Cost comparison SGR Kenya vs SGR Tanzania

Geza Ulole

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Tanzania secures $7.6 billion financing deal from Chinese lender to build new railway

President John Magufuli with China Exim Bank president Liu Liang after holding talks at Chamwino State Lodge in Dodoma this week. PHOTO | COURTESY

In Summary

  • Dar es Salaam is positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its neighbouring landlocked countries.
  • The EAC railways master plan incorporates the standard gauge railway’s Northern and Central Corridors, which are both commercially viable for landlocked countries in the region as they give them strategic access to the ports of Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.
  • The Northern Corridor Integration Projects championed by Rwanda, Kenya and Uganda spearheaded the establishment of a railway link from Mombasa to Kigali.
  • In June 2013, a Northern Corridor Integration Projects Heads of State Summit held in Kampala put in place mechanisms for fast-tracking the development of the SGR.


Tanzania has secured a $7.6 billion loan from China’s Export-Import Bank (Exim) for the construction of a railway line that will link it with Burundi, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo.

President John Magufuli secured the concessional loan after meeting with the Exim Bank’s president Liu Liang.

President Magufuli, while announcing the funding, alluded to a preferential deal without providing details.

Oil and gas discoveries have turned Tanzania into an exploration hotspot, but the country’s transport infrastructure has suffered from decades of under investment. The country is also positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its regional landlocked neighbours.

According to Mr Liu, China Exim Bank will offer Tanzania technical support.

READ: China Exim sets terms for financing Uganda’s SGR

ALSO READ: Rwanda looks to Tanzania for rail transport as Uganda falters on SGR

Last year, Tanzania announced that it had awarded rail contracts to a consortium of Chinese firms led by China Railway Materials (CRM), which included the standard gauge rail project.

The Exim Bank is also financing a $1.2 billion, 532km natural gas pipeline in Tanzania.

On Wednesday last week, Finance and Planning Minister Dr Philip Mpango after a meeting with Dr Alberic Kacou, African Development Bank vice-president for human resources and corporate services, announced that Tanzania had secured a further $200 million loan from the AfDB to finance transport infrastructure projects.

“We will use some of this funds towards the construction of the SGR project to transform the country’s infrastructure,” Dr Mpango said.

In an interview with Bloomberg, Gerson Msigwa, a spokesman for Tanzania’s presidency, said the construction will start by July next year. Before then, Tanzania and Exim Bank China will be expected to have finalise technical issues on the contract and sign the financing deal for the 2,190km project.

Tanzania Transport Minister Samuel Sitta said the SGR will have a main line that will connect the port city of Dar es Salaam to Rwanda and Burundi, with additional branch lines running within the country.

“We expect to have two offshoots: One of them to Mwanza, which will open up the lakeside port city and link it with Uganda, while the second one will link to the coal, iron ore and soda ash mining areas in the south. Through this, we expect an increase in cargo on this route,” Mr Sitta said, adding that will be at an additional cost of $6.6 billion.

Already, Tanzania has signed contracts with China Railway No 2 Engineering Group to build a rail link between the southern port of Mtwara, which is rich in coal, iron ore and natural gas. The contract will see China Railway No 2 Engineering Group provide 10 per cent of the funding with the rest provided by the government.

Kenya is also constructing a $3.27 billion 609km new standard gauge railway line between Mombasa and Nairobi to boost the movement of cargo from the port.

However, queries have been raised over the economic viability of SGR, after key landlocked states indicated their intention to connect to the Indian Ocean through Tanzania.


The issue of cost is also bound to arise now that Tanzania’s SGR is four times longer than Kenya’s but only two times as expensive.

In a previous interview with The EastAfrican, Kenya Railways managing director Atanas Maina said that the cost of the Kenyan SGR was high because of the design adopted, which will see the train maintain an average speed of 80 kilometres irrespective of the terrain.

“We have built bridges, and raised the track in areas where we would have had corners to achieve the average speed we expect the wagons to travel at. This has increased the costs immensely as compared with the neighbouring Ethiopia and Tanzania SGER designs that haven’t taken this into account,” Mr Maina said.

Recently, a confidential World Bank report cast doubt on the region’s push for the SGR projects, saying they would only be viable with increases in cargo of between 20 tonnes and 55 million tonnes per year.

The report done by the Africa transport unit at the World Bank titled The Economics of Rail Gauge in the East Africa Community showed that the volumes of the forecasts undertaken for the EAC railway master plan and central line in Tanzania, are unattainable over the medium to longer term.

“Based on these assumptions, there is no economic or financial case for standard gauge in the EAC area at this time. A refurbished meter gauge network would appear to be the most appropriate option in economic and financial terms, and could easily accommodate forecast traffic up to 2030, with lower investment requirements,” the report concludes.

The World Bank team highlighted the rehabilitation of the existing railway network as the best alternative, which would allow a phased approach to the regions development, consistent with current and projected demand and the financing envelope available.

The SGR alternative, which the regional governments chose, involves the construction of a standard gauge railway on a new right of way, an option the World Bank team said required additional investment in land acquisition and structures, and new right-of-way construction.

“This alternative predicates axle loads in the order of 25 tons per axles and a maximum operating speed of up to 120 km per hour. Again, based on these assumptions, the estimated maximum carrying capacity of the current network would exceed 60 million tonnes per year. The estimated investment cost per km will be $ 3.25 million,” the report said.

From the estimates provided, the Tanzanian new railway line will cost an average of $3.4 million per kilometre.

MY TAKE

It is time now to look at the cost of the two rails as we know cost of construction is very important for prospect of any infrastructure! i welcome bright minds to contribute and not some propaganda in here!


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Kafrican

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33 Havard Professors and their staff visit KPA and travel with SGR to/fro Nairobi/Mombasa

 
iam_paco

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jibu maswali uache kuropoka ropoka hovyo.....

technical gani hiyo unayoweza kutuambia hauna jipya mkuu......usiwe unapoteza mda kwa kuropoka ropoka kama mdada.....

ivi unajua kipimo cha mchanga na cement inayotumia ipo kwenye grade gani....?...je cement inayotumika ina density gani ambayo ipo covered kupitia udongo uliopo kwenye ardhi ya tanzania....?..unajua kiwango cha station quality kinachotumika tanzania mpaka project ikisha kamilika...?....je umewahi fanya tafiti kwa kutembelea na kufanya vipimo vya kila section...?...

usijifanye mjuaji mzee wa technical unayumbs hizo ni akili za pombe..ukijibu nilivyokuuliza tutaenda sawa...ila ukiendelea kuropoka unaonekana mama lishe
Temana na hao wanga
 
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jibu maswali uache kuropoka ropoka hovyo.....

technical gani hiyo unayoweza kutuambia hauna jipya mkuu......usiwe unapoteza mda kwa kuropoka ropoka kama mdada.....

ivi unajua kipimo cha mchanga na cement inayotumia ipo kwenye grade gani....?...je cement inayotumika ina density gani ambayo ipo covered kupitia udongo uliopo kwenye ardhi ya tanzania....?..unajua kiwango cha station quality kinachotumika tanzania mpaka project ikisha kamilika...?....je umewahi fanya tafiti kwa kutembelea na kufanya vipimo vya kila section...?...

usijifanye mjuaji mzee wa technical unayumbs hizo ni akili za pombe..ukijibu nilivyokuuliza tutaenda sawa...ila ukiendelea kuropoka unaonekana mama lishe
Typical Tanzanian!!!! Yani nyi jamaa huwa mna shida kubwa sana, Sijui hua ni kwasababu huwa mmezoea kupiga udaku mtaani ndo hua inawasababisha muwe hivi??? Yani jamaa atajifanya expert na maswali mengi na vitisho vingi vya "unajua mini ni nani? unajua mi nilisomea nini? unajua tissue inatengenezwa na nini?" , lakini pale utakapo muulizia alete ushahidi, atajifanya kurukia maswali mengine zaidi... Sasa naona ushatoka kwa idadi/ukubwa wa stesheni umeenda kwa mambo ya michanga na simiti kana kwamba unajua desity iliotumika Tz vs Kenya.... Ilhali tunajua haujui hizo details, ni mdomo mkubwa tu!!!!


Wacha nikusaidie manake tukiendelea hivi utabaki kupiga kelele za chura

Hizi ndo stesheni zote za abiria mlizo nazo (Kubwa na ndogo) kutoka Dar hadi Makutopora 541km ni 14

1568023858848-png.1202467




1568024034461-png.1202475



Kutoka Dar hadi Moro 205KM mtakua na jumla ya stesheni sita .
According to the project manager, the modern railway from Dar es Salaam to Morogoro would have a total of six stations Dar es Salaam, Pugu, Soga, Ruvu, Ngerengere and Morogoro. Source . Kama kuna stesheni nyengine za abiria zaidi ya hizi zitaje hapa na utuoneshe mionekano yake...



Sasa tulinganishe hio sehemu ya Dar-Moro 210km vs Nairobi-Naivasha 120km

1568024631138-png.1202490



Huku kwetu Stesheni kubwa tunaziita District station na stesheni ndogo tunaziita Intermidiate station , Ukichanganya hizo tuko na atleast 8 stations kwa hio section ya 120km na nyinyi mko na sita pekee kwa section ya 210km , yani hata ukilinganisha na Moro-Makutopora 510km ambayo ni 9 stations total karibu sawa na Nairobi-Naivasha ya 120km!!!!!!


Haya sasa ongea vizuri vile ulikua unaniuliza kama najua tz mko na mini stations ngapi ... blah blah blah




CC:
Umeshindwa kuelewa braza, vituo vikubwa vipo katika kila mji wa mikoa ambapo reli inapita, ila katika vijiji ambavyo vipo mbali na mjin kunaekwa vituo vidgo vidgo kama hvyo ili kuepusha gharama za wanavijiji kupelekwa hadi mjini alafu wapande usafir mwingne kurudi, kwahyo katika miji kutakua na vitua vikubwa kama dar es salaam lakn kutakua na vituo vidog kwa wale wa vijiji ambavyo ni kama hvyo ili kuondoa ulazima wa wao kwenda hadi mjini kwenye vituo vikubwa, kitu ambacho kwenye hii comment ako inaonyesha kenya haijafanya hvyo
 
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I said here and gave a case study of Zimbabwe electric train. It is coming to pass that Ethiopian SGR electric train is in the same limbo. Tanzania, don't think you will be different. The truth will dawn on you, just 2 years after completion.
View attachment 1202337
Mbona train za Ethiopia ni ugly kama za kenya???..what happened??
 
Lusematic

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Typical Tanzanian!!!! Yani nyi jamaa huwa mna shida kubwa sana, Sijui hua ni kwasababu huwa mmezoea kupiga udaku mtaani ndo hua inawasababisha muwe hivi??? Yani jamaa atajifanya expert na maswali mengi na vitisho vingi vya "unajua mini ni nani? unajua mi nilisomea nini? unajua tissue inatengenezwa na nini?" , lakini pale utakapo muulizia alete ushahidi, atajifanya kurukia maswali mengine zaidi... Sasa naona ushatoka kwa idadi/ukubwa wa stesheni umeenda kwa mambo ya michanga na simiti kana kwamba unajua desity iliotumika Tz vs Kenya.... Ilhali tunajua haujui hizo details, ni mdomo mkubwa tu!!!!


Wacha nikusaidie manake tukiendelea hivi utabaki kupiga kelele za chura

Hizi ndo stesheni zote za abiria mlizo nazo (Kubwa na ndogo) kutoka Dar hadi Makutopora 541km ni 14

View attachment 1202467



View attachment 1202475


Kutoka Dar hadi Moro 205KM mtakua na jumla ya stesheni sita .
According to the project manager, the modern railway from Dar es Salaam to Morogoro would have a total of six stations Dar es Salaam, Pugu, Soga, Ruvu, Ngerengere and Morogoro. Source . Kama kuna stesheni nyengine za abiria zaidi ya hizi zitaje hapa na utuoneshe mionekano yake...



Sasa tulinganishe hio sehemu ya Dar-Moro 210km vs Nairobi-Naivasha 120km

View attachment 1202490


Huku kwetu Stesheni kubwa tunaziita District station na stesheni ndogo tunaziita Intermidiate station , Ukichanganya hizo tuko na atleast 8 stations kwa hio section ya 120km na nyinyi mko na sita pekee kwa section ya 210km , yani hata ukilinganisha na Moro-Makutopora 510km ambayo ni 9 stations total karibu sawa na Nairobi-Naivasha ya 120km!!!!!!


Haya sasa ongea vizuri vile ulikua unaniuliza kama najua tz mko na mini stations ngapi ... blah blah blah




CC:
nimegundua kitu....hauna akili mkuu ...
 
thisdayes

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thisdayes

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Muone sasa. Hata tuyaache mengine, is BRT Dar anything you can brag about!?
Mafanikio yapo makubwa mno. Ndiyo maana kila siku ma bus yanajaa, watu zaidi ya 250,000 wanasafirishwa kwa siku. Mradi umeshinda tuzo za kimataifa, WB wame ufanyia review na kuona mafanikio yake na kutoa pesa za phase zinazofuata. Phase 2 ipo under construction, phase 3 imeshapata funds pia. Wewe nani mpaka useme hakuna kitu! Au una soma habari za wapinga maendeleo wachache mtandaoni then una ruka kwa furaha kuona mradi ume fail. Changamoto zipo, ndiyo maana nikasema kila mradi una changamoto zake. BRT changamoto yake ni ma bus kuwa machache, hii inaonyesha kuwa umefanikiwa. Ma bus yalipaswa kuongezwa ila kuna changamoto za kimkataba ndiyo zina wekwa sawa. Safari ambayo ilikua inachukua masaa 2 sasa inafanywa ndani ya dakika 25-30 then useme "there is nothing to brag" utakua na ukichaa.
 
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thisdayes

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Typical Tanzanian!!!! Yani nyi jamaa huwa mna shida kubwa sana, Sijui hua ni kwasababu huwa mmezoea kupiga udaku mtaani ndo hua inawasababisha muwe hivi??? Yani jamaa atajifanya expert na maswali mengi na vitisho vingi vya "unajua mini ni nani? unajua mi nilisomea nini? unajua tissue inatengenezwa na nini?" , lakini pale utakapo muulizia alete ushahidi, atajifanya kurukia maswali mengine zaidi... Sasa naona ushatoka kwa idadi/ukubwa wa stesheni umeenda kwa mambo ya michanga na simiti kana kwamba unajua desity iliotumika Tz vs Kenya.... Ilhali tunajua haujui hizo details, ni mdomo mkubwa tu!!!!


Wacha nikusaidie manake tukiendelea hivi utabaki kupiga kelele za chura

Hizi ndo stesheni zote za abiria mlizo nazo (Kubwa na ndogo) kutoka Dar hadi Makutopora 541km ni 14

View attachment 1202467



View attachment 1202475


Kutoka Dar hadi Moro 205KM mtakua na jumla ya stesheni sita .
According to the project manager, the modern railway from Dar es Salaam to Morogoro would have a total of six stations Dar es Salaam, Pugu, Soga, Ruvu, Ngerengere and Morogoro. Source . Kama kuna stesheni nyengine za abiria zaidi ya hizi zitaje hapa na utuoneshe mionekano yake...



Sasa tulinganishe hio sehemu ya Dar-Moro 210km vs Nairobi-Naivasha 120km

View attachment 1202490


Huku kwetu Stesheni kubwa tunaziita District station na stesheni ndogo tunaziita Intermidiate station , Ukichanganya hizo tuko na atleast 8 stations kwa hio section ya 120km na nyinyi mko na sita pekee kwa section ya 210km , yani hata ukilinganisha na Moro-Makutopora 510km ambayo ni 9 stations total karibu sawa na Nairobi-Naivasha ya 120km!!!!!!


Haya sasa ongea vizuri vile ulikua unaniuliza kama najua tz mko na mini stations ngapi ... blah blah blah




CC:
Kenya watu wamerundikana eneo moja, hii inatokana na fursa kuwa sehemu chache na serikali kutizama sehemu chache. Tz watu wametapakaa na sehemu nyingi zina miundo mbinu rafiki. Ndiyo maana leo hii uko Kenya maeneo kama Turkana, Marsabit n.k nikama kulitokea vita watu waka kimbia. Ata ukiangalia mgawanyiko wa cities Tz umetapakaa. Dar, Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Tanga and Dodoma. Ukisafiri Tz uta elewa kwanini vituo ni vichache, li nchi likubwa mno. Mfano ukitoka Dar to Mwanza unapishana na mapori yaliyojaa ukijani, milima na mabonde ya kupendeza then unakutana na mji. That will go on mpaka unafika Mwanza. Hii observation alinipa mtalii aliyetoka Zambia to Tz via TAZARA, alisema bila ata kuambiwa kuwa ametoka Zambia mtu utagundua kwa kutizama uoto asili na mpangilio wa watu jinsi wanavyo ishi. Then nikafanya observation yangu nikiwa nasafiri nika gundua hilo.Tz is simply beautiful, jitahidi siku uje ujione uzuri wa dunia.
 
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Huyo mkunya ni wivu tu ndo kinachomsumbua maana kwao imeshindikana walichora chora barabara zao na lipstick
Mafanikio yapo makubwa mno. Ndiyo maana kila siku ma bus yanajaa, watu zaidi ya 250,000 wanasafirishwa kwa siku. Mradi umeshinda tuzo za kimataifa, WB wame ufanyia review na kuona mafanikio yake na kutoa pesa za phase zinazofuata. Phase 2 ipo under construction, phase 3 imeshapata funds pia. Wewe nani mpaka useme hakuna kitu! Au una soma habari za wapinga maendeleo wachache mtandaoni then una ruka kwa furaha kuona mradi ume fail. Changamoto zipo, ndiyo maana nikasema kila mradi una changamoto zake. BRT changamoto yake ni ma bus kuwa machache, hii inaonyesha kuwa umefanikiwa. Ma bus yalipaswa kuongezwa ila kuna changamoto za kimkataba ndiyo zina wekwa sawa. Safari ambayo ilikua inachukua masaa 2 sasa inafanywa ndani ya dakika 25-30 then useme "there is nothing to brag" utakua na ukichaa.
 
Kafrican

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nimegundua kitu....hauna akili mkuu ...
Translation....... Umegundua hamna kitu! ulikua unajisifia eti mumeweka mini stations kibao kwa kila kitongoji kumbe huku Kenya ndo tuko nazo kila sehemu kuliko huko kwenu!!
 
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Kenya watu wamerundikana eneo moja, hii inatokana na fursa kuwa sehemu chache na serikali kutizama sehemu chache. Tz watu wametapakaa na sehemu nyingi zina miundo mbinu rafiki. Ndiyo maana leo hii uko Kenya maeneo kama Turkana, Marsabit n.k nikama kulitokea vita watu waka kimbia. Ata ukiangalia mgawanyiko wa cities Tz umetapakaa. Dar, Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Tanga and Dodoma. Ukisafiri Tz uta elewa kwanini vituo ni vichache, li nchi likubwa mno. Mfano ukitoka Dar to Mwanza unapishana na mapori yaliyojaa ukijani, milima na mabonde ya kupendeza then unakutana na mji. That will go on mpaka unafika Mwanza. Hii observation alinipa mtalii aliyetoka Zambia to Tz via TAZARA, alisema bila ata kuambiwa kuwa ametoka Zambia mtu utagundua kwa kutizama uoto asili na mpangilio wa watu jinsi wanavyo ishi. Then nikafanya observation yangu nikiwa nasafiri nika gundua hilo.Tz is simply beautiful, jitahidi siku uje ujione uzuri wa dunia.
Unafaa uelewe huu mjadala ulitoka wapi ndo ukafika hapa, nilipo post hii picha ya moja ya stesheni zenu



Jamaa walidai kwamba Tz wana stesheni ndogo ndogo kila sehemu kwa kila kitongoji tofauti na Kenya ........ Hapo ndo nimeleta ushahidi kwamba hizo stesheni zenu ukijumlisha ni chache sana... sasa wewe unaanza kunielezea sababu za kwanini stesheni ni chache huko TZ, that was not the point, point ni kwamba wenzako walikua wanadhani wako na stesheni nyingi...........



Alafu sababu kuu ya Wakenya kuishi sehemu moja ni mazingira... Kama Tanzania ingekua na mazingira ya Kenya pia nyinyi mgekua mnaishi sehemu chache kama sisi..
 
Lusematic

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Lusematic

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Kenya watu wamerundikana eneo moja, hii inatokana na fursa kuwa sehemu chache na serikali kutizama sehemu chache. Tz watu wametapakaa na sehemu nyingi zina miundo mbinu rafiki. Ndiyo maana leo hii uko Kenya maeneo kama Turkana, Marsabit n.k nikama kulitokea vita watu waka kimbia. Ata ukiangalia mgawanyiko wa cities Tz umetapakaa. Dar, Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Tanga and Dodoma. Ukisafiri Tz uta elewa kwanini vituo ni vichache, li nchi likubwa mno. Mfano ukitoka Dar to Mwanza unapishana na mapori yaliyojaa ukijani, milima na mabonde ya kupendeza then unakutana na mji. That will go on mpaka unafika Mwanza. Hii observation alinipa mtalii aliyetoka Zambia to Tz via TAZARA, alisema bila ata kuambiwa kuwa ametoka Zambia mtu utagundua kwa kutizama uoto asili na mpangilio wa watu jinsi wanavyo ishi. Then nikafanya observation yangu nikiwa nasafiri nika gundua hilo.Tz is simply beautiful, jitahidi siku uje ujione uzuri wa dunia.
huyo jamaa ni kichaa ....halafu muulize vizuri mwambie alete sample ya muonekano wa hizo station nyingine alizosema yaani ni vituko
 
Lusematic

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Translation....... Umegundua hamna kitu! ulikua unajisifia eti mumeweka mini stations kibao kwa kila kitongoji kumbe huku Kenya ndo tuko nazo kila sehemu kuliko huko kwenu!!
mpumbavu siku zote anaachwa na upumbavu wake......

hatujuani mzee.......hivyo kuwa mpole
 

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