Discussion in 'Tech, Gadgets & Science Forum' started by lnm, Jan 15, 2012.
naomba mnisaidie hatua za kuweza kufanikisha kuformat computer
Ni kwamba hujui kabisa ndiyo unataka kufundishwa au umekwa sehemu....
[h=2]What to know before format[/h] What will happen if I format my computer/hard disk?
Formatting a computer hard drive means that All the data on the specified hard drive (or partition) will be deleted(Partition – Separated division of the hard drive, most computers have two partition's C:, D: ). Therefore, it is very important to back up any information (documents, programs, personal pictures or documents) and most important – All info that you may need from My Documents folder, anything you may need later. My Document's folder is located in the same windows XP partition that we will format. The best practice is to back up all of the files to another partition (we will format only C: ), so you can safely copy/paste all files to for example – D:, E: and so on, or burn CD/DVD disk .
- If you are going to be formatting and installing XP, you must be sure that you have the discs for any applications or third party hardware (Drivers CD – usually supplied with the PC) you use since you will need to re-installyour programs and drivers after formatting your hard drive and re-installing Windows.
- I must put into attention back-up of your data on your hard drive. Take a moment to think of anything that you have on the computer that you wouldn't want to lose. Most often, people store data into My Documents folder, and also you would want to save things like your favorites or bookmarks from your Web browser. Remember that each user on your computer has his/her own My Documents folder, Desktop items and Favorites/Bookmarks.
- Save everything to a CD, DVD or a hard drive partition that you won't be formatting (again-we will format only "C:" )
If you have back-up of all files/docs you need, you are safe to continue.
Format Windows XP
This explains step-by-step how to format hard drive partition using the Windows XP installation CD.
Before you continue, make sure you have backup of all documents you may need that are saved in C:, My Documents folder or your desktop.
Tip: Click the images to enlarge.
Step 1- Installation CD Insert your Windows XP installation disc into your CD or DVD drive.
Step 2 – Restart your computer and start Windows setup using Microsoft Windows bootable XP disk
Restart your computer. As you computer boots, a screen with message "Press any key to boot from CD.." will show up counting from 9 to 0, here you need to press any key to start the setup. Note: If your computer doesn't display the "Press any key to boot from CD.." message (by default it should), check your motherboard manual for info where to enable the "Boot from CD" setting, after you enable "Boot from CD" option from your BIOS, the message will show.
Step 3 – System Loading After you enter the setup, the CD will load up a blue screen and will start loading operating system files (this make take few minutes). When it finishes, it will list a few options, "Press ENTER to set up Windows XP now" is the one we need. Click it.
Step 4 – Accept Windows usage agreement Second screen is "The windows usage agreement". It should be displayed now, showing that you need to press F8 to accept the agreement. Press F8 to accept. How to format a computer
Step 5 – Setup start If an existing Windows XP installation is detected by the system, you are prompted to repair it. We will bypass this step
Step 6 – Delete old partition and format At this point you need to select the partition where you prefer to install Windows Xp. This is where you will delete your partition and format drive C. The box in the lower half of the screen shows all your drives and the partitions that currently exist on your hard disk. Use the Up and Down Arrow keys to highlight/select your "C:" partition and press the "D" key (pic 6.1). On the next screen press the ‘L' key (pic 6.2) to confirm that you want to delete partition "C:", and finalize the deleting of the partition. (if you have only "Unpartitioned space" and you have no C: or D: partitions, skip this step) How to format a computer
Step 7 – Create installation partition Now you should be back on the screen prompted to choose where to install Windows. The box on the lower half of the screen should no longer show a partition, instead of "C:" you should see "Unpartitioned space xxxxxMB". Select/highlight this with the arrow keys and press the "C" key to create a partition on the drive (this is where you will install windows). Now setup tells you the minimum and maximum sizes the partition can use and lets you pick the size. The default size is the maximum available, leave the default value and press Enter.
Step 8 – Format the computer (the hard disk) This screen lets you choose the file system you prefer the drive to be formatted with. Choose NTFS "Quick" (recommended because NTFS is faster and more secure). Use the arrow keys to select and hit Enter. How to format a computer
Step 9 – Start Windows XP Setup Setup will start to and will auto-format the "C:" partition, and start with Windows XP installation. From here you are all set and the installation of Windows will proceed. This will take a while. The computer will reboot several times, and will continue with installation. Don't remove the Windows XP setup CD, and don't press a key when prompted (we already did that).
Hatua ya kwanza:
1.Fanya setting za bios kwamba cmp yako ikiwaka iboot from CD,hii unaweza bonyeza F8,F12 inategemea na brand
2.Ingiza Bootable CD halafu irestart PC yako
3.Ikishajirestart itakwambia Press any key to boot from cd,so fanya hivyo
4.Itaload files zote then after that utaenda kwenye process ya kuinstall OS,hapo ndo itakuja FOrmat the drive ambayo unataka kuweka OS,hapa kuwa makin kama una partion unaweza ukformat drive nyingine so kwa kukusaidia note size ya hiyo drive unataka kuweka OS na kuiformat
Hence ur done,wait until process ya kuinstall os ikamilike then ushaiformat..
Kama kuformat drive alone,right click then select format OK au kwa kutumia CDM type Format X: then Enter note x stands for drive letter