Cost comparison SGR Kenya vs SGR Tanzania

Geza Ulole

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Tanzania secures $7.6 billion financing deal from Chinese lender to build new railway

President John Magufuli with China Exim Bank president Liu Liang after holding talks at Chamwino State Lodge in Dodoma this week. PHOTO | COURTESY

In Summary

  • Dar es Salaam is positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its neighbouring landlocked countries.
  • The EAC railways master plan incorporates the standard gauge railway’s Northern and Central Corridors, which are both commercially viable for landlocked countries in the region as they give them strategic access to the ports of Mombasa and Dar es Salaam.
  • The Northern Corridor Integration Projects championed by Rwanda, Kenya and Uganda spearheaded the establishment of a railway link from Mombasa to Kigali.
  • In June 2013, a Northern Corridor Integration Projects Heads of State Summit held in Kampala put in place mechanisms for fast-tracking the development of the SGR.


Tanzania has secured a $7.6 billion loan from China’s Export-Import Bank (Exim) for the construction of a railway line that will link it with Burundi, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo.

President John Magufuli secured the concessional loan after meeting with the Exim Bank’s president Liu Liang.

President Magufuli, while announcing the funding, alluded to a preferential deal without providing details.

Oil and gas discoveries have turned Tanzania into an exploration hotspot, but the country’s transport infrastructure has suffered from decades of under investment. The country is also positioning itself as a regional hub, upgrading its port to attract more business from its regional landlocked neighbours.

According to Mr Liu, China Exim Bank will offer Tanzania technical support.

READ: China Exim sets terms for financing Uganda’s SGR

ALSO READ: Rwanda looks to Tanzania for rail transport as Uganda falters on SGR

Last year, Tanzania announced that it had awarded rail contracts to a consortium of Chinese firms led by China Railway Materials (CRM), which included the standard gauge rail project.

The Exim Bank is also financing a $1.2 billion, 532km natural gas pipeline in Tanzania.

On Wednesday last week, Finance and Planning Minister Dr Philip Mpango after a meeting with Dr Alberic Kacou, African Development Bank vice-president for human resources and corporate services, announced that Tanzania had secured a further $200 million loan from the AfDB to finance transport infrastructure projects.

“We will use some of this funds towards the construction of the SGR project to transform the country’s infrastructure,” Dr Mpango said.

In an interview with Bloomberg, Gerson Msigwa, a spokesman for Tanzania’s presidency, said the construction will start by July next year. Before then, Tanzania and Exim Bank China will be expected to have finalise technical issues on the contract and sign the financing deal for the 2,190km project.

Tanzania Transport Minister Samuel Sitta said the SGR will have a main line that will connect the port city of Dar es Salaam to Rwanda and Burundi, with additional branch lines running within the country.

“We expect to have two offshoots: One of them to Mwanza, which will open up the lakeside port city and link it with Uganda, while the second one will link to the coal, iron ore and soda ash mining areas in the south. Through this, we expect an increase in cargo on this route,” Mr Sitta said, adding that will be at an additional cost of $6.6 billion.

Already, Tanzania has signed contracts with China Railway No 2 Engineering Group to build a rail link between the southern port of Mtwara, which is rich in coal, iron ore and natural gas. The contract will see China Railway No 2 Engineering Group provide 10 per cent of the funding with the rest provided by the government.

Kenya is also constructing a $3.27 billion 609km new standard gauge railway line between Mombasa and Nairobi to boost the movement of cargo from the port.

However, queries have been raised over the economic viability of SGR, after key landlocked states indicated their intention to connect to the Indian Ocean through Tanzania.


The issue of cost is also bound to arise now that Tanzania’s SGR is four times longer than Kenya’s but only two times as expensive.

In a previous interview with The EastAfrican, Kenya Railways managing director Atanas Maina said that the cost of the Kenyan SGR was high because of the design adopted, which will see the train maintain an average speed of 80 kilometres irrespective of the terrain.

“We have built bridges, and raised the track in areas where we would have had corners to achieve the average speed we expect the wagons to travel at. This has increased the costs immensely as compared with the neighbouring Ethiopia and Tanzania SGER designs that haven’t taken this into account,” Mr Maina said.

Recently, a confidential World Bank report cast doubt on the region’s push for the SGR projects, saying they would only be viable with increases in cargo of between 20 tonnes and 55 million tonnes per year.

The report done by the Africa transport unit at the World Bank titled The Economics of Rail Gauge in the East Africa Community showed that the volumes of the forecasts undertaken for the EAC railway master plan and central line in Tanzania, are unattainable over the medium to longer term.

“Based on these assumptions, there is no economic or financial case for standard gauge in the EAC area at this time. A refurbished meter gauge network would appear to be the most appropriate option in economic and financial terms, and could easily accommodate forecast traffic up to 2030, with lower investment requirements,” the report concludes.

The World Bank team highlighted the rehabilitation of the existing railway network as the best alternative, which would allow a phased approach to the regions development, consistent with current and projected demand and the financing envelope available.

The SGR alternative, which the regional governments chose, involves the construction of a standard gauge railway on a new right of way, an option the World Bank team said required additional investment in land acquisition and structures, and new right-of-way construction.

“This alternative predicates axle loads in the order of 25 tons per axles and a maximum operating speed of up to 120 km per hour. Again, based on these assumptions, the estimated maximum carrying capacity of the current network would exceed 60 million tonnes per year. The estimated investment cost per km will be $ 3.25 million,” the report said.

From the estimates provided, the Tanzanian new railway line will cost an average of $3.4 million per kilometre.

MY TAKE

It is time now to look at the cost of the two rails as we know cost of construction is very important for prospect of any infrastructure! i welcome bright minds to contribute and not some propaganda in here!


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Gwizzy

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Kenya watu wamerundikana eneo moja, hii inatokana na fursa kuwa sehemu chache na serikali kutizama sehemu chache. Tz watu wametapakaa na sehemu nyingi zina miundo mbinu rafiki. Ndiyo maana leo hii uko Kenya maeneo kama Turkana, Marsabit n.k nikama kulitokea vita watu waka kimbia. Ata ukiangalia mgawanyiko wa cities Tz umetapakaa. Dar, Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Tanga and Dodoma. Ukisafiri Tz uta elewa kwanini vituo ni vichache, li nchi likubwa mno. Mfano ukitoka Dar to Mwanza unapishana na mapori yaliyojaa ukijani, milima na mabonde ya kupendeza then unakutana na mji. That will go on mpaka unafika Mwanza. Hii observation alinipa mtalii aliyetoka Zambia to Tz via TAZARA, alisema bila ata kuambiwa kuwa ametoka Zambia mtu utagundua kwa kutizama uoto asili na mpangilio wa watu jinsi wanavyo ishi. Then nikafanya observation yangu nikiwa nasafiri nika gundua hilo.Tz is simply beautiful, jitahidi siku uje ujione uzuri wa dunia.
My two cents.........

Central Tanzania is almost just as remote/arid as Northern Kenya. This is an impediment to development in your country since this is a major stambling block to inter connectivity of Cities/townships. The only reason why Kenya has a bigger economy than TZ is because the arid/remote areas are restricted to the Northern part of the country.

Previous Governments have simply chosen to ignore the Northern parts of the country in as far as development is concerned due to the very minimal potential and expected returns from investment. The Focus has solely been on the Southern part of the Country, not a very good strategy but it has worked so far. The Kibaki regime sought to change this through the lapset project that mainly seeks to create a transit economy in Northern Kenya by connecting S.Sudan and Ethiopia to Lamu as well as leverage on the Lokichar oil reserves.

TZ on the other hand has been forced to develop very remote areas in the Central part of the country (case in point, Dodoma) with minimal to zero returns for the sake of inclusion and inter-connectivity to farflang cities and townships like Mwanza that have more potential.
 
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My two cents.........

Central Tanzania is almost just as remote/arid as Northern Kenya. This is an impediment to development in your country since this is a major stambling block to inter connectivity of Cities/townships. The only reason why Kenya has a bigger economy than TZ is because the arid/remote areas are restricted to the Northern part of the country.

Previous Governments have simply chosen to ignore the Northern parts of the country in as far as development is concerned due to the very minimal potential and expected returns from investment. The Focus has solely been on the Southern part of the Country, not a very good strategy but it has worked so far. The Kibaki regime sought to change this through the lapset project that mainly seeks to create a transit economy in Northern Kenya by connecting S.Sudan and Ethiopia to Lamu as well as leverage on the Lokichar oil reserves.

TZ on the other hand has been forced to develop very remote areas in the Central part of the country (case in point, Dodoma) with minimal to zero returns for the sake of inclusion and inter-connectivity to farflang cities and townships like Mwanza that have more potential.
drunker point

ha haaaaaa
 
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ha haaaaaa
Very true........... I schooled near the Isebania/Sirare border in Kuria. Back in those days buses plying the Mwanza - Dar route used to travel from Mwanza - Sirare - Nairobi - Namanga - Arusha/Moshi - Dar arguably a longer route than simply from Mwanza to Dar through remote central Tanzania.

I'm not sure whether this still happens today. My point ...... I guess travelling through central Tanzania was not worth the trouble, speaks volumes on the state of development of that central region of the Country.
 
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mpumbavu siku zote anaachwa na upumbavu wake......

hatujuani mzee.......hivyo kuwa mpole
Wewe lazima uwe na akili mbili kama kukuunaropokwa hadithi mingi ,alafu ukiletewa evidence mko na stesheni sita unaaza matusi badala ya kum engage.....IQ ni yako ni ya panzi wewe
 
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My two cents.........

Central Tanzania is almost just as remote/arid as Northern Kenya. This is an impediment to development in your country since this is a major stambling block to inter connectivity of Cities/townships. The only reason why Kenya has a bigger economy than TZ is because the arid/remote areas are restricted to the Northern part of the country.

Previous Governments have simply chosen to ignore the Northern parts of the country in as far as development is concerned due to the very minimal potential and expected returns from investment. The Focus has solely been on the Southern part of the Country, not a very good strategy but it has worked so far. The Kibaki regime sought to change this through the lapset project that mainly seeks to create a transit economy in Northern Kenya by connecting S.Sudan and Ethiopia to Lamu as well as leverage on the Lokichar oil reserves.

TZ on the other hand has been forced to develop very remote areas in the Central part of the country (case in point, Dodoma) with minimal to zero returns for the sake of inclusion and inter-connectivity to farflang cities and townships like Mwanza that have more potential.
Kwanza nakuunga mkono kuhusu central part of Tz kuwa semi arid (Dodoma na Singida), ila mengine uliyo ongea umeongea kibepari zaidi nasiwezi kukulaumu. Tatizo la kaskazini mwa Kenya ilibidi litatuliwe toka awamu ya kwanza ila haikufanyika kwa sababu ya sera zenu.

Nyerere na serikali yake waligundua hili kutumia sera za kijamaa walitia nguvu na kusaidia kuboresha mazao yanayo kubali sehemu hizo na kuwekeza kwenye fursa chache zinazopatikana huko. Dodoma kilimo cha zabibu kiliwekewa mkazo na viwanda vya wine kujengwa, leo hii Dodoma ndiyo sehemu inayo ongoza kwa kuzalisha wine Tz na ndani ya E.A Tz inaongoza kwa kuzalisha wine. Dodoma pamoja na sababu zingine ilifanywa pia kuwa capital city. Magufuli amekuja kukazia, Leo hii ukifika Dodoma utashanga ujenzi unao endelea. So ardhi ambayo aina rutuba inajengwa majengo. Kama vile mnge amua capital yenu iwe Turkana, Nairobi watu wange lima. In my unbiased opinion at this rate Dodoma is going to be the most beautiful city in Tz in the next 10 yrs. Its central location is a plus. Bila kusahau sekta ya ufugaji Tz ni nchi ya pili kwa kuwa na ng'ombe wengi Africa na Dodoma ni wafugaji wakubwa hapa Tz wa mifugo mingi wakiwamo ng'ombe.

Singida a.k.a Singapore, ukifika utafuta kauli yako, kwanza hamna njaa, watu wanalima mazao rafiki na hali ya hewa. Mfano zao la kibiashara alizeti, hili ndiyo eneo linalo ongoza kwa kulima alizeti Tz. Viwanda vya mafuta ya alizeti vimetapakaa na mafuta yao yanauzwa nchi nzima pia wana export. Nimeeleza kwa uchache ila hamna namna unaweza uka compare semi arid areas za Tz na Kenya. Your politicians have failed you, msipende kuwatetea kila sehemu vitu vingine vipo uchi. Wangejenga ata vyuo vikuu huko Marsabit kuchangamsha uchumi. Nakuwekea picha, halafu waza huko Turkana pia mnaweza fanya hivi.
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thisdayes

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thisdayes

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Unafaa uelewe huu mjadala ulitoka wapi ndo ukafika hapa, nilipo post hii picha ya moja ya stesheni zenu



Jamaa walidai kwamba Tz wana stesheni ndogo ndogo kila sehemu kwa kila kitongoji tofauti na Kenya ........ Hapo ndo nimeleta ushahidi kwamba hizo stesheni zenu ukijumlisha ni chache sana... sasa wewe unaanza kunielezea sababu za kwanini stesheni ni chache huko TZ, that was not the point, point ni kwamba wenzako walikua wanadhani wako na stesheni nyingi...........



Alafu sababu kuu ya Wakenya kuishi sehemu moja ni mazingira... Kama Tanzania ingekua na mazingira ya Kenya pia nyinyi mgekua mnaishi sehemu chache kama sisi..
Mbona maeneo ambayo yapo semi arid yapo na watu wanaishi vizuri. Tatizo mipango yenu haikuwa sawa toka enzi za mzee Kenyata
 
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Kitu cha dompo ni noma wamuulize Uhuru atawaambia.
Kwanza nakuunga mkono kuhusu central part of Tz kuwa semi arid (Dodoma na Singida), ila mengine uliyo ongea umeongea kibepari zaidi nasiwezi kukulaumu. Tatizo la kaskazini mwa Kenya ilibidi litatuliwe toka awamu ya kwanza ila haikufanyika kwa sababu ya sera zenu.

Nyerere na serikali yake waligundua hili kutumia sera za kijamaa walitia nguvu na kusaidia kuboresha mazao yanayo kubali sehemu hizo na kuwekeza kwenye fursa chache zinazopatikana huko. Dodoma kilimo cha zabibu kiliwekewa mkazo na viwanda vya wine kujengwa, leo hii Dodoma ndiyo sehemu inayo ongoza kwa kuzalisha wine Tz na ndani ya E.A Tz inaongoza kwa kuzalisha wine. Dodoma pamoja na sababu zingine ilifanywa pia kuwa capital city. Magufuli amekuja kukazia, Leo hii ukifika Dodoma utashanga ujenzi unao endelea. So ardhi ambayo aina rutuba inajengwa majengo. Kama vile mnge amua capital yenu iwe Turkana, Nairobi watu wange lima. In my unbiased opinion at this rate Dodoma is going to be the most beautiful city in Tz in the next 10 yrs. Its central location is a plus. Bila kusahau sekta ya ufugaji Tz ni nchi ya pili kwa kuwa na ng'ombe wengi Africa na Dodoma ni wafugaji wakubwa hapa Tz wa mifugo mingi wakiwamo ng'ombe.

Singida a.k.a Singapore, ukifika utafuta kauli yako, kwanza hamna njaa, watu wanalima mazao rafiki na hali ya hewa. Mfano zao la kibiashara alizeti, hili ndiyo eneo linalo ongoza kwa kulima alizeti Tz. Viwanda vya mafuta ya alizeti vimetapakaa na mafuta yao yanauzwa nchi nzima pia wana export. Nimeeleza kwa uchache ila hamna namna unaweza uka compare semi arid areas za Tz na Kenya. Your politicians have failed you, msipende kuwatetea kila sehemu vitu vingine vipo uchi. Wangejenga ata vyuo vikuu huko Marsabit kuchangamsha uchumi. Nakuwekea picha, halafu waza huko Turkana pia mnaweza fanya hivi. View attachment 1202839View attachment 1202840View attachment 1202842View attachment 1202843View attachment 1202844View attachment 1202845View attachment 1202846View attachment 1202847View attachment 1202849View attachment 1202850View attachment 1202851View attachment 1202853View attachment 1202854
 
Gwizzy

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Gwizzy

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Kwanza nakuunga mkono kuhusu central part of Tz kuwa semi arid (Dodoma na Singida), ila mengine uliyo ongea umeongea kibepari zaidi nasiwezi kukulaumu. Tatizo la kaskazini mwa Kenya ilibidi litatuliwe toka awamu ya kwanza ila haikufanyika kwa sababu ya sera zenu.

Nyerere na serikali yake waligundua hili kutumia sera za kijamaa walitia nguvu na kusaidia kuboresha mazao yanayo kubali sehemu hizo na kuwekeza kwenye fursa chache zinazopatikana huko. Dodoma kilimo cha zabibu kiliwekewa mkazo na viwanda vya wine kujengwa, leo hii Dodoma ndiyo sehemu inayo ongoza kwa kuzalisha wine Tz na ndani ya E.A Tz inaongoza kwa kuzalisha wine. Dodoma pamoja na sababu zingine ilifanywa pia kuwa capital city. Magufuli amekuja kukazia, Leo hii ukifika Dodoma utashanga ujenzi unao endelea. So ardhi ambayo aina rutuba inajengwa majengo. Kama vile mnge amua capital yenu iwe Turkana, Nairobi watu wange lima. In my unbiased opinion at this rate Dodoma is going to be the most beautiful city in Tz in the next 10 yrs. Its central location is a plus. Bila kusahau sekta ya ufugaji Tz ni nchi ya pili kwa kuwa na ng'ombe wengi Africa na Dodoma ni wafugaji wakubwa hapa Tz wa mifugo mingi wakiwamo ng'ombe.

Singida a.k.a Singapore, ukifika utafuta kauli yako, kwanza hamna njaa, watu wanalima mazao rafiki na hali ya hewa. Mfano zao la kibiashara alizeti, hili ndiyo eneo linalo ongoza kwa kulima alizeti Tz. Viwanda vya mafuta ya alizeti vimetapakaa na mafuta yao yanauzwa nchi nzima pia wana export. Nimeeleza kwa uchache ila hamna namna unaweza uka compare semi arid areas za Tz na Kenya. Your politicians have failed you, msipende kuwatetea kila sehemu vitu vingine vipo uchi. Wangejenga ata vyuo vikuu huko Marsabit kuchangamsha uchumi. Nakuwekea picha, halafu waza huko Turkana pia mnaweza fanya hivi. View attachment 1202839View attachment 1202840View attachment 1202842View attachment 1202843View attachment 1202844View attachment 1202845View attachment 1202846View attachment 1202847View attachment 1202849View attachment 1202850View attachment 1202851View attachment 1202853View attachment 1202854
Im pretty sure if Dodoma/Singida was tucked away somewhere in South Eastern TZ...........Those would be forgotten places.

My point is that developing Dodoma is a very painful expensive necessity that GOT has to undertake simply due to its centrality and not viability as an investment decision. For instance the capital city status is being forced upon Dodoma when the natural option is Dar/Arushja/Mwanza ...... all for the sake of inter connectivity.

Kenya has been a capitalist nation from the word go!!!! It as always been about return on investment, equity and inclusivity took a back seat and resources were directed where they could yield more return. GOK has had the leisure of looking the other direction because the Manderas, Wajirs and Turkanas connect to Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia. The Logic has been why invest in Turkana/Wajir when i can invest in Kiambu/Uasin Gishu?? This has worked in the short run but is not sustainable in the Long run..... That is where Lapset and county governments come in.
 
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Wewe lazima uwe na akili mbili kama kukuunaropokwa hadithi mingi ,alafu ukiletewa evidence mko na stesheni sita unaaza matusi badala ya kum engage.....IQ ni yako ni ya panzi wewe
tatizo hamjielewi.........kitu alichokileta si hoja ya msingi analeta competition kiidadi wakati si kitu kilichoulizwa

mtu unajiundia hoja halafu unategemea ujibiwe ipasavyo mimi huwa namjibu mtu kulingana na upuuzi wake ....ukileta upuuzi nitakujibu kipuuzi tena kwa kutokukujibu kitu chochote....

swali la msingi ni hivi muulize huyo charlie champlin mwenzako ni nani aliyesema hoja ya kuwa tuna stations nyingi...kwa sasa...?

hoja ilizungumzwa kimantiki kuwa kitu ambacho tumekifanya sisi kwa upande wa stations ndogo ndogo kenya kwa upande wenu hamjafanya kama sisi hicho ndicho kilichozungumzwa
 
thisdayes

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thisdayes

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Im pretty sure if Dodoma/Singida was tucked away somewhere in South Eastern TZ...........Those would be forgotten places.

My point is that developing Dodoma is a very painful expensive necessity that GOT has to undertake simply due to its centrality and not viability as an investment decision. For instance the capital city status is being forced upon Dodoma when the natural option is Dar/Arushja/Mwanza ...... all for the sake of inter connectivity.

GOK has had the leisure of looking the other direction because the Manderas, Wajirs and Turkanas connect to Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia. The Logic has been why invest in Turkana/Wajir when i can invest in Kiambu/Uasin Gishu?? This has worked in the short run but is not sustainable in the Long run..... That is where Lapset and county governments come in.
Since resources are scarced every thing we do there has to be an opportunity cost this is to the USA, Kenya, Chad e.t.c. You have put it well by saying the policy of under investing in western Kenya has long term consequences why then do you insist that GoT is misallocating resources by investing in central Tz! As you know the re allocating of the capital has been a long term process almost 30 years now. So we are in the final stage and its not hurting since its been done by local funds and other projects are ongoing at a bigger scale and faster rate than before. Why do you say those three cities are the rightful owner of the status of capital city! Go do a research why Dar was chosen to be the capital and why the Dar state house was built where it is now, inshort it served them well (colonizers). We are a free country now, we make informed decisions that will serve us well now and the our generations to come.
 
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Umeshindwa kuelewa braza, vituo vikubwa vipo katika kila mji wa mikoa ambapo reli inapita, ila katika vijiji ambavyo vipo mbali na mjin kunaekwa vituo vidgo vidgo kama hvyo ili kuepusha gharama za wanavijiji kupelekwa hadi mjini alafu wapande usafir mwingne kurudi, kwahyo katika miji kutakua na vitua vikubwa kama dar es salaam lakn kutakua na vituo vidog kwa wale wa vijiji ambavyo ni kama hvyo ili kuondoa ulazima wa wao kwenda hadi mjini kwenye vituo vikubwa, kitu ambacho kwenye hii comment ako inaonyesha kenya haijafanya hvyo
Mwambie atembelee BRT ataelewa nini maana ya terminal na min stations
 
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My two cents.........

Central Tanzania is almost just as remote/arid as Northern Kenya. This is an impediment to development in your country since this is a major stambling block to inter connectivity of Cities/townships. The only reason why Kenya has a bigger economy than TZ is because the arid/remote areas are restricted to the Northern part of the country.

Previous Governments have simply chosen to ignore the Northern parts of the country in as far as development is concerned due to the very minimal potential and expected returns from investment. The Focus has solely been on the Southern part of the Country, not a very good strategy but it has worked so far. The Kibaki regime sought to change this through the lapset project that mainly seeks to create a transit economy in Northern Kenya by connecting S.Sudan and Ethiopia to Lamu as well as leverage on the Lokichar oil reserves.

TZ on the other hand has been forced to develop very remote areas in the Central part of the country (case in point, Dodoma) with minimal to zero returns for the sake of inclusion and inter-connectivity to farflang cities and townships like Mwanza that have more potential.
Central tanzania is not as arid as northern Kenya. Picha za dodoma hauwezi sema ni sawa na Wajir au Mandera.
You dont have an official desert in Tanzania like chalbi desert do you?
Any way very few people live in northen Kenya so why would a govt that doesn't have alot of money at the time, build a road very few people will use and leave the majority stuck on bad roads. If the majority get good roads and produce more, wont it enable the govt have some money to go invest in the north. As is the case now.
 
Kafrican

Kafrican

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Kafrican

Kafrican

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Kafrican

Kafrican

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Kwanza nakuunga mkono kuhusu central part of Tz kuwa semi arid (Dodoma na Singida), ila mengine uliyo ongea umeongea kibepari zaidi nasiwezi kukulaumu. Tatizo la kaskazini mwa Kenya ilibidi litatuliwe toka awamu ya kwanza ila haikufanyika kwa sababu ya sera zenu.

Nyerere na serikali yake waligundua hili kutumia sera za kijamaa walitia nguvu na kusaidia kuboresha mazao yanayo kubali sehemu hizo na kuwekeza kwenye fursa chache zinazopatikana huko. Dodoma kilimo cha zabibu kiliwekewa mkazo na viwanda vya wine kujengwa, leo hii Dodoma ndiyo sehemu inayo ongoza kwa kuzalisha wine Tz na ndani ya E.A Tz inaongoza kwa kuzalisha wine. Dodoma pamoja na sababu zingine ilifanywa pia kuwa capital city. Magufuli amekuja kukazia, Leo hii ukifika Dodoma utashanga ujenzi unao endelea. So ardhi ambayo aina rutuba inajengwa majengo. Kama vile mnge amua capital yenu iwe Turkana, Nairobi watu wange lima. In my unbiased opinion at this rate Dodoma is going to be the most beautiful city in Tz in the next 10 yrs. Its central location is a plus. Bila kusahau sekta ya ufugaji Tz ni nchi ya pili kwa kuwa na ng'ombe wengi Africa na Dodoma ni wafugaji wakubwa hapa Tz wa mifugo mingi wakiwamo ng'ombe.

Singida a.k.a Singapore, ukifika utafuta kauli yako, kwanza hamna njaa, watu wanalima mazao rafiki na hali ya hewa. Mfano zao la kibiashara alizeti, hili ndiyo eneo linalo ongoza kwa kulima alizeti Tz. Viwanda vya mafuta ya alizeti vimetapakaa na mafuta yao yanauzwa nchi nzima pia wana export. Nimeeleza kwa uchache ila hamna namna unaweza uka compare semi arid areas za Tz na Kenya. Your politicians have failed you, msipende kuwatetea kila sehemu vitu vingine vipo uchi. Wangejenga ata vyuo vikuu huko Marsabit kuchangamsha uchumi. Nakuwekea picha, halafu waza huko Turkana pia mnaweza fanya hivi. View attachment 1202839View attachment 1202840View attachment 1202842View attachment 1202843View attachment 1202844View attachment 1202845View attachment 1202846View attachment 1202847View attachment 1202849View attachment 1202850View attachment 1202851View attachment 1202853View attachment 1202854
Yani hilo eneo ambalo liko green ndo unaliita semii Arid!!! we acha ulevi!!!! Nyinyi Tanzania hamjawahi ona wala kujua ukame na uhaba wa maji ni nini. Hata hapo dodoma ambapo ni semi arid, Mto rufuji hauko mbali na dodoma, kumaanisha water services inaweza kufikisha maji kirahisi....

Hebu linganisha hizi satelite image utofautishe huko northern Kenya Vs Northern Tanzania

1568203506782-png.1204478




1568203609791-png.1204481



Tena mito mmejaza kibao




Sasa linganisha na mito yetu iliobaki







Hio sehemu ya Marsabit hivi ndo inakaa









Maeneo mengine huko marsabit ni full blown desert -- Chalbi









Pitia hapa uangali marsabit town ambayo iko upande wa pili wa mlima (Sehemu ilio kama osasis) inavyoendelea kujengwa tangu tuanze ugatuzi
 

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