Community policing Fro In 1967, state-of-the-art policing was exemplified by a fast response to radio calls in this Portland Police "black-and-white" and a crowd drawn by the siren and flashing lights. Community policing or neighborhood policing is a policing strategy and philosophy based on the notion that community interaction and support can help control crime and reduce fear, with community members helping to identify suspects, detain offenders, bring problems to the attention of police, or otherwise target the social problems which give rise to a crime problem in the first place. Community policing is a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, which proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime. Community Policing consists of three key components: Community Partnerships: Collaborative partnerships between the law enforcement agency and the individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police. These partnerships are forged in conjunction with other government agencies,community members and groups, human and social service providers, private businesses, and the media. Organizational Transformation: The alignment of a law enforcement agency's organizational management practices, structure, personnel, and information systems to support community partnerships and proactive problem solving. Police departments engaged in effective community policing seek to transform their organizational culture, leadership and management structure, labor relations, strategic planning processes, how they evaluate performance, the transparency of their operations, the geographic assignment of officers, the alignment of their fiscal resources, recruitment and hiring practices, training, and information gathering systems. The objective of these changes is to create an organizational infrastructure that can best support proactive operations intended to prevent crime. Traditional law enforcement practices are reactive and emphasize measures such as response times, arrest rates, and other rote responses to crime. Community policing encourages police to proactively solve community problems and address the factors that contribute to crime rather than how police respond to crime. Though this transformation theoretically reflects the background of American policing and contributes to the reduction in crime, the transformation was often awkward, especially in the 1980s and '90s, when many departments saw it as diminishing their authority and opportunity to work independently. It required, fundamentally, a shift from police departments', particularly big-city police departments', seeing "law enforcement" as a mission to seeing it as a tool in public safety. Problem Solving: The process of engaging in the proactive and systematic examination of identified problems to develop and rigorously evaluate effective responses. Community policing requires police to become proficient in what is known as the SARA model of problem solving. Scanning: Identifying and prioritizing problems. Analysis: Researching what is known about the problem. Response: Developing solutions to bring about lasting reductions in the number and extent of problems. Assessment: Evaluating the success of the responses.  Major Cities to Adopt the Philosophy Wichita, Kansas became one of the first major cities in the United States to officially adopt the "Community Policing" philosophy. In 1989, under the direction of Chief Rick Stone, the Wichita Police Department successfully utilized the concept to organize a neighborhood to help reclaim an area that had become a source of crime, street level drug sales, shootings and violence. Over several years, Chief Stone expanded the concept citywide and had the department's newly adopted strategy printed on the back of each departmental member's business card: "Our philosophy is the community policing model of treating everyone with dignity, courtesy, and respect while utilizing all available resources to solve problems." As a result of the implementation of the community policing philosophy by Chief Stone, the City of Wichita and the Wichita Police Department received national recognition including identification as an "All American City", multiple "National Night Out" community crime prevention awards, and the International Association Chiefs of Police (IACP) coveted "Weber Seavey Award" for law enforcement excellence and innovation. Linda Royster Beito, Leadership Effectiveness in Community Policing, Bristol, Indiana: Wyndham Hall Press (1999 book) ISBN 1-55605-290-1 U.S. Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, Community Policing Defined, Viewed April 2, 2010, http://www.cops.usdoj.gov/Default.asp?Item=36 Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_policing" This page was last modified on 19 March 2011 at 20:56.