Summary Timeline....Whats next?

mstahiki

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mstahiki

JF-Expert Member
Joined Jul 14, 2007
310 3 0
Summary Timeline
YEAR
PRESSURE
CHANGES IN STATE
RESPONSE AND CHANGES IN GOVERNANCE
1885
• Tanganyika became a German colony
● Mangrove managed under ordinance
1898
• German administration established an ordinance for mangroves
1905
● Majimaji war of resistance spread to Mkuranga
1920
• Tanganyika became a British colony
• Mangrove reserve area extended to mainland coast
1920s
• The British expand mangrove reserves to cover 80,000 hectares on the mainland
1930
• Dar Es Salaam – Mkuranga road aligned by British
1946
• Dar – Mkuranga road constructed
1950
• Market for coconuts opened at Mkuranga
• Trade dominated by Indians
1951
• First primary school built at Mkuranga • Godown built at Mkuranga
1954
• Tarmac road DSM – Mkuranga constructed
• TANU formulated to fight against colonial domination
1960
• Trade dominated by Arabs from Msolwa
1961
• India traders flee from Mkuranga in fear of revenge by independent African Tanganyikans
• Tanganyika attained independence
1967
• Arusha declaration in place
Pre 1970`s
• Mkuranga sparsely populated
• Dominated by Zaramo and Ndengereko
1973
• First hotel built in Mkuranga
1976
• Mkuranga emerge as rural settlement • Cooperative shop established
• Villagization policy in place in Tanzania
16
1980 -85
• Police post built at Mkuranga
1986
• Proposals for Mkuranga district presented to government
1987
• Director of forestry imposed a national ban on the cutting of mangroves
1990
• NBC in place in Mkuranga
1994
• Mangrove management plan was approved, calling for protecting and zoning all mangroves in Tanzania.
1995
• Mkuranga district established
• Kisarawe district divided into Mkuranga and Kisarawe
1996
• Lion threat at Mkuranga, about ten people killed
• National fisheries and environmental policies adapted
1997
• National fisheries policy adopted • National environmental policy adopted
1999
• NBC closed due to low capital to sustain services
2001
• Mkuranga District Action Planning process begins
2002
• National ICM Strategy Approved
2003
• Mkuranga District Action Plan is approved
2004
• Dangerous lions disappear after elders meeting
2005
• Drought hit Mkuranga
2006
• Famine hit Mkuranga
 

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