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Sanctioned Degradation

Discussion in 'International Forum' started by MziziMkavu, May 16, 2010.

  1. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    May 16, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    A new Senate report says Bush officials quickly abandoned 'humane' interrogation techniques.


    A Torture Timeline

    For hundreds of years, atrocities have been committed in the name of empire-building, religion or national security

    When the U.S. military began sending terror suspects to Guantanamo in 2002, President Bush proclaimed that it was unwavering U.S. policy that they would be treated "humanely." But according to a report made available to NEWSWEEK and other organizations, internal Defense Department memos show that U.S. interrogators quickly strayed from that approach, devising elaborate plans to break down the resistance of two high-value detainees by stripping them and forcing them "to bark and perform dog tricks." These techniques were derived in part from classified U.S. military training slides that recommended subjecting detainees to "religious disgrace" and a process of "degradation" that included addressing them as though they were "an animal," the memos show.

    The memos, which relate to the interrogations of Mohammed al Khatani and Mohammedou Wali Slahi, are contained in a newly declassified Senate Armed Services Committee report to be released Wednesday by its chairman, Democratic Sen. Carl Levin. While the basic outlines of these interrogations were previously known, the report provides new details and will likely add fresh momentum to calls for a "truth commission" or similar Justice Department investigation of U.S. interrogation practices—both of which President Obama suggested for the first time Tuesday that he was willing to support.
    The report, an advanced copy of which was provided to several news organizations, draws on newly declassified documents that Levin says bolsters his principal message: That the abuses at Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison and Guantanamo were not caused by "a few bad apples," as Bush administration officials repeatedly asserted. Instead, Levin said in a statement Tuesday, it was the product of high-level White House decisions to utilize a controversial series of "enhanced" and coercive interrogation techniques despite vociferous warnings by U.S. military lawyers and FBI officials that they could subject U.S. officials to prosecutions for torture and war crimes.

    These techniques, many of which were simultaneously adopted by interrogators working for the CIA, originated with psychologists who worked on the Defense Department's Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE) training program, which is intended to teach U.S. military personnel to resist interrogation tactics like those used by Chinese Communists during the Korean War. In the days after the 9/11 attacks, Levin's report states, these tactics were adapted by SERE psychologists for use against terror suspects. Training slides obtained by the senate panel show SERE instructors recommended such techniques as an "invasion of personal space by a female" and "stripping the individual, having the guards address the individual as if that person were an 'animal' or 'very low status' and controlling use of the latrine."
    According to the minutes of one October 2002 meeting attended by U.S. military officials at a visiting CIA lawyer at Guantanamo, also cited in the Levin report, other techniques discussed included subjecting detainees to waterboarding to simulate suffocation and identifying the phobias of prisoners—such as "insects, snakes, claustrophobia"—and using those fears against them. Those minutes and other documents quoted in the report shed new light on an Aug. 1, 2002, internal Justice Department memo, made public last week, describing CIA interrogators' plans to put another high-value detainee, Abu Zubaydah, into a dark, cramped "confinement box" and then unleash an insect inside—in an effort to exploit his fears of insects.
    Some of the aggressive interrogation techniques covered in the various memos recently disclosed (including stress positions, hooding and sleep deprivation) were adopted and approved for use against Khatani, a Saudi native picked up in Afghanistan who U.S. officials have identified as a member of Al Qaeda and the 20th member of the 9/11 hijacker group. A Jan. 17, 2003, memo describing the techniques "used" against Khatani during the previous seven weeks cites "stripping, forced grooming, invasion of space by a female interrogator, treating Khatani like an animal, using a military working dog, and forcing him to pray to an idol shrine."

    Report: Detainees to Be Treated Like Animals - Newsweek.com

    Wafungwa wa Kivita wanavyotendewa kama Wanyama huko Guantanamo bay
    Je hii ni halali Amerika inavyofanya? Na Ulimwengu wote Umenyamaza kimya kwa Kumuogopa Amerika hiyo ndio haki za Binadamu? Mwenyeezi Mungu ndio yeye atakae walipa waamerika kwa yale waliyo yafanya Huko IRAQ na Guantanamo bay