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Taarifa juu ya tiba ya Babu

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by Dena Amsi, Mar 30, 2011.

  1. Dena Amsi

    Dena Amsi R I P

    Mar 30, 2011
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    summary ya taarifa za kisayansi kuhusu huu mti hizi hapa

    Carissa edulis
    Species identity
    Current name: Carissa edulis
    Authority: Vahl
    Family: Apocynaceae
    Arduina edulis Spreng.
    Azima pubescens Suesseng.
    Carissa edulis var. tomentosa (A. Rich.) Stapf.
    Carissa pilosa Schinz.
    Jasminonerium edule (Vahl.) Kuntze.
    Jasminonerium tomentosum (A. Rich.) Kuntze.
    Common names
    (Afrikaans) : enkeldoring-noemnoem
    (Amharic) : agam
    (Arabic) : emir
    (English) : Arabian num-num, simple spined num-num, simple-spined
    (Luganda) : muyonza
    (Swahili) : mtanda-****
    (Tigrigna) : agam

    Botanic description
    Carissa edulis is a spiny, much branched, small tree, shrub or scrambler, up to 5 m in height, with a milky sap. Bark grey, smooth, young branchlets with or without hairs; spines simple, straight, 2-5 cm long, usually single. Leaves ovate to ovate-elliptic, opposite, occasionally almost circular, 2.5-6 x 1.8-3 cm, leathery, dark green above, paler green below, with or without short, soft hairs; lateral veins obscure; apex tapering, often with a bristlelike tip; base rounded to shallowly lobed; margin entire; petiole 1-4 mm long.

    Flowers white tinged with purple, red or pink, up to 1.8 cm long, about 2 cm in diameter, slender, tubular, with corolla lobes overlapping to the right, sweetly scented, in terminal heads about 4 cm in diameter. Fruits ovoid to almost spherical, up to 1.1 cm in diameter, red-black, ripening to purplish black, containing 2-4 flat seeds. C. edulis closely resembles C. bispinosa, the obvious feature separating them being that C. edulis has straight thorns and those of C. bispinosa are Y-shaped. The name Carissa is probably derived from the Sanskrit ‘corissa', a name for one of the Indian species of the genus. The specific name, edulis, means edible.

    Ecology and distribution Natural Habitat C. edulis is found in Arabia and reaches through tropical Africa to the Transvaal, Botswana and north and northeast Namibia, in warm bushveld and scrub. In the Transvaal it occurs in the lowveld of the north and northwest. In Uganda it is usually found on termite mounds in wooded grassland, especially in low-lying areas associated with Grewia similis and also in thickets in woodlands, forest edges and secondary scrub. It prefers dryish conditions. It is a tree of deciduous forest and coastal thickets, extending across the region from Senegal to Cameroon and throughout the drier parts of tropical Africa and across Asia to Indo-China. It has been reported as a parasite of henna plants in northern Nigeria.

    Geographic distribution
    Native : Botswana, Cambodia, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Japan, Kenya, Myanmar, Namibia, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam,Yemen, Republic of

    Biophysical limits
    Altitude: 1 000-2 000 m Soil type: Tolerates most soils including black cotton.

    Reproductive Biology
    In southern Africa, for example, flowering occurs from September to December and fruiting from November to January. Insects pollinate the bisexual flowers. Fruits are animal dispersed.

    Propagation and management
    Propagation methods
    Although trees are difficult to establish, they can be grown from seed. Presowing treatment is not necessary, and germination of fresh seed is good. Artificial regeneration using seedlings and wildings is also possible.

    Tree Management
    The slow-growing trees respond well to pruning.

    Germplasm Management
    Seeds storage behaviour is orthodox, and their viability can be maintained for more than 12 months in dry air storage at 5 deg. C. There are about 28 000-30 000 seeds/kg.

    Functional uses
    Fruits are sweet and pleasant to eat; in Ghana, they are normally added to the food of invalids as an appetizer. Vinegar can be made from them by fermentation; in Sudan and Kenya, they are made into a jam. The roots are put into water gourds to impart an agreeable taste and are added to soups and stews for the same reason.

    Goats and camels in the dry parts of Sudan browse on C. edulis. Fuel: The species is a source of excellent firewood. Poison: In Kenya, a piece of the root is fixed into a hut roof as a snake repellent.

    Roots contain an active ingredient, carissin, that may prove useful in the treatment of cancer. The twigs contain quebrachytol and cardioglycosides that are useful as an anthelmintic against tapeworm.In Guinea, the boiled leaves are applied as poultice to relieve toothache. Root bark is mixed with spices and used as an enema for lumbago and other pains in Ghana; root scrapings are used for glandular inflammation; ground-up roots are used as a remedy for venereal diseases, to restore virility, to treat gastric ulcers, cause abortion, and as an expectorant. An infusion of roots along with other medicinal plants is used for treating chest pains, and a root decoction is also used for treating malaria.

    Ornamental: C. edulis is an attractive tree that is suitable for planting in amenity areas. Boundary or barrier or support: The abundant branching habit and the presence of spines make the plant suitable for planting as a protective hedge.

    Beentje HJ. 1994. Kenya trees, shrubs and lianas. National Museums of Kenya.
    Bein E. 1996. Useful trees and shrubs in Eritrea. Regional Soil Conservation Unit (RSCU), Nairobi, Kenya.

    Bekele-Tesemma A, Birnie A, Tengnas B. 1993. Useful trees and shrubs for Ethiopia. Regional Soil Conservation Unit (RSCU), Swedish
    International Development Authority (SIDA).
    Birnie A. 1997. What tree is that? A beginner's guide to 40 trees in Kenya. J

    Jacaranda designs Ltd.
    Burkill HM. 1994. Useful plants of West Tropical Africa. Vol. 2. Families E-I. Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew.
    Coates-Palgrave K. 1988. Trees of southern Africa. C.S. Struik Publishers Cape Town.

    Dale IR, Greenway PJ. 1961. Kenya trees and shrubs. Buchanan's Kenya Estates Ltd. Hong TD, Linington S, Ellis RH. 1996. Seed storage behaviour: a compendium. Handbooks for Genebanks: No. 4. IPGRI. ICRAF. 1992. A selection of useful trees and shrubs for Kenya: Notes on their identification, propagation and management for use by farming and pastoral communities. ICRAF.

    Katende AB et al. 1995. Useful trees and shrubs for Uganda. Identification, Propagation and Management for Agricultural and
    Pastoral Communities. Regional Soil Conservation Unit (RSCU), Swedish
    International Development Authority (SIDA).
    Mbuya LP et al. 1994. Useful trees and shrubs for Tanzania:Identification, Propagation and Management for Agricultural and Pastoral Communities. Regional Soil Conservation Unit (RSCU), Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA). Noad T, Birnie A. 1989. Trees of Kenya. General Printers, Nairobi.
    Palmer E, Pitman N. 1972. Trees of Southern Africa Vol. 2. A.A. BalKema Cape Town.

    Venter F, Venter J-A. 1996. Making the most of Indigenous trees. Briza
  2. Donnie Charlie

    Donnie Charlie JF-Expert Member

    Mar 30, 2011
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    asante kwa kutujuza juu ya huo mtanda-****
  3. Inkoskaz

    Inkoskaz JF-Expert Member

    Mar 30, 2011
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    Cha muhimu ni clinical examination before and after undertaking loly cup
  4. WiseLady

    WiseLady JF-Expert Member

    Mar 30, 2011
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    haya mama ,nassi!
  5. Ms Judith

    Ms Judith JF-Expert Member

    Mar 30, 2011
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    wanasayansi wamefanya vizuri kazi yao. sasa nasi tunaoamini katika utimilifu wa ufunuo uliomo katka neno la Mungu tusikwepe wajibu wetu wa kuchunguza kama ni kweli ndoto yake ilitoka kwa Mungu Muumba mbingu na nchi au la

    na itakuwa kila atakayeliitia jina la Bwana ataokoka
  6. Mohammed Shossi

    Mohammed Shossi Verified User

    Mar 30, 2011
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    Kuna wakati fulani niliwahi kisikia kuhusu tiba inayotolewa kule Kenya ya huo mti wa Mtanda-**** habari zilivuma kwelikweli kuwa tiba ya UKIMWI imepatikana lakini sijajua yaliishia wapi!

    Magic herb' is well known to Kenyan scientists
    The ‘magic herb' that has made thousands of people flock to remote Loliondo village in Tanzania was identified by Kenyan scientists four years ago as a cure for a drug-resistant strain of a sexually transmitted disease.
    An expert on herbal medicine also said yesterday the herb is one of the most common traditional cures for many diseases. It is known as mtanda-**** in Kiswahili and it has been used for the treatment of gonorrhoea among the Maasai, Samburu and Kikuyu.
    The Kamba refer to it as mukawa or mutote and use it for chest pains, while the Nandi boil the leaves and bark to treat breast cancer, headache and chest pains.
    Four years ago, local researchers turned to the plant for the treatment of a virus that causes herpes. Led by Dr Festus M Tolo of the Kenya Medical Research Institute (Kemri), the team from the University of Nairobi and the National Museums of Kenya found the herb could provide alternative remedy for herpes infections.
    "An extract preparation from the roots of Carissa edulis, a medicinal plant locally growing in Kenya, has exhibited remarkable anti-herpes virus activity for both wild type and drug resistant strains," they reported in the Journal of Ethnopharmacolo gy.
    No negative effects
    "The mortality rate for mice treated with extract was also significantly reduced by between 70 and 90 per cent as compared with the infected untreated mice that exhibited 100 per cent mortality."
    The researchers reported that the extract did not have any negative effects on the mice.
    Mrs Grace Ngugi, head of economic ethnobotany at the National Museums of Kenya, said the plant was not poisonous as feared earlier.
    Further studies have shown the plant to contain ingredients that make it a good diuretic. Diuretics are drugs used to increase the frequency of urination to remove excess fluid in the body, a condition that comes with medical conditions such as congestive heart failure, liver and kidney disease.
    Some diuretics are also used for the treatment of high blood pressure. These drugs act on the kidneys to increase urine output, reducing the amount of fluid in the blood, which in turn lowers blood pressure.
    A study at the Addis Ababa University in Ethiopia found the herb was a powerful diuretic. It is found in many parts of the country and is used to treat headache, rheumatism, gonorrhoea, syphilis and rabies, among other diseases.
    The Ethiopians tested its potency on mice and found it increased the frequency of urination. This was more so when an extract from the bark of the root was used.
    "These findings support the traditional use of Carissa spp. as a diuretic agent," write the researchers in the Journal of Alternative Medicine.
    The Kemri study also isolated other compounds from the herb, including oleuropein, an immune booster, and lupeol. Lupeol, according to researchers from the University of Wisconsin, US, was found to act against cancerous cells in mice.
    "We showed that lupeol possesses antitumor-promoting effects in a mouse and should be evaluated further," wrote Dr Mohammad Saleem , a dermatologist.
    Mrs Ngugi said the herb was one of the most prevalent traditional cures and herbalists harvest roots, barks and even the fruits to make concoctions for many diseases.
    "Among the Mbeere and Tharaka people where the fruit is called ngawa, the plant is used for the treatment of malaria. The fruits, when ripe, are eaten by both children and adults," she said.
  7. Mohammed Shossi

    Mohammed Shossi Verified User

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    The so called "babu" amenukuliwa akisema wanaopata "kikombe" wasiache kutumia dawa zao za hospitali. Kinachonichanganya kuhusu "babu" ni kuwa huyo "mungu" wake kila siku anaongea nae anamuuliza eti anasema alimuuliza vipi ataweza kuwahudumia watu wengi akamjibu atampa nguvu! halafu amekuwa akibadilikabadilika kauli zake kila siku zinapoenda mbele siku akija kusema kweli watu watazirai:ballchain:
  8. H

    Haika JF-Expert Member

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    Our country has too many politicians and too few statesmen. While the statesmen are concerned with the next generation, the politicians are terribly concerned with the next elections.

    Asante kwa wazo la leo
  9. Fidel80

    Fidel80 JF-Expert Member

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    Sijakusoma kabisa hapo D.A
  10. Ms Judith

    Ms Judith JF-Expert Member

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    hiyo dawa amekopi na kupaste tu, sasa inafahamika wazi kuwa kenya walikuwa wanaifanyia hiyo dawa utafiti zaidi ya miaka miwili iliyopita

    taratibu ukweli unaanza kuonekana
  11. sweetlady

    sweetlady JF-Expert Member

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    wangezrai c ingekuwa afadhal! Yan watakufa wte kw mkupuo km kuku waliopitiwa na Kideri. Ndo watajuta kumgeuza babu Mungu wao. Tena mi napatwa na mahacra huyu mbabu anapotangaza tn bla aib et ameongea na Mungu!! Labda Mungu wa kinyakyusa! Ye atoe dawa ila aache kujfnya anaongeaga na Mungu! Wataoteshwa weng mwaka huu! C umeona na yule mama wa Tabora jana Tbc1? Wajinga ndo waliwao!
  12. Ms Judith

    Ms Judith JF-Expert Member

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    hahah, huyu mungu wake kiboko. nilisoma pia kuwa kaongeza na magonjwa yanayoweza kutibiwa zaidi ya yale matano ya awali. sasa anatibu mpaka nguvu za kiume na ugumba! nadhani atakuwa kaangalia hali halisi ya soko!

    lakini serlikali nayo imezinduka, jana gazeti la mwananchi ilmesema serkali inakamilisha hatua za kumsajili kama mganga wa tiba za jadi

    taratibu, yanadhihirika
  13. sweetlady

    sweetlady JF-Expert Member

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    mbaya zaid anamwingiza Mungu kwnye mambo yake ya Copy n Paste! Atakamatka 2! Anacheza na Mungu!
  14. Nyange

    Nyange JF-Expert Member

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    Tunataka ripoti ya kisayansi kuwa wagonjwa waliokuwa na ngoma +ve baada ya kunywa wameonesha -ve, sio hizo hadisi za kisisasa!
  15. sweetlady

    sweetlady JF-Expert Member

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    tehe, tehe, tehe! Ataongeza mpk yafke 200, ha2na tatzo na hlo! Ambacho ckubalian nae ni hyo tabia yke na kumcngzia Mungu! Wamsajil na aanze kulpa mapto TRA! Usanii m2pu!
  16. Miwani

    Miwani Senior Member

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    sishagai mtu kama wewe kutoa kauli kama hiyo!!!!!:lol:
  17. Anfaal

    Anfaal JF-Expert Member

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    Wengi toka awali tulijua ni changa la macho. Yaani huyo Mungu wa babu anamuotesha achanganye mizizi na maombi. Kwanini Mungu acomplicate watu wake wafie pale! Mungu anauwezo wa kuwasanya wote na kumwambia babu awaombee kwa mkupuo siku moja kisha wakaponywa.
    Lakini pia ni vyema kumtendea babu yule haki kwa kumention the positive side za mmea ule; kwamba kwa mujibu wa maandishi hayo juu kuna baadhi ya maradhi km cancer nk YANASEMEKANA kuweza kutibika. Ila hayo ya UKIMWI na KISUKARI bado ni uzushi. Ila pia ni vyema kumpongeza babu huyu maana kama angekuwa na tamaa angewachaji watu hata 20,000 na leo angekuwa tajiri wa kutosha.
  18. Ms Judith

    Ms Judith JF-Expert Member

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    he! kumbe habari za kuwepo bibi tabora ni za kweli?

    hahah, jamani kweli wajinga ndio waliwao.

    haya wale wanaosema kuwa hili ni suala la imani pekee na hatutakiwi kuhoji chochote, hiyo hapo chance nyingine ya kupona. kamalizieni vile virusi na vimelea vingine vya magonjwa vilivyosalia baada ya kikombe cha loliondo

    ukweli huo, uko mlangoni.

    Mungu atuhurumie jamani
  19. sweetlady

    sweetlady JF-Expert Member

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    hata hvyo utajr keshaupata ndg yng! Imagne 500 kw kla kchw amekla sh ngp kw maelf ya waTZ WALIOPATA KIKOMBE! Hata yeye ni mjanja cz aljua aksema 20'000 hawataenda wng km walvyoenda! Hongera babu kwa ubunifu wko! Endlea kula vchwa!
  20. sweetlady

    sweetlady JF-Expert Member

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    na a2hurumie kabsa. Jana kwny taarfa Tbc1 alionyeshwa anakula vchwa vya ukwel na wa2 walikuw wng ucckie! Nkabak nakodoa mimacho kw mshangao! Nkajiulza hv hawa wa2 wte hv wanaumw nn? Mungu na a2samehe manake huku 2endako cko kbs!