NIMEONA WATU WANAULIZIA VITI MAALUMU KWA WANAWAKE HUGAWANYWAJE, KUTOKANA NA HILO NIMEONA NIWAPE ARTICLE ITAKAYOWASAIDIA KUJUA NANI ATAPATA VITI KIASI GANI BAADA YA MATOKEO JUMLA KUTOKA, SOMA HII ARTICLE HAPA CHINI The allocation mechanism of special seats changed again in 2005. The special seats are now distributed proportionally on the basis of the number of votes won by each party in the parliamentary election, not on the basis of the number of parliamentary seats won by each party. Only parties that won "at least 5% of all valid votes for parliamentary election" can propose the names of specialseat candidates to the National Electoral Commission (National Electoral Commission 2006a:75). In a single-candidate constituency, "valid votes cast for presidential candidate of that party shall be used in determining that proportion" (National Electoral Commission 2006a:75). "If a political party did not nominate a presidential candidate, 51% of the total number of registered voters in that constituency shall be used to determine that proportion" (National Electoral Commission 2006a:76). The electoral commission has the ultimate authority to appoint special seats candidates to be MPs. Only three parties met the 5 percent threshold in 2005, and seventy-five special seats were proportionally divided among those three (table 2). ASANTENI.