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Kwa wale watumiaji wa mac osx 86 kama mimi someni hapa muhimu sana

Discussion in 'Tech, Gadgets & Science Forum' started by MziziMkavu, May 4, 2011.

  1. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #1
    May 4, 2011
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    Top 15 Terminal Commands for Hidden Mac OS X Settings


    Update: This article is very old. Most of the Terminal Commands still work, but consider checking out our top Terminal commands for Leopard and Snow Leopard. Our Terminal Tips category also has loads of other ways help you get the most out of your Mac.
    There are a huge amount of hidden settings for Mac OS X and its applications that aren't accessible from preferences dialog boxes or the System Preferences. Applications such as Tinkertool and Mac Pilot allow you to access some of these, but the real flexibility is from the Terminal. From here it is possible to edit any preferences file for any application on your Mac.

    You'll find the Terminal in the Utilities folder within the Applications folder. To carry out any of the following commands you will need to copy/paste or type in the line of text then hit enter. For the most part, applications will need restarting before changes take place. For most applications you can just quit and open them again, but for the Finder and the Dock it is easiest to just type “killall Finder” or “killall Dock” into Terminal after the command.

    To reverse any of them, just repeat the command with NO at the end instead of YES, or vice versa.

    Feel free to add any of your favourites in the comments.

    1. Make hidden applications' dock icons translucent.
    defaults write com.apple.Dock showhidden -bool YES [​IMG]
    2. Normally the arrows next to artists and albums in your iTunes library search the iTunes store when you click them. This command changes them so that clicking will search your iTunes library instead.
    defaults write com.apple.iTunes invertStoreLinks -bool YES


    3. This allows you to drag widgets out of Dashboard onto the desktop. Requires the dock to be relaunched to take effect, so type "killall Dock" and press enter. Now, if you click and hold onto a widget in the dashboard and press F12 to return to the desktop, the widget won't disappear with the rest.
    defaults write com.apple.dashboard devmode YES [​IMG]
    4. Force all mail to be displayed as plain text.
    defaults write com.apple.mail PreferPlainText -bool YES

    5. Set expanded save dialogs as default (showing column/list view of folders rather than a drop down menu). Replace TRUE with FALSE to reverse.
    defaults write -g NSNavPanelExpandedStateForSaveMode -bool YES

    6. Display the currently chosen screen saver to be shown as the desktop background. Press Control-C or Command-. to stop. More details here.
    /System/Library/Frameworks/ScreenSaver.framework/Resources/ ScreenSaverEngine.app/Contents/MacOS/ScreenSaverEngine -background

    7. Display useful system stats in the login window. More details here.
    defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.loginwindow AdminHostInfo SystemVersion
    Replace "SystemVersion" with one of the following for different stats:
    SystemBuild
    SerialNumber
    IPAddress
    DSStatus
    Time
    HostName

    8. To remove accounts from the login window type this command with the short name of each account you wish to remove. More details here.
    sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.loginwindow HiddenUsersList -array-add shortname1 shortname2 shortname3

    9. Skip disk image verification. Potentially risky, use with disk images from trusted sources.
    defaults write com.apple.frameworks.diskimages skip-verify -bool YES

    10. Put double scroll arrows at both ends of scroll bar. Use Appearance pane in system preferences to reset.
    defaults write "Apple Global Domain" AppleScrollBarVariant DoubleBoth [​IMG]
    11. Disable the unexpectedly quit dialog that normally appears when an application crashes. Replace "none" with "prompt" to enable again.
    defaults write com.apple.CrashReporter DialogType none

    12. Set the history limit in Safari to a certain number of items and and/or a certain age.
    defaults write com.apple.Safari WebKitHistoryItemLimit 2000 and/or
    defaults write com.apple.Safari WebKitHistoryAgeInDaysLimit 30

    13. Show hidden files in the Finder.
    defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles -bool YES

    14. Enable the debug menu in Safari.
    defaults write com.apple.safari IncludeDebugMenu -bool YES

    15. Deactivate Dashboard. Requires the dock to be relaunched to take effect, so type "killall Dock" and press enter.
    defaults write com.apple.dashboard mcx-disabled -bool YES

    BONYEZA HAPA SOURCE: Top 15 Terminal Commands for Hidden Mac OS X Settings | Terminal, Dock & Exposé & Dashboard, iTunes, Finder, Safari | Mac OS X Tips
     
  2. Wa Ndima

    Wa Ndima JF-Expert Member

    #2
    May 4, 2011
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    Ngoja nijaribu
     
  3. edjizzo

    edjizzo Member

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    May 4, 2011
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    kaka uta crash proccessor ya machine yako hizi mac os 86x ziko kwenye project ya kungia kwenye proccessor za intel ikiwa chini ya apple kwa hiyo watu wana force
     
  4. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu Acha kumtisha amwenzako akitaka kutumia Mac atauliza na kupewa jibu mbona mimi natumia Mac Snow Leopard na windows 7 kwenye laptop yangu sasa ni miezi sita hakuna matatizo yoyote yale
     
  5. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Jun 1, 2011
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Mac OS X
    Basic Troubleshooting & Maintenance Tips


    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]This Apple Macintosh information how to perform general maintenance, back ups and troubleshooting guide tutorial is about Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard, 10.5 Leopard, OS10.4 Tiger, 10.3 Panther, 10.2 Jaguar, OS on the generation 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Mac Pros, four G4, and generation five G5 Altivec CPU workstations, including dual core quad core eight core processors quad processors Macbook Pro laptops Intel-based Intel Xeon Mac Pro IntelXeon MacPro computers, iPad.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]WARNING TO THE BRAVE SOULS UPGRADING TO APPLE'S NEW 10.6.0 SNOW LEOPARD OR ANY NEW "BLEEDING-EDGE" OPERATING SYSTEM OR HARDWARE (please read rant at page bottom).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]My free online basic troubleshooting guide:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]CORRUPTION | BACKUP | FREE UNUSED SPACE | DEFRAG | VIRUSES | SPARE USER ACCOUNT | PREFERENCES | SAFE BOOT | DISK UTILITY REPAIR PERMISSIONS | DISK UTILITY REPAIR DISK | DISK WARRIOR | FSCK | CRON SCRIPTS | COMBO UPDATES | FAQ-TIPS | TIME MACHINE-CLONING | STARTING OVER | NEW TO MAC LINKS[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]CORRUPTION[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]When Mac a computer starts acting flaky — unstable, crashing, freezing or generally misbehaving — it's a corruption issue 98 percent of the time (unless we've recently done something to it, and there is 98 percent of our clue).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]After I've ruled out the two-percent by removing whatever I recently added or updated, I will start with the Mac OSX basics:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]BACKUP[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]FIRST, before we start any troubleshooting or System or hard drive maintenance procedures, it is important that we BACK UP OUR DATA to other drives or CD or DVD media. This is important because the disk may be hanging on by a thread and the most basic procedure may lose the drive and data forever. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Be sure to back up all critical MAIL folders, DOCUMENT folders, FINANCIAL data files, iPHOTO and iTUNES folders and PREFERENCE files.

    These days I prefer to simply clone my healthy, problem-free boot hard drive onto a freshly-erased internal hard drive, removing the original hard drive intact (and storing it away as my system back up). This allows me to work off the clone and have a trustworthy boot drive I can swap out and get back to work in five minutes if necessary.

    An external FireWire or USB drive can also be used for the clone.

    Because keep project files — documents, music, photos, project folders — on third and fourth hard drives, the swap and get-back-to-work process is pretty seamless in my professional work flow.

    Apple provides a "Time Machine.app" (Apple's popular backup and restore application). Here is Apple's official Knowledge Base article HT1427: "Learn how to set up Time Machine to perform backups, how to restore items (or your entire system) from a backup, how to use existing backups on a new Mac, and more."
    [/FONT] [​IMG][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif] This page gets viewed about 13,000 times a month.
    Last updated 4/4/2011.
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]FREE UNUSED DISK SPACE[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]SECOND, be sure you have a lot of free unused disk space on your hard drives — a hard drive that fills up and turns flaky is nearly impossible (for me) to get back to normal without Erasing reformatting. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If you run Photoshop scratch disk off the boot drive, I would recommend at keeping at least 50 gigabytes Available space (this free space needs to be relatively unfragmented for Photoshop to run properly).

    If all you are doing is Microsoft Word and E-mail, I would keep a minimum of 30 GB free unused space available — this allows the operating system vital unused space to write its swap files, virtual memory scratch disk.

    [/FONT] [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Full hard drives also tend to fragment system and data files and can greatly slow disk access down, too.

    Check free space by 1) click on hard drive icon, 2) Command+I (File> Get Info), and note Available space.

    On the Windows 7 PC XP and Vista Platforms, open space can be found under hard drive Properties.
    [/FONT] [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]HARD DRIVE FRAGMENTATION[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]DEFRAGGING a boot hard disk is generally a Windows "PC" thing, but we Apple Mac users do need to watch how we manage our data. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]The best way to defragment a Mac harddrive is to copy our data folders-files over to another disk, delete the originals, empty the trash completely, and then copy them back onto the drive.

    Mac OS-X is pretty good at defragging its operating system on its own (unless the hard drive has filled up and forced it to write into a fragmented state) so generally we do not have to worry about defragging the System and Applications folders.

    In the case the Mac OS has been badly fragmented — but is still healthy and functioning proper — I would opt to CLONE it to another harddrive, and either swap the Cloned disk back, or Erase the fragmented drive and Clone it back in an unfragged state (keeping the other drive as a backup).
    [/FONT] [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]MAC VIRUSES SOFTWARE OS-X[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]It has been widely stated on the internet and Apple forums there are no known computer viruses for the Mac OSX operating system — so worrying about getting a virus is probably needless worry for most of us — search Google for more facts and information about Mac viruses, Trojans, prevention. What we do need to watchout for is passing infected files that we download or receive in emails over to Windows users where they can do serious damage.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]APPLE'S OS-X VIRUS SECURITY INFORMATION.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]MAC ONLINE VIRUS GUIDE by Thomas A. Reed.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]FREE Mac OS-X VIRUS SOFTWARE DOWNLOAD: ClamXav.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Tip #1 Create a New "Spare User" Account:[/FONT]

    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif][​IMG][/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Create a new SPARE USER with ADMIN privileges (System Preferences> System> Accounts). [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]A fresh NEW USER ACCOUNT gives us a new, clean, untouched set of User Preferences to work with and trouble shoot — this is usually the first move I make in troubleshooting because it resets all applications to default (in case I have set a bad preference), and it also rules out any whacky or corrupted user Preferences.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Then, WHEN something isn't working correctly
    Log Out of our problem User Account, and Log In to a new Spare User account:
    [/FONT]

    • [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If the problem has NOT cleared in the Spare User, then it is most likely a System-wide, or hardware problem -- remove 3rd-party hardware and suspected bad preferences from the Hard Drive> Library> Preferences folder.

      [/FONT]
    • [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If the problem has cleared in Spare User, then the main user has corruption, or bad fonts activated that doesn't exist in our user account -- remove suspected bad preferences from the Hard Drive> Users> Name> Library> Preferences folder.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If the problem prevents us from logging into our user account, but can still login to Spare User, I would suspect a conflict or preference associated with my Log In items (disable login items if you can get logged in, or navigate to the login System or User preference "loginwindow.plist" and trash it).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Troubleshooting Preference Files:[/FONT]

    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If our user account is corrupted (problem clears in Spare User), the first thing to consider is a damaged preference file in our normal user account. One workflow technique is to have previously backed up our Preferences folder. Then we simply start swapping the suspect preferences with our back ups.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Or else we start trashing the most likely preferences and rebooting or logging out/in....[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Another troubleshooting technique is to drag our user entire Preferences folder out of the our user Library and onto the Desktop. Then Log Out and back into our user account. If the problem has cleared, one of the old Preferences is bad (we can continue replacing the new with the until the problem returns and nails the bad preference file).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]It may be easier to just make a new account and trash the corrupted one, though, which is probably what I would do.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Hold down Shift for a "Safe Boot":[/FONT]

    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif] [​IMG][/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Starting with 10.2 Jaguar, Mac OS X features a "Safe Boot/Safe Mode." Safe Booting -- rebooting from a complete ShutDown with Shift key down -- forces a directory check of the boot volume and loads only required kernel extensions and Apple start-up items.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]From Apple's SAFE BOOT article:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]What is Safe Boot, Safe Mode? (Mac OS X)[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Safe Boot is a special way to start Mac OS X 10.2 or later when troubleshooting. Safe Mode is the state Mac OS X is in after a Safe Boot.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Starting up into Safe Mode does three things to simplify the startup and operation of your computer:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]• It forces a directory check of the startup volume.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]• It loads only required kernel extensions (some of the items in /System/Library/Extensions).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]• It runs only Apple-installed startup items (some of the items in /Library/StartupItems and /System/Library/StartupItems - and different than login items).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]• Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger only: It disables all fonts other than those in /System/Library/Fonts .[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]• Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger only: It moves to the Trash all font caches normally stored in /Library/Caches/com.apple.ATS/(uid)/ , where (uid) is a user ID number such as 501.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]• Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger only: It disables any Login Items.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Taken together, these changes can work around issues caused by software or directory damage on the startup volume.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Some features don't work in Safe Mode....[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Run Disk Utility's Repair Permissions:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif][​IMG][/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Starting with 10.2 Jaguar, Mac OS X features a Repair Permissions routine located in Hard Drive> Applications> Utilities> Disk Utility> First Aid. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]PERMISSIONS REPAIR is to be ran from the boot OS System while booted from that system. In other words, navigate to Disk Utility and run Repair Permissions on the boot hard drive.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Run Disk Utility's Repair Disk:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]See above screen picture for panel for Repair Disk, highlighting any non boot volume or hard drive will active the Repair Disk option.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Repairing the BOOT hard drive or volume REQUIRES us to boot from another disk, hard drive, hard disk or removable disk Apple's technical article TS1417 on running Disk Utility REPAIR DISK:[/FONT]

    1. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Insert the Mac OS X Install CD or DVD.[/FONT]
    2. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Restart Mac, immediately after the bong, hold down the C key until the Apple logo appears.[/FONT]
    3. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]When the Installer reaches the INTRODUCTION phase, click on Utilities at the top of the screen, and drop down to Disk Utility.[/FONT]
    4. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Click the First Aid tab.[/FONT]
    5. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Highlight the boot hard drive volume or partition.[/FONT]
    6. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Click Repair Disk.[/FONT]
    7. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Repeat steps 5 and 6 until the scan comes up all clean and good (and run it one more time).[/FONT]
    8. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Quit Disk Utility and the OS Installer and reboot.[/FONT]
    9. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Firewire Target Disk Mode is another option we should know about.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Repairing other non-boot drives or volumes:[/FONT]

    1. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Repair Disk may be ran on any non-boot from the boot hard drive (there is no need to boot off the Install CD/DVD to repair non-boot drives, partitions or volumes).[/FONT]
    2. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]See above screen picture for Repair Disk panel, highlighting any non-boot volume or hard drive will active the Repair Disk option.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Booting in Single User Mode and Running fsck -fy
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif](this process seems to change a bit with updates, check the linked Apple articles carefully for more info):[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]WHAT IS FSCK?
    "fsck" (file system check) is a start-up Unix utility ran from the command line.
    Here is Apple's technical article on running FSCK -FY.
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Apple tech article states that Disk Utility Repair Disk is the same as running as fsck, yet many users have said they prefer fsck -fy from a Shut Down.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]In the linked Apple tech article, Apple states, "Important: If you're using Mac OS X 10.4 or later, you should use Disk Utility instead of fsck, whenever possible."[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]In any case, we do NOT need an Apple boot Install CD or DVD to run fsck -fy.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Here's how to do fsck -fy:[/FONT]

    1. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Shut Down Mac completely, Restart your Mac in single-user mode (after pressing power on button, immediately press and hold down the Command and S keys until white text begins to scroll on black screen. In a few more seconds, the Unix command line prompt ending in :)/ root#).[/FONT]
    2. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]At that prompt, type /sbin/fsck -fy (fsck space minus fy).[/FONT]
    3. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Press Enter or[/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif] Return key to execute the command.[/FONT]
    4. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Text will start updating the progress...if there is damage, the final line will say ***** FILE SYSTEM WAS MODIFIED *****.[/FONT]
    5. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If you see that message, REPEAT Steps 2 and 3 again until that message no longer appears. Having to run fsck more than once is normal, because the first run's repairs may uncover additional problems.[/FONT]
    6. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]The end should read: "The volume <name of disk> appears to be OK."[/FONT]
    7. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Then type "exit" or "reboot" then press Return or Enter to boot back off the hard drive.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]DISK WARRIOR — 3rd Party Disk Utilities[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If Apple's REPAIR DISK and FSCK-Y cannot repair the problem, we need to try third-party DISK UTILITIES like Disk Warrior alsoft.com. But BEWARE of 3rd-party disk utilities, especially running Norton Utilities on OS X disks because Norton is not compatible with them (search GOOGLE for the OSX-Norton issues).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Warning: NEVER USE NORTON DISK UTILITIES on an OS X hard drive.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I know a lot of people recommend running DISK WARRIOR on healthy, properly-functioning boot drives — including system/applications hardrives that may need only minor repairs or routine maintenance — but I only recommend using Disk Warrior as a last resort AFTER everything has been properly backed up to other disks.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I say this because it makes more comonsense to let Apple's Disk Utility maintain the Operating System and boot drive, rather than some extreme third-party disk utility — in the four or five times I have used Disk Warrior in the past several years, it was to repair problems Disk Utility couldn't fix (and it is a very useful tool for that).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Cron Scripts:
    [/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]This is a big deal and very important maintenance routine especially if you are seeing any wierd behavior.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]If the Macintosh doesn't run 24/7, or if it is set to sleep at night — I run Cocktail regardless — we should look into a utility like COCKTAIL to manually perform the usual daily/weekly/monthly UNIX maintenance scripts that the operating system enables to clean up the Mac during the wee AM hours of the morning. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Cocktail is a general purpose utility for Mac OSX that will run cron scripts (among other things).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]In Cocktail's settings, I always setup #2: Clear selected caches> Options> User: Clear all Font Caches BECAUSE Snow Leopard seems prone to corrupting its font caches.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]More on troubleshooting font problems: see ADOBE ARTICLE.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Running Apple's COMBO System Updaters:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]System Preferences> Software Update can be flaky so a proven troubleshooting technique is to manually download Apple's COMBO UPDATES (PPC & INTEL). The 10.4.11 10.5.8 Combo Update, for example, can be installed right on top of an existing 10.4.11 or 10.5.8 install.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Just go to APPLE.COM/DOWNLOADS and download the latest "COMBO" updater for your Operating System.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]The advantage or pro of using the Combo Updates is it goes in and replaces the updated parts of the system. The con is the Combo Updates are usually over over 300MB to download.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Again, running a Combo Updater is something to try before giving up on a flaky installed system.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]+++++[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FAQ KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS PLUS USEFUL WHY ABOUT HOW TO INFORMATION, TIPS On USING MAC OSX:[/FONT]

    1. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to boot off a bootable DVD CD?:
      Restart, Power On, immediately press and hold down the C key until the logo appears on screen.
      [/FONT]
    2. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to reset, zap PRAM?:
      Shut Down, Restart immediately press and hold down the Option+Command+P+R keys until three or four startup tones are heard.
      [/FONT]
    3. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Press and hold Option key down while booting/restarting computer will display icons for all bootable volumes, at which time select any bootable system.[/FONT]
    4. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to reset PRAM and NVRAM
      Also try: unplug everything from your Mac Pro, including AC power for 30 seconds to reset the logic boad.
      [/FONT]
    5. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to run Disk Utility Repair Disk?:
      See above Run Disk Utility Repair Disk.
      [/FONT]
    6. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to run Disk Utility Repair Permissions?:
      See above Run Disk Utility Repair Permissions.
      [/FONT]
    7. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to Safe Boot in Mac OS X?:
      See above Hold Down Shift Key for a "Safe Boot."
      [/FONT]
    8. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to create a new user?:
      See above Create a Spare User Account.
      [/FONT]
    9. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to install OS X?:
      Boot off an OSX Install CD or DVD and follow on-screen directions.
      [/FONT]
    10. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to do an ARCHIVE INSTALL?
      I don't recommend Archive Install, aka clean install (it is easier and far less complicated for me to Erase and Restore my hard drive, or Erase and start-from-scratch), but you may get lucky with an Archive Install.
      [/FONT]
    11. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]SETUP ASSISTANT / MIGRATION ASSISTANT
      I never liked these OS-X assistants FAQ, because they always seemed problematic (and I've learned how to manually BackUp and Restore my iTunes, email, network settings) — your mileage may vary.
      [/FONT]
    12. [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to Change or Reset an Account or User Password?
      See Apple's Knowledge Base Article HT1274 to learn how to change or reset a User Account password if you have forgotten it or just want a new password, for example.
      [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]For help with troubleshooting Adobe Photoshop.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]For help evaluating and troubleshooting monitor color problems, bad color.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]For help with troubleshooting Mac OS 9.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]For help with troubleshooting FONT ISSUES.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]BACK UP - Cloning HD:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Backing Up is likely the most important point of this article[/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif] and it is so easy these days that even casual users can learn how to make restorable back ups with minimal effort — so take a few minutes to figure out what backing up computers is all about.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]The point is:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]WHEN an install starts acting flaky or the hard drive actually dies, simply replace and Erase-reformat the hard drive, and RESTORE it back to a trustworthy state — but we will need to have already backed up or cloned the install to restore a working bootable system. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]We may also pull good Preferences from cloned drives (so our Preferences are backed up in the process). It is easy to drag a set of Photoshop preferences out of the cloned back up and copy them over to a working install, for example, if you dread re-configuring or troubleshooting Adobe Photoshop preferences.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]What is a cloned hard drive?:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]A cloned hard drive is an exact bootable copy, a mirror image, of source hard drive. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Typically that means my working boot drive with all my applications installed, and all my preferences set up. [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]A cloned drive will boot and/or restore another drive EXACTLY as its original source drive.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]This means — if my working boot drive fails, I can swap it with the cloned hard drive and get right back to work in a few minutes.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I can also use my backup cloned hard drive to RESTORE a freshly-formatted hard drive and get back to work in an hour or so on my fully-tuned working restored hard drive.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]How to Back Up or Clone a boot system-applications hard drive:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I have only used Carbon Copy Cloner CCC and it has worked so flawlessly for me that I haven't tried other backup options under OS X, including Super Duper application (that many people recommend on the Apple forums) and Apple's own Time Machine.app that is included with Snow Leopard SL 10.6 and Leopard 10.5x.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Here is Apple's official Knowledge Base article HT1427: "Learn how to set up Time Machine to perform backups, how to restore items (or your entire system) from a backup, how to use existing backups on a new Mac, and more."[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]When to back up?:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I make my first clone right after I have installed my main applications, ran all the updaters, and set all their preferences, but if your install is running stable now, NOW is the time to back up your bootable system hard drive BEFORE you have to learn this lesson the Hard Way![/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I generally make a second clone after I have installed minor applications like bookkeeping and font management apps, printer and scanner drivers, system haxies, games, and plug-ins.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]There is one work flow I should mention — how I use Carbon Copy Cloner — I boot off a third "maintenance" hard drive, launch Carbon Copy Cloaner, and select my Source and Target hard drives (using three drives in the process). [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]This three-drive, backup-cloan process may or not be necessary, but it is how I prefer to do it because it frees up any items in use over both Source and Target drives.

    An external FireWire drive can also be used for backing up the entire Tiger or Snow Leopard install if you don't have a free internal drive available.

    In fact, my "maintenance" boot system resides on an external FireWire drive, and I also Clone boot systems to FireWire drives, and Restore bootable hard drives from cloned FireWire drives.
    [/FONT] [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]WORK-FLOW TIPS:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I prefer to keep data files (Music, Pictures, font libraries, Documents, backups) on other drives so the boot drive keeps only system and application files. This keeps my system backup small and apart from my data files:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]For example, in my workflow, if my Music Folder holds 200 gigabytes of music, and my Pictures Folder holds 800 gigabytes of Photoshop files, and my Documents Folder holds 300 gigabytes of Final Cut Studio projects, I don't want them stored on my boot drive or contained in my cloned hard drive (for obvious reasons).[/FONT] [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]I prefer to make full complete cloned system hard drive clones versus incremental backups (like how Time Machine app works).[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]The bottom line is create the types of backups you understand and use the workflows that fit your needs, but take a few minutes now to figure out and setup a back-up strategy in place.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]STARTING OVER
    [/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Reformat, Erase & Start From Scratch:[/FONT]

    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Some people fear initializing, reformatting, erasing their computer and starting over with a clean install. My experience is that spending two or eight hours reinstalling everything is a lot better than wasting days, weeks, months pulling hair out and losing work on a corrupted system or bad hardware.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]One very useful TIP I use for a fast answer is to Erase the Photoshop Scratch Disk or another HD, and TEMPORARILY install OSX, run the OSX updaters and install only the suspect application -- this takes about two hours and will generally rule out corruption on the normal boot drive by booting off a new fresh system...an external FireWire hard drive works fine for this fire drill.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]For my MELTDOWN procedure[/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif] help with preparing a Mac for AASP (Authorized Apple Service provider) and reformating an Erase Start From Scratch hard drive install.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]New to the Mac operating system?[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Mac OS-X aka OS-10, Tiger 10.4, Leopard 10.5, Snow Leopard 10.6 is the Mac Operating System.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]These OS-X operating systems are equivalent to Microsoft® Windows® operating systems like Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif][​IMG]
    MICROSOFT Tech Support Employee of the Month Photo, India.
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]HERE ARE A COUPLE GREAT APPLE LINKS FOR SWITCHERS:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Mac 101 Getting Started with the Mac
    Whether you want to learn how to get around your Mac desktop (or find out what a desktop is, for that matter) figure out how to connect your printer, iPod, iPhone, iPad, digital camera, or other device discover email and the Internet learn how to do various tasks learn how to use the software that came with your Mac or even find out what to do when things don't go as planned we have the answers.
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Switch 101 Migrate to the Mac
    Welcome to the Mac family! If you're a PC user who has just switched to the Mac and want to find out how to adapt your old working habits to the Mac OS you've come to the right place. Welcome to Switch 101: The former PC user's guide to getting the most out of your Mac.
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Anatomy of a Mac - Find Out How
    Apple video tutorials | text tutorials | wireless | using Windows on a Mac | PC to Mac basics | streaming music...
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Mac 101: Time Machine
    Learn how to set up TimeMachine to perform backups, how to restore items (or your entire system) from a backup, how to use existing backups on a new Mac, and more.
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Apple Mac Quick Assist
    Need help with a certain activity or have issues that need fixing fast? Check out these Quick Assist topics: Internet | AirPort + Time Capsule | Email | Mac Maintenance | Software Installation | Power or Start Up | Printing | USB & FireWire | Disc Burning | Bluetooth
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Switch to a Mac
    Help, Guides, and News on making the Switch To Apple Macintosh Computers.
    [/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Here are the community Apple FORUMS.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]+++++[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]WARNING TO THE BRAVE SOULS UPGRADING TO APPLE'S NEW 10.6.0 SNOW LEOPARD operating system. There are good reasons experienced users avoid brand new Operating Systems, but if you must be on [/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]The Bleeding Edge[/FONT][FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif], consider my free advice for what it may be worth to you:[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]1) Clone your old boot drive to another hard drive for BACKUP in case you need to RESTORE the old system/applications. Carbon Copy Cloner and Super Duper apps are both proven reliable products. An external FireWire drive can be used for backing up the entire Tiger or Leopard install if you don't have a free internal drive available.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]2) Erase and reinstall 10.6 Snow Leopard from scratch. I know a lot of people will just upgrade (install) on top of their 10.5 system -- and this is one of the Leopard features Apple is recommending -- but this has always proven less reliable and problematic. Plus, installing Snow Leopard onto its own partition-volume-harddrive gives me the option to simply boot off the reliable 10.4 or 10.5 system drive and return to my good working system.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]4) Avoid Setup Assistant aka Migration Assistant to port over old files, settings, preferences. I know this is supposed to work, and again Apple is touting this procedure, but it has proven unreliable and problematic -- spend a little extra time to keep your new installation pristine by building the 10.6 install from scratch.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]3) Inevitably, we are going to hit BUGS with Snow Leopard 10.6 that will break our computers. Whether the new operating system breaks our printer drivers, network, fonts, Microsoft and Adobe applications, or FireWire devices, it is commonsense not to bet our sanity on a new operating system without a reliable back up.[/FONT]
    [FONT=Arial, Helvetica, Geneva, SunSans-Regular, sans-serif]Personally, I will install Snow Leopard onto a separate hard drive and give it a go, but I would not consider thinking 10.6.0 Snow Leopard is ready to replace my working 10.5.8 Leopard or 10.4.11 Tiger install -- why do you think they call it The Bleeding Edge?[/FONT]

    sourcs: Mac OS X BASIC TROUBLESHOOTING & MAINTENANCE Tips Snow Leopard 10.6 10.5 Tiger 10.4 Panther 10.3 Why How To
    [/FONT]
     
  6. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Jun 1, 2011
    Joined: Feb 29, 2008
    Messages: 5,972
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    spamming
     
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