Android for beginners: Tips and tricks | Vidokezo na Mbinu kwa wanaoanza kutumia Android


JF-Expert Member
Jul 1, 2018
If you've recently snagged a sleek new Android smartphone—whether it's your inaugural dive into the Android world or a long-overdue upgrade from an older model—prepare for a voyage of discovery and organization. This guide will walk you through the essentials and additional features worth delving into across the latest software iterations.

While each Android device may sport its unique flair, they all share a standard groundwork. So, let's kick things off at square one and delve into mastering your Android phone.

1. Organize your Google account
To fully utilize Android's features, a Google account is indispensable. It grants access to crucial services like the Play Store, Gmail, Maps, calendars, contacts, YouTube, and Photos.

It's wise to set up your account on your PC before diving into your new device. This way, you can leverage the larger screen and keyboard for a smoother setup.

Google conveniently integrates a contacts system within Gmail on your desktop browser. If you have a sizable contact list, importing them into Google Contacts and managing them there is advisable. Handling contacts on a computer facilitates quicker and more accurate organization before you begin using your device.

If your contacts are stored in another format, fret not; there are simple methods to import them to Google and even scan for duplicates. As you navigate through your Android journey, it's beneficial to periodically revisit your primary Google contacts list to ensure it remains neat and organized. For easy management, head over to whenever needed.

If you're considering saving contacts to your SIM card and transferring them, it's not the most efficient route. Instead, use software to import them from your old phone to your PC and then sync them with Google. This method will streamline your process and prove more convenient in the long run.

2. Become proficient with transfer tools or rely on Google.
During the initial setup phase, devices operating on Android 13 or later will be prompted to transfer your data from your previous phone. Utilizing a cable or wireless connection, you can seamlessly transfer contacts, photos, messages, and other media, including compatible apps—even if you're transitioning from an iPhone.

Additionally, various manufacturers provide dedicated transfer tools to facilitate the migration of old content to new destinations. For many users, these tools are presented as one of the setup options when configuring a device for the first time.

Android offers the choice to either restore from a previous backup or configure a device from scratch.

Typically, if you've been using Android before, items linked to your account will seamlessly transfer over. However, backing up your old phone before initiating the process is essential. While this backup should encompass your calls and SMS messages, remember that other messaging apps, such as WhatsApp, will require a separate setup and utilize their backup procedures.

3. Moving photos and videos
If you aim to safeguard items like photos, transferring them to a cloud service is prudent. Not only does this preserve them, it also serves as a backup in case of phone loss.

Google Photos is the top choice for Android users due to its integration with your account. Install the app and sign in, if it's not already on your device, to begin utilizing its features.

Navigate to Settings > Backup & Sync in the menu to access various options for backing up photos. It's advisable to keep backup enabled at all times to ensure your images remain accessible, even in the event of a lost phone.

For iPhone users, installing Google Photos provides a means to back up photos on your iOS device. This enables immediate backup of local images. However, if you've been using an iPhone for an extended period, you may need to download photos from iCloud, which typically requires a PC and additional software.

Alternatively, consider utilizing Microsoft's OneDrive or Dropbox for photo backup, as both platforms offer accessible cross-platform options.

Another option is to save photos to a microSD card and transfer them if your device supports it. However, opting for cloud storage ensures a backup outside your phone, with the added benefit of accessing photos on your PC via a browser.

4. Eliminate unnecessary apps
Certain manufacturers tend to preload phones with apps that may not align with your preferences or needs. These could range from pre-installed games to services the company deems essential or alternative versions of apps that the manufacturer believes to be superior to stock Android apps. However, more often than not, these apps constitute unwanted bloatware.

During setup, you'll typically be able to delete these apps or decline their installation.

Alternatively, if they're not removable during setup, you may need to manually uninstall them by long-pressing on the app icon in the app drawer and selecting "uninstall." Remember that some apps cannot be uninstalled, so consider creating a folder for such apps to keep them out of sight and mind.

5. Transferring files to and from your phone
One of Android's standout features is its versatility in handling various types of files. Opting for cloud storage over physical cables is often preferred, offering many options to easily access PDFs and other files. Utilizing Google Drive allows swift file transfers, accessible through any web browser, Android device, or compatible apps elsewhere.

Google's suite of apps enables quick editing, with free applications like Docs and Sheets being particularly handy for on-the-go document work. Microsoft offers free Office apps for Android, albeit with certain features exclusive to Office 365 subscribers. These apps seamlessly integrate with OneDrive, ensuring smooth access to your crucial files across multiple devices.

Alternatively, Dropbox offers similar functionality. Installing the app allows you to transfer files via the cloud to your device, although expanding storage may incur additional costs compared to other options.

Kama umenunua simu mpya ya Android hivi karibuni— iwe ni mara yako ya kwanza kuingia kwenye ulimwengu wa Android au kuboresha kutoka kwenye mfano wa zamani— jiandae kwa safari ya kugundua na kuelewa. Mwongozo huu utakufunza mambo muhimu na vipengele vingine vya ziada vinavyostahili kuchunguzwa katika toleo jipya la programu.

Ingawa kila kifaa cha Android kinaweza kuwa na utofauti wake, vyote vina msingi wa kawaida. Hivyo, hebu tuanze kwa kuanzia mwanzo na kujifunza jinsi ya kutawala simu yako ya Android.

1. Tengeneza akaunti yako ya Google
Ili kutumia vipengele vya Android kikamilifu, akaunti ya Google ni muhimu. Inakupa upatikanaji wa huduma muhimu kama Play Store, Gmail, Ramani, kalenda, mawasiliano, YouTube, na Picha.

Ni busara kuweka akaunti yako kwenye kompyuta yako kabla ya kuanza kutumia kifaa chako kipya. Hivi utaweza kutumia skrini kubwa na kibodi kwa ajili ya mchakato wa usanidi.

Google inajumuisha mfumo wa mawasiliano ndani ya Gmail kwenye kivinjari cha kompyuta yako. Ikiwa una orodha kubwa ya mawasiliano, ni vyema kuziingiza kwenye Mawasiliano ya Google na kuzisimamia hapo. Kusimamia mawasiliano kwenye kompyuta hufanya usanidi wa haraka na sahihi zaidi kabla ya kuanza kutumia kifaa chako.

Ikiwa mawasiliano yako yamehifadhiwa kwa muundo mwingine, usihangaikie; kuna njia rahisi za kuyahamisha kwenye Google na hata kutafuta nakala zilizofanana. Wakati unavyotumia Android, ni vyema kufanya ukaguzi wa mara kwa mara kwenye orodha yako kuu ya mawasiliano ya Google ili kuhakikisha inaendelea kuwa safi na ya kupangwa. Kwa usimamizi rahisi, tembelea unapohitaji.

Ikiwa unafikiria kuokoa mawasiliano kwenye kadi yako ya SIM na kuyahamisha, sio njia bora zaidi. Badala yake, tumia programu kuyahamisha kutoka kwenye simu yako ya zamani kwenda kwenye PC yako na kisha kuyalinganisha na Google. Njia hii itapunguza mchakato wako na kuwa rahisi zaidi kwa muda mrefu.

2. Jifunze kutumia zana za uhamishaji au tegemea Google.
Katika hatua ya usanidi wa awali, vifaa vinavyotumia Android 13 au zaidi vitakuuliza uhamishie data yako kutoka kwenye simu yako ya awali. Kwa kutumia kebo au uhusiano wa wireless, unaweza kuhama mawasiliano, picha, ujumbe, na media nyingine, pamoja na programu zinazolingana—hata kama unabadilisha kutoka kwenye iPhone.

Zaidi ya hayo, wazalishaji mbalimbali hutoa zana maalum za uhamishaji ili kurahisisha uhamisho wa maudhui ya zamani kwenda sehemu mpya. Kwa watumiaji wengi, zana hizi hupatikana kama moja ya chaguo za usanidi wakati wa kuweka kifaa kwa mara ya kwanza.

Android hutoa chaguo la kurejesha kutoka kwa chelezo uliopita au kusanidi kifaa kutoka mwanzo.

Kwa kawaida, ikiwa umekuwa ukichukua faida ya Android kabla, vitu vilivyohusishwa na akaunti yako vitahamishwa kwa urahisi. Walakini, ni muhimu kufanya chelezo cha simu yako ya zamani kabla ya kuanza mchakato. Ingawa chelezo hii inapaswa kuhusisha simu na ujumbe wa SMS, kumbuka kuwa programu nyingine za ujumbe, kama WhatsApp, zitahitaji usanidi tofauti na matumizi yao ya chelezo.

3. Kuhama picha na video
Ikiwa lengo lako ni kulinda vitu kama picha, kuhamisha kwenye huduma ya wingu ni busara. Hii sio tu inalinda, lakini pia inafanya kazi kama chelezo ikiwa utapoteza simu.

Google Picha ndiyo chaguo bora kwa watumiaji wa Android kutokana na uunganisho wake na akaunti yako. Sakinisha programu na ingia, ikiwa bado haijafungwa kwenye kifaa chako, kuanza kutumia vipengele vyake.

Nenda kwenye Mipangilio > Hifadhi & Ulandishaji kwenye menyu ili ufikie chaguzi mbalimbali za kuhifadhi picha. Ni vizuri kuweka hifadhi ikiwa mara kwa mara ili kuhakikisha picha zako zinaendelea kupatikana, hata kama utapoteza simu yako.

Kwa watumiaji wa iPhone, kufunga Google Picha hutoa njia ya kuhifadhi picha kwenye kifaa chako cha iOS. Hii inawezesha kuhifadhi picha za ndani mara moja. Walakini, ikiwa umekuwa ukichukua faida ya iPhone kwa muda mrefu, unaweza kuhitaji kupakua picha kutoka iCloud, ambayo kwa kawaida inahitaji PC na programu ya ziada.

Kwa upande mwingine, fikiria kutumia OneDrive ya Microsoft au Dropbox kwa kuhifadhi picha, kwani zote zinatoa chaguzi rahisi kwa majukwaa yanayopatikana kote.

Chaguo lingine ni kuokoa picha kwenye kadi ya microSD na kuzihamisha ikiwa kifaa chako kinaiunga mkono. Walakini, kuchagua uhifadhi wa wingu kunahakikisha chelezo nje ya simu yako, na faida ya kuweza kupata picha kwenye PC yako kupitia kivinjari.

4. Futa programu zisizohitajika
Watengenezaji fulani wa simu huwa wanaweka programu kwenye simu ambazo hazifai au hazihitajiki. Hizi zinaweza kuwa michezo iliyowekwa kabla, huduma au toleo mbadala za programu ambazo mtengenezaji anadhani ni bora kuliko programu za Android zilizopatikana. Walakini, mara nyingi, programu hizi hujumuisha zisizohitajika.

Wakati wa usanidi, kwa kawaida, utaweza kufuta programu hizi au kukataa usanidi wao.

Au, ikiwa haziwezi kufutwa wakati wa usanidi, unaweza kuhitaji kuziondoa kwa mkono kwa kubonyeza muda mrefu kwenye ikoni ya programu kwenye droo ya programu na kuchagua "futa." Kumbuka kwamba baadhi ya programu haziwezi kufutwa, hivyo fikiria kuunda folda kwa ajili ya programu hizo ili kuziweka mbali.

5. Kuhamisha faili kwenye simu yako na kutoka kwake
Moja ya sifa kuu za Android ni uwezo wake wa kushughulikia aina mbalimbali za faili. Kuchagua uhifadhi wa wingu badala ya nyaya za kimwili mara nyingi hupendelewa, na hutoa chaguo nyingi za kupata PDF na faili nyingine kwa urahisi. Kutumia Google Drive hukuruhusu kuhamisha faili kwa haraka, na unaweza kuzifikia kupitia kivinjari chochote, kifaa chochote cha Android, au programu zinazofaa mahali pengine.

Mfululizo wa programu za Google huruhusu uhariri wa haraka, na programu za bure kama Docs na Sheets zinafaa sana kwa kufanya kazi na nyaraka ukiwa njiani. Microsoft hutoa programu za bure za Ofisi kwa Android, ingawa baadhi ya vipengele ni maalum kwa wanachama wa Ofisi 365. Programu hizi huingiliana kwa urahisi na OneDrive, kuhakikisha ufikiaji laini wa faili muhimu kwenye vifaa vingi.

Au, Dropbox inatoa kazi kama hizo. Kwa kufunga programu, unaweza kuhamisha faili kupitia wingu kwenda kwenye kifaa chako, ingawa kupanua nafasi ya uhifadhi kunaweza kusababisha gharama zaidi ikilinganishwa na chaguo nyingine.
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