Battle of Stalingrad Mojawapo kati ya vita vya kinyama zaidi duniani. Soviet soldiers lead German pows past the Stalingrad grain silo in February 1943.Date17 July 1942 - 2 February 1943 Hongera Warusi kwa kuadhimisha siku ya leo kushinda vita ya uvamizi toka kwa Adolf Hitler na jeshi lake liliongozwa na Field Marshal F von Paulus wa the 6th Army. Fiel Marshal F von Paulus alilazimika kunyoosha mikono na kusurrender baada ya kipigo toka jeshi la Urusi likiongozwa na Marshal Zhukov. Katika mapigano yote ya mordern warfare this was a mother of all battles, and Russia triumphed -hongera. The Battle of Stalingrad was a major battle of Work War II in which Nazi Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in southwestern Russia. The battle took place between 17 July 1942 and 2 February 1943,and is often cited as one of the turning points of the war. The battle was the bloodiest in the history of warfare, with combined casualties estimated at nearly two million. The battle involved more participants than any other, and was marked by brutality and disregard for military and civilian casualties by both sides. The German offensive to take Stalingrad, the battle inside the city and the Soviet counter-offensive-which eventually trapped and destroyed the Derman ^th Army and other Axisforces around the city-was the first substantial German land defeat of World War II. The German offensive to capture Stalingrad proceeded rapidly in the late summer of 1942, supported by Luftwaffe(Gerna Airforce) bombing which reduced much of the city to rubble. However, the German offensive bogged down in house-to-house fighting; despite controlling over 90% of the city at times, the Wehrmacht was unable to dislodge the last Soviet defenders, who clung tenaciously to the west bank of the Volga River as the weather turned rainy and cold. In November 1942, the Red Army launched Operation Uranus a two-pronged attack on the exposed flanks of the German 6th Army in Stalingrad. This operation dramatically turned the tables, as the weakly held German flanks collapsed and the German 6th Army was cutoff and sorrounded inside Stalingrad. As the Russian winter set in, the 6th Army weakened rapidly from cold, starvation, and ongoing Soviet attacks, but was forbidden to surrender by Adolf Hitler. During December, a German attempt to break the encirclement failed, and subsequently all attempts at supply collapsed. By early February 1943, German resistance in Stalingrad had ceased, and the surrounded 6th Army had been destroyed.