza kampuni ambayo itakua inafanya marekebisho yoyote "within 7 days", miaka 4 ya kwanza kampuni hio ilikua inaongozwa na engineers wachina wakifundisha work ethic wakenya jinsi ya kufanya long term mainatance.... Hivyo ndo wakenya wakaanza kuzoea work ethic ya kufanya maintenance hadi sikuhizi utaona kila baada ya mwezi kuna wafanyikazi wanafagia barabara na kuondoa uchafu kwa mitaro, barabaara inakaa mpya utadhani ilijengwa mwezi jana.... Kama tungeachiwaa hivi hivi ingekua hio barabara haingaliki sahii....


Kwahivyo kama ilionekana tunahitaji miaka 5 ndo tuwe na culture ya work ethic basi tuwache hivyo, nyinyi huko Tz mkijiamini na kuharakisha kuchukua uskani siku ya kwanza ili mjisifu kamba si vilaza hio itakua ni kwa raha zenu! Pia mnaweza kufanya hivyo kwa ma engineer na marubani wenu kwa ile ATCL yenu, shauri yenu
 
thisdayes

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thisdayes

thisdayes

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Kenya inaishinda Tanzania kwa World banks Human Capital Index (HCI) ambayo hupima productivity ya wafanyikazi :D:D:D:D
Ku manage na ku maintain Reli inahitaji watu ambao wana develope culture ya Military precision, Kutoka kwa kufanya scheduled maintenance, time keeping.....
kwanini tujidanganye, Tungefundiswa na kuwachiwa wakenya siku ya kwanza ingekua tayari treni zishaanza kuchelewa na nyengine zingekua zishawekwa kwa garage kama vile tulivyofanya meter gauge... The only reason Thika Highway haina potholes Miaka kumi baadae ni kwasababu kwa kandarasi kulikua na dili kwamba contractor atatengeneza kampuni ambayo itakua inafanya marekebisho yoyote "within 7 days", miaka 4 ya kwanza kampuni hio ilikua inaongozwa na engineers wachina wakifundisha work ethic wakenya jinsi ya kufanya long term mainatance.... Hivyo ndo wakenya wakaanza kuzoea work ethic ya kufanya maintenance hadi sikuhizi utaona kila baada ya mwezi kuna wafanyikazi wanafagia barabara na kuondoa uchafu kwa mitaro, barabaara inakaa mpya utadhani ilijengwa mwezi jana.... Kama tungeachiwaa hivi hivi ingekua hio barabara haingaliki sahii....


Kwahivyo kama ilionekana tunahitaji miaka 5 ndo tuwe na culture ya work ethic basi tuwache hivyo, nyinyi huko Tz mkijiamini na kuharakisha kuchukua uskani siku ya kwanza ili mjisifu kamba si vilaza hio itakua ni kwa raha zenu! Pia mnaweza kufanya hivyo kwa ma engineer na marubani wenu kwa ile ATCL yenu, shauri yenu
Hiyo miaka mitano (10) ni matokeo ya mkataba wa kijinga mliosaini. Yani kila siku graduate (engineer) una amka asubuhi unaenda kujifunza kazi ile ile kwa miaka 5!! labda utuambie hao wakenya watakao achiwa hizo kazi bado wako High school.

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Kafrican

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Hiyo miaka mitano (10) ni matokeo ya mkataba wa kijinga mliosaini. Yani kila siku graduate (engineer) una amka asubuhi unaenda kujifunza kazi ile ile kwa miaka 5!! labda utuambie hao wakenya watakao achiwa hizo kazi bado wako High school.

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mambo mengine kama haujaui afadhali unyamaze.....
Pale mwanzo ilikua unakuta Wachina ndo wanafanya Kazi zote muhimu za engineering, Wakenya na nguo zao safi wanaangalia tu na kuandika..
Ikaja wakati unaona wachina bado wanafanya kazi kubwa kubwa wakenya wanafanya ndogo ndogo...

Sahii unaaza kuona Wakenya ndo wanafanya kazi kwa mitambo critical lakini supervisor anayewasimamia bado ni Mchina .... Baada ya miaka mitano ndo inatarajiwa wafanyikazi 99% wa kila kitu watakua ni wakenya ndani ya hio kamuni ya Kichina iliopewa kandarasi ya Maintenance, hio kampuni ndo itaendelea kufanya Maintanance and repair kwa miaka miengine mitano ikimanage hao wakenya, mda huo ukiisha ndo kampuni hio itamilikiwa na Kenya Railway......

------
Lakini mijitu kama nyinyi ambao hamjasoma ripoti ya hayo makubaliano mnafungua midomo bila kujielewa mnaongelea nini
 
thisdayes

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thisdayes

thisdayes

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mambo mengine kama haujaui afadhali unyamaze.....
Pale mwanzo ilikua unakuta Wachina ndo wanafanya Kazi zote muhimu za engineering, Wakenya na nguo zao safi wanaangalia tu na kuandika..
Ikaja wakati unaona wachina bado wanafanya kazi kubwa kubwa wakenya wanafanya ndogo ndogo...

Sahii unaaza kuona Wakenya ndo wanafanya kazi kwa mitambo critical lakini supervisor anayewasimamia bado ni Mchina .... Baada ya miaka mitano ndo inatarajiwa wafanyikazi 99% wa kila kitu watakua ni wakenya ndani ya hio kamuni ya Kichina iliopewa kandarasi ya Maintenance, hio kampuni ndo itaendelea kufanya Maintanance and repair kwa miaka miengine mitano ikimanage hao wakenya, mda huo ukiisha ndo kampuni hio itamilikiwa na Kenya Railway......

------
Lakini mijitu kama nyinyi ambao hamjasoma ripoti ya hayo makubaliano mnafungua midomo bila kujielewa mnaongelea nini
Mmepigwa! miaka kumi wachina mnawalipa mabilioni ku operate. Wewe endelea kutetea ujinga, Vipi wachina wameacha kuwachapa viboko!?

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Kafrican

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Kafrican

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Mmepigwa! miaka kumi wachina mnawalipa mabilioni ku operate. Wewe endelea kutetea ujinga, Vipi wachina wameacha kuwachapa viboko!?

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Tutawalipa kwa raha zetu mpaka tushike kila kitu vizuri, kampuni hio ya maintenance ilianza 30% wachina hadi iwe 1% wachina after 5 years 100% after that.... Project iko na lifetime ya 100 Years!!!! ....... Tazara mmeiuwa baada ya miaka 30 tu! endeleeni na mtindo huo huo!
 
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ndughuri msuya

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Maintenance, Management, Repair........ Waanafunzzi ambao wamekua wakifaanyiwa mafunzo tangu 2016 pole pole wanaanza kupewa majukumu makubwa na mwishowe baada ya miaka mitano inatarajiwa wataachiwa majukumu yote..

Train Inspection


















Sehemu ambayo bado Wakenya hawajaachiwa ni Traffic command and Control ambapo ukibofya vibaya unaweza kufanya treni mbili zigongane, Kuna wakenya kadhaa kama 24 wametumwa Jiotong University kule China Kusomea ku operate hio traffic controll system

mitano yote mchina amekaba lo poleni watani
 
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kirk git

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Traffic control system iko kwa lugha ya Chinese. Wakenya wameshindwa kuelewa !!!
 
Kafrican

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Kafrican

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Habari ya Dec 2017, Ujenzi wa SGR Phase 2A ulianza June 2017, Hilo eneo hua liko na sudden weather changes, kama unaajenga chochote ni uhakikishe kila kitu kiko secured, ukiacha kitu kinaenda na upepo, ukizubaa mvua ya ghafla inafagilia kila kitu, na kama haujajenga vizuri ardhi inapasuka na kumeza kila kitu.. Mpaka imebidi Kenya Railway iwaambie Consultants wa SGR wazike Sensors chini ya ardhi eneo hilo ili ziwe zinatuma warning signal ili SGR eneo hilo kama kuna ardhi itasonga.....


Hilo eneo la Mai mahiu na Suswa limeumisha Kichwa hao engineers wa SGR




Kama unavyoona kwa hii picha Upepo uliharibu kama bado inajengwa






Click hii picha uzoom unagalie vile ardhi hupasuka hilo eneo , Ni vile tu hayo madaraja eneo hilo yamechimbiwa chini zaidi wakijua kwamba kitu kama hicho kinaweza fanyika, kama ingekua yamechimbiwa kama madaraja mengine ingekua tunaongelea story nyengine




Safety measures zilizochukuliwa tangu hio siku ni kila mtu lazima aji secure kama hivi kwa maeneo yenye upepo mkali
 
Geza Ulole

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Geza Ulole

Geza Ulole

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Habari ya Dec 2017, Ujenzi wa SGR Phase 2A ulianza June 2017, Hilo eneo hua liko na sudden weather changes, kama unaajenga chochote ni uhakikishe kila kitu kiko secured, ukiacha kitu kinaenda na upepo, ukizubaa mvua ya ghafla inafagilia kila kitu, na kama haujajenga vizuri ardhi inapasuka na kumeza kila kitu.. Mpaka imebidi Kenya Railway iwaambie Consultants wa SGR wazike Sensors chini ya ardhi eneo hilo ili ziwe zinatuma warning signal ili SGR eneo hilo kama kuna ardhi itasonga.....


Hilo eneo la Mai mahiu na Suswa limeumisha Kichwa hao engineers wa SGR




Kama unavyoona kwa hii picha Upepo uliharibu kama bado inajengwa






Click hii picha uzoom unagalie vile ardhi hupasuka hilo eneo , Ni vile tu hayo madaraja eneo hilo yamechimbiwa chini zaidi wakijua kwamba kitu kama hicho kinaweza fanyika, kama ingekua yamechimbiwa kama madaraja mengine ingekua tunaongelea story nyengine




Safety measures zilizochukuliwa tangu hio siku ni kila mtu lazima aji secure kama hivi kwa maeneo yenye upepo mkali
Wacha uwongo wind ili-blow bridge structure! The land fault had nothing to do with that collapse of the bridge!
 
Kafrican

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Kafrican

Kafrican

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Wacha uwongo wind ili-blow bridge structure! The land fault had nothing to do with that collapse of the bridge!
There is no bridge that has ever collapsed, Structures that were bieng put on the bridge are the ones that fell off
 

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