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Thomas Sankara (1949-1987) - Muasisi wa taifa la Burkina Faso

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Historia' started by Japhari Shabani (RIP), Jul 1, 2012.

  1. Japhari Shabani (RIP)

    Japhari Shabani (RIP) R I P

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    Nimetizama film hiyo ya Thomas Sankara baada ya kuchukua hatua alizozichukua ikiwemo kufuta matumizi ya magari ya kifahari,kujikita katika kilimo,afya michezo haki za wanawake na mambo mengine mengi,ambayo kwa kipindi kifupi nchi hiyo ilitoka katika kuagiza vyakula na kuwa wauzaji wa vyakula nje.

    Sisi nchi yenye rasilimali za kila aina lakini tumeshindwa inapashwa tujiulize kwanini?Hatukulogwa la kama tumelogwa mchawi wetu ni CCM!Miaka 50 na rasilimali tulizonazo hapa yulipo NI AIBU.

    MUNGU IBARIKI TANZANIA.

    Thomas Sankara - the Upright Man - YouTube


     
  2. zomba

    zomba JF-Expert Member

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    Tanganyika aliyoipokea Nyerere ilikuwa ni nchi ya kwanza katika Afrika kwa kuuza mazao katika Afrika. Nyerere kwa majaribio ya vijiji vya ujamaa, akauwa nchi kabisa ikawa ombaomba wa kwanza katika Afrika na maskini wa mwisho duniani.

    Waliomfatia kila mmoja kajitahidi ki vyake kwani kubomoa ni rahisi kuliko kujenga, kwa sasa, tunaona kabisa kwa makusudi mabadiliko na tunaanza kurudi kuliko alipopakuta Nyerere.

    Tuweni wa kweli aliyeibomoa hii nchi tunamjuwa lakini tunataka awe Mtakatifu kwa hiyo tunashindwa kusema aliyoyaharibu, simlaumu sana kwa kuwa nna uhakika alikuwa hajui alifanyalo.
     
  3. OSOKONI

    OSOKONI JF-Expert Member

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    Unaweza kumlaumu Nyerere hata karne kumi zijazo lakini hiyo haitabadili chochote! Nyerere alikuwa na makosa yake hasa ya kifikra, kimaamuzi na kiitikadi hayo kwa ukweli yaliyumbisha taifa kiuchumi lakini angalao misingi ya haki na usawa ndani ya utaifa ilikuwa imara!Swali Tangu nyerere ameng,atuka waliomfuata walishindwa nn kusahihisha makosa ya Mwalimu??ona sasa matabaka yaliojengeka walio nacho wanakula vizuri, wanatibiwa vizuri, wana nyumba nzuri, wana magari watoto wao wanapata elimu nzuri maskini hawajui wanakula nn, wanakufa kwa magonjwa yanayotibika, watoto wao hawana elimu maana yake watarithi umaskini wa wazazi wao! Nchi inakwenda wapi? halafu unakalia kumlaumu mwalimu??
     
  4. Adharusi

    Adharusi JF-Expert Member

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    Ni ubinafsi..wananchi tunaishia kusema na kuandika..vitendo=0
    "vox populi,Vox dei"
     
  5. Azipa

    Azipa JF-Expert Member

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    Kikwete kama atatumia Thomas Sankara kama ndo kioo cha kujitazama, atajiona yupo uchi. Wakati Kikwete anajipongeza mbele ya wananchi kwa kupata misaada, Thomas Sankara alikuwa anapiga vita misaada, ashawahi sema "who feeds you controls you"


    Mimi huwa naona Thomas Sankara anafanana sana na Nyerere so much so I ask myself who was the copycat? For all I know they were both inspired by socialist ideology e.g Cuba-Fidel Castro
     
  6. zomba

    zomba JF-Expert Member

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    Kikwete huyo huyo ndio katutoa kwenye utegemezi wa zaidi ya 60% ya bajeti yetu kutoka nje mpaka kufikia chini ya 30%.

    Au hilo hulijui?
     
  7. Mkuu wa chuo

    Mkuu wa chuo JF-Expert Member

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    Halafu nashangaa mnaoliona hilo ni wewe na wachache wenzako!? Watu wengi hawampi mfagio wala cha nini!? Sijui wanataka shida kama zamani!? Mi naona hawataki hizi neema! Aidha hao wengi ni wehu au wewe ni mwehu!?
     
  8. Japhari Shabani (RIP)

    Japhari Shabani (RIP) R I P

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    Jamani ebu tujaribu kua wakweli hivi kwa rasilimali tulizonazo Tanzania tunapashwa kua tulipo?Utegemezi wa bajeti yetu kutoka nje unaweza kuupima kwa safari za JK kutembeza bakuli kuomba misaada nje.Unasema ya kua amepunguza kutegemea misaada kutoka 60% mpaka 30% Unataka kutuambia ya kua sasa tunajitosheleza?Utegemezi umepungua sio kwa jitihada za JK bali wafadhiri wamepunguza misaada kwa sababu wamegundua pesa zinatumika ndivyo sivyo na hata kabla ya kotoa misaada zaidi wanatoa masharti wa usimamizi wa misaada hiyo.Hivyo mabadiliko yoyote chanya katika nchi yetu hayahusiani na JK kwa udhaifu alionao JK hapo lingeweka Ikulu JIWE lingefanya vizuri kuliko JK tungelpunguza gharama za safari pesa hizo zikaenda katika shughuli nyingine.
     
  9. zomba

    zomba JF-Expert Member

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    Nasema hivi, kabla hatujaenda kwa Sankara hebu tuanze kutazama ya hapahapa nyumbani, kabla ya Kikwete na wakati wake. Ukinianzia ya Sankara ukaacha nnayo yajuwa ya nyumbani utakuwa hunitendei haki. Tuanze hapahapa.

    Mimi nasema Kikwete kafanya mengi ya maendeleo kuliko Rais wowote wa Tanzania wa kabla yeke kwenye kila nyanja.

    Kuhusu kujitosheleza ndugu yangu hilo sio suala, hata USA nchi tajiri duniani leo haijitoshelezi kwa kila kitu. Tafadhali tusiende huko, tuchambuwe hapahapa tuone nani kafanya nini Kikwete kafanya nini. Tuwe wa kweli.

    Kuanza kumlinganisha Sankara na sisi unanikumbusha kisa cha maskini, tajiri na nyama ya ulimi. Unakijuwa?
     
  10. u

    uhurubado Senior Member

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    Ndo shida ya nyuzi zinazotokana na vyanzo ambavyo havijafanyiwa uchunguzi wa kina. Huko Burkina bado kuna dhiki kuliko hapa Bongo - fact!
     
  11. Azipa

    Azipa JF-Expert Member

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    Hao maswahiba wa Kikwete walimuona Sankara adui. Wakamassassinate ili wamweke kibaraka wao Blaise Compaore ili wafilisi rasilimali kama unavyoona Tanzania ya Kikwete
     
  12. y

    yaya JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu, weka data za kuaminika zenye chanzo cha uhakika kuhusu haya madai yako. Na yaonekana hata historia ya nchi ya TZ huijui, badala yake unaleta ushabiki.
    Hivi unajua vijiji vya ujamaa vilianza mwaka gani? Unakumbuka ukame wa hali ya juu sana uliosababisha njaa kali sana Tanzania ulitokea mwaka gani?

    Kama hayo huyajui na kuhusisha njaa na umasikini na vijiji vya ujamaa basi umekosea mkuu.
    Hivi kwa mtawanyiko ule wa watu wakiishi kwa koo, na vjiji vikijulikana kwa majina ya koo ungewezaje kusogeza maendeleo karibu na wananchi?
    Yaani kila ukoo uwe na shule yake, zahanati yake, bomba lake au kisima chake cha maji n.k?

    Utakatifu wake hauna uhusiano wowote na urais wake wa nchi ya TZ. Wanaomjua wala hawashangazwi na hiyo hatua ya Kanisa Katoliki la Tanzania. Kwa taarifa yako unaofanyika ni mchakato tu.
     
  13. m

    muyombakeneyo Member

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    sankara.jpg

    thomas sankara g.jpg
    Kaburi la Thomas Sankara

    Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara (December 21, 1949 –October 15, 1987) was a Burkinabé military captain, Marxist revolutionary, Pan-Africanist theorist, and President of Burkina Faso from 1983 to 1987. [1][2]

    Viewed as a charismatic and iconic figure of revolution, he is commonly referred to as "Africa's Che Guevara." [1][3][4][5]

    Sankara seized power in a 1983 popularly supported coup at the age of 33, with the goal of eliminating corruption and the dominance of the former French colonial power. [1][6] He immediately launched the most ambitious program for social and economic change ever attempted on the African continent. [6] To symbolize this new autonomy and rebirth, he even renamed the country from the French colonial Upper Volta to Burkina Faso ("Land of Upright Men"). [6] His foreign policies were centered around anti-imperialism, with his government eschewing all foreign aid, pushing for odious debt reduction, nationalizing all land and mineral wealth, and averting the power and influence of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank. His domestic policies were focused on preventing famine with agrarian self-sufficiency and land reform, prioritizing education with a nation-wide literacy campaign, and promoting public health by vaccinating 2.5 million children against meningitis, yellow fever and measles. [7]

    Other components of his national agenda included planting over ten million trees to halt the growing desertification of the Sahel, doubling wheat production by redistributing land from feudal landlords to peasants, suspending rural poll taxes and domestic rents, and establishing an ambitious road and rail construction program to "tie the nation together." [6] On the localized level Sankara also called on every village to build a medical dispensary and had over 350 communities construct schools with their own labour. Moreover, his commitment to women's rights led him to outlaw female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy; while appointing females to high governmental positions and encouraging them to work outside the home and stay in school even if pregnant. [6]

    In order to achieve this radical transformation of society, he increasingly exerted authoritarian control over the nation, eventually banning unions and a free press, which he believed could stand in the way of his plans. [6] To counter his opposition in towns and workplaces around the country, he also tried corrupt officials, counter-revolutionaries and "lazy workers" in peoples revolutionary tribunals. [6]

    Additionally, as an admirer of Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution, Sankara set up Cuban-style Committees for the Defense of the Revolution (CDRs). [1]

    His revolutionary programs for African self-reliance as a defiant alternative to the neo-liberal development strategies imposed by the West, made him an icon to many of Africa's poor. [6] Sankara remained popular with most of his country's impoverished citizens. However his policies alienated and antagonised the vested interests of an array of groups, which included the small but powerful Burkinabé middle class, the tribal leaders whom he stripped of the long-held traditional right to forced labour and tribute payments, and the foreign financial interests in France and their ally the Ivory Coast. [1][8] As a result, he was overthrown and assassinated in a coup d'état led by the French-backed Blaise Compaoré on October 15, 1987. A week before his execution, he declared: "While revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill ideas." [1]

    Early life

    Thomas Sankara was the son of Marguerite Sankara (died March 6, 2000) and Sambo Joseph Sankara (1919 – August 4, 2006), a gendarme. [9]

    Born into a Roman Catholic family, "Thom'Sank" was a Silmi-Mossi, an ethnic group that originated with marriage between Mossi men and women of the pastoralist Fulani people. The Silmi-Mossi are among the least advantaged in the Mossi caste system. He attended primary school in Gaoua and high school in Bobo-Dioulasso, the country's second city.

    His father fought in the French army during World War II and was detained by the Nazis. Sankara's family wanted him to become a Catholic priest. Fittingly for a country with a large Muslim population, he was also familiar with the Qur'an.

    Military Career

    After basic military training in secondary school in 1966, Sankara began his military career at the age of 19, and a year later was sent to Madagascar for officer training at Antsirabe where he witnessed popular uprisings in 1971 and 1972 against the government of Philibert Tsiranana and first read the works of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin, profoundly influencing his political views for the rest of his life. [10] Returning to Upper Volta in 1972, by 1974 he fought in a border war between Upper Volta and Mali. He earned fame for his heroic performance in the border war with Mali, but years later would renounce the war as "useless and unjust", a reflection of his growing political consciousness. [11]

    He also became a popular figure in the capital of Ouagadougou. The fact that he was a decent guitarist (he played in a band named "Tout-à-Coup Jazz") and rode a motorcycle may have contributed to his charismatic public images.

    In 1976 he became commander of the Commando Training Centre in Pô. In the same year he met Blaise Compaoré in Morocco. During the presidency of Colonel Saye Zerbo a group of young officers formed a secret organisation "Communist Officers' Group" (Regroupement des officiers communistes, or ROC) the best-known members being Henri Zongo, Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani, Compaoré and Sankara.

    Government Post

    Sankara was appointed Secretary of State for Information in the military government in September 1981, journeying to his first cabinet meeting on a bicycle, but he resigned on April 21, 1982 in opposition to what he saw as the regime's anti-labour drift, declaring "Misfortune to those who gag the people!" ("Malheur à ceux qui bâillonnent le peuple!")

    After another coup (November 7, 1982) brought to power Major-Doctor Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo, Sankara became prime minister in January 1983, but he was dismissed (May 17) and placed under house arrest after a visit by the French president's son and African affairs adviser Jean-Christophe Mitterrand. Henri Zongo and Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani were also placed under arrest; this caused a popular uprising.

    President

    A coup d'état organised by Blaise Compaoré made Sankara President on August 4, 1983, [13] at the age of 33. The coup d'état was supported by Libya which was, at the time, on the verge of war with France in Chad [14] (see History of Chad).

    Sankara saw himself as a revolutionary and was inspired by the examples of Cuba's Fidel Castro and Che Guevara and Ghana's military leader Jerry Rawlings. As President, he promoted the "Democratic and Popular Revolution" (Révolution démocratique et populaire, or RDP). The ideology of the Revolution was defined by Sankara as anti-imperialist in a speech of October 2, 1983, the Discours d'orientation politique (DOP), written by his close associate Valère Somé. His policy was oriented toward fighting corruption, promoting reforestation, averting famine, and making education and health real priorities.

    Abolition of chiefs' privileges

    The government suppressed many of the powers held by tribal chiefs such as their right to receive tribute payment and obligatory labour. The CDRs (Comités de Défense de la Révolution) were formed as popular mass organizations and armed. Sankara's government also initiated a form of military conscription with the SERNAPO (Service National et Populaire). Both were a counterweight to the power of the army.

    In 1984, on the first anniversary of his accession, he renamed the country Burkina Faso, meaning "the land of upright people" in Moré and Djula, the two major languages of the country. He also gave it a new flag and wrote a new national anthem (Une Seule Nuit).

    Women's rights and AIDS "

    The revolution and women's liberation go together. We do not talk of women's emancipation as an act of charity or because of a surge of human compassion. It is a basic necessity for the triumph of the revolution. Women hold up the other half of the sky. "

    - Thomas Sankara [15]

    Improving women's status was one of Sankara's explicit goals, and his government included a large number of women, an unprecedented policy priority in West Africa. His government banned female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy; while appointing females to high governmental positions and encouraging them to work outside the home and stay in school even if pregnant. [6]

    Sankara also promoted contraception and encouraged husbands to go to market and prepare meals to experience for themselves the conditions faced by women. Furthermore, Sankara was the first African leader to appoint women to major cabinet positions and to recruit them actively for the military. [6]

    Sankara's administration was also the first African government to publicly recognize the AIDS epidemic as a major threat to Africa. [16]

    Second Agacher strip war

    In 1985, Burkina Faso organised a general population census. During the census, some Fula camps in Mali were visited by mistake by Burkinabé census agents. [17] The Malian government claimed that the act was a violation of its sovereignty on the Agacher strip. Following efforts by Mali asking African leaders to pressure Sankara, [17] tensions erupted on Christmas Day 1985 in a war that lasted five days and killed about 100 people (most victims were civilians killed by a bomb dropped on the marketplace in Ouahigouya by a Malian MiG plane). The conflict is known as the "Christmas war" in Burkina Faso.

    Personal Image and Popularity

    Accompanying his personal charisma, Sankara had an array of original initiatives that contributed to his popularity and brought some international media attention to the Burkinabé revolution:

    Solidarity

    He sold off the government fleet of Mercedes cars and made the Renault 5 (the cheapest car sold in Burkina Faso at that time) the official service car of the ministers. He reduced the salaries of all public servants, including his own, and forbade the use of government chauffeurs and 1st class airline tickets. He redistributed land from the feudal landlords and gave it directly to the peasants. Wheat production rose in three years from 1700 kg per hectare to 3800 kg per hectare, making the country food self-sufficient. [6]

    He opposed foreign aid, saying that "he who feeds you, controls you." [6]

    He spoke in forums like the Organization of African Unity against continued neo-colonialist penetration of Africa through Western trade and finance. [6]

    He called for a united front of African nations to repudiate their foreign debt. He argued that the poor and exploited did not have an obligation to repay money to the rich and exploiting. [6]

    In Ouagadougou, Sankara converted the army's provisioning store into a state-owned supermarket open to everyone (the first supermarket in the country). [1]

    He forced civil servants to pay one month's salary to public projects. [1]

    He refused to use the air conditioning in his office on the grounds that such luxury was not available to anyone but a handful of Burkinabes. [7]

    As President, he lowered his salary to $450 a month and limited his possessions to a car, four bikes, three guitars, a fridge and a broken freezer. [7]

    Style

    A motorcyclist himself, he formed an all-women motorcycle personal guard. He required public servants to wear a traditional tunic, woven from Burkinabe cotton and sewn by Burkinabe craftsmen. [6]

    He was known for jogging unaccompanied through Ouagadougou in his track suit and posing in his tailored military fatigues, with his mother-of-pearl pistol. [1]

    When asked why he didn't want his portrait hung in public places, as was the norm for other African leaders, Sankara replied "There are seven million Thomas Sankaras." [7]

    An accomplished guitarist, he wrote the new national anthem himself. [1]

    "Africa's Che Guevara" "

    Che Guevara taught us we could dare to have confidence in ourselves, confidence in our abilities. He instilled in us the conviction that struggle is our only recourse. He, was a citizen of the free world that together we are in the process of building. That is why we say that Che Guevara is also African and Burkinabè. "

    - Thomas Sankara [15]

    Children "pioneers" of the Revolution, donning starred berets like Che.

    Sankara, who is often referred to as "Africa's Che Guevara", [1] emulated Guevara (1928–1967) in both style and substance. Stylistically, Sankara emulated Guevara by preferring to wear a starred beret and military fatigues, living ascetically with few possessions, and keeping a minimal salary once assuming power. Both men also considered themselves allies of Fidel Castro (Sankara was visited by Castro in 1987), spoke fluent French, are well known for having ridden motorcycles, and are often cited as effectively utilizing their charisma to motivate their followers. Substantively, Guevara and Sankara were both Marxist revolutionaries, who believed in armed revolution against imperialism and monopoly capitalism, denounced financial neo-colonialism before the United Nations, held up agrarian land reform and literacy campaigns as key parts of their agenda, and utilized revolutionary tribunals and CDR's against counter-revolutionaries. Both men were also murdered in their late thirties (Guevara 39 / Sankara 38) by opponents, with Sankara coincidentally giving a speech marking and honoring the 20th anniversary of Che Guevara's October 9, 1967 execution, one week before his own assassination on October 15, 1987. [18]

    Assassination

    "Sankara's assassins were guided by imperialism, which could not allow a man with the ideas and actions of Sankara to lead a country on a continent so exploited for hundreds of years by international imperialism, colonialism, and neocolonial governments that do their bidding. Sankara's political ideas will endure, like those of Patrice Lumumba of Congo and Amílcar Cabral of Guinea-Bissau, also assassinated by traitors at the behest of the empire."

    - Ulises Estrada, a key organizer of Che Guevara's 1966-67 guerrilla mission to Bolivia [19]

    On October 15, 1987 Sankara was killed by an armed gang with twelve other officials in a coup d'état organised by his former colleague, Blaise Compaoré, supported by France and United States of America [citation needed] . Deterioration in relations with neighbouring countries was one of the reasons given, with Compaore stating that Sankara jeopardised foreign relations with former colonial power France and neighbouring Ivory Coast. [1] Prince Johnson, a former Liberian warlord allied to Charles Taylor, told Liberia's Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) that it was engineered by Charles Taylor. [20] After the coup and although Sankara was known to be dead, some CDRs mounted an armed resistance to the army for several days.

    Sankara's body was dismembered and he was quickly buried in an unmarked grave, [6] while his widow and two children fled the nation. [21]

    Compaoré immediately reversed the nationalizations, overturned nearly all of Sankara's policies, rejoined the International Monetary Fund and World Bank to bring in desperately needed funds to restore the "shattered" economy [22] , and ultimately spurned most of Sankara's legacy.

    A week prior to his death Sankara gave what would become his own epitaph, remarking that "while revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill ideas." [1]

    Legacy

    "Africa and the world are yet to recover from Sankara's assassination. Just as we have yet to recover from the loss of Patrice Lumumba, Kwame Nkrumah, Eduardo Mondlane, Amílcar Cabral, Steve Biko, Samora Machel, and most recently John Garang, to name only a few. While malevolent forces have not used the same methods to eliminate each of these great pan-Africanists, they have been guided by the same motive: to keep Africa in chains."

    - Antonio de Figueiredo, February 2008 [11]

    Twenty years later, on October 15, 2007, Thomas Sankara was commemorated around the world in ceremonies that took place in Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Niger, Tanzania, Burundi, France, Canada, and the USA. [7]

    References

    1. Burkina Faso Salutes "Africa's Che" Thomas Sankara by Mathieu Bonkoungou, Reuters, Oct 17 2007 2. Thomas Sankara Speaks: the Burkina Faso Revolution: 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, edited by Michel Prairie; Pathfinder, 2007, pg 11 3. Thomas Sankara, Africa's Che Guevara by Radio Netherlands Worldwide, October 15, 2007 4. Africa's Che Guevara by Andy Newman, Socialist Unity, October 23, 2007 5. Africa's Che Guevara by Sarah in Burkina Faso 6. Thomas Sankara: The Upright Man by California Newsreel 7. Commemorating Thomas Sankara by Farid Omar, Group for Research and Initiative for the Liberation of Africa (GRILA), November 28, 2007 8. BBC NEWS | Africa | Burkina commemorates slain leader 9. [1] [2] 10. Thomas Sankara Speaks: the Burkina Faso Revolution: 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, edited by Michel Prairie; Pathfinder, 2007, pg 20-21 11. The True Visionary Thomas Sankara by Antonio de Figueiredo, February 27, 2008 12. We are Heirs of the World's Revolutions: Speeches from the Burkina Faso Revolution: 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, Pathfinder, 2007, ISBN 0-87348-989-6 13. The date may have been chosen for a symbolic purpose as the 194th anniversary of the Abolition of Feudal Privileges in France, but there is no evidence. 14. Chad was at war with Libya. France was providing air support to Chad. According to some witnesses some French troops were involved in ground operations. 15. "We are Heirs of the World's Revolutions": Lessons from Thomas Sankara by Akinyemi Adeseye, May 15, 2010 16. HIV/AIDS, illness, and African well-being, by Toyin Falola & Matthew M. Heaton, University Rochester Press, 2007, ISBN 1-58046-240-5, pg 290 17. Bryant, Terry (2007). History's Greatest War. Global Media. 18. Sankara 20 years Later: A Tribute to Integrity by Demba Moussa Dembélé, Pambazuka News, October 15, 2008 19. "We are heirs of the world's revolutions": Lessons from Thomas Sankara by Akinyemi Adeseye, May 5, 2010 20. US freed Taylor to overthrow Doe, Liberia's TRC hears 21. Sankara v. Burkina Faso by the Canadian Council on International Law, March 2007 22. Mason, Katrina &, Knight, James (2011). Burkina Faso, 2nd. The Globe Pequot Press Inc.. ISBN 9781841623528. pg 31 23. DVD Review of Thomas Sankara: The Upright Man directed by Robin Shuffield

    1. Burkina Faso Salutes "Africa's Che" Thomas Sankara by Mathieu Bonkoungou, Reuters, Oct 17 2007 2. Thomas Sankara Speaks: the Burkina Faso Revolution: 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, edited by Michel Prairie; Pathfinder, 2007, pg 11 3. Thomas Sankara, Africa's Che Guevara by Radio Netherlands Worldwide, October 15, 2007 4. Africa's Che Guevara by Andy Newman, Socialist Unity, October 23, 2007 5. Africa's Che Guevara by Sarah in Burkina Faso 6. Thomas Sankara: The Upright Man by California Newsreel 7. Commemorating Thomas Sankara by Farid Omar, Group for Research and Initiative for the Liberation of Africa (GRILA), November 28, 2007 8. BBC NEWS | Africa | Burkina commemorates slain leader 9. [1] [2] 10. Thomas Sankara Speaks: the Burkina Faso Revolution: 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, edited by Michel Prairie; Pathfinder, 2007, pg 20-21 11. The True Visionary Thomas Sankara by Antonio de Figueiredo, February 27, 2008 12. We are Heirs of the World's Revolutions: Speeches from the Burkina Faso Revolution: 1983-87, by Thomas Sankara, Pathfinder, 2007, ISBN 0-87348-989-6 13. The date may have been chosen for a symbolic purpose as the 194th anniversary of the Abolition of Feudal Privileges in France, but there is no evidence. 14. Chad was at war with Libya. France was providing air support to Chad. According to some witnesses some French troops were involved in ground operations. 15. "We are Heirs of the World's Revolutions": Lessons from Thomas Sankara by Akinyemi Adeseye, May 15, 2010 16. HIV/AIDS, illness, and African well-being, by Toyin Falola & Matthew M. Heaton, University Rochester Press, 2007, ISBN 1-58046-240-5, pg 290 17. Bryant, Terry (2007). History's Greatest War. Global Media. 18. Sankara 20 years Later: A Tribute to Integrity by Demba Moussa Dembélé, Pambazuka News, October 15, 2008 19. "We are heirs of the world's revolutions": Lessons from Thomas Sankara by Akinyemi Adeseye, May 5, 2010 20. US freed Taylor to overthrow Doe, Liberia's TRC hears 21. Sankara v. Burkina Faso by the Canadian Council on International Law, March 2007 22. Mason, Katrina &, Knight, James (2011). Burkina Faso, 2nd. The Globe Pequot Press Inc.. ISBN 9781841623528. pg 31 23. DVD Review of Thomas Sankara: The Upright Man directed by Robin Shuffield.

    Source: Wikipedia
     
  14. Bantugbro

    Bantugbro JF-Expert Member

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    Watu wa aina hii huwa wanaondolewa madarakani na kuuwawa ili lilinda western vested interest in Africa. Kumbuka akina Lumumba, Nkurumah, Gadaffi etc. Ni Mwalimu tu ndiye walimshindwa licha ya kutokea majaribio zaidi ya 8 YA KUTAKA KUPINDUA utawala wake....:hat:
     
  15. Echolima

    Echolima JF-Expert Member

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    Kwenye list yako hiyo mwondoe Gadaffi huyo alikuwa dictator muuaji Mkubwa sana.
     
  16. Limbani

    Limbani JF-Expert Member

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    Bravo!
     
  17. CPA

    CPA JF-Expert Member

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    Thomas sankara R.I.P. John garang RIP, HAWA NDIO WAZALENDO WA KWELI, sio hawa wanasiasa wetu, wabunge wala rushwa.
     
  18. theodros

    theodros Member

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    thomas-sankara-discourant1.jpg
    The Late Captain. Thomas Noel Isidore Sankara
    "All I want is people to remember me as someone whose life has been helpful to humanity"​


    Exactly twenty five years to date, we remember a true African son....Captain. Thomas Noel Isidore Sankara who lived a simple life and true to his words.

    Thomas Sankara , was an African revolutionist from Burkina Faso known to the world as ''The African Che'. He was born on 21 December 1949 and died the 15 of October 1987.was a captain, leader of the burkina Faso Revolution who fought against corruption, averting famine, promoting environmental factors, making education and health the first priorities as Barack Obama.

    In 1976,Sankara with a group of commander officers of the commando training center in Pô formed a secret Organisation during the presidency of Colonel Saye Zerbo, known as a the "Communist Officers' Group" (Regroupement des officiers communistes, or ROC)formed by: Henri Zongo, Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani, Compaoré and Sankara.

    In 1981, He was appointed Secretary of State for Information in the military government.attending to his first cabinet meeting on a bicycle, but he resigned on April 21, 1982 in opposition when he realized that the government was corrupt, which he saw as the regime's anti-labour drift, declaring "Misfortune to those who gag the people!" ("Malheur à ceux qui baillonnent le peuple!")

    He will become Prime Minister on November 7, 1982, under the government of Major-Doctor Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo, but soon will be dismissed on May 17 and placed under house arrest after a visit by the French president's son and African affairs adviser Jean-Christophe Mitterrand. Henri Zongo and Jean-Baptiste Boukary Lingani were also placed under arrest; this will cause a popular uprising.

    later on, with the support of the army,the people of Burkina Faso and Libya. they will come to power in a popular coup masterminded by Blaise Compaore'on August 4,1983,where Sankara will become President at the Age of 33 due to his personal charisma and vision.

    While in power, he outlawed female genital mutilation, forced marriages, and polygamy and was the first African leader to appoint women to major cabinet positions and actively recruit them for the military. A motorcyclist himself, he formed an all-woman motorcycle personal guard.

    He encouraged women to work outside the home and stay in school even if pregnant.

    He launched a nation-wide public health ‘Vaccination Commando’ a state run program that in a period of only 15 days in early November 1984, completed the immunization of 2.5 million children against meningitis (a world record), yellow fever and measles. This operation was so successful in that children in neighbouring countries like the Ivory Coast and Mali were sent to Burkina Faso for free immunization that helped curtail high rates of infant and child mortality.

    He sold off the government fleet of Mercedes cars and made the Renault 5 (the cheapest car sold in Burkina Faso at that time) the official service car of the ministers. He lowered his salary, as President, to only $450 a month and limited his possessions to a car, four bikes, three guitars, and a refrigerator.

    He planted over ten million trees to halt the growing desertification of the Sahel and established an ambitious road and rail construction program to “tie the nation together.”

    He was known for jogging unaccompanied through the capital city in his track suit and posing in his tailored military fatigues with his mother-of-pearl pistol. And when asked why he didn’t want his portrait hung in public places, as was the norm for other African leaders, he said ”there are seven million Thomas Sankaras.”

    Sankara’s revolutionary policies for self-reliance and defiance against the neoliberal development strategies imposed by the West made him an icon to many supporters of African liberation. But his policies alienated and antagonized the vested interests of the small but powerful Burkinabe middle class, the tribal leaders who he stripped of the traditional right to forced labor and tribute payments, and the foreign financial interests in France and their ally Ivory Coast.

    On October 15, 1987 Sankara was killed by an armed militia of twelve officials in a coup d’état organized by Compaore. Sankara’s body was dismembered and buried in an unmarked grave. Compaore immediately took power, overturning most of Sankara’s policies. Compaore reportedly ousted Sankara because he believed that his revolutionary policies were jeopardizing Burkina Faso’s relationship with France and Ivory Coast. Compaoré immediately reversed the nationalizations,overturned nearly all of Sankara's policies, returned the country back under the IMF fold, and ultimately spurned most of Sankara's legacy. A week prior to his death Sankara gave what would become his own epitaph, remarking that "while revolutionaries as individuals can be murdered, you cannot kill ideas." Sankara and Compaore were not only colleagues, they were childhood friends.

    sankara compaore.jpg
    Capt. Sankara (Fisrt right)and his childhood friend Blaise Compaore (Far Left)​

    In 2010, a short video documentary Thomas Sankara: The Upright Manwas made. You can watch it via youtube by clicking the link.

    Gone but not forgotten, rest in peace Captain. Homeland or Death, We Will Win...


    Theodros.
     
  19. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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    [​IMG]

    The revolutionary leader wa Burkina Faso from 1983-1987.

    Nakumbuka moja ya misemo yake kipindi hicho ni " Ideas cannot be killed, ideas never die " He was one of the first heads of state to condemn female genital mutilation.

    Alipigana kuondoa unyonyaji, ugandamizwaji, na rushwa pia. Today, all of his ideas have become self evident truths and are at the heart of popular resistance movement!

    R.I.P COMMANDER
     
  20. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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