Naomba ufafanuzi kuhusu haya madini ya Niobium yaliyogunduliwa Songwe


Crocodiletooth

Crocodiletooth

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Crocodiletooth

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Niomeona ITV saa 2 hii usiku, ningefurahi kwa anayeyafahamu kutujuza kwa kina,
Imeelezwa machimbo yapo sehemu 3 tu duniani na kwa Tanzania jumla yake inakuwa dunia nzima chimbo la 4, kimaelezo ni madini adimu mno na mzungu muhusika angelihitaji jambo hili lifanyike haraka sana ikiwa na gereza la Songwe kuvunjwa na kujengwa upya....

•Tanzania ya magufuli itafaidikaje achilia mbali itaajiri watanzania 400..

•Possibility ya open agrement haiwezi kufanyika?

•Ili makosa yasirejewe bila kuhadaika na ajira 400 huku pengine tukipoteza matrillion ya dola na kuendelea kuwakamua watanzania,kwa kula mlo mmoja.
 
Ngigana

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Ngigana

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mkuu hayo madini yalikuwepo tangu mkoloni lakini baada ya uhuru wachimbaji ambao walikuwa wageni waliondoka na mwalimu kwa busara zake alijenga gereza ili watu wasisogelee. ni sawa na ilivyokuwa bulombola jkt na buhemba. haya yalijengwa juu ya dhahabu ila kwa kupenda kula bila kunawa maeneo hayo yalibinafsishwa na tumeachiwa mashimo
 
MLAU

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MLAU

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Yanapatikana sehemu zaidi ya 4 nchi kama Brazil,Russia,Canada.Zaire na Nigeria yapo hayo. Yanatumika ktk sehemu tofauti kama kwenye MRI Scanner, space rocket na pia ktk utengenezaji wa gas pipe
 
Fiati

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Fiati

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Me naona ni bora yangeendelea kubaki hapohapo chini,mpaka Taifa lipate uhuru mwingine wa kifikra.Na kumbuka nchi hii ni nchi pekee Duniani wananchi wake wanaishi juu ya dhahabu lakini wanashindia mlo mmoja.Yaani nchi yote hii ni madini tupu kama ile Yerusalemu ya kwenye ufunuo kama wewe ni msomaji wa Biblia.
 
ivunya

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ivunya

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Kwa style hii mchina lazima aje kujenga makazi kuendeleza urafi wa enzi na enzi. Kununua hayo madini kwa wapinzani wake wa biashara watakuwa wanampiga bei Kubwa na ushindani wa uchumi ulivyo sasa hivi bora aje kushika uchimbaji tu.
 
Mustaphagentleman

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Mustaphagentleman

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Akija anipe changu tuu mana najua Serikali itashia kusema Tu ooh tumesign mkataba mchina nipe 500 millions tuu nisepe.zangu
 
Crocodiletooth

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Crocodiletooth

Crocodiletooth

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Mungu atupe nini sijui....
Mamali yaliyopo ardhini mwetu nchini Tanzania ni zaidi kithamani kuliko hata nchi zinazotegemea mafuta, wapi tunafails...
 
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wa hapahapa

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wa hapahapa

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ninachosikitika ktk uwekezaji % za hisa karibia zote ni zinamilikiwa na makampuni ya nje..

tz inaambulia kodi na mrabaha kidogo.

wakati wa mabadiliko ktk sera ya uwekezaji hunahitajika...
serikali inatakiwa imiliki hisa zisizopungua 30% ktk uwekezaji wa raslimali za asili.
 
Kete Ngumu

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Kete Ngumu

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Wenye madini ndio hujua matumizi na thamani yake, ajira hata zingekuwa milioni 1 bado tutaliwa tu maana wao Wazungu ndio wagunduzi wachimbaji wathaminishaji na wauzaji.
 
ngome urasa

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ngome urasa

ngome urasa

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Kama wajanja kwa nini msingechimba nyie na kuyauza? Kwanza wagunduzi ndio haohao weupe!
 
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Heijah

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ninachosikitika ktk uwekezaji % za hisa karibia zote ni zinamilikiwa na makampuni ya nje..

tz inaambulia kodi na mrabaha kidogo.

wakati wa mabadiliko ktk sera ya uwekezaji hunahitajika...
serikali inatakiwa imiliki hisa zisizopungua 30% ktk uwekezaji wa raslimali za asili.
30%? Hapana. Ni hivi katika kila PSA kwanza lazima ujue hayo madini yako kiasi gani na itachukuwa miaka mingapi uzalishaji. Ngoja nitoe mfano wa kawaida kabisa. Wewe una kiwanja kariakoo lakini pesa huna rasilimali yako kiwanja. Mimi nakuja na pesa nawekeza bwana wacha nijenge kiwanja nyumba ya biashara mimi nachukuwa asilikia 70 wewe 30 kila baada ya mwaka gharama nikiwa narudisha % yangu inashuka yako inapanda nikirudisha gharama zangu cost recovery kuna miaka kama 5 ni profit lakini margin ni ndogo wewe 70% mimi 30 ikiisha miaka ya makubaliano 100% ni yako mimi naacha nawekeza mradi mpya. Hivi ndio duniani PSA sasa huu ni mfano mwepesi biashara ya Gas, mafuta mara nyingi haizidi 20 yrs PSA baada ya hapo mali ya serikali. Ila toka inaanza 40% serikali kila wakiongeza uzalishaji profit margin ya Governent inapanda zaidi ya muwekezaji. Natamani ningeweza kuandika kuhusu haya mambo lakini hakuna mtu anajali nchi inaongozwa na ma professor do nothing basi tittles
 
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Heijah

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30%? Hapana. Ni hivi katika kila PSA kwanza lazima ujue hayo madini yako kiasi gani na itachukuwa miaka mingapi uzalishaji. Ngoja nitoe mfano wa kawaida kabisa. Wewe una kiwanja kariakoo lakini pesa huna rasilimali yako kiwanja. Mimi nakuja na pesa nawekeza bwana wacha nijenge kiwanja nyumba ya biashara mimi nachukuwa asilikia 70 wewe 30 kila baada ya mwaka gharama nikiwa narudisha % yangu inashuka yako inapanda nikirudisha gharama zangu cost recovery kuna miaka kama 5 ni profit lakini margin ni ndogo wewe 70% mimi 30 ikiisha miaka ya makubaliano 100% ni yako mimi naacha nawekeza mradi mpya. Hivi ndio duniani PSA sasa huu ni mfano mwepesi biashara ya Gas, mafuta mara nyingi haizidi 20 yrs PSA baada ya hapo mali ya serikali. Ila toka inaanza 40% serikali kila wakiongeza uzalishaji profit margin ya Governent inapanda zaidi ya muwekezaji. Natamani ningeweza kuandika kuhusu haya mambo lakini hakuna mtu anajali nchi inaongozwa na ma professor do nothing basi tittles
Kuongezea hapo serikali haitoi hata cent wao mali yao kunakuwa na joint team muwekezaji na Serikali ili kila muwekezaji akisema natumia kiasi hichi ili tupate hichi lazima wajiridhishe sababu muwekaji akiongeza gharama yeye hajali sababu cost recovery lakini ni lazima uwe juu yake ili asiwe anatumia gharama sio za lazima control operating cost ili faida iwe kubwa kwa Goverment. Kitu easy lakini nani wa kusikiliza. Tz sio nchi kuwa maskini kuhangaika na vikodi vidogo
 
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wa hapahapa

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wa hapahapa

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Kuongezea hapo serikali haitoi hata cent wao mali yao kunakuwa na joint team muwekezaji na Serikali ili kila muwekezaji akisema natumia kiasi hichi ili tupate hichi lazima wajiridhishe sababu muwekaji akiongeza gharama yeye hajali sababu cost recovery lakini ni lazima uwe juu yake ili asiwe anatumia gharama sio za lazima control operating cost ili faida iwe kubwa kwa Goverment. Kitu easy lakini nani wa kusikiliza. Tz sio nchi kuwa maskini kuhangaika na vikodi vidogo

mtizamo wako upo sahihi.

changamoto inakuja pale uwekezaji unafika tamati wakati nchi haijanufaika. mfano migodi ya dhahabu inafungwa na nchi hamna manufaa makubwa yaliyoonekana.

hiyo helium na neobium ingewezekana nchi imiliki 70% ya mradi.
 
Menyainganyi

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Menyainganyi

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Crocodile, Heijah...,
Hii ndio mijadala inayotakiwa haswaa..., huku JF
Naomba wana JF wenye uelewa wa mambo haya wajitokeze wayazungumze mambo ya uwekezaji wa madini yetu ili na sisi wengine tuyajue...
Elimu elimu elimu...., huenda tukipata elimu kuhusu mambo haya sisi wenyewe tutaweza kuwekeza ktk uchimbaji na uuzaji wa madini yetu wenyewe....
 
Hanitoni

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Hanitoni

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kwenye kusimamia rasilimali ndo ntaona km kwl rais anafanya kazi.kutumbua majib sawa ila kidgo sana
 
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Heijah

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mtizamo wako upo sahihi.

changamoto inakuja pale uwekezaji unafika tamati wakati nchi haijanufaika. mfano migodi ya dhahabu inafungwa na nchi hamna manufaa makubwa yaliyoonekana.

hiyo helium na neobium ingewezekana nchi imiliki 70% ya mradi.
Ni kweli. Nani wa kusikiliza inatia hasira. Je wameangalia makosa ya nyuma tumejifunza nini na kitu kikubwa uwazi katika mambo haya. Toka nazaliwa nasikia mwadui je lini nitaisikia mwadui toka imeanza ni kiasi hichi kimechangia ukuwaji wa uchumi lakini tungepata zaidi tungefanya hivi. It is sad kwa kweli. Mimi niko tayari hata kutoa ushauri tu bure sitaki ajira wala mshahara bure kabisa ili watu na nchi ipige hatua. Sina degree lakini na ujuzi.
 
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Heijah

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Crocodile, Heijah...,
Hii ndio mijadala inayotakiwa haswaa..., huku JF
Naomba wana JF wenye uelewa wa mambo haya wajitokeze wayazungumze mambo ya uwekezaji wa madini yetu ili na sisi wengine tuyajue...
Elimu elimu elimu...., huenda tukipata elimu kuhusu mambo haya sisi wenyewe tutaweza kuwekeza ktk uchimbaji na uuzaji wa madini yetu wenyewe....
Nashukuru kwa kuliona hili, mimi naongea kwa uchungu kabisa. Mimi sio mwana siasa wala kutafuta kazi. Niko katika kazi hizi miaka 20 na najuwa tunakosea wapi na uhakika watu wengi wanajuwa tunakosea. Lakini bila kuwa na uwazi wa PSA kwa kweli ni bure. Migodi sio kitu kigeni lakini nchi imepata nini? Gas kitu kimpya ila hakina tofauti na migodi. Mwaka juzi nilisikia wanasema kuchimba kisima dola million 100, hivi kweli tunakuwa kama watoto. Hapo mawili muwekezaji kaongeza kwa ajili ya cost recovery au wataalamu wetu ili wapate chao kwa kisingizio tunarudisha gharama zao hakuna anayejuwa. Ila uhakika kisima hakiwezi kuzidi dola million 7 deep well vingine ni cheap. Sababu kubwa huwezi kuchimba shimo moja million 100 payback si itakuwa 10 yrs no sio kweli na kuna upotoshaji wa makusudi kabisa. Maana hicho kisima kitazilisha cubic za ujazo ngapi au ndio tutarudi kule kwenye madini kila mwaka hasara lakini tunachimba. Tuacheni utani tuwe serious.
 
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Me naona ni bora yangeendelea kubaki hapohapo chini,mpaka Taifa lipate uhuru mwingine wa kifikra.Na kumbuka nchi hii ni nchi pekee Duniani wananchi wake wanaishi juu ya dhahabu lakini wanashindia mlo mmoja.Yaani nchi yote hii ni madini tupu kama ile Yerusalemu ya kwenye ufunuo kama wewe ni msomaji wa Biblia.
Mi hata wangeniambia kuwa kila mikoa yote ya tanzania imegunduliwa madini sitojidanganya kuwa sasa Neema yaja, badala yake ntasikitika sana kwa kujua kuwa mateso yamewadia kwa wananchi wenyeji kufukuzwa maeneo yao bila fidia na kwenda kuanza maisha ya dhiki mahali wasipopajua, huku migodi yenyewe ikiwa inazidiwa kutoa pato la taifa na viwanda vya bia. Hii bado inahitaji ukombozi tena kwa maombi ya machozi ya damu
 
Sikonge

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Panda Hill Project – On Track to Be Africa’s First Niobium Mine
Background

The Panda Hill Project (Figure 1) is located in the Mbeya District in south-western Tanzania approximately 650km west of the capital Dar es Salam. Tanzania itself is a stable democracy with a well-established mining industry. The industrial city of Mbeya is situated only 35km from the Project area and will be a significant service and logistics center for the Project. Mbeya has a population of approximately 280,000 people, located on the main highway to the capital Dar es Salam and is completing the construction of a new international airport.

The Project is covered by three granted Mining Licenses totaling 22.1km2 which will enable a quick transition to the study and development phases. It has excellent access to infrastructure with existing roads, rail, airports and 220kV power available in close proximity to the Project area. The three granted Mining Licenses are due for renewal in November 2016 and under Tanzanian mining legislation can be renewed for a further 10 year period on completion of the approved work programs on the Project.

Pre-Feasibility Study
Cradle announced the results of the Pre-Feasibility Study PFS) on 31 March 2015. Based upon the PFS, a Definitive Feasibility Study (DFS) has commenced focusing on a 1Mtpa processing plant with expansion to at least 2Mtpa to optimise market penetration and funding solution. The DFS will incorporate a resource update which is underway and includes the results of 9,300m of additional drilling.

Key financial results:
  • NPV10 post tax and royalties US$470M
  • IRR 56%
  • Initial capital expenditure of US$158M
  • Payback period 1.5 year
  • Working capital US$37M
  • LOM of 30 years
  • LOM average EBITDA US$103M per annum
  • First 10 year average EBITDA US$133M per annum
Key mining results:
  • First 10 years average grade: 0.68% Nb2O5
  • First 10 years average recovery: 63%
  • LOM average grade: 0.54% Nb2O5
  • LOM average recovery: 62%
The “Base Case” for the PFS is centered upon an open pit mining operation providing 2Mtpa mill feed over a 30 year life of mine (“LOM”). This is the same scale of operation that was considered in the Scoping Study and is the current size of Magris Resources’ Niobec operation in Canada, thus allowing useful comparative analysis. With the success achieved in the PFS in both mill feed grade and metallurgical recoveries the initial ferroniobium production from a 2Mtpa plant now approximates 8 to 10% of world production. For this reason, and to simplify financing arrangements, the Definitive Feasibility Study (“DFS”) will be scoped so as to achieve a more modest entry into the market (i.e. throughput commencing at 1Mtpa). The DFS will allow for expansion of production as demand grows.

With the planned completion of the DFS in Q4 2015 and the conclusion of the financing arrangements it is expected that the detailed design work can start in 2016 with construction etc. leading to a completion date of Q4 2017 for the plant start-up in Q1 2018.

JORC Required Cautionary Statement concerning Production Target Results including Inferred Resources

Cradle advises that the PFS results and production targets reflected in this announcement are preliminary in nature as conclusions are drawn partly from Indicated Mineral Resources and partly from Inferred Mineral Resources. There is a low level of geological confidence associated with Inferred Mineral Resources and there is no certainty that further exploration work will result in the determination of Indicated or Measured Mineral Resources or that the production target itself will be realised.

Processing
As the Panda Hill mineralisation is a relatively clean material with low levels of impurities (particularly uranium, tantalum and titanium), and well liberated mineralisation at coarse grind, a single-stage flotation method can be used to process the niobium ore. The Panda Hill mineralisation is unique amongst Niobium projects currently under study in that this simple flotation, and non-complex hydrometallurgical process, can be used to upgrade the materials. Recovery in the first 10 years is estimated to be 63% with a 62% LOM recovery.

Standard grade ferroniobium (“FeNb”) makes up some 90% of world niobium consumption; the Panda Hill Niobium Project will produce standard grade ferroniobium, with the converter product (FeNb) being crushed, screened and packaged onsite to meet the specific customer demands. In general the sized product will be packaged in 1 tonne super-bags or 250kg steel drums, with some packaging into smaller 10lb or 25lb pails.

Excellent Infrastructure
The Project is fairly unique in that it has excellent nearby infrastructure including: TAZARA Rail line (2km away), a dry port located in Mbeya (26km away), the Dar es Salaam – Tunduma Highway (5km away), Songwe Airport (8km away), the La Farge Songwe Cement Factory (6km away) and a major fuel depot in Mbeya. Access to water and power is also relatively simple with the Songwe River, a major water course, running next to the mining tenements and TANESCO planning a new 400kV power line that will run past the licence area.

The Mbeya region is also a developing mining area with the established Shanta goldmine less than 100km away and Peak Resources developing a rare earths mine nearby. Mbeya city is a growing city with good educational and medical facilities, including technical colleges that are expected to be a source of personnel for the operations.

Panda Hill Niobium Resource
Cradle announced a significant Resource update in January 2015 (Table 1 and Figures 3, 3a and 4). The new Resource incorporated the results of 21 diamond and 51 RC holes drilled in June to October 2014 with 5,171 samples taken for the 9,365 metres drilled.

Additionally, in November and December of 2014 Cradle undertook 9,324m of RC and Diamond drilling targeting the delineation of a Measured JORC Resource and minor extensional drilling; as the assay information for this drilling was not available for the December resource update, this information will inform a new resource estimate expected in Q2 2015.

The December 2014 Resource was estimated by Coffey Mining using Multiple Indicator Kriging on 2m composites with a 25m x 25m by 5m (X x Y x Z) panel to generate a recoverable estimate emulating an SMU of 6.25m x 12.5m x 5m. Significantly, this resource is based predominantly on new RC and diamond drilling undertaken by Cradle in 2014, and no longer relies upon historical data for the bulk of the deposit.

Highlights of the Resource update include:

  • The Primary Carbonatite Resource is increased to88Mt at 0.52% Nb2O5 (Indicated and Inferred).
  • Representing a 10% increase in grade and a 37% increase in metal in the Primary Carbonatite Resource.
  • And includes a JORC Indicated Resource Primary Carbonatite component of 36Mt at 0.54% Nb2O5.
  • Representing a substantial improvement in Resource confidence through additional data and modelling.
  • The new Resource is based on the Multiple Indicated Kriging (MIK) method which incorporates increased mining selectivity and internal dilution for a planned Selective Mining Unit (SMU).
  • Initial mine scheduling will focus on the Angel Zone comprising a higher grade sub-zone of the Indicated Resource.
  • Infill Drilling for a Measured Resource in the Angel Zone is complete, with results due in January.
Competent Person’s Statement

The information in this document that relates to Exploration Results and Resources is based on information compiled or reviewed by Mr Neil Inwood who is a Fellow of The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and a Member of the Australian Institute of Geoscientists. Mr Inwood is a full time employee of Verona. Mr Inwood has sufficient experience which is relevant to the style of mineralisation and type of deposit under consideration and to the activity which he is undertaking to qualify as a Competent Person as defined in the 2004 Edition of the ‘Australasian Code for Reporting of Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Ore Reserves’. Mr Inwood consents to the inclusion in this document of the matters based on his information in the form and context in which it appears.

Exploration
Since 2013, Cradle has undertaken some 20,000m of diamond (46 holes for 6,390m) and RC (98 holes for 13,752m) drilling over the southern and eastern portion of the Panda Hill Carbonatite. This drilling (Figure 5) has successfully replaced and improved upon the historical drilling information that was previously relied upon. Drilling by Cradle, averages 148m deep and has only tested some 40% of the area of the carbonatite intrusion (Figures 5 and 6).

Additionally Cradle has undertaken an aerial magnetic survey over the deposit and has remapped the entire deposit outcrop. This work has identified multiple high-priority targets for further drilling, allowing significant scope for future increases in the deposit endowment.

Previously, the Panda Hill Carbonatite intrusion has been subject to multiple phases of exploration work since the 1950s. This work targeted both the niobium and phosphate endowment of the deposit. From 1953 to 1965, the Geological Survey of Tanzania (GST) undertook mapping, diamond drilling and trenching (17 diamond holes for 1,405m) to assess the niobium and phosphate potential. From 1954 to 1963 the MBEXCO joint venture was formed between N. V. Billiton Maatschapij (Billiton) and the Colonial Development Corporation, London. MBEXCO drilled 66 diamond holes for 3,708m, excavated numerous pits, sunk two shafts and undertook trial mining and constructed a trial gravity and flotation plant on site. Concentrate from site was sent to Holland for further processing, with positive early metallurgical test-work results noted.

From 1978 to 1980 a Yugoslavian State Enterprise (RUDIS) undertook a joint study in collaboration with the Tanzanian Mining Industrial Association and State Mining Corporation (STAMICO). This work included mapping, diamond drilling and pitting (13 diamond holes for 1,306m) to test the niobium endowment of the deposit.

Panda Hill Geology

The Panda Hill carbonatite is a mid-Cretaceous volcanic intrusion which has intruded into gneisses and amphibolites of the NE-SE trending mobile belt. It forms a steeply dipping, near-circular plug of approximately 1.5 km diameter and is partly covered by fenitised country rocks and residual soil material. The Fenite forms a “cap” or roof over the south of the carbonatite complex, and is in tum overlain by residual and transported soils. Volcanic ash over part of the complex suggests a later stage of volcanic activity. It is apparent that portions of fenite, ash and soil cover are underlain by carbonatite and these areas are only lightly explored.

In the main exposed potion of the carbonatite evidence supports three stages of carbonatite activity outwards from the center of the plug. An early-stage calcite carbonatite forms the core, while intermediate and late-stage carbonatites, composed of more magnesian-rich and iron-rich carbonates, form the outer parts of the plug. Later stage apatite-magnetite rich rocks and ferro-carbonatite dykes are also found in the complex. Fenitisation of the pre-existing gneisses led to the development of potassium-rich rocks containing K-feldspar and phlogopite.

The ‘Sovite’ carbonatite from Panda Hill is composed mainly of calcite, which forms an average of 60-75% by volume. The fresh Sovite carbonatite may contain up to 5% Apatite, with pyrochlore, magnetite, phlogopite and quartz. Dolomite-rich carbonate (Rauhaugite) and ankerite/siderite-rich carbonatites (Beforesite) are also present and can be mineralised.

The bulk of the Panda Hill niobium mineralisation is found within pyrochlore and lesser columbite. The bulk of the known mineralisation is within fresh, un-weathered carbonatite lithologies, with Nb2O5 grades typically ranging from 0.1% to 1%. Higher-grade material is noted within flow-banding (schlieren) within the carbonatite and within magnetite-rich bands. The fenetised-cap material is noted to contain elevated grades of up to 2% Nb2O.

From:Panda Hill Project - On Track to Be Africa’s First Niobium Mine - Cradle Resources Ltd.
 
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JF-Expert Member
Joined
Feb 29, 2016
Messages
9,872
Likes
11,719
Points
280
Extrovert

Extrovert

JF-Expert Member
Joined Feb 29, 2016
9,872 11,719 280
Mikataba itakuwa ya ajabu kuliko maelezo na ndio inayotumaliza kila kukicha, hivi hata kwa hali ya kawaida tu mtu akute una engine,gearbox,chasis,diff,body,taa,windshield,milango yenye vioo,matairi,bolts and nuts,siti,carpets,rangi,tank,exhaust pipe na vinginevyo...
Akwambie nakuundia gari la biashara ila likikamilika litakuwa milki yangu miaka 25 na nikupe faida ya asilimia 2% kila mwaka wa biashara kabla sijakukabidhi then ikiisha hio miaka ndio liwe lako uendelee kufanya biashara ule 100%.
Is it practical kwa kutumia akili timamu tu? Maana ndicho ninachokiona katika mikataba ya kuuza rasilimali zetu miaka nenda rudi!
 

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