Tanzania is one of the eight countries world wide to pilot the One UN reform initiati

Mtoto wa Mkulima

JF-Expert Member
Apr 12, 2007

Your Excellency Mr. Kemal Dervis, Head of the United Nations
Development Programme and Chair of the United Nations
Development Group,
Hon. Ministers,
Excellencies Ambassadors and High Commissioners,
UN Resident Coordinator,
Heads of Development Cooperation,
Heads of UN Agencies Accredited to Tanzania,
Members of the UN- Civil Society Advisory Committee,
Ladies and Gentlemen.

It is a great pleasure for me to welcome you all to the official signing of the One UN Programme in Tanzania. The signing of the One UN Programme, which is one of the four pillars of the One UN Initiative, marks a new step forward after nine months of joint effort between the
Government and the United Nations (UN) to steer the pilot process.

In todays world of globalization, in the midst of poverty and growing inequality, the demands on the UN from member States have increased and become more complex, with calls for the Organization to be more result oriented, effective and efficient than it has been in the past.

The global shift towards harmonization and alignment for greater aid effectiveness and managing for results, reflected in the Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development of (2002), the Rome Declaration on Harmonization (2003), and the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005), has required the international community, including the UN, to take
stock of, and re-think the way aid is delivered to the needy countries.

The 2004 Triennial Comprehensive Policy Review conducted at the global-level to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the United Nations Development Assistance to member countries, almost coincided with a Joint Strategic Review conducted by the UN System in Tanzania to assess the experience of the UN support to the Government of Tanzania.

The UN Secretary General appointed a High Level Panel in September 2005, to review and make recommendations for an improved result oriented UN system. The results of these reviews revealed that the UN interventions were fragmented and that the UN needed to reform so as to improve its effectiveness, - hence the One UN Initiative.

Tanzania is one of the eight countries worldwide to pilot the One UN reform initiative. The other countries are Albania, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Rwanda, Pakistan, Uruguay, and Vietnam. The pilot is the UNs response to the changing aid environment and the need to achieve
results on the ground.

The Government of Tanzania has embraced the opportunity to Pilot and demonstrate Tanzanias willingness and readiness, to take the lead in championing harmonization and managing partnerships for results. UN reforms in Tanzania started even prior to the initiation of
the ONE UN reform pilot. The UN country Team developed the second generation UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) for the period 2007 2010.

This is the Business Plan of the UN agencies in Tanzania, and functions as a strategic framework for UN support towards implementation of MKUKUTA (Mainland) and MKUZA (Zanzibar). UNDAF - II is consistent with the Rome and Paris Declarations, on forging new
development partnership, based on mutual accountability in the process of development co-operation, to achieve real, measurable results.

In reforming aid management practices, Tanzania launched in 2002, a Tanzania Assistance Strategy (TAS) as a medium-term framework for guiding development cooperation, with a view to strengthening aid coordination, harmonization and alignment, and promoting national
ownership and leadership.

This was the first, turn around point, to address strained aid relations of the early 1990s, and to implement the first phase of Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS 1). Tanzania has developed and is implementing a National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA) - for mainland and (MKUZA) for Zanzibar, with extensive national stakeholder participation.

MKUKUTA and MKUZA serve as the overarching frameworks for ensuring coherence
in-country policies and development partnerships for Tanzania over the medium-term, by focusing on three broad clusters namely:
i) Growth and Reduction of Income Poverty
ii) Improvement of Quality of Life and Social Well being; and
iii) Governance and Accountability.

The Government launched the Joint Assistance Strategy for Tanzania (JAST) in December 2006. JAST is an elevated Tanzania Assistance Strategy in the sense that it has incorporated the principles of Monterrey Consensus (2002), the Rome Declaration (2003) and the Paris Declaration (2005) for improved aid effectiveness. JAST is all about promotion of national ownership and Government leadership in the development process, working strategically with all key stakeholders, including the DPs and the UN, with dynamism and low transaction costs to achieve results on MKUKUTA and MKUZA, and the MDGs.

The event we are witnessing today is a step in the right direction as it demonstrates the readiness of the UN system to respond to the changing aid environment in Tanzania and in other developing countries. The Pilot would seek to establish One UN at country level, with One
Programme, One Budgetary Framework, One Leader, and when appropriate, One Office.

The One UN Initiative, aims at transforming the UN into a more coherent and effective partner with the member countries. The establishment of pilot countries aims to test the concept of Delivering as One for effectiveness.

The One Programme concept we have signed today, focuses on six areas that are drawn from national priorities as articulated in MKUKUTA/MKUZA that are expected to be carried out during the pilot period. These are:-
(i) Wealth creation, employment and economic empowerment;
(ii) Reduction of maternal and newborn mortality;
(iii) Support to the reduction and prevention of HIV/AIDS
(Mainland and Zanzibar);
(iv) Capacity strengthening for development management;
(v) Capacity building for Zanzibar; and
(vi) Human Security, Disaster Preparedness

The One Budgetary Framework provides complete picture of the total UN support to Tanzania under the UNDAF. It also indicates the total funding required for the One Programme, and gaps that would need to be bridged under the One UN Fund, expected to be operational once the
procedures for its establishment are completed.

Under the one Budgetary Framework, total investment required to implement the pilot One
Programme is about US $74 million with a funding gap of US$ 30 million. This amount will need be mobilized through the One UN Fund. It will be very important for this financing gap to be closed for a successful kick off of the One UN Programme in Tanzania.

Excellencies Ladies and Gentlemen,
Let me say that we are very much encouraged by the swift move by some of our development partners in support of the Initiative. The British and Norwegian Governments have already disbursed a total of US$ 1,100,000 and US $ 986,000 respectively, and are expected to provide additional funding as contribution to the One UN Fund once the Fund
becomes operational.

Spain has pledged a contribution of US$ 4 million for 2007-2008, whereas Netherlands has pledged to contribute Euro 2 million and Euro 3 million for 2007, and 2008, respectively, to the One UN Fund.

Belgium and Canada have shown readiness to contribute to the One UN Fund once it becomes operational. I, on behalf of the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, would like to thank all of the first comers and invite the other DPs to join them in supporting this important Initiative.

With regard to the One UN Office, the exercise of co-locating the UN Agencies in Kigoma and Zanzibar is at an advanced stage. In Dar es Salaam the Government has co-located some of the UN Agencies in one UN Compound at Msimbazi Creek. I know that Mr. Dervis will have an
opportunity to visit the Compound today.

I strongly believe that the basic foundations to allow the UN to deliver as one in Tanzania have been laid down. The Government considers the pilot process as an opportunity for integrating the UN reforms into national reforms through:
(i) A streamlined coordination to facilitate more focus on UN activities in Tanzania, thus reducing transaction costs;
(ii) Clearer focus on comparative advantage and UN specific roles based on its mandate, in support of national priorities;
(iii) Scaled up resource inflows for Tanzania through a coordinated, focused, efficient, and result oriented partnership;
(iv) Promotion of national ownership and leadership of the development process;
(v) Having a more coherent and more effective ways to measure real
impact of UN support; and
(vi) Provision of a framework for systematic and streamlined reporting on UN activities in support of Government programmes.

Partnership and Government ownership are central themes of this process in Tanzania. A joint Government UN Steering Committee and Task Force have been established to ensure joint leadership in the Pilot Process in Tanzania.

In conclusion, it is worth mentioning that even though the Government is optimistic about the success of the ONE UN Pilot in Tanzania, there is an array of challenges in attaining the expected results.

Currently individual UN Agencies are operating under strict regulations, directives and guidance from their respective Headquarters. There is need for the pilot countries, to advocate with strong voice for change of the UN tradition of fragmentation, if the One UN Initiative is to achieve the intended objectives.

This is the message that the Government of Tanzania would like Mr. Dervis to take with him to New York. We will take initiative to mobilize Consensus among the Pilot Countries of our Region to push this agenda forward.

I thank you for your attention.

Source: Ministry of finance
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