Baada ya rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania Jakaya M. Kikwete kusema kuwa angejaribu kuwa dikteta angalau kidogo mbele ya watanzania alipokuwa akiongea na wazee wa Dar es salaam, nilichukua initiative binafsi kujua ni dalili zipi zinazofanya nchi au kiongozi kuitwaa dikteta, na haya ndiyo niliyopata, yanapatikana hapa HAPA . Wataalamu wa mambo wanasema kuna dalili 14 za nchi au mtu kuwa dikteta, nimeziangalia na kugundua kuwa angalau baadhi ya dalili zimeanza kuonekana nchini. Je unaweza kubaliana na mimi au ni mawazo yangu tu? The 14 points below are good indicators of dictatorship: 1. Nationalism. (mbinu ya utaifa) Fascism, communism and religious fundamentalism may be seen as global doctrines, but their implementation is typically very local, privileging one specific city and identifying one race as "the chosen people". Dictators love to encourage the associated patriotism with speeches, mottos(kilimo kwanza), slogans, symbols, songs, and other paraphernalia. The military is glorified and imitated at school, in parades, hymns, pledges, ceremonies, flags, uniforms and sport. This nurtures hostility from a young age towards those deemed to be different.(wananchi wanatengwa kwa ukada, chipukizi nk) 2. Contempt for people's rights. Under the pretence of national security, violation of rights is institutionalised. This is particularly the case in regard to privacy, freedom of expression and freedom of choice. Fascism, communism and religious fundamentalism all have a sick sense of "equality", seeking to fit and mould everyone into the same straightjacket that only suits the cause of the regime. 3. Using scapegoats and external enemies as a an instrument to unify people behind the regime. Dictatorship inevitably results in economic inefficiencies, poverty, human misery, cronyism, bureaucratic waste, lower standards of living and lack of moral values. To hide this and many of the other shortcomings of the dictatorial regime, it seeks to divert attention by pointing at perceived common threats or foes: those who are racially, ethnically, culturally or religiously different from the majority of the "chosen people". Furthermore: politicians, intellectuals, artists, journalists and writers who question the regime are branded as dissidents, as traitors and as the cause of all problems. 4. Glorification of the military. (Upendeleo wa jeshi) Soldiers and military service are glamorized. Despite the typical economic misery, the military is given a disproportionate amount of government funding. A national military-industrial complex is created to act under the cloak of secrecy, placing itself and its staff above the law, above journalistic scrutiny and above market accountibility(Meremeta). This complex will steadily grow like an octopus with many tentacles that intertwine into areas like suppliers of military equipment, media, science, forensics, customs, prisons, airports, education and health care. 5. Rampant sexism. Positions of importance in these regimes are almost exclusively male-dominated. There is strong opposition against anything that differs from the traditional family. 6. Controlled mass media. Typically, the media are directly controlled by the government; alternatively, a front of sympathatic apologists is appointed to control the media. Censorship is common. Contempt for privacy (kukutwa na nyaraka za serikali), freedom of expression and freedom of choice is rampant. 7. Obsession with national security. Fear is used as an instrument to control society (matamko ya polisi) and to discourage people from questioning the regime. People are terrified into collaborating and making sacrifices for the national interest, under the pretence that any questioning of decisions made by the ruling elite was an act of treason that was inspired by those seeking to undermine national security. 8. Religion and government are intertwined. Dictatorial regimes like to use the predominant religion in a country as a tool to manipulate public opinion and to portay themselves as militant defenders of that religion. Any concerns that the ruling elite's conduct may contradict the precepts of the respective religion are swept under the carpet. People are told to have faith in the wisdom of their leader. Staged propaganda on controlled media keeps up the illusion that those who make up the ruling elite were defenders of the faith and leaders against the "infidels". A perception is manufactured that any questioning of this ruling elite was tantamount to treason and constituted an attack on this religion. 9. Business is controlled. The industrialists and the local business aristocracy that feeds on this military-industrial complex typically support such dictatorial regimes that exercize strict control over business activities to hide their shortcomings and to prevent outsiders from entering these captive markets.( Tenda za shule, jeshi zote kushikiliwa nk) 10. Access to work is restricted and workers are organized by trade.(TUCTA) Workers are coerced into organizing themselves on an exclusive basis, by trade or profession. This enables the dictator to easily pass orders from the top down and mobilize workers to support the dictatorship, as if this was in line with workers' interest. This will ensure that workers are more worried about outsiders entering their closed shop than work conditions or what they earn. (Hii inajieleza, TUCTA, CWT zote zinatumiwa) 11. Disdain and suppression of intellectuals and the arts. Dictators nurture open hostility towards academics, politicians, intellectuals, artists, journalists and writers who question the regime. Such people are branded as dissidents and traitors, and removed from their jobs (mfn Baregu, Mvungi). Instead, people are appointed into academic positions, the judiciary and positions of cultural importance on the basis of support for the regime. Dissidents are silenced, censored and arrested. Free expression in the media and in the arts is muzzled, making them into mouthpieces for the regime. 12. Obsession with crime and punishment. Dictatorial regimes are characterized by the large proportion of people imprisioned, executed or disappearing under their rule. Police and secret police are given draconian, unchecked and almost limitless powers (Arusha incident). Political dissidents are targeted and depicted as the worst criminals (Lema). 13. Rampant cronyism, favoratism, nepotism and corruption. In dictatorships, people are not appointed on merit (CEOs, DGs, mabalozi). Dictatorial regimes are ruled by groups of known collaborators who appoint each other into positions of importance and who use their financial clout and the authority of their position to protect each other from exposure, scrutiny and accountability. The resulting elite feeds on power and seeks to enrich itself like a predator, at the expense of the people of the country. 14. Fraud in elections. Typically, elections in dictatorially-ruled nations are a complete sham(uchakachuaji). If there is any opposition to start with, voters are manipulated by smear campaigns against or even assassination of opposition candidates, use of legislation to control voting numbers or to manipulate political district boundaries. The ruling elite is supported by the government bureaucracy and by controlled media. Dissidents are thrown into prison, often just before elections, while those in prison are prohibited from voting. The judiciary collaborates to manipulate or control elections. Elections are often called unexpectedly, with little resources made available to the opposition (if there is any). Fraud and perversion of democratic principles is as predictible as the outcome of such elections.