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Zanzibar Wants More Say in Union;Urgues unfair Fiscal and Monetary Agreements kills it's Economy

Discussion in 'Uchaguzi Tanzania' started by nngu007, Apr 27, 2011.

  1. nngu007

    nngu007 JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Bamuturaki Musinguzi
    Source; GhanaNation.COM

    Nairobi — The course of the 47-year existence of the United Republic of Tanzania has been anything but smooth.

    From Zanzibar Nationalism, the structure of government, and inequity in the sharing of government offices within the Union to sharing the benefits and costs including revenue and foreign aid, the problems have kept coming back to haunt the Union government.

    According to a report of the Kituo Cha Katiba fact-finding mission to Tanzania, with regard to the economy, Zanzibar argues that there are unfair fiscal and monetary agreements that kill its economy.

    For example, it points out that there is double taxation of goods imported into the Tanzania Mainland from Zanzibar.

    Petroleum and natural gas, which are likely to be discovered off the islands, have been included in the list of Union matters.

    However, gold, diamonds and tanzanite that are found in Tanzania Mainland are not classified as such.

    Even more contentious is the list of matters reserved for the Union government.
    The original 11 articles were, over time, increased, reaching 22 by 1990. To Zanzibaris, this is intended to undermine the autonomy and identity of Zanzibar.
    Zanzibar complained about the sharing formula of revenues of 4.5 per cent for Zanzibar, which the Isles suggest be raised to 10 per cent.

    The Union insists that is too high and would settle for 5 per cent.

    Likewise, complaints persist that the Union government exclusively bears all costs of collecting revenue in Zanzibar (by the Tanzania Revenue Authority).

    "In terms of resources, the people in Zanzibar pointed out that the mainland has minerals, national parks, agricultural land as compared with Zanzibar, which has limited resources..." says the report.

    With regard to foreign aid they pointed out that although it is solicited and received in the name of the United Republic, Zanzibar receives little, or nothing in respect to non-Union matters such as agriculture.

    It is the mainland that decides on behalf of Zanzibar how much it should get. Yet Zanzibar cannot shop for foreign aid for itself.

    On their part, business people decried double taxation, saying that while the TRA has a presence in Zanzibar, once you re-export to the mainland, there is reassessment, harassment, delays in clearing the goods.

    The structure of government has also been put under a microscope.

    The bone of contention is that the Union deals with Union and non-Union matters lumped together.

    Hence Zanzibaris feel that when a minister of the Union deals with issues affecting both entities, he is likely to favour the mainland. In short, there is a conflict of interest.

    At the same time, budgetary allocations are bundled together for the Union government and Tanzania Mainland without any clear distinction.

    It is for this reason that there has been a clamour for the establishment of a three-tier government consisting of the Union, Zanzibar and Tanzania Mainland.

    This problem dramatically took centre stage in 1984 and led to the then president of Zanzibar, Aboud Jumbe, being forced to resign.

    In regard to political and government institutions and processes, Zanzibaris stated that they are not considered a country, yet they are.

    They pointed out that while the Union entails two countries, their president has no role.

    They pointed to the inequity in the sharing of government offices within the Union. There are only three ambassadors from Zanzibar.

    The ambassadors from the mainland work for the benefit of the mainland. Likewise, they point to the relatively few Zanzibaris serving in embassies abroad.

    A Zanzibari is yet to serve as the Inspector General of Government.

    In the army, all ranking generals are from the mainland. Most staff in the Tanzania Revenue Authority are said to be from the mainland too.

    "In general, therefore, at the political level, many Zanzibaris do not think the Union is in their interest; they think that they have no say in the Union. They feel marginalised; they believe that, at the institutional level, they are not taken care of. They do not get to learn of opportunities or services offered by ministries dealing with Union matters since they do not maintain offices in Zanzibar," the mission observes in a report titled "Federation within Federation: The Tanzania Union Experience and the East African Integration Process."However, peace and security were pointed out as benefits of the Union.

    From the mainland, there were complaints about the over-representation of Zanzibar in Union institutions, including parliament.

    It was also pointed out that the portfolios for the mainland in government are virtually non-existent since there are people from Zanzibar holding portfolios for non-Union matters.

    According to the mission, these issues were compounded by the unique structure of the Union: A two-government structure with a Union government and government of Zanzibar, but without a Tanganyika government. On the one hand, it was claimed that Zanzibar could not negotiate with the partner with whom they had executed the Union treaty with a view to modifying it as the need arose.

    Revive Tanganyika

    On the other, there were voices from the mainland calling for the revival of a Tanganyika government.

    The dual mandate of the Union government, for instance, jurisdiction over Union matters, and over non-Union matters of the mainland created its own problems and suspicions.

    "An attempt was made to design mechanisms to deal with the problems but these, including the Constitution Court, a Permanent Commission and many ad hoc ones appear to have been largely ineffectual; they always had to resort to the one-party structure to deal with the issues," the report observes.

    "The transition to multiparty politics has made the latter approach to Union problems impractical. The transition has also brought in its wake, problems of electoral and post-electoral violence and claims of electoral fraud in Zanzibar. This has in turn highlighted the problems of the Union, and in particular the place of Zanzibar within the Union," it adds.

    The incremental erosion of the powers of the government of Zanzibar is best illustrated by the 1977 merger of Tanganyika African National Union and Afro Shirazi Party.

    This meant that matters that were entirely within the jurisdiction of Zanzibar were to be decided by a pan-territorial political party - Chama cha Mapinduzi.


    In the political arena, two court cases were filed asking the High Court of Zanzibar to declare the Union null and void.

    Other players have mooted the renegotiation of the Articles of Union to create a fully fledged federation.

    The Articles of Union constitute the legal basis of the Union and for them to have effect, they should have been ratified by both Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
    There is no evidence of any law in Zanzibar ratifying the treaty. The only evidence of ratification appeared in the Government of Tanganyika Gazette under the signature of the Solicitor General of the Tanganyika Government.

    The Union, therefore, it is concluded by some, "lacked a legal basis right from the very beginning because while the Articles were signed by Karume they were not ratified. The Union therefore exists de facto, but not as a matter of law," the reports notes.

    "Hence decisions were made on the basis of good will and political expediency rather than law and the constitution. The unification process was not constitutionalised; it was just a political agreement between Nyerere and Karume and even the Articles of Union came as an afterthought. They were formulated subsequent to the fact."

    It was stated that some key figures in government do not understand the structure of the Union, for instance, the two governments and three jurisdictions.
    This creates confusion which is compounded by the constitution itself.

    It was pointed out that while Article 4 of the constitution does provide for the two governments with three jurisdictions other parts of the constitution mix up things and blur the distinction.
  2. Makaimati

    Makaimati JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Msitu ukiingia moto, hakuna kitachobaki.

    Kituo cha Katiba si TAASISI ya Zanzibar wala Tanzania, wakubwa acheni jeuri, sikilizeni maoni hayo na yafanyieni kazi haraka.
  3. N

    Nanu JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Since I was born, I only knew a country called URT (United Republic of Tanzania). I never knew that there is a country called Tanzania Mainland and or Zanzibar. The only thing I knew is that there were two countries prior to 26th April 1964 which united together and formed the URT.

    If there are people who enjoyed this Unity are not less than the Zanzibaris. Take their numbers from 1964, and think of how many have gone to schools abroad and within on the tax payers money paid by the cotton, coffee, sisal, etc farmers of Tanzania Mainland. Most of the economic activities in the Isle are controlled by the so called Revolutionary Govt of Zanzibar (in which I don't know) why this name still called Revilution all these years!

    If we have to day try to do a little of Arithmetic, we would come to know that the so called Zanzibaris whom they will not exists after the URT is gone, as there will be Ungujans and Pembas, will have to pay Tanganyika Ransoms.

    If we look these arguments for the sake of politicising, we can urge a lot but as Mwalimu did say...Zanzibar is called Zanzibar and they call themseleves Zanzibaris b/se of the Unity. Out of the Unity, the other names will emerge.

    If it is my opinion, all URT citizens are equal and should be treated equally without seggregation as if you are a Zanzanzibaris or a Tanzanian. Infact, we only have one country and one Nation, and that is United Republic of Tanzania.

    What is hunting us now is selfishness of few individuals who are inwardly looking for their own benefits without considering the benefits of all the Tanzania citizens and several generations to come. They see themselves as the only people previlleged to live and no other generation thereafter which is a very wrong concept all together.

    I hate people who describe Tanzanians in terms of their place of origins. These are the cheap politicians and it is unfortunately that b/se of their tendency to talk in nice convincing languages and do against what they have talked about, we have all the flaws we are still counting today. As a citizen of this beatiful nation, I would want to see my grand grand children living in the URT and not a divided nation.

    However, the Zanzibaris have a lot to loose than to gain when they continue their selfishness!!!!!!!!!!!!! God bless URT, Long live URT!!!
  4. Makaimati

    Makaimati JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Everybody is entitled to an opinion.

    For us Tanzania is a myth created by Nyerere for his selfish and evil reasons promulgated by his envy of Zanzibar. He may be a saint to you, but to some of us, an intelligent psycopath.

    "If I could tow that island out into the middle of Indian Ocean, Id' do it."

    And lest you forgot, he also said,

    ""Without any question, the manner and the implications of the union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar is the most misunderstood aspect of Tanzania's political development. It may not matter very much when foreigners get confused, but unfortunately there are many times when Tanzanians themselves appear to misunderstand"

    Tanzania has never been and will never (repeat never) be one one country, ever.

    Zanzibar for Zanzibaris and we cant wait to see your backs.

    And it was Oscar Kambona, Nyerere's foreign minister, who privately admitted: ‘the aim behind the formation of that Union was to curb the influence of Islam in East Africa'!! That, I am afraid, is the ugly reality of the Tanzanian MYTH!
  5. Ndumbayeye

    Ndumbayeye JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    kwani mkuu umehaidiwa uwaziri kiongozi nini? mbona mkali hivyo, nikiona post zako nachoka
  6. Pharaoh

    Pharaoh JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Mikwara mbuzi ya Kizenji, mnachekesha sana Wazenji, sijui mna matatizo gani.
  7. Makaimati

    Makaimati JF-Expert Member

    Apr 27, 2011
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    Uwaziri Kiongozi hakuna tena maana tumebadili Katiba yetu ku accomodate Makamo wawili wa Rais ikiwa ni mwanzo wa mchakato wetu wa kujipapatua na "muungano" huu feki.

    Everybody is entitled to have an opinion.

    ATUGLORY Senior Member

    Apr 29, 2011
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    You May be entitled to your own opinion but not your own facts!
    Unfortunately We will have to patiently endure your cries and whinning because I can't see genuine resolve from your side (Zanzibaris) to do us (Tanganyikans) some favor by quitting out of this Useless Union, Our children and Grand children will be better off without Zanzibaris!!