Is there a job description of a government minister in Tanzania? Is a minister a political figure, a technocrat, an administrator or just a figure head (symbolic position)? Is it necessary for a minister to be an expert in the field or not? If he/she is an expert in the specific field, what is the need to have deputies such as deputy ministers, directors, commissioners etc? If he/she is not an expert in the specific field, how well versed must he/she be in the area so that he/she can be able to use the experts in the field? I am asking this because in the past we had Prof Sarungi, a surgeon, transfered from Ministry of Health to Ministry of Defence. If a Minister does not need to be an expert in his/her field, that may be okay. But how much does a professional surgeon rely on his deputies in his everyday work as a Minister of Defence. On the other hand, if the Minister must be an expert in his/her field, how on earth can a professional surgeon head the Ministry of Defence. I have not really had time to go through the current cabinet so this maybe does not reflect the new cabinet, but it is something that I have been thinking about and maybe some jf members can help shed some light.