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Tuberculosis rates highest in 30 years

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by Gama, Nov 4, 2010.

  1. Gama

    Gama JF-Expert Member

    Nov 4, 2010
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    Tuberculosis rates highest in 30 years

    (Reporting by Kate Kelland; Editing by Steve Addison)

    Cases of tuberculosis in Britain reached their highest level for 30 years in 2009 with 9,040 cases and the number of new drug-resistant TB cases has almost doubled in the past decade, government data showed on Thursday. Skip related content
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    An annual tuberculosis (TB) report from the government's Health Protection Agency also said the number of multi-drug resistant cases of the disease had also doubled in the last decade, although the proportion of these extremely difficult to treat cases remains low at around 1.2 percent.
    Treatment for non drug-resistant TB requires a six month course of multiple antibiotics. But for drug-resistant TB, the treatment is even more complicated and prolonged and for multi-drug resistant TB, treatment may be required for 18 months or even longer.
    "We are concerned to see cases of TB at their highest levels since the 1970s. TB is a preventable and treatable condition but, if left untreated, can be life-threatening," said Dr Ibrahim Abubakar, head of TB surveillance at the HPA.
    He said that while TB can affect anyone, cases are more common among people in urban areas, as with many other infectious diseases, and in immigrant communities and vulnerable populations such as drug users or the homeless.
    "TB is sadly not a disease of the past and the figures today serve as an important reality check," said Dr Paul Cosford, executive director of Health Protection Services at the HPA.
    Up to a third of people worldwide are infected with the bacterium that causes TB, although only a small percentage ever develop the disease.
    Some studies have shown that people with substance abuse problems and those who live in hard-to-reach communities are more prone to the illness than the general population.
    The AIDS epidemic drove up the number of TB cases across the world in the late 1980s and 1990s because the immune suppression caused by HIV can make a person far more susceptible to TB.
    Patients can get drug-resistant forms of the disease either as a result of catching such a strain from another person or because of inappropriate or incomplete treatment.
    "The key to reducing levels of TB is early diagnosis and appropriate treatment," Abubakar said in a statement.
    He said efforts to improve early diagnosis and control the spread of the infection should be a priority in the UK and be increased in vulnerable areas where prevalence is high.
  2. pmwasyoke

    pmwasyoke JF-Expert Member

    Nov 4, 2010
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    Kama Britain TB inawaendesha - sisi huku ndio hatari kabisa.
  3. Gama

    Gama JF-Expert Member

    Nov 5, 2010
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    dont wory,caucasians r more wk on tb than blacks.
  4. Mwanamageuko

    Mwanamageuko JF-Expert Member

    Nov 5, 2010
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    :thinking: sababu kuu ya mlipuko huo mkubwa wa TB na kiukweli si miaka thelathini tu hii ya ukimwi bali ni zaidi kidogo kwa nchi za ulaya, sababu yake ni hii:

    Ulaji mbovu, muda mchache wa kupumzika, mwili kukosa nguvu ya kupambana na maradhi makubwa kutokana na kutumia madawa makali awali.

    Chanzo chake: Je umejiuliza ya kwamba, ikiwa chanjo ya TB na maradhi mengine inatokana na maradhi yale je siku vile vimelea vikijigundua si rafiki na mwili wako inakuwaje? Ukianzia hapo utapata majibu mengi zaidi kuliko maswali.....

  5. Visenti

    Visenti JF-Expert Member

    Nov 8, 2010
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    The national (Britain) rise in tuberculosis affects only the poorest areas. Within one such area all residents (white and established ethnic minorities) were affected to a similar extent. The evidence indicates a major role for socioeconomic factors in the increase in tuberculosis and only a minor role for recent immigration from endemic areas. Increasing incidence of tuberculosis in England and Wales: a study of the likely causes http://www.bmj.com/content/310/6985/967.full.