Tribute to the founders of the United Republic of Tanzania Written by Administrator Saturday, 02 May 2009 13:56 MUHARRAM MACATTA WE may fail to realize that the founders of this nation, Mwalimu Nyerere and Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume, played a crucial role in uniting the peoples of their two countries. It was no doubt that their rise to power signified the demise of colonialism and the beginning of independent Africa. We should not overlook how Mwalimu Julius Nyerere was so industrious that he kept busy chairing meetings of his Tanganyika African National Union (Tanu) Executive Committee. Routine business, you might think, for a man who had been President of Tanu since he founded it way back on July 7, 1954. The time was then ripe to conduct no ordinary National Executive Committee meetings. They had to go through and approve the text of a constitution for a new party by merging Tanu of the mainland and Zanzibars Afro-Shiraz Party into the existing CCM party. The merger was effected after similar approval of the constitution by the ASP National Executive Committee, its approval by the National Executive Committees of both parties and ratification by a joint Tanu-ASP Conference. Therefore, the whole intricate exercise involved so many people representing the two nations. Obviously, this was a team-work influenced and precipitated by several prominent porsonalities, who actually exerted their influence for the execution of the resolutions. The list could be very long, but it is worthwhile to mention the intimate and active ones. We still remember some for the interest of our esteemed readers of this newspaper. From the Mainland: Rashid Mfaume Kawawa, Oscar Kambona, Dossa Azizi, John Rupia, Said Fundikira, Sheikh Amri Abeid, Titi Mohamed, Abdulwahid Kleist Sykes and his brothers Ambassador Abbas and Ally Kleist Sykes, Paul Bomani, Job Lusinde, Lucy Lameck, Mustafa Songambele, Job Lusinde, Nsilo Swai, Eliufoo Solomon and others. From Zanzibar: Sheikh Aboud Jumbe, Thabit Kombo, Mtoro Rehani, Abdulrahaman Babu, Aboud Maalim, Kassim Hanga, Rashad Ally, Said Natepe, Sharif Othman and many others, whose names were not available. One can say the Nyerere-Karume contribution to forming the United Republic of Tanzania, which is simply the integration of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, was more economic than political, but both parts made a historic effort to actively bury the past Sultan and colonial eras. Without which there would have been no peace in our respective countries if the two states had been reconstituted on the basis of national sovereignty. Our countries were under foreign rule--and Zanzibar was too small to guarantee its people the necessary prosperity and social development. Among other things, Zanzibar's economic recovery depended largely on mainland markets and commercial activities with the prevalent raw materials, including a reliable supply of electricity. If you cannot beat them, join them as the saying goes, and the islands were more than willing to be joined. The strong established Union was our breakthrough as it was integrated into a stronger OAU (the Organization of African Unity) which was developed into AU (African Union), whose Chairman was President Kikwete last year before President Gaddafi of Libya took over the chairmanship. The membership has now combined all other individual African countries including South African countries that were still under the colonial system. The late Mwalimu Nyerere was the Chairman of that grouping of Frontline States, which, on behalf of the Organization of African Unity, was charged with the close supervision and co-ordination of the liberation struggle in southern Africa. The duties he had accomplished successfully before he died on October 14, 1999 at St. Thomas Hospital in London. May God rest his Soul in Peace. On April 7, this year, we also held prayers for the rememberence of our beloved President Abeid Amani Karume, who was assassinated and buried at Kisiwandui, Zanzibar, on April 7, 1972. May Allahs blessings be conveyed to him. Both Nyerere and Karume performed a wonderful job for all Tanzanians and Africa in particular. We have had leaders who had deep religious convictions and who had been successful in their respective countries in translating those convinctions into demonstrable concern about freedom, justice, equality, the alleviation of hunger, poverty and disease. In short, they were wise men, experienced, super politicians who recognized that the structure of government could be utilised for beneficial purposes, and here we are in unity we stand, but in disunity we fall. We are supposed to admire them as unfogettable statesmen, whose integrity is unquestionable. We call them the leaders, who have foregone material wealth and ease in a sacrificial way for their own people. We have to admit that Tanzanians generally are relatively poor in material things, but are blessed with leaders and officials of the government who are stable, respected, beloved and justifiably so by the people whom they lead.