Technical explanation on Concentrate Ban from ACACIA Chief Operating Officer

king Davidson

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Feb 9, 2017
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How and why do we produce gold and copper concentrates?

On Friday 3rd March, the Ministry of Energy and Minerals issued a press release stopping the export of mineral sands on the basis that companies should be investing in building smelters in Tanzania for further processing, rather than shipping this product to other countries.

The directive has been in place for two weeks now and affects Acacia at both Bulyanhulu and Buzwagi, which produce a concentrate containing gold, copper and silver. North Mara is not affected.

Our CEO, Brad Gordon was in Tanzania last week to attend urgent meetings with government officials and to try and explain the impact that this ban will have on our business even while we have further dialogue on a suitable way forward to explore smelter options for Tanzania. At this stage, the ban remains in place though we remain hopeful that there will be some positive news in the near future so that normal operations can be restored.

The export of mineral sands, or in our case, the sale of gold and copper concentrate, is an emotive subject in every country with sovereign mineral wealth. There is a view that Tanzania is losing considerable added value by not smelting and refining concentrates in country, while there is another view that companies are also stealing from Tanzania by not declaring all the metals contained in the concentrate.

These are serious issues, with serious consequences for our integrity and the sustainability and profitability of our business and the Tanzanian mining industry. For Acacia to be successful in Tanzania, we must be able to address and correct these misconceptions. Just so everyone is clear, at our mines, we generate our revenue by:

1. Producing and selling gold bars (doré) which are then refined into a more pure gold product – this accounts for 55% of revenues at Bulyanhulu, 45% of revenues at Buzwagi and 100% of revenues at North Mara


2. Producing and selling a concentrate which is smelted and refined to separate out the gold, copper and silver – this accounts for 45% of revenues at Bulyanhulu, 55% of revenues at Buzwagi and 0% of revenues at North Mara


Gold sales account for 95% of total revenues, with 70% coming from doré sales and 25% coming from gold contained within the concentrate. The remaining 5% of revenues is from copper in the concentrate and a very small amount of silver. On this basis, the company is currently losing 30% of its total revenue stream, and around 50% of the combined revenues of Bulyanhulu and Buzwagi. With the concentrate ban in place, this equates to lost revenue of more than $1 million per day (with additional revenue lost for all of the concentrate sitting in Dar es Salaam waiting for shipment for which royalties have been paid).


Addressing the issue of trust


There is a perception that we do not declare everything that is in our concentrate. This is simply not true.

The Tanzania Minerals Audit Agency (TMAA) is present at each of our mines and even has padlocks and seals on various pieces of equipment inside the gold room so that we cannot operate them without the TMAA being physically present to verify everything that we do. Every gold bar and every shipping container of concentrate is sampled so that we know the content of gold, copper and silver. Four samples are taken: one for Acacia, one for the TMAA, one for the overseas smelter and one umpire sample which is kept separate and used if there is a dispute or difference between the other samples.

Further to having the TMAA on site, when it comes time to transporting the gold bars or the concentrate, the Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) is also present to observe the process. Before the containers of concentrate can be loaded onto trucks, we must know the value of the gold, copper and silver in the concentrate from the samples taken, and pay the royalty to the government. When the royalty is received in the government bank accounts, the containers are sealed by the TMAA and TRA and then trucking can commence.

What is a concentrate and why do we produce it?

How we process our ore to liberate the contained precious minerals is determined by how and why these minerals were originally formed or deposited in the rocks hundreds of millions or billions of years ago. The scientific fields of geology, mining engineering and metallurgy (mineral processing) are fascinating and require an in depth understanding of the best way to find, mine and process (extract) the payable minerals.

In general terms, when gold is the only payable mineral present (i.e. >98-99% of the value), we can process the ore on the mine site and create gold bars. At both North Mara and Geita, gold is extracted using gravity techniques for the coarse, free gold and then cyanide to leach the finer disseminated gold. Gold bars are smelted at both mines.

Bulyanhulu and Buzwagi have slightly different processes, due to the rock types at the mines which host the gold (95% of the value) and other payable metals such as copper and silver (the remaining 5% of the value). Both mines are still able to extract around half of their gold using gravity and cyanide leach techniques. However we need to use more elaborate techniques to break down the sulphide rock so that the rest of the gold, copper and silver can be liberated.

Fortunately, we can concentrate the sulphides using a process called ‘flotation’ where chemicals are added to the finely ground rock, causing the ore to float and thus separate from the waste rock. The flotation processes are very effective and allow for the gold, copper and silver to be concentrated into a product with much higher values and a much smaller mass than was originally mined:

 Bulyanhulu Mine can process 1.0 million tonnes of underground ore per year and, through the flotation process, remove most of the waste rock and concentrate the minerals into approximately 25,850 tonnes of concentrate containing gold and copper. That is nearly a 40 times reduction in mass which then makes the resultant concentrate valuable enough to sell


 Buzwagi Mine can process 4.4 million tonnes of open pit ore per year which is much lower grade and, through flotation, remove most of the waste rock and concentrate the minerals into approximately 25,750 tonnes of concentrate containing gold and copper. That is nearly a 200 times reduction in mass which then makes the resultant concentrate valuable enough to sell
We can never recover 100% of the gold, silver and copper from our ore. At Bulyanhulu, our gravity, cyanide leach and flotation processes are maximised to achieve the best gold recovery whilst recovering sufficient copper to make the concentrate worthwhile for the smelters (whose primary product in copper) to even want to purchase from us.


I trust that people understand from this brief description, that it is the type of orebody that dictates the processing options that we use. In some respects, North Mara and Geita are actually lucky because they are able to do all of their processing on site and only produce gold bars. For the Bulyanhulu and Buzwagi concentrates, gold is still the most important product as the copper and silver is only 10-15% of the value of the concentrate.


Downstream Processing

It appears that one of the main concerns causing the ban on our selling concentrates for export is that we should be doing all of the downstream processing in Tanzania because otherwise the country doesn’t potentially get full benefit for its minerals. It is important to note that our gold/copper/silver concentrates are already a highly processed and beneficiated product.

Whilst the smelters do charge to process our concentrate, on average for the contract terms that we have agreed with the overseas smelters, we receive 97% of the total value of gold, silver and copper. That is because with any smelting or other chemical process, getting 100% recovery is impossible and these terms pass the risk to the overseas smelters to ensure that they can actually achieve above these recovery rates (or they will lose money). In Tanzania (if a smelter were built), the smelter operator would need to offer competitive terms, not just on price but also on recovery of the various metals, therefore their margins would depend on their own processing costs and efficiency.

There are generally two different types of downstream treatment options to extract the gold, copper and silver from the concentrate: smelting and oxidation. There are three types of oxidation process: roasting, pressure oxidation and biooxidation. The type of process used will depend on a number of variables including the types of ore, size of facility and access to cheap power.

1) Smelting: involves heating the concentrate to 1,200°C to melt the valuable metals (gold, copper and silver)

2) Roasting: essentially ‘cooking’ the concentrate at 750°C and isolating the gold, copper and silver by converting the sulphur in the sulphide minerals into sulphur dioxide gas (which then produces large volumes of sulphuric acid)

3) Pressure oxidation: an autoclave (massive oven) operating at temperatures of 190 - 225°C and high pressures of 1.9 - 3.2 MPa (many components constructed from titanium due to the aggressive conditions)

4) Bio-oxidation: use bacteria in a liquid wash at 42°C, which literally ‘eat’ the sulphide away from the contained gold, copper and silver

There is a lot more detail which can be provided to explain these various processing techniques, though in each case the copper is first separated from the gold and silver and these are treated separately to get the final metal product.

If our mines were able to build dedicated downstream processing facilities, they would be tiny compared to the large commercial smelters. Furthermore, power costs in Tanzania are high compared to other countries with developed smelting industry. When the mines were being built (Bulyanhulu in 1999-2000 and Buzwagi in 2007-2008), studies showed that it was far more cost effective to sell the concentrates to large commercial toll smelters with access to cheap power rather than build our own. We currently sell our concentrate to smelters in Germany, China and Japan.

Based on the current mine plan, Buzwagi will only produce concentrate for another 18 months, after which time, when it is processing the low grade oxide stockpiles, it will not recover any copper and all gold will recovered by gravity and cyanide leach. This will leave Bulyanhulu as the only large scale mine in Tanzania which produces a concentrate.

What do you think?

As employees of Acacia, or contractors working at the Acacia mines, or family and friends, you will no doubt wonder why there is no smelting facility for our gold, copper and silver concentrates in Tanzania.

Ultimately, if it made economic sense to do so – for the country and for the company – then such facilities would have been built. In the south of the DRC and in northern Zambia (all part of the same copper belt, where copper is the primary product), there are sufficient mines producing copper concentrate to warrant constructing large smelters and refineries in country to serve a number of mines which can share the cost. In South America, some of the copper mines – such as Chuquicamata in Chile – are so large that they do their own downstream processing (with a capacity of 855,000 tonnes per year, compared to the Bulyanhulu requirement of just 25-30,000 tonnes per year).

The TMAA conducted an independent study into the construction of a smelter for copper and gold in Tanzania which was updated in early 2011 and which concluded that it was not viable to do so. Acacia has offered to fund the Government conducting an update of this study (though we would not be involved in the study itself), to see whether the situation has changed.

It is important that we all understand more about this concentrate ban so that when it is discussed in different circles, more informed comments and discussions can be had. This issue really is affecting all of us. Please do provide feedback so that we can help to make this matter easier to understand, build trust and explain. With the current approach, we believe we are doing the best for Tanzania and Acacia, by downstream processing our gold and copper ore into a gold copper concentrate on site in Tanzania and then selling this product for smelting and refining in other countries.

Asante Sana

Mark Morcombe
Chief Operating Officer
 

Geechie

JF-Expert Member
Oct 26, 2015
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Do we have any hints on what's going on with the Acacia team vs Kabu.........di n co.
 

JMWAKA

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Jun 18, 2012
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Huyo anaejiita Echolima hayupo sawa kama anamtetea Lisu ambaye amesema ati tunadaiwa na hao makinikia ilhali wao hawajasema wala kuthibitisha hivyo

Jambo la hovyo kwa mtz mzalendo


sent from Korea kaskazini
 

Mzee Mukaruka

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Jun 18, 2012
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We have to wait even a long periodically time.
Rais Magufuli katoa majibu ya hili swali jana alipokuwa akipokea zile ripoti mbili za Almasi na Tanzanite pale Ikulu. In fact wengi, wengine kwa nia nzuri na wengine kwa nia ovu, tulikuwa tunajiuliza swali hilo! In fact wengine walianza hata kusema UONGO juu ya hili na kuanza ku speculate sumu on this. Nampongeza Rais Magufuli kwa kulisemea hili kwa uwazi kabisa.
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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The state would take possession of diamond operations because existing miners [Petra & Williamson Diamonds Limited] had robbed the country of its wealth for many years.

The state must have a monopoly because lots of smuggling and swindling has taken place, we cannot trust private companies in that area again!

We should have learnt from the experiences of countries like Botswana, Angola and Namibia.
By the way, do we trust ourselves?
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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There's no other alternative. We have to develop our capabilities to the maximum, though the corruption will probably destroy the operations but we have to manage it to the greatest degree possible!
Only if, the social / public institutions and every individual opt for patriotic ethics and values! It is unfortunately that we are in a swirl of poverty and selfishness. Whoever gets a chance of a deal, there he goes for it, come what may!
I am also of the opinion that, corruption was given a room to dominate our mindset because of the image from honest and patriotic retired civil servants' poor and hopeless life status that they lived in and still live in! The government forgot to prepare a reasonable and sufficient "stay happy and joyous life as you retire" package for them! So among other necessary steps that the government needs take in containing corruption is, at least, to revisit civil servants payroll!
Digest and cheers!
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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View attachment 586046
Only happened in TANZANIA! "The amount of taxes paid by just one beer maker in TANZANIA is billions of shillings in 2015, which is around 34 percent higher than the combined taxes paid by all large - scale gold mines."
Jeez! Incredible! Could it be because of the holiday tax? Can someone from the Bank of Tanzania help us with the calculations before we whip these national crooks / national gangs who put us in an economical dilemma?
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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Petra Diamonds shares drop 23% as Tanzania blocks exports, questions staff

Petra Diamonds is heading for its biggest one-day share price drop since 2001, after the company warned that the Tanzanian government had blocked the export of one of its diamond parcels amid a probe into malpractice across the sector.

The company has suspended operations at its Williamson mine in Tanzania, which is 25 per cent owned by the government, and said “certain key personnel” are being questioned by Tanzanian authorities.

Shares in the company were down 23.6 per cent at publication time, at 68.8p, bringing its losses for the year to date to more than 56 per cent.

Source: Subscribe to read
When your smartness is outsmarted (time for "business as usual" is bygone), you need to revisit your position! In other words, Petra Diamonds need to revisit their professional integrity, ethics and values. Always, avoid makandokando in the business as well as cleaning their house to avoid future business calamities, period!
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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President John Magufuli has announced that the government through TPDF will build the wall over all the area's Tanzanite mines to stop foreign and domestic firms syphoning off gems without declaring them.

He has decided that this area should be a monopoly area having a mineral business point and only the companies recognized by state should be able to do mining.

This is because Tanzanians have not been able to see or hear what was going on and lots of smuggling have taken place and the companies that have been mining virtually robbed us of our wealth.
Better late than never! Our lovely President Maghufuli (the inborn patriot), keep it up!
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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Fri 22 Sep 2017 07:00

ACACIA MINING PLC - Positive Results from Buzwagi processing trial
PR Newswire London, September 21 22 September 2017

THIS ANNOUNCEMENT CONTAINS INSIDE INFORMATION

Acacia Mining plc
Positive Results from Buzwagi Processing Trial

Acacia is pleased to announce positive results from the processing trial underway at Buzwagi that has been designed to maximise gold doré production from the mine.

Buzwagi currently produces both doré (gold bars) and a gold/copper concentrate (with over 90% of the value of the concentrate being gold). During 2017, gold/copper concentrate has accounted for approximately 65% of Buzwagi's gold production. Since 3 March 2017, however, the mine has been unable to export and sell its concentrate, and as such has only been selling approximately 35% of its gold production, whilst incurring 100% of the cost of production.

The results of the processing trial to date have indicated that Buzwagi should be able to achieve gold recoveries of around 85% through the additional use of reagents in the leaching circuit at limited additional operating costs. All of the recovered gold will be produced in doré form. Buzwagi previously intended to end concentrate production in Q2 2018, but as a result of the trial the mine will solely produce doré from now until the end of its life in 2020.

There are no changes to group production or cost guidance resulting from this processing change, however it will result in Buzwagi being able to sell an additional 8,000-10,000 ounces per month for the remainder of the year. As such, Government royalties and local service levies (which are based on revenue) from Buzwagi are expected to more than double for the remainder of the year due to the increase in sales compared to the last 6 months.

We believe that the changes will move the mine from a monthly cashflow negative position to a monthly cashflow positive position, strengthening Acacia's balance sheet and helping to protect thousands of direct and indirect jobs that the Company supports.
That is grateful! Let Bulyanhulu practice the same, instead of closing business.
 

BILLY ISISWE

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Feb 10, 2014
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Hiyo eee huyo mutual understanding. Ndio shida kwa mafisadi. JPM anawaona kama wanataka kula tu. Afadhali kuwa kamanda peke yeke. Kila nahali 10 or 20%, inaumiza sana
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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Acacia Mining announces changes to its management team

Acacia would like to advise the market that Brad Gordon, Chief Executive Officer, and Andrew Wray, Chief Financial Officer, have separately notified the Company of their intention to resign from their positions.

Both Brad and Andrew will remain with the Company until the end of the year to ensure a smooth transition. Brad will be returning to Australia for family reasons, while Andrew is pursuing an opportunity elsewhere.

Concurrently, the Board is pleased to announce the appointment of Peter Geleta, currently Acacia’s Head of Organisational Effectiveness, as Interim Chief Executive Officer. Jaco Maritz, currently Acacia’s General Manager, Finance, will be appointed Chief Financial Officer. Both appointments will be effective from 1 January 2018. Peter (54) has 35 years of mining industry experience in both operational and corporate leadership positions, primarily in Africa. Prior to joining Acacia, Peter held senior roles at AngloGold Ashanti (25 years) and Barrick Gold Corporation (“Barrick”).

He joined Acacia in May 2012 as Vice President, Organisational Effectiveness. Since then, Peter has been a key member of the Executive Team of Acacia and an integral part of the Company’s turnaround. During his time with Acacia, Peter has also served as General Manager of the Bulyanhulu mine and helped lead the successful restructuring of the business. Peter holds an Executive MBA qualification from the University of Cape Town.

Jaco (42) has been with Acacia and its predecessor companies since 2001 in a range of increasingly senior finance roles covering all aspects of the finance function. He was initially employed by Placer Dome, which was acquired by Barrick in 2006, and was part of Acacia at its inception. In 2013, Jaco spent six months acting as Chief Financial Officer for the business, prior to the appointment of Andrew. Jaco is a member of the South African Institute of Chartered Accountants.

In addition to assuming the role of Interim CEO, Peter will also replace Brad on the Board of Directors at the end of the year. As a result, the Board will continue to consist of 7 Directors, with 1 Executive Director, 4 independent Non-Executive Directors and 2 Non-Executive Directors.

Commenting on the changes, Kelvin Dushnisky, Chairman of Acacia said, “Brad and Andrew have been instrumental in the operational and financial turnaround of Acacia over the past four years and on behalf of the Board and the Company, I would like to extend our sincere thanks to both of them for their contributions. We wish them all the best for the future.

We are equally confident that Peter and Jaco will move seamlessly into their new roles. Peter’s demonstrated leadership skills, combined with his all-around abilities and strong experience across all aspects and all levels of the African mining industry will be an important asset for Acacia.

Jaco’s expertise and long history with the company make him the natural successor for Andrew. The Board will continue to provide the management team with our full support as the Company focuses on delivering against our operational targets, which remain unchanged from the Q3 results, while seeking a resolution to the situation in Tanzania.”
When elders talk, remember to keep silent!
 

MJINI CHAI

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Dec 12, 2010
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i do agree that acacia as company has nothing to be blamed on this issue, As business always struggle to make their investment profitable as they can.
Blamming must take it do yo know why...?
Always there is problems from your management. TAX EVASION, CORRUPTION, BRIBERY, FRAUD, and we must include MURDER, POISON IN OUR WATER, ENVIRONMENT DISASTERS, DESTROYING PROPERTY.
......!!!!!!! Who could tolerate in this Situation.........!!!!???? That kind of struggling to make Profit is not Fair.........................Know as Tanzanian we should stand for our National.............
 

MJINI CHAI

JF-Expert Member
Dec 12, 2010
2,143
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Always there is problems from your management. TAX EVASION, CORRUPTION, BRIBERY, FRAUD, and we must include MURDER, POISON IN OUR WATER, ENVIRONMENT DISASTERS, DESTROYING PROPERTY.
All that who involved Must eat the HOT SOUP..........
 

Massanda OMtima Massanda

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Jun 27, 2017
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TANZANIA'S ANTI-CORRUPTION CRUSADER CRACKS DOWN ON OPPONENTS

President John Magufuli was a popular choice for president of Tanzania.

But he has launched a series of attacks on media, judiciary and political opponents.

Magufuli is also taking on international mining companies.

Editor's Note: (Dan Paget is a PhD candidate specializing in African electoral politics at the University of Oxford. The views expressed in this commentary are solely those of the writer. CNN is showcasing the work of The Conversation, a collaboration between journalists and academics to provide news analysis and commentary. The content is produced solely by The Conversation.)

(CNN)There were scarcely any hints of the tumultuous years that would follow the swearing-in of Dr. John Pombe Magufuli on 5th November 2015 as Tanzania's fifth president. After all, his Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party had been in power for decades, and his victory seemed to herald continuity with the past.

In fact, Magufuli's opponent attracted more attention during the campaign than Magufuli himself. When Edward Lowassa defected from CCM to the opposition and ran for president against his old party, it looked fleetingly as though this elite split might spell the end of CCM's dominance.

But Magufuli has not brought continuity, but dramatic change. He began to impress just days after his inauguration. He made a snap unannounced visit to the Ministry of Finance on his first day as president. Then he pulled funds intended for Independence Day celebrations and redirected them to anti-cholera operations. He began a shake-up of the Tanzania Port Authority, and extended it to the Tanzania Revenue Authority as he launched a tax collection drive. An audit of the public payroll led to a purge of "ghost workers". Quickly, it became apparent that he was genuinely waging war on corruption in the Tanzanian state.

The primary victims of these anti-corruption operations have been mid- and low-ranking civil servants. However, Magufuli has taken on high elites in CCM selectively too. In May, he fired Minister of Energy and Minerals Sospeter Muhongo. This June, businessman James Rugemalira and Harbinder Singh Sethi found themselves in court, facing government prosecutors in court. Both were linked to a major corruption case, the Escrow Scandal in 2014.

This thrift and intolerance for corruption won Magufuli attention and admiration worldwide. In the social media sphere, commentators celebrated his zeal playfully with the hashtag, "[HASHTAG]#WhatWouldMagufuliDo[/HASHTAG]".

But since early 2016, it has become apparent that Magufuli is not just waging war on corruption -- he is also declaring war on democracy.

Tanzanian President John Magufuli delivers speech during the swearing in ceremony in Dar es Salaam, on November 5, 2015.

War on democracy

Magufuli has overseen numerous closures and suspensions of media outlets. His officials have encouraged and tried to exacerbate a split in the Civic United Front, by backing one side. His government has undermined judicial and parliamentary independence, implemented a partial ban on public rallies, harassed MPs, closure of online political space, and prosecuted critics under new defamation and sedition laws.

Together, these constitute major infringements on the freedom of expression and the opposition's ability to communicate with voters.

In March this year he announced at a press conference that:

"Media owners, let me tell you: 'Be careful. Watch it. If you think you have that kind of freedom — not to that extent'."

In part, this repressive streak is a return to form. CCM has a long history of authoritarianism. It has ruled Tanzanian uninterrupted since 1977, and its predecessor parties ruled Tanganyika since 1961.

But there is a more immediate reason that Magufuli is tightening the noose on the opposition. The opposition has never been so strong. In 2005, CCM's Jakaya Kikwete won the presidential election with an unassailable lead of 68% over the runner-up. By 2015, CCM's margin of victory had been shortened to 18%. For the first time in Tanzania's history, the opposition is a force to be reckoned with.

The most plausible explanation for Magufuli's authoritarian turn is that he is trying to minimize the possibility of an opposition victory in the future. Equally, every time he advances the anti-corruption agenda, he makes more enemies who might defect to the opposition. By narrowing space for opposition, he reduces the risk of them doing so.

But Magufuli is not only relying on repressive means to stay in power. He is also pursuing a program that revives his popularity.

Tanzanian media outlets have been closed under Magufuli's reign.

The Magufuli way

The third and most recent theme in Magufuli's presidency has been a confrontation with multinational mining companies.

The controversy was kick-started this is the alleged discovery that Acacia Mining has been under-reporting of mineral exports earlier this year. Magufuli has argued that multinational mining companies have been stealing Tanzania's resources for years.

Based on these claims, the government charged Acacia Mining with fines and back-dated taxes amounting to $190 billion. Magufuli even threatened to nationalize the mines. His strategy of brinkmanship worked. On October 19th, Acacia's parent company Barrick Gold announced that it had reached an agreement with the Tanzanian government. It promised to find ways to further process copper-gold ores in Tanzania, instead of exporting them for smelting, and it made a number of pecuniary concessions.

There is a strategic thread that ties together Magufuli's actions.

Tanzania's fifth Five Year Plan restores industrialization to the heart of government policy in a way unseen since the 1970s. Domestic processing and tax revenue is central to that plan. So is government discipline, thrift and tax collection. The closure of political space keeps CCM in power to implement it, and suffocates internal opposition to his reforms.

President Magufuli has threatened to nationalize Tanzanian mines.

But the definitive feature of Magufuli's first two years has been a talent for pursuing his programme of reform while pursuing domestic popularity at the same time. His taste for the dramatic has caught public attention and his willingness to disturb the status quo has convinced many that his intentions are more sincere than those of his predecessors. Perhaps more than any other president since Tanzania's founding father, Julius Nyerere, Magufuli is seen as a man of integrity.

While Magufuli has skilfully coupled popular politics with fundamental reform, he has also precipitated a series of unintended changes which may be slipping beyond his control.

His demands from companies have unquestionable merit, but they are also making businesses think twice about operating in Tanzania. For example, a number of oil companies are due to begin negotiations about developing off-shore gas fields. After the debacle with mining companies they know that they will not get an easy deal, but they may also doubt the word of a government that has in effect torn up contracts, and repeatedly placed the president at the center of contract negotiation.

Equally, by putting such pressure on the opposition, Magufuli may make it stronger. Attempts to divide the second opposition party, the Civic United Front, may drive them closer to Chadema. They may also unintentionally make martyrs of the opposition. An attempted assassination attempt transformed opposition politician Tundu Lissu into a national hero.

It is not known who is behind the drive-by shooting that hospitalised Lissu, in which at least 28 shots were fired, but Lissu was among the most vocal opponents of the government. He was being tried in court for sedition just days before he was shot. No matter who was behind the attack, it is fast becoming the public image for the extremes of political change in Tanzania under Magufuli.

Many underestimated Magufuli at his inauguration two years ago, but few do now. While Magufuli's election represents the continuation of CCM rule, he has brought about profound change. Only time will tell whether the intended or the unintended consequences of his actions will be those that define his legacy.

Source: Tanzania's anti-corruption president takes darker turn - CNN

My take:The article seems rather empty as the most of western media are! Instead of appreciating the President, they are trying to play empty politics.

TANZANIA is one country asap! The sooner we realize we need to unify the country the better we have to overhaul media and political system for the betterment of our country.

The problem here is not all about Magufuli's administration, the big problem is how they feel when President Magufuli is taking on international mining companies.

They know our economy was at knees due to corrupt deals not only in public sector but also private sector including mining industry associated with western multinational companies, most notably Acacia and Barrick Gold Corporation.

As a side note, anyone who stills subscribed to CNN is complicit in their own stupidity. Those of us who choose to wake up and seek the truth, always will continue to seek and continue upon our path to the truth. There will always be those who choose to stay asleep, just walk on by and wish them well. HAPA KAZI TU!!
Have you heard of the current 'PARADISE DOCUMENT' scandal? It is talking more louder than the mouthpiece of those who ignore the effort of our president and the cry of most African Countries against our natural resources sabotage! And I am sure, sooner than later, they will apologize for their misconception to the president's philosophy of HAPA KAZI TU, UZALENDO KWANZA and other African countries (not the white man's puppets) Cry!
Let us wait and see!
 

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