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Justice & Respect in Mining

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by mstahiki, Mar 14, 2008.

  1. m

    mstahiki JF-Expert Member

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    Ripoti kuhusu uchimbaji wa dhahabu ambayo hivi karibuni imekuwa ikijadiliwa sana kwenye vyombo vya habari. Kama ilivyo ripoti ya Richmond, hii ni ripoti ambayo kila mtu anayewatakia mema watanzania na vizazi vyao vijavyo anapaswa kuisoma na kuifanyia kazi. Kwa ufupi, haya ndiyo baadhi ya masuala yaliyonigusa ndani ya ripoti hii na ambayo ningependa kuyafahamu/kuyafuatilia kwa undani zaidi:



    1. Ardhi yetu ina dhahabu yenye uzito wa 'aunsi' milioni 45 na madini haya adimu yanachimbwa kwa kasi ya takribani 'aunsi' milioni 1.6 kwa mwaka.

    2. Kasi hii mpya ya uchimbaji iliyosababishwa na kuwavutia/karibisha wawekezaji inatosha kumaliza hifadhi yetu yote ya dhahabu baada ya miaka 28.

    3. Migodi 6 mikubwa ya dhahabu nchini inatazamiwa kufungwa rasmi baada ya miaka 10 maana kwa kasi hii dhahabu yote itakuwa imeshachimbwa.

    4. Pamoja na kasi yote hii kwa kipindi cha miaka 5 iliyopita serikali yetu imepata dola milioni 21.7 tu kati ya dola bilioni 2.5 za mauzo ya dhahabu nje.

    5. Kuyapa makampuni makubwa ya kimataifa fursa nyeti ya kuchimba dhahabu kumesababisha wachimbaji wadogowadogo 400,000 kupoteza ajira.

    6. 'Taasisi' ya Umoja wa Mataifa ya Biashara na Maendeleo (UNCTAD) inakadiria kuwa sekta ya madini nchini inaajiri 0.2% tu ya 'nguvukazi' yetu.

    7. Vifungu vya mkataba wa kukagua mahesabu ya makampuni ya uchimbaji vinaizuia kampuni ya ukaguzi ya Alex Stewart Assayers kutoa ripoti yao.

    8. Mrahaba wa 3% unatupatia wastani wa dola milioni 17. 4 kwa mwaka ila ungekuwa 10% kama ilivyo Botswana tungepata dola milioni 300 zaidi.

    9. Rekodi zinaonesha kuwa serikali haijalipwa kodi ya makampuni, ya 30% ya faida zao, kwa sababu makampuni hayo eti yanadai hayajapata faida.

    10. Benki ya Dunia ndiyo 'ilitushauri' mwaka 1992 na 'kutufadhili' mwaka 1997 ili tuanzishe mradi wa kuanzisha/kuendeleza sekta 'binafsi' ya madini.



    Ripoti hii inadhihirisha kuwa ulegezaji wa uchumi tuliouanza kwa shingo upande katika miaka ya 80 na kuuendeleza kwa kasi ya ajabu katika miaka 90 ndio umetufikisha hapa. Wakati ndio huu wa kuzipitia upya sera na programu za uchumi wa soko huria 'tulizokopeshwa' na Benki ya Dunia na Shirika la Fedha la Kimataifa kabla hali haijawa mbaya zaidi. Pengine 'kichwa cha ripoti' kinamaanisha kuwa hii ni 'fursa ya dhahabu' ya kutunusuru.


    NBNtaambatarisha RIPOTI yenyewe soon....INATISHA
     
  2. Nemesis

    Nemesis JF-Expert Member

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    Naomba ripoti hiyo Mstahiki, hivi ndiyo vitu tunavyotaka kujadili siyo hayo mambo ya kufeli masomo nk.

    Tanzania ni nchi ya tatu (3) katika bara la Afrika kwa kuzalisha dhahabu. More ever dhahabu imepanda bei sana katika kipindi hiki. Nchi zinazo zalisha dhahabu uchumi wao ni mzuri hasa zile zenye amani. Kwanini Tanzania tusiwe nchi tajiri kwa kupitia rasilimali tuliyo pewa na Mungu? You must remember that, minerals are not renewable resourses, once exploitated ndiyo imetoka.

    Jamani Tanzania tunanini? mbona Mungu katubariki sana? kwanini tuibiwe mali zetu mchana? hawa viongozi wetu wanashindwa nini kuleta mageuzi? wanapewa nini hawa na wazungu hao wa canada nk?.

    Hili halivumiliki!!!!!
     
  3. m

    mstahiki JF-Expert Member

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  4. taffu69

    taffu69 JF-Expert Member

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    Gold hits $1,000 for first time

    The price of gold reached a record, trading at $1,000 an ounce for the first time, pushed higher by a weak US dollar and fears about the US economy.
    Concerns about a possible US recession are seeing investors buy up commodities such as gold as an alternative to company shares and the US dollar.
    Since the beginning of the year the value of gold has increased by about 20%, after it rose 32% in 2007.
    Gold eventually settled for the day at $993.80, up $13.30 an ounce.
    Analysts say gold will stay high as long as dollar and growth fears remain.
    "Every bit of bad US economic data boosts gold in two ways," said Fortis Bank.
    "First because it reinforces the return of its role as a safe-haven asset, and second because the dollar falls on expectations of further Federal Reserve rate cuts."
    Gold is measured and sold in troy ounces. One troy ounce equals 31.1035 grams or 480 grains. One troy ounce is equal to 1.09711 avoirdupois ounce - those widely used to measure weights in the US and UK.

    Story from BBC NEWS:
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/business/7294040.stm

    Published: 2008/03/13 21:36:16 GMT

    HIYO NDIYO BEI YA DHAHABU KWA SASA KWENYE SOKO LA DUNIA. JARIBU KULINGANISHA BEI HIYO, KIWANGO CHA DEPOSIT KILICHOPO NA UMASKINI WA WATANZANIA!.
     
  5. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

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    Wanafanya hivyo ili mikataba itakapoangaliwa upya na SK ya Muungwana, sijui mwaka gani, na kama wataamua kuibadilisha ili kuhakikisha Watanzania tunafaidika na rasilimali zetu, basi wawe wameshamaliza dhahabu yote au iliyobaki iwe ni kidogo sana.
     
  6. K

    Kalamu JF-Expert Member

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    mstahiki:
    Asante sana kwa hoja hii.

    Hiyo namba saba inakatisha tamaa kabisa:
    "Vifungu vya mkataba wa kukagua mahesabu ya makampuni ya uchimbaji vinaizuia kampuni ya ukaguzi ya Alex Stewart Assayers kutoa ripoti yao."

    Ni mtumishi wa namna gani wa serikali yetu tukufu anayeweza kujadili na kufikia maafikiano ya namna hii?
    Halafu, huyo mkaguzi analipwa asilimia 1.9 kati ya ule mrahaba wa asilimia 3; kwa ripoti ambayo ni siri kubwa!

    Halafu tunasema hawa wananchi wenzetu wanaitakia mema nchi yetu.
     
  7. Gaijin

    Gaijin JF-Expert Member

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    kwa mikataba kama hii ndo pale unakuta watu wansema hata hizo rasilimali zinazogunduliwa sasa kama mafuta yasichimbwe kwanza. mpaka tutapoweza kuweka mikataba yenye maslahi kwa taifa.
    ni aibu, na inashangaza kuwa aibu hiyo tunaiona sie wananchi na sio viongozi.
    kweli wizi unaziba watu macho!
     
  8. Nemesis

    Nemesis JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu Mstahiki mbona hivyo? kwanini usizimwage hapa hizo data kama ulivyo ahidi? kuna sababu gani ya kumtumia mtu mmoja mmoja kwenye E mail yake? The best is to display it here.
     
  9. Kitila Mkumbo

    Kitila Mkumbo Verified User

    #9
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    Halafu ndio Ngurdoto anataka tuache kujadili haya mambo ili wale kwa mapozi. Tutaendelea kuwazodoa angalau wakila na watoto wao wajue kwamba tunawaona na tunajua wameiba japokuwa wao wameshika mpini, kuna siku watashika makali,hakuna kulala hapa...
     
  10. Njowepo

    Njowepo JF-Expert Member

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    Mar 14, 2008
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    Hakuna kizazi cha viongozi ambao hawana uchungu na nchi yao kama kizazi kilichopo sasa madarakani.

    Yaani watu hawaoni aibu kuinadi nchi kwa vijiten % vya kipumbavu tuu bila kungalia impact ya ayafanyayo siku za mbele.

    Upumbavu huu.

    Inauma pale wajukuu zetu watakapokuwa hawana ata deposits na kuanza kusoma kwenye historia tz ilikuwa ya tatu ktk ili bila kufaid matunda yake.

    Ivi hawa viongozi wetu izi data wanazo na kama wanzo mbona sioni initiatives.

    Nchi ilishaharibika toka enzi za Mkapa as a result ten % imekuwa ni sehemu ya maisha ya watu.

    Ubunafsi...Ubinafsi..........Ubinafsi.....utatupeleka pabaya jamani.
    Ebu tuwaonee huruma watz wanaotaabika vijijini mlo mmoja,dawa hakuna.Tena uku wakiamini kuna wasomi wanawatetea kumbe ndo mabogus
    Nsije tukana bure naomba niishie apa
     
  11. m

    mstahiki JF-Expert Member

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    Mar 15, 2008
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    Nimeshakutumia kwenye email yako...sikuweza kuiattach hapa nsio maana nimekutumia...Still more Habari MOTO to come...Stay tuned wajomba mambo yanatisha sana..Mliopo ughaibuli rudini BONGO mje kutusaidia kuokoa NCHI yetu..
     
  12. m

    mstahiki JF-Expert Member

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    Kuna kipande kinasema


     
  13. D

    DawaKali Member

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    Mar 15, 2008
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    quote:

    The researchers estimate that mining companies have earned about USD2.5 billions from exports but Tanzania only records about USD100 million from gold earnings. The researchers estimate that Tanzania is loosing more than USD400 million from tax concessions as well as tax evasion e.g. non payment of corporation tax and waivers on income tax on expatriate workers
     
  14. D

    DawaKali Member

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    Mar 18, 2008
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    Can anyone share with us this report if they have it?

     
  15. Ngonalugali

    Ngonalugali JF-Expert Member

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    Kuna vitu vichache tunatakiwa tuvibadilishe kwenye mada hii. Moja ni kuhusu na kiasi cha ounce kilichopo ardhini. Kiasi ulichoandika ni cha Bulyanhulu + Geita. kwani Buly walikuwa na ounce 30mil na Geita kulikuwa na ounce 15mil kabla ya mavumbuzi mapya. hiyo ni kusema kiasi cha ounce kitakuwa kimeshaongezeka kwani kwani tafiti zinaendelea katika maeneo yao.
    Kwa sababu hiyo ni kwamba ardhi yetu ina kiwango kikubwa cha ounce zaidi ya hizo zilizoainishwa hapo juu. kwani kuna deposit nyingine nyingi ambazo hazijaingizwa kwenye utajiri tulionao.
    Suala la wachimbaji wadogo wadogo mimi naona si vema kulizungumzia kwani nimekaa nao na inaonekana kutetea wachimbaji wadogo wadogo ni kutetea ukoloni. Sababu kubwa ni kwamba ukiangali kazi ya mchimbaji mdogo na hali ya maisha yake ni tofauti na ukimuangali mnunuzi wake na wale ma-quarter ambao ndo wauzaji wakubwa wa hizo dhahabu.
    Kuna siri kubwa imejificha kwenye machimbo kwani hata kuna ajali wanazozipata na kupoteza maisha na inakuwa siri kubwa kwani hakuna ripoti yoyote inayotolewa.

    Suala la makampuni si tatizo kwangu ila tatizo langu ni kwa sera za nchi yangu na viongozi wangu. Nadhani kuna kila haja ya wahusika kuangalia njia mbadala na kuiwezesha nchi kufaidika na kile kilichopo. Kama wenzetu wameweza sisi itakuwaje?
     
  16. Masaki

    Masaki JF-Expert Member

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    Je ni ripoti hii ndio inayojadiliwa hapa?
     
  17. D

    DawaKali Member

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    Asante Masaki, ngoja niende nikaisome kuona kuna nini humo.
     
  18. Richard

    Richard JF-Expert Member

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    Je idara ya utunzaji kumbukumbu au takwimu ipo? Na je inafanzaje kazi zake na nani ni mkurugenzi au kamishna?

    Na hapo nafikiri ndipo pa kupata kila kitu kuhusu mstakabali mzima kuhusu madini ya Tanzania, nani anafanza nini kuhusu madini hayo na nani anafaidika na anafaidikaje.

    Vipi kuhusu "freedom of information", serikali inasemaje hapo je inaruhusu watu kujua inafanzaje mambo yake au ndio inaendelea kuwa siri?
     
  19. Richard

    Richard JF-Expert Member

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    Ngonalugali,

    Heshima yako mkuu,

    Mimi juzijuzi kuna mtu amenipa data ambazo nimeona ni muhimu kuzijadili hapa JF ili kama kuna mwenye ufahamu wake basi naomba anieleweshe kwa ufasaha.

    Huyu jamaa ambae naona nimweke kama "primary source" yangu ya habari anafanya kazi pale idara ya ardhi na yupo pale kwa muda mrefu sana hivo kuwa na uzoefu mkubwa na masuala yote yanayohusu mambo ya ardhi, mipango miji na kadhalika.

    Jambo moja ambalo ameniambia ni kwamba wazungu kabla ya uhuru, walikuwa wametayarisha michoro yote muhimu ikiwemo ya wapi yalipo madini nchini Tanzania.

    Michoro mingine kwa mfano ni ile ambayo inasema wapi yapo mafuta na kadhalika kwa nchi zingine kama Iraq ambapo inakuwa rahisi kuvamia baadae.

    Sasa kuhusu michoro ya wapi yapo madini na ni ya aina gani, wapi kuna uwezekano wa kupata madini mengine na kadhalika yote hayo ama bado wanayo au wanakuwa wanawasiliana na watu wa serikali na hapo ndio "Buzwagi style of contract" inaandaliwa na mwishowe kusainiwa tayari kuipa kampuni husika haki ya miaka zaidi ya ishirini kuchimba madini hayo.

    Sasa kwa mawaziri, wataalam na wasomi wengine wafanzao kazi serikalini na kwa ujumla watu wote walioko katika "visual circle" ya hujuma, wanakuwa wanashirikiana kuiba mali ya nchi kwa ushirikiano na hao wachimbaji wakubwa.

    Kwa ufupi hii ndio dondoo ya jamaa ambae yeye jina lake sio kubwa saaana na anaendelea kufanza kazi yake pale ardhi.

    Hivo watanzania tuna kazi kubwa ya kukomboka kutoka katika lindi la umaskini kama mambo yenyewe ndio haya.

    NB:

    Kuna mtu yeyote yupo na data zaidi kuhusu hii hoja yangu achangie?
     
  20. Invisible

    Invisible Admin Staff Member

    #20
    Mar 19, 2008
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    [FONT=&quot][​IMG]
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    [FONT=&quot]Contents[/FONT]
    1. Foreword by the religious councils of Tanzania
    2. Executive Summary
    3. About the authors
    4. INTRODUCTION
    5. CHAPTER 1 – TAX REVENUES FROM GOLD MINING
    6. Tax payments
    7. Royalties
    8. Corporation tax and company profits
    9. Tax evasion
    10. Tanzania’s lost income
    11. The government’s mining review and its forked tongue
    12. The Buzwagi contract. Reform? What reform?
    13. International comparisons
    14. The state of the reserves – is time running out?
    15. CHAPTER 2 – DEMOCRACY AND CORRUPTION
    16. CHAPTER 3 – LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
    17. Local employment
    18. Discrimination against Tanzanians?
    19. Buying local goods and services?
    20. ‘Community development’ spending
    21. Harnessing mining to development?
    22. RECOMMENDATIONS
    23. REFERENCES
    24. ACRONYMS
    25. GLOSSARY
     
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