THE NEW DRIVING LICENSE SYSTEM 1.0 INTRODUCTION The government introduced a new computerized driving license system which has replaced the old system. The objective of this new system is to monitor and control issuance of driving licenses with a view to address the problem of fake licenses which are the causative for many road accidents The system meets international standards and has introduced important changes in the process of issuing licenses for driving motor vehicles in the country. So far nine driving license registration sites have been established in nine regions including Ilala, Temeke and Kinondoni tax Regions. Others are Kilimanjaro, Tanga, Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya and Dodoma. Thereafter the system will be rolled out to the rest of the regions by December 2010. 2.0 DRIVING LICENSE UNDER THE NEW SYSTEM The aim of introducing the new system is to replace the old system which did not differentiate between the types of licenses for driving passenger vehicles of different capacities. Under the new system specific class of driving license is designed to a certain class of motor vehicle only. Holders of driving license of certain class will be obliged to drive only such a class upon which he was tested for and not otherwise. In order to obtain the new driving license, all must undergo training to the recognized driving school (institutions) before they are issued with a new license. The system is categorized under different groups depending on the capacity of the vehicle namely: A - License to drive motor cycles with or without a sidecar and whose capacity exceeds 125cc or 230kg. A1 - Licenses to drive motor cycles without sidecar and whose capacity is less than 125cc or 230kg. A2 – License to drive motor powered tricycles and quadricycles. A3 – Licenses to drive moped whose capacity does not exceed 50cc. B – License to drive all types of motor vehicles except motor cycles, commercial, heavy duty and public service vehicles. C – License to drive public service vehicles with seating capacity of 30 and more passengers in addition to the driver, Vehicles in this category may be combined with a trailer having a maximum authorized mass of not more than 750kg. Applicants must have held Class CI or E license for a period of not less than three years. C1 - License to drive public service vehicles with a seating capacity of 15 but less than 30. Passengers in addition to the driver. Vehicles in this category may be combined with a trailer having maximum authorized mass of not more than 750kg. Applicants must have held Class D license for a period of not less than three years. C2 – Licenses to drive public service vehicles with seating of four but less than fifteen Passengers. Vehicles in this category may be combined with a trailer having maximum authorized mass of not more than 750kg. Applicants must have held Class D license for a period of not less than three years. C3 – Licenses to drive public services vehicles with a seating capacity of four or less passengers inclusive the driver. Vehicles in this category may be combined with a trailer having a maximum authorized mass of not more than 750kg. Applicants must have held a Class D license for not less than three years. D – License to drive all types of vehicles except motor cycles, heavy duty and public service vehicles. E - License to drive all types of vehicles except motor cycles and public serves vehicles. Applicants must have held Class D License for not less than three years. F – License to drive truck laying vehicles steered by their trucks. G – License to drive farm or mine vehicles. H – Provisional license for learner drivers. Under this system all information regarding drivers will be collected through a computer system for data capture before the new license are issued. The aim is to ensure that a correct license is issued to a proper holder depending on the motor vehicle and designed. 3.0 VALIDITY OF LICENSE The driving license will be valid for three years and the driver will be required to renew it after this period. This requirement is based on the road Traffic Act No. 30 of 1973 as amended under ( CAP 168 RE 2002) together with the road traffic rules of 2004 and 2010. 4.0 DRIVERS TEST Before issuing a driving license to an individual, he/she must first attend a driving training and qualify. Thereafter such a person will be tested and awarded license for the grade which he/she has applied for and passed. If a driver wants to drive various types of vehicles, he/she will be required to undergo training for all driving license categories and on passing the test he/she will be awarded a license that will show all the license categories which he/she has passed. 5.0 FEATURES OF THE LICENSE The license will be in a form of a smart card with the national flag and emblem on it. It will also have personal information about the owner such as name, date of birth, license number, date and place of issue and expiry date. Together with this information which will be captured in the license, other details relating to the driver such as his/her TIN, gender, address, fingerprints and his/her signature will be in the license. 6.0 OFFENCES All offences that will be committed by a driver will be captured by this new licensing system and this information will determine the fate of the license if the offence recurs. The license can be suspended or withdrawn depending on the gravity of the offences. 7.0 CONCLUSION The objective of introducing this new computerized driving license system by the government is to capture the correct data about the driver that will help in monitoring them and ensure that the government gets its due revenue. It is the expectations of the government that this new system of issuing licenses will reduce road accidents which are mostly caused by drivers who do not have the necessary driving qualifications. Those who have old licenses should start to prepare the necessary documents like certificate of competence and for those who intend to apply for a new license to go for training. In this regard, members of the public are urged to start preparing themselves to get these new licenses. For more information please contact us MTAZAMO: Sina hakika sana iwapo kuna utafiti uliofanyika wa kuhusianisha ajali zinazoendelea kupoteza maisha yetu na ubovu wa mfumo wa kutoa leseni hapa nchini. Hakuna pia uhakika iwapo ni kwa kiasi gani lesini mpya zitadhibiti ajali iwapo mfumo wa usimamizi wa matumizi ya leseni hizo unaofanywa na askari wa usalama barabarani na mamlaka nyingine utaendelea kuwa ule ule wa kirushwa rushwa. Kwa nchi za wenzetu, mfumo uliopo ni pamoja na kukagua magari na kuyapasisha kwa kila mwaka kupitia mamlaka maalumu (kwa UK inafanywa na Inajukikana kama MOT - test kifupisho cha " The Ministry of Transport Test"). Hii inahakikisha kuwa magari mazima tu ndio yanayotembea barabarani na kama gari halijapasi viwango vya kiusalama na kimazingira (annual roadworthyness test) halipewi cheti na hivyo kutoruhusiwa kutembea barabarani. Mfumo wa usimamizi utalifuatilia vilivyo (monitoring). Jambo hili ni muhimu sana kwani hata dereva akiwa na lesini safi/halali, ikiwa chombo anachotumia ni kibovu, ajali hazitakwisha. Kwa upande mwingine, mifumo ya sheria iliyopo kwa nchi za wenzetu inawafanya raia kuhesmu sheria sio kwa hofu ya kufungwa au kutozwa faini bali kwa maana ya kulinda wengina na mali zao pia (compliance). Hii inafanya hata mtu akigundua unaedesha gari wakati amekuona ukibwia kileo sehemu, atawajulisha polisi haraka sana ili wakukamate haraka barabarani kabla hujasabaisha ajali. Aidha, ikiwa dereva wa chombo cha abiria kasababisha ajali , utaratibu uliopo ni kumbana kisheria huyo dereva na pia mwajiri wake (employer) hata ikiwa kampuni itafunguliwa mashtaka kisheria na kutozwa faini kubwa sana (kwa UK kwa kosa la ajali inayoababisha kifo kwa mujibu wa Sheria ya Mauaji ya bila Kukusudia kwa Makampuni " The Corporate Manslaughter and Corporate Homicide Act, 2007", faini yake haina ukomo "UNLIMITED FINE"), kufungiwa biashara au kampuni kuamriwa na mahakama kujitangaza kosa lake kwenye vyombo vya habari na kwingineko (publicity order). Hatua kama hizi kwa kampuni zinalenga katika kuhakikisha wamiliki wa Kampuni waajiri wanachukua tahadhali mapema kabla ajali haijatokea ikiwemo kuajiri madereva wanao faa, kuhakikisha wanaweka barabarni vyombo vyenye kuzingatia sheria za usalama na pia kutoa taarifa kwa wateja kuhusu tahadhari ya afya na usalama wao (health & Safety). Sheria hizi za usalama wa watu zinabana watoa huduma na wafanyabisahra wote katika sekta zote za kibishara sio usafiri pekee, ni katika maofisi, majumbani, kwenye huduma za starehe nk. Kwetu, ajali ikitokea, mwajiri anasukuma kesi kwa dereva na hata kama chombo kilikuwa kibovu, chombo kinatengenezwa haraka ili kiendeelee na biashara na thanamini ya maisha ya walioathirika na ajali inakuwa imepotea.