Kenya Elections


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'It's time for change - no one can stop us'



Tens of thousands of dancing and chanting opposition supporters swamped the Kenyan capital on Saturday in a show of support for presidential candidate and current pre-election opinion poll leader Raila Odinga. Having just overtaken incumbent President Mwai Kibaki in polls for the first time ahead of the December election, Odinga was to formally launch the campaign of his Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) in a Nairobi park.

Four surveys in recent days have given Raila, a charismatic former political prisoner, between 47 and 43 percent ratings, versus Kibaki's range of 42-34, in the race for stewardship of east Africa's largest economy. From early Saturday morning, thousands of ODM supporters poured into Nairobi on buses and foot, decked in orange, all weaving their way towards Uhuru (Freedom) Park. City-centre traffic was disrupted by youths dancing in the street.

"It's time for change, and no one can stop us. Kikuyus, go home to your farms!" shouted one excited youth George Kaseje, dancing in the street. Kibaki comes from Kenya's largest tribe, the Kikuyu, and many perceive the opposition party as an alliance against it from other ethnic groups, particularly the Luo and Luyha. An attempt to hold a similar opposition rally in Nairobi last week was stopped because of security fears. On Saturday, police kept a discreet watch on proceedings in case of the sort of violence that often plagues Kenyan rallies at election time. Kibaki, 75, was holding an alternative rally near Kenya's third town Nakuru, in the Rift Valley north of Nairobi. The president is hoping his record of healthy economic growth, provision of free primary education, and promises of continuity will win over voters.

But he gets lower marks from Kenyans for failing to stamp out corruption and tribalism, and not delivering on some promises like re-writing the constitution in 100 days. "Kibaki is too old and corrupt to run a country," said opposition supporter James Olumese, 39, at the rally. Odinga, who projects himself as a champion of the poor despite being a rich businessman, was an ally of Kibaki's, helping him win power, then serving him in cabinet until a falling out over a referendum in 2005.

While very different in personality and style, analysts say Odinga and Kibaki would, however, differ little in policy substance. Odinga, 62, has toned down his firebrand image this year to present himself as a business-friendly leader. "I don't think Raila would be much different," said Nairobi University politics lecturer Chweya Ludeki, noting that global norms would dictate against any radical swing in policy. "The structural constraints following on from globalisation and so on don't leave a president much leverage." Ludeki said Odinga's surge in polls - after Kibaki had held the lead in popularity since taking power in 2002 - was a genuine reflection of national sentiment, although fuelled by massive media coverage for ODM in recent months.

But all analysts warn that polls can fluctuate strongly in Kenya's often fast-shifting political scene. The opposition received a boost on Friday when Health Minister Charity Ngilu said she would be backing Odinga.


OK, our neighbour are just two months away from having a new president. Who will come up on top?
 
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Dust and promises fly on Kenya's election trail.


A convoy of shiny, 4x4 vehicles roars into the pot-holed main street of a small town, kicking up dust and scattering people in their way. As traffic grinds to a forced halt, corpulent politicians emerge from their cars to wave at crowds of mainly young men, some still fingering the small amounts of money and food they have been given to come to the rally.

A series of speeches offers the crowd a bright new future -- jobs, free secondary education, new roads -- if only they will vote for the men in front of them. The crowd roars slogans. But as the politicos speed off to the next town, locals grumble at the paucity of handouts. It's election time in Kenya, and the promises are flying as much as the dust.

With two months to go before parliamentary and presidential polls in East Africa's largest economy, the political class is out in force, campaigning furiously across the nation.

Money is flowing, and not all of it legitimately: an election official said this week many people were selling their voter registration cards, egged on by both major parties.

Posters are springing up across the nation.

In Nairobi, the large, beaming visage of opposition front-runner Raila Odinga took an early lead in public prominence. But a photo of President Mwai Kibaki, fiddling with his cuffs a trifle awkwardly, is making a strong comeback. Odinga's recent surge in polls, to overtake Kibaki in popularity for the first time, has given impetus and edge to the campaign. It could be one of the closest of late in Africa.

Feeling and looking like he is on a roll, Odinga and his entourage swept into Ngong town this week, the "captain" -- as aides call him -- waving beatifically from the open door of his orange-coloured "Pentagon 1" campaign bus. The colour comes from Odinga's Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), while the Pentagon alludes not only to American-style power but the five-man leadership of the opposition party.

"I am saying 'Kibaki go away' because he has failed the test," Odinga told ululating supporters on a sports field at the bottom of the Ngong hills, made famous for many in the West as the backdrop to the Out Of Africa book and film. Yet Odinga was five years ago telling very similar crowds to vote for Kibaki and get rid of President Daniel arap Moi. Such is the hurly-burly of Kenya's non-ideological politics.

Ethnic loyalties

The pair fell out in 2005 -- Odinga campaigned against Kibaki in a referendum and was promptly sacked from his Cabinet.

So now Odinga, a 62-year-old veteran politician and businessman, repeats a daily mantra that Kibaki has failed Kenyans on corruption and tribalism. He is vowing to better Kibaki's decent economic record of average 4% annual growth, devolve power to provinces, and set up a "Truth, Reconciliation and Restitution Commission" offering amnesty to those who pay back ill-gotten money.

Kibaki (75) and also a veteran both of Kenyan politics and business, hopes economic growth, his popular introduction of free primary education, and fears that Odinga could be a left-leaning radical once in power, will win over voters.

"You can list all the good things you have seen," Kibaki told a recent rally in the Rift Valley town of Nakuru, where the crowd struggled to get to grips with chanting the initials of his new coalition Party of National Unity (PNU).

"I ask you for a second term. When I finish I'll go home and farm, and you'll be able to elect a young man of your choice."
Most Kenyans agree -- in private, if not always in public -- that it is ethnic loyalties, not cerebral considerations, that will exercise the minds of most voters on polling day.

Many in Kibaki's Kikuyu tribe, the largest in Kenya, have prospered under him and fear losing their economic prominence. Odinga comes from the Luo group in west Kenya, and is also picking up support from other tribes who feel excluded.

But in Ongata Rongai, a dishevelled trading town outside Nairobi, it is neither issues nor tribalism on the mind of driver Mwangi Njenga as he sees a political caravan go through.

"Look at all these people here. They have been fed four mandazis [Kenya's version of doughnuts] and they have stopped work to wait for someone who will not come," he says disdainfully of a crowd waiting for Odinga, who did not show up. "At least when Kibaki came, he gave the transporters' association 100 000 shillings ($1 500), so the day was not completely wasted."

Nearby, a boy cradles a torn poster of Odinga and asks his mother if he can swap it for a mandazi. - Reuters
Mkenya tell us what is happening there on the ground.

Alai I hope you are OK any news?
 
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Dua,
This is going to be an important lesson for all in EA; but especially so for us in Tanzania. I think Kenya is going to pull this off this time!

That is, if ODM pulls this through safely; and if the system allows it to stand. We are yet to witness the tricks that are inherent with the incumbency.

Hopefully,CCM and our vyama vya Ushindani will be watching this carefully as it unfolds before our eyes!

But the important lesson will be to the people of Tanzania. CCM si mama wala baba. Kama itaendelea kuwa chama cha matajiri, basi tuwaachie wenyewe, tutafute utaratibu mwingine.
Vyama vya Ushindani, bado hamjatuonyesha kuwa mnao uwezo wa kuleta mageuzi tunayoyahitaji. Fanyeni kweli sasa.
 
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Idimi

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Kikuyus, go home to your farms!"
I am seriously worried about this tribalism disease. Where are the politicians leading Kenya to? Down through a blind alley or something else? Is someone being elected because he's a Mjaluo, Mkisii, Mmasai, Mkalenjin or Mkikuyu? Why?
 
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Guys Kenya Ni Tofauti Na Tanzania ,,kule Ukabila Umetawala Sana Na Ndio Maana Wakiamua Kuungana Makabila Machache Umekwisha,,na Hiki Ndicho Kitakachomtokea Bwna Kibaki,,akusoma Dira Za Wakenya,,wakenya Awaangalii Sura Kama Watanzania,,babu Nyerere Aliwaeleza Hili,,ikulu Si Sehemu Ya ......leo Hii Mnawaita Mafisadi,,subirini Ufisadi Zaidi 2010,,mumjue Katokea Bagamoyo Au Mtwara,.....
 
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Mwai Kibaki amevunja bunge rasmi jana tayari kwa uchaguzi mwezi December.
 
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Mtoto wa Mkulima

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hizi ndizo siasa za Kenya nimecheka sana.

[media]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-H2Cg-s4LNo[/media]

[media]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B9yhsbYxWm4[/media]

[media]http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MRK-dLe8Bsw[/media]

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B9yhsbYxWm4
 
Kenyan-Tanzanian

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Kenyan-Tanzanian

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Read my words....says Kenyan-Tanzanian
 
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--------Kenya Yakaribia Kanaan-------


Jamvi la kihistoria la mabepari wa kibaada-ukoloni nchini Kenya sasa ni bayana litajifunga mwishoni mwa mwaka huu. Hali hi ya kihistoria ambaye itaona mamlaka ikihamishwa toka katikati ya nchi hadi mashinani kwa namna mbalimbali (devolution of power) imetokana na kule kukubalika kwa chama cha ODM na mgombeakiti cha urais, Raila Odinga - mwanawe muanzilishi wa siasa za upinzani nchini Kenya, Marehemu Mzee Jaramogi Oginga Odinga.

Raila ambaye alikuwa kizingiti muhimu katika ile manwari (muungano wa vyama) ya kisiasa NARC iliyomng'oa Rais Mstaafu Moi mamlakani 2002 sasa anazidi kuvuma kama Musa ambaye waKenya waliowengi walidhani yupo ndani ya Rais Kibaki ila kwa maoni yao hawajaiona Kanani yake hadi wasasa. Mwaka wa 2005, baada ya Katiba Mpya iliyoonekana kuwa itazidikuzikita mizizi za mabepari waKenya na wameoziteka asasi za serekali kati (yaani centralized government)kupingwa vikali na wanachi waKenya wakiongozwa na Raila Odinga, Kibaki aliwatimua Raila na wenzake wengi tuu licha ya wao kumsaidia Kibaki mwenyewe kuingia ikulu japokuwa alikuwa kalazwa London baada ya ajali iliyotokea akiwa kwenye kampeni (2002).

Hivi leo, kila kuchao, kura za maoni, akina mama na maseela mitaani, wakongwe na watoto vitongojini kote nchini wanakubali kwamba Serekali ya ODM (Raila na wenzake waliotimuliwa na Kibaki)sio siri au ndoto tena ila wazo nyeti ambalo wakti wake umewadia. Uvumilivu umefika tamati. Mbegu ya fikra ya kisiasa iliyopandwa na waIngereza, ikapaliliwa na Serekali ya awamu ya kwanza ya Kenyatta pamoja na zile zilizofwata za Moi na Kibaki (sasa wanamlea mwanawe Kenyatta aiitwayo Uhuru pengine ariidhi Kibaki), mbegu hiyo imepanda mti wa sintofahamu nchini ambayo ni lazima ikatwe.

Nayo ile mbegu ya fikra ya kisiasa ya makamu wa Rais wa kwanza nchini chini ya Kenyatta yaani babke Raila aliyeitwa Jaramogi Oginga Odinga kumbe iliota hata ndani ya miiba. Sasa imewadia wakati ambayo mti huo wa kwanza wa siasa yaani ule wa Kenyatta ni lazima ukatwe ili ule mwingine yaani wa Jaramogi umee. WaKenya wanasema hapana Kibaki asiendelee kwasababu wako tayari kujaribu matunda ya uhuru yanayomea kwa mti tofuati wa kisiasa.

By voting for Raila and by proxy Jaramogi (posthumously)Kenyans will be symbolically saying to the Kibaki-Moi-Kenyatta clan a collective:

"No to our centralized government structure that has only favoured central province, central government officials, central towns, central capital, central human capital, central education and other institutions, central literature, central anticolonial history, central intellectuals, central judiciary, executive and legislative arms of governance and all that have made an unjust centre to hold for four decades and yes to decentralization in all its forms, major and minor (from politics to literature)".


Hivi ndio maana najiunga na wananchi wenzangu watokao maeneo ambayoyamekuwa pembeni mwa ulaji wa keki ya kitaifa kubashiri kuwadia kwa serekali ya awamu ya nne yenye ari, kazi, nguvu mpya na hata mawazo mapya ya uongozi nchini. Karibuni ODM. Tawaleni Kenya.

Hizi hapa picha mbali mbali zinazotuweka hai ndani ya bahari hili la homa ya kisiasa au ukipenda "Election Fever".

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wz3pXskASz4
2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tpZhJaJVbMI
3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dlusA1FcjtY
4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OjmGlaUJbKk
5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MSQ4ec_Lc78
6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HLm6vPCM61U

PS: Ingawaje siasa za Kenya zimefananishwa na mawimbi ya bahari yaani zinaweza badilika wakati wowote ule na kupuliza upande tofauti na ule wa awali, hatakiwi mtu kuwa na akili za Albert Einstein kubashiri ni upande upe kati ya ODM (RAILA) na PNU (KIBAKI) utaingia Ikulu ya Nairobi, Januari 2008. Jameni tumpatieni Raila sikio ilituweze kupiga kura yenye hisia na fikra pia. Hii hapa tovuti ya huyu Shujaa wa Afrika ya Karne 21. www.raila2007.com

ODM! MAISHA BORA KWA WAKENYA WOTE (CCM! MAISHA BORA KWA KILA MTANZANIA)
 
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The following print and electronic media online will also help you keep abreast word on the streets as the election temperatures soar towards the most titanic of political contests in the history of East Africa. The results will be remembered, studied, researched, archived and experiemented with for a long long time to come. Mark my words.

The views below are mine and categorize the medias as I judge them:

1) PRO-KIBAKI, PRO-PARTY OF NATIONAL UNITY (PNU)

www.nationmedia.com
www.nationaudio.com
www.youtube.com/ntvkenya
www.communication.go.ke

2) PRO-RAILA, PRO-ORANGE DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENT (ODM)

www.eastandard.com
http://216.139.225.126:7008/live_tv_ke
www.raila2007.com


_____________

It takes more than rumuors and heresy to understand the complex issues (historical, political, tribal, economic, regional, gendered, international, national, religious, generational,personal, psychological and even imagined) that are contributing to the almost euphoric mood with which Kenyans are facing the forthcoming elections. Read, listen and discuss then develop your informed position. For me, I am ODM DAMU.
 
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See my recent posts under the thread: Kenyan Politics to get a view of what is happening on the ground as you put it.
 
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Kenyan-Tanzanian

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Dua check out my post under the thread: Kenyan Politics
 
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Kenyan Tanzania
Lakini ninachisikia kutoka kwa wakenya wengine ni kuwa, pamoja na kwamba Odinga na nafasi fulani ya kushinda lakini kuna hatari kuwa ataisambaratisha Kenya na sera ya yake ya umajimbo na kuwazuia wakikuyu kununua hisa kutoka kwenye viwanda vikubwa. Nasikia wajaluo wakiletewa hudama ya maji na Tuju wanakataa wanasema kama hajaleta Odinga hawawezi kutumia, hata kwenye katiba walisema kama katiba imesomwa na Odinga basi wajaluo wote wamesoma, sasa kama mwanasiasa anakuwa na base ya ukabila na sera za umakabila basi ni hatari.
 
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(photo: AP Photo. Khalil Senosi, File/)

First Lady urges Kenyans to support the President

Written By:pps , Posted: Sun, Oct 28, 2007
First Lady Mrs. Lucy Kibaki has urged Kenyans to give President Kibaki another five year mandate in order to continue with the policies, programmes and projects that he has started. Speaking Saturday when she presided over Jocham Hospital's Healthy Mothers Day at Kengeleni in Mombasa, the First Lady particularly called on all women in the country to support the Government as it has shown a genuine commitment to address challenges that they face.

"For example, as women, especially those who are single mothers, we have in the past shouldered the burden of educating our children. We no longer bear this burden as free primary education has been introduced," the First Lady said. The First Lady noted that women no longer pay for maternity services or for the treatment of children under the age of five, adding that women also no longer suffer flagrant abuses as the Government has put in place an appropriate legal framework to eliminate gender violence.

Said the First Lady: "These are clear indications that our Government is committed to ensuring the welfare of women."
In this regard, Mrs. Kibaki appealed to women to disregard those preaching tribalism and to vote for the leadership that has been tested and its ability proven. She advised wananchi to ignore those using lies and propaganda in order to lure voters, saying most of them are non-performers and did nothing to improve the lives of Kenyans despite being in leadership positions for more than 15 years.

The First Lady emphasized that experience in the last five years has demonstrated that the present leadership has the will and ability to improve the lives of women and all Kenyans in general and appealed to wananchi to vote for continuity. he also dismissed proponents of majimboism, saying the majimbo they are advocating for is a system that will divide Kenyans and create hatred instead of uniting wananchi. Noting that in Kenya pregnancy and childbirth related complications are the commonest cause of death among women aged 15 - 49 years, the First Lady expressed satisfaction that the Government has taken bold steps to address health challenges facing wananchi, especially women and children.

"For example, there are around 1.2 million pregnant women in Kenya per year. Out of these, between 6,000 to 10,000 die due to these complications. Some of the reasons why women die include delivery in the hands of unskilled persons and delay in seeking, accessing and receiving care," she said. In addressing health challenges facing women, Mrs. Kibaki said the Government has stepped up measures to improve maternal healthcare by ensuring that women have access to professional medical attention and by providing free maternity services in public dispensaries and health centers in the country.

She said the Government has also mounted community mobilization measures to sensitize women on the need to seek safe motherhood and neonatal services. In addition, Mrs. Kibaki said the Government has improved the provision of delivery kits to all health institutions in the country hence women should take advantage of these efforts by the Government so as to halt the loss of lives through pregnancy and childbirth related complications. Saying it is evident that President Kibaki's Government has made remarkable progress in the provision of health services, the First Lady noted that under the Vision 2030, the Government has laid out plans that will make the provision of health services even better.

Mrs. Kibaki commended Jocham Hospital for sensitizing mothers on preventive healthcare, saying it was unfortunate that many Kenyans still suffered, and even died, from preventable health problems. "This suffering and loss of lives can be avoided if our people are well sensitized on preventive healthcare. It is, therefore, important that we pay special attention to educating our people on how to protect themselves from preventable diseases," she said. She challenged medical practitioners in the public, private and faith-based health institutions to pay particular attention to health issues affecting women and children.

The First Lady pointed out that the well-being of the unborn child is one of the key commitments of the Organization of African First Ladies Against HIV/AIDS, adding that the Kenya Chapter of the Organization of African First Ladies Against HIV/AIDS has continued to pursue this agenda by encouraging women to avoid HIV infection by observing safe sexual behaviour and seeking counseling and testing in order to establish their HIV status. "Our focus is to save the unborn child with the prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS as the starting point. I take this opportunity to encourage pregnant women who are HIV positive to attend prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes and to seek infant feeding counseling," the First Lady said.

Besides ensuring safe motherhood, Mrs. Kibaki said the Government has also continued to invest heavily in fighting malaria, which is a key threat to the health of pregnant women and the leading cause of death among children under 5 years. In addressing this challenge, the First Lady said the Government introduced more effective treatment for malaria and has continued to distribute free treated mosquito nets. "I am glad to note that through these efforts, we have reduced infant mortality from malaria by 44 per cent since 2003. I urge women to acquire and use mosquito nets in order to protect themselves and their children from malaria," the First Lady said.

During the occasion, the First Lady donated mosquito nets to mothers who attended the function. Other speakers included Assistant Minister Annania Mwaboza and Coast Provincial Commissioner Ernest Munyi among others. Earlier, the First Lady addressed Party of National Unity (PNU) youth, at Moi International Airport and assured the youth in country of President Kibaki's unwavering support for them. The First Lady also addressed Mombasa ‘Kibaki tena' Women Lobby group who were meeting at Mbaraki Hall to discuss and polish their door-to-door campaign strategy.

She said President Kibaki is a leader who has given priority to the welfare of women in Kenyan, as proved by the policies and programmes he has put in place to benefit them.
Speaking of gender violence? Well well here we go..............Siyo huyu mama aliyekwenda kuwapiga waandishi wa habari asubuhi na mapema?
 
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Why EA's chaotic elections no longer scare the tourists away


In last week’s general election in Kenya, something happened that was observed in Uganda’s past three elections. The Kenyan currency put up one of its strongest performances ever against the dollar. Part of it has got to do with the global weakness of the US currency, which is being bashed about by even Mickey Mouse currencies. In Kenya, if truth were told, President Mwai Kibaki’s economic management also has something to do with it.
In the past, during retired president Daniel arap Moi’s rule, at every election the government would print money until Nairobi ran out of paper, and the Kenyan shilling would become ever more worthless. Kibaki, an old school Keynesian, changed all that, reversing Kenya’s economic slide by squeezing out growth rates of 6 per cent.

Like President Yoweri Museveni in Uganda, he resisted the temptation to print money with which to bribe voters. That is one major change that has happened in East Africa, from Bujumbura to Dar es Salaam. We have leaders who, largely, gamble less with their economies.

In the past, whenever there was an election in Kenya, you knew it in Uganda from the number of Kenyans, mostly of South Asian descent, who would pitch up to avoid possible chaos until the “natives” had sorted out their vote fights. And you knew when Uganda was having elections, because again many South Asians and expatriates would take off for Nairobi and Tanzania and wait until the voting was done.

This “capital flight” takes place at far lower levels these days, and in Kenya this time, the flow of tourists remained high. The numbers, actually, will be higher than last year, when there was no election. There are four explanations for this. First, although democracy isn’t germinating quickly enough and uniformly enough in East Africa, at least elections are becoming routine, and there is less anxiety around them.

SECOND, MARKETS AND BUSINESSES now don’t expect there to be any wild changes in economic policy upon a change of government in the region. One of the things preventing the outbreak of madness around economic issues is the calming effect of the East African Community. In addition, when politicians leave the city and spend most of their time in the countryside campaigning, they are unable to meddle with work that is best left to civil servants, in the process allowing some new light to shine on government business.

However, the main reason we see less foreign currency flight and economic jitters when elections are taking place in East Africa, and indeed most of Africa, is that this money simply has nowhere to go. The person we have to thank for this is US President George Bush. There are many terrible things that the Bush-Tony Blair-led “war on terror” has wrought. However, the elaborate system that was developed to trace hidden monies that might be used to finance “terrorism” means that most of the fortunes squirreled away by dubious characters, the loot that leaders steal from their national treasuries, the proceeds of drug and human trafficking money, have all come under the radar.

With the seizures of many “dirty” accounts in the “war on terror”, it is no longer safe to move one’s money around. There are fewer incentives for businessmen to ship large sums of their money abroad during an election, because it might never come back. Also, because all of a sudden many parts of the world that tourists used to flock to have become dangerous – either because of terrorism or tsunamis and other environmental disasters – any country where there is no cholera, Sars, or Ebola outbreak, and that doesn’t have a civil war being fought on its streets and holiday beaches – is an attractive destination.
Onyango has lost the name Kenya. How can one country be East Africa, I wonder ............



And then ................




... Forgive those who trespass



As we begin 2008, we can say with certainty that the crimes of the 20th century have been unprecedented — the Holocaust, two World Wars, genocide in Rwanda, Cambodia, and famine among other disasters.

We thus entered the 21st Century full of lessons. In Rwanda, we remained aware of the enormity of the crimes committed in the past. But what I find incredible is the act of forgiveness that our people have mustered. Could they have taken it straight from what Jesus Christ taught — that those who ask for forgiveness must also grant it — as enshrined in the Lord’s prayer?

Rwanda’s post-genocide experience has influenced many countries. Delegations from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cote d’Ivoire, Southern Sudan and Somalia have been to Rwanda in search of medicine for peace and reconciliation. WE KNOW IN RWANDA THAT forgiveness is the result of dialogue, which involves reciprocal communication of an extended and delicate kind. The one who forgives, for instance, goes out to the one who has injured him, and his or her gesture involves a changed state of mind, a setting aside of resentment.

Such a transformation can only be achieved with time.

What seems to be happening is that through the effort of co-operation and sympathy, each person strives to set his or her own interests aside and look the other side through the eyes of the “impartial spectator.” THE TRADITIONAL GACACA courts have gone a long way towards creating an enabling environment for peace and reconciliation.

In the Gacaca court proceedings, each party’s narrative is both an account of the injury and an allocation of blame; ideal and reality, exoneration and fault, are all woven together, and forgiveness can be seen as in part an attempt to harmonise the narratives, so that the story comes to an end in a new beginning. BUT FORGIVENESS MUST sometimes be hard, and penitence no less so; in the political arena, it is not forgiveness but apology that counts.

As we begin the New Year, 2008, let us learn from the lessons of the past, how to forgive but not to forget, since it is unique to rational beings and is a gift of freedom. Enjoy the New Year with a renewed spirit of forgiveness.
Interesting reading.......................
 

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