- May 25, 2011
UN yapinga ujenzi wa makaazi ya walowezi wa Kiyahudi
Baraza la Usalama la Umoja wa Mataifa limepitisha azimio la kuitaka Israel isimamishe ujenzi wa makaazi ya walowezi wa Kiyahudi kwenye Ukingo wa Magharibi.
Balozi wa Marekani kwenye Umoja wa Mataifa Samantha Power ametetea uamuzi wa nchi yake wa kutoshiriki kupiga kura baada ya miaka mingi ya kutumia kura ya turufu kuyapinga maazimio yaliyokuwa yanailaumu Israel.
Kwa upande wake Israel imemlaumu rais Barack Obama kwa hatua hiyo na imeapa kwamba haita litekeleza azimio hilo la Umoja wa Mataifa.
Balozi wa Marekani kwenye Umoja wa Mataifa amesema uamuzi wa nchi yake kwa namna yoyote ile hautapunguza msimamo thabiti wa Marekani wa kuunga mkono usalama wa Israel akitolea mfano msaada uliotolewa na Marekani wa dola bilioni 38 kwa ajili ya kununulia silaha.
Kwa upande wake mamlaka ya Palestina yamelipongeza Baraza la Usalama kwa kupitisha azimio hilo huku yakiilaumu Israel kwa sera yake ya ujenzi wa makaazi ya walowezi katika Ukingo wa Magharibi.
UN Security Council votes against Israeli settlements.
Barbara Plett-Usher explains the significance of the UN Security Council's vote against illegal Israeli settlements.
The US refused to veto the resolution, instead abstaining.
The UN Security Council has voted in favour of a resolution demanding the halt of settlement activity by Israel on occupied Palestinian territory with the United States notably abstaining.
The resolution was put forward at the 15-member council for a vote on Friday by New Zealand, Malaysia, Venezuela and Senegal a day after Egypt withdrew it under pressure from Israel and US president-elect Donald Trump.
Israel and Trump had called on the United States to veto the measure.
"This is a day of victory for international law, a victory for civilised language and negotiation and a total rejection of extremist forces in Israel," chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat told Reuters news agency.
"The international community has told the people of Israel that the way to security and peace is not going to be done through occupation ... but rather through peace, ending the occupation and establishing a Palestinian state to live side by side with the state of Israel on the 1967 line," Erekat said.
UN votes on ending Israeli settlements
The resolution was adopted with 14 votes in favour to a resounding round of applause. It is the first resolution the Security Council has adopted on Israel and the Palestinians in nearly eight years.
"Israel rejects this shameful anti-Israel resolution at the UN and will not abide by its terms," a statement from the office of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said.
The United States' abstention was the biggest rebuke in recent history to longstanding ally Israel, allowing the Security Council to condemn its settlements and continuing construction in Palestinian territory as a "flagrant violation" of international law.
The resolution said Israel's settlements on Palestinian territory occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem, have "no legal validity.
It demanded a halt to "all Israeli settlement activities", saying this "is essential for salvaging the two-state solution".
Analysis: UNSC vote on Israeli settlements postponed
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi had backtracked on the move to condemn Israel's settlement policy on Thursday after receiving a phone call from US president-elect Donald Trump, who spoke out in favour of a US veto.
Israeli Ambassador to the UN Danny Danon said his government had expected a US veto of "this disgraceful resolution".
"I have no doubt that the new US administration and the incoming UN secretary general will usher in a new era in terms of the UN's relationship with Israel," said Danon after the vote.
Trump said in a tweet: "As to the UN, things will be different after Jan 20th."
Trump is likely to be a more staunch supporter of Netanyahu's right-wing policies. He named a hardline pro-Israel ambassador and vowed to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
Trump: US should veto UN Israel settlement resolution
Israeli settlements are seen as a major stumbling block to peace efforts as they are built on land the Palestinians see as part of their future state.
The United Nations maintains that settlements are illegal, but UN officials have reported a surge in construction over the past months.
Israeli Energy Minister Yuval Steinitz accused the US of abandoning Israel by abstaining.
"This is not a resolution against settlements, it is an anti-Israel resolution, against the Jewish people and the state of the Jews. The United States tonight has simply abandoned its only friend in the Middle East," Steinitz, who is close to Netanyahu, told Channel Two News.
Some 430,000 Israeli settlers currently live in the West Bank and a further 200,000 Israelis live in East Jerusalem, which the Palestinians see as the capital of their future state.
Egypt: Trump convinced Sisi to withdraw UN resolution
The passage of the resolution changes nothing on the ground between Israel and the Palestinians, and likely will be all but ignored by the incoming Trump administration.