Tanzania is not, won`t ever become a nation of animals Editor 6th June 10 A few weeks ago, President Jakaya Kikwete cautioned East African Community (EAC) members against making odious statements due to their potential to sow seeds of divisions and quarrels amongst the five countries that are currently gunning for the re-creation of the EAC as an expanded regional integrative entity. In a clear case of the Tanzanian leader's caution being literally thrown to the winds, some of our friends in next-door Kenya, sheltering under cover of exercising freedom of expression enshrined in the constitutions of the two countries, have branded us a nation of animals plus a heaven of lazy people and criminals. Why? Their twisted reasoning is that we are hosting Brazil at a very expensive cost instead of spending the money on fighting poverty. While it's not our intention to defend the scheduled Taifa Stars–Brazil friendly tie, we feel obliged to strongly challenge the rash and galling article from our Kenyan brothers. We strongly believe that everyone has fundamental rights to express one's opinions, but in so doing, fairness and respect should prevail above all, in order to avoid the negative consequences that those kinds of reckless views are bound to cause. We can confidently recall, without fear of contradiction, that one of the factors that led to the breakdown of the East African Community in 1977 was some abusive statements launched by our neighbours in Kenya against Tanzania, acting under the same umbrella of freedom of expression granted by the constitution. They dubbed us "a man eat nothing society", because they believed, and still do, that we are extremely poor to the extent that we can't feed our people. That highly insulting, dehumanising characterisation was highly publicised by the same media house that today claims to be at the forefront of promoting integration in the region, while deep into the bottom of their hearts, they have nothing to promote apart from personal hidden agenda. Tanzanians retaliated by describing Kenya as a "man eat man society", which was also highly publicised by our local media. Ultimately, things went out of control, in the wake of which hatred was created between the two countries. Since that time, it is apparent that our brothers and sisters in the neighbouring country have not buried their behaviour of undermining Tanzanians. To be honest, we don't know why they undermine us so much to the extent of seeing us as a sub-standard species, whereas, in reality, we are just at the same level as far as living standards are concerned. They are neither in the developed world nor in the developing group or the famous G-20. As for living standards and the popular Gross Domestic Product measurement, we are better than those who believe they are rich while their economy is controlled and enjoyed by 500 individuals, while millions are entrapped in massive poverty. Today, if GDP is used correctly, one might believe that Nigeria because of the booming oil revenues, is economically richer than the United Kingdom, but the reality is the extreme opposite. Just last year, one of the Kenya's premier daily newspaper published an article attacking Tanzanians; it was authored by a Kenyan who claimed to have been in the country for three days but was disappointed by the poor service offered by the hotel industry. While the message was very clear, the language and tone used by the author was purely irritating and misleading – merely echoing the same old trend of undermining Tanzanians and their country. There are so many examples that can justify the old irresponsible behaviour of our brothers and sisters in this region. This week, one Kenyan came up with another irritating statement when he used his constitutional rights, to express his disappointment about why Tanzanians are hosting Brazil in a friendly warm-up match, by paying what he described as ‘very expensive cost' for the poor country like ours. In his opinion, this kind of ‘misuse' of resources is what makes us very poor while Kenya is progressing in terms of economic development in the region as far as Gross Domestic Product is concerned. He described Tanzanians as a party animals and funniest creatures. He also claimed that Julius Nyerere wasn't Tanzanian but a Kenyan because he thought and acted bravely like millions of Kenyans. He went further by describing Tanzanians as very lazy, criminals with poor education background, citing an example of a fellow Tanzanian who schooled with him in UK, but decided to quit his studies and joined the ring of car thieves. He doesn't see the reason for the poorer Tanzania to host Brazil at what he described as ‘very expensive cost' and also offered us an advice that the money would have been used in alleviating poverty. We have no records in our history that bar Tanzanians from enjoying whatever they believe in just because their country is very poor. It should be noted that the 2010 World Cup wasn't just for South Africa, but also for the rest of Africa as well. It's for this reason that some countries have tried to use the opportunity to promote their football talents as well as marketing their country across the globe. At the end of the day, Brazil is not coming because they have been offered cash, but it's part of their plans to warm up before the kickoff of the 2010 soccer bonanza next Friday. For the record, it's not the taxpayers' money that has been spent on hosting Brazil, and therefore attacking the government as well as Tanzanians for not having priorities is missing the point as well as misleading the general public. While our friend from Kenya might be correct about our current economic situation, the tone and language used was very irritating and unacceptable especially bearing in mind the uneasiness of Tanzanians about their counterparts from the Land of Nyayo, where the EAC is concerned. Though there are thousands of Tanzanians who share the same abusive and irritating statement issued by our friend from Kenya, we at The Guardian on Sunday, are strongly against it, because it is in very bad taste and lacks a presence of mind and sense of responsibility. Calling us a nation of animals or heaven of criminals is going beyond the freedom of expression granted by the constitution of both Tanzania and Kenya. We have never been and will not be a nation of animals as our beloved brother wants the world to believe. Our history speaks louder about our integrity than the propaganda from our beloved Kenyan brother. As a media house, we believe that if not stopped, this kind of irritating comment is one of the obstacles toward having a free and equitable integration, which we are trying to build after we failed in 1977. While we strongly and humbly respect the fundamental rights of freedom of expression, we believe that when such opportunity is used irresponsibly, it causes more harm than the intended goodness. Yes, it's true that we are poor; it's correct that in terms of GDP, Kenya is better than Tanzania, though the reality on the grounds might prove the opposite; It's the truth that Kenya is at least a matured capitalist country compared to Tanzania, though we are also slowly and carelessly creating similar situation here; It's true that we shall pay high cost to attend the Taifa Stars friendly game against the world's best football team this Sunday. But, what we can't accept is the senseless and tasteless remarks from our brothers and sisters in one of our key partners. We understand that this is not the official stand of the government of Kenya or that of the majority of Kenyans, but in any downfall, it all starts with irresponsible acts of an individual, before it escalate to the majority. Just because we are poor doesn't mean we have sold our nationhood. It doesn't mean we are a nation of animals or cradle of criminals. Despite all that, millions of Tanzanians are proud of their country as well as who they are in this region as well as in Africa, considering our historical background, solidarity and unity among us. We would like to be corrected constructively and responsibly, because at the end of the day, the truth needs to be told. However in telling the truth or offering an advice, let's be careful with what we write and say against each other. We believe that in East Africa, the historical factors that unite us together are stronger than the obstacles that divide us as partners. We shall continue to support the efforts to integrate this region economically, socially and politically, but will not entertain any statements that undermines our nationhood and integrity that we have struggled to build during the past five decades. GUARDIAN ON SUNDAY Tanzania is not, won`t ever become a nation of animals Surprisingly Kenya has coughed out US$ 5 mio. as aid to Southern Sudan to hasten its disintegrate from Northern Sudan in anticipation of benefits that come from oil money the Southern has! Kenya aims at exporting the oil through Lamu port it that is on the draft board and a railway link between Southern Sudan and Ethiopia raising question on whether these bab**ns are deliberately fueling the North-South Sudan crisis to benefit! A truly man eating another man society Kenyan donor money and firms helping build Southern Sudan President Mwai Kibaki with the President of the Government of Southern Sudan Lt. General Salva Kiir and Prime Minister Raila Odinga when they met at his Harambee House office, Nairobi. PHOTO/ PPS By MURITHI MUTIGA Posted Saturday, June 5 2010 In Summary Government has offered neighbours Sh400m towards efforts to set up civil service while liaison unit operating from the President's office is directing diplomatic and policy issues Kenya is accustomed to being a recipient of aid. But in its relationship with Southern Sudan, it is playing a new and unfamiliar role: That of donor country. The government is investing millions of shillings to set up new administrative structures in the South, underscoring the importance it attaches to its relationship with the government in Juba. Kenya has given US$5 million (Sh400m) to boost the capacity of the South's civil service and has sent dozens of its own experienced public officials to train their counterparts across the border. Most of this assistance is motivated by strategic calculations based on the expected outcome of a referendum on self-determination expected in Southern Sudan next year. Opinion polls and Sunday Nation interviews with key leaders in the region indicate the referendum is overwhelmingly likely to result in the breaking up of Sudan, continent's biggest country, to establish Africa's 54th state. Such an outcome would have a major impact on the economies of neighbours Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia. The three are locked in a race to cement their influence in Southern Sudan and are working to position themselves to benefit from the likely emergence of the new state. Foreign Affairs minister Moses Wetang'ula said the government would respect the outcome of the referendum. "Kenya has always played a neutral role. Down the years, we hosted the Sudan embassy and the offices of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM). That is why we were chosen to host the peace talks. As part of the deal that ended the fighting, both parties were supposed to work to make unity attractive. The referendum is a key component of the peace agreement, and we will be happy to recognise a result that endorses unity or one that leads to separation," he said. While Kenya has long been criticised for punching below its geopolitical weight in its approach to foreign policy in the region, it is employing an unusually muscular approach in Southern Sudan. It has spent millions of shillings and expended considerable diplomatic capital to take advantage of the opportunities opening up in the region. According to a new report by the International Crisis Group titled Regional perspectives on the prospect of southern independence, Kenyan investment in Southern Sudan is substantial. A Southern Sudan Liaison Office has been set up at the Office of the President in Nairobi. The unit, the report says, is "dedicated to supporting the Government of South Sudan (GoSS) and the SPLM. Led by diplomats with knowledge of the Sudan file, its mandate includes monitoring the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, advising President Kibaki and serving as the principal liaison for the majority of official interaction with Juba. It also advises Kenyan business interests and facilitates commercial links between investors and the GoSS." The Kenya Institute of Administration, which is the traditional training centre for civil servants in Kenya, has set up a campus in Juba to contribute to training programmes in the region. According to the ICG, Kenyan civil servants are taking part in a separate training programme run by the United Nations Development Programme. Legal experts from Nairobi are working with the parliament in Juba to help in drafting legislation, while Southern Sudan "regularly sends senior ministry officials to Nairobi where they shadow their Kenyan counterparts". Military ties The report says there are also significant and growing military ties between the two partners. "The Kenyan army trains SPLA (Sudan People's Liberation Army) officers and provides other technical support, including several de-mining classes at the International Mine Action School in Embakasi. It also maintains a rotating battalion of peacekeepers in the South as part of the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS)." Mr Wetang'ula says this deep relationship is explained by historical circumstances. "Kenya hosted more than 100,000 Southerners during the civil war. Most leaders of the SPLM maintain their homes in Nairobi, and their children study here. The people in the South also feel a greater affinity to people in the East African region because of shared roots, perhaps more than they do with their brothers in the Arab North." The minister said the relationship is not driven solely by Kenyan economic interests in the South as ties between the two will be "mutually beneficial". Economists say the potential benefits for Kenya in the event the South votes for separation are staggering. "This is a potential game changer," said investment banker and analyst Aly-Khan Satchu. "Kenya's economy rides on the coattails of its neighbours, and two events in the recent past will mean the economy will never be the same again. Uganda's expected revenue from oil is 20 times more than their current Gross Domestic Product while Southern Sudan presents massive opportunities." Mr Satchu said the South's potential should not just be viewed through the lens of potential oil revenue, which has hovered between the US$1.5 billion (Sh120 billion) and US$ 2 billion (Sh160 billion) mark in the last five years. "It is widely thought that the South is not getting its fair share of oil revenues from the North under the current agreement, so they may end up getting far higher income after the separation. But there is far more potential in the region. There are vast untapped gold deposits, and there is great potential for agriculture. The South needs a route to sea, and Kenya will be able to offer that. The question is whether we can complete the infrastructure programmes necessary fast enough to take advantage." The centrepiece of Kenya's efforts to take advantage of the looming independence of the South is the Lamu port, which is expected to cost about Sh1.2 trillion. The Chinese-built facility would ease dependence on the port of Mombasa, which has been criticised as inefficient by officials in many neighbouring countries that depend on it. A railway line from Juba through Isiolo and Lamu is also planned as is a 1,400-km pipeline from Juba to the Lamu port. Japanese firm Toyota Tsusho has expressed an interest in building the $1.5 billion (Sh120 billion) line, which would provide Southern Sudan with a more attractive export route than the existing 1,600km line to Port Sudan in the North. These ambitious projects have been billed as having the potential to treble Kenya's export income. But a familiar challenge stands in the way. Demands by senior government officials for large bribes before they commission many of the projects have delayed implementation, to the frustration of officials in Southern Sudan and other governments in the region. Several western diplomatic sources and a number of government officials with knowledge of the matter who requested anonymity said Kenya has a direct interest in completing the projects, but corruption was stalling implementation. While Uganda has nearly completed repairs of the Gulu-Juba road which is an important transport link to the region, Kenya is still in the commissioning stages for its railway projects and a feasibility study on the Lamu port is only now being undertaken. Cohesive team Mr Satchu says government officials must work in concert to implement these initiatives. "We need more proactive management on a day to day basis. We don't seem to have a cohesive team on the ground working to advance Kenya's economic interests. We have major infrastructure deficits. Considering how clear the economic benefits of implementation of these projects are, we should be working far more proactively." Like Uganda, Kenya has sent thousands of skilled workers to Southern Sudan, and it will have to work to avoid creating the impression that it is benefiting disproportionately from the economic opportunities in the South to the exclusion of locals. The weak level of non-oil exports from Southern Sudan is partly blamed on the resource curse which diminishes productivity in other sectors in some Third World countries. The prominent academic and blogger John A. Akec has lamented this situation. "In the last five years, establishing a system to collect taxes has been slow. Development of other means of income has not started. We imported everything from chicken, to tomato, to razor, to toilet rolls from Uganda and Kenya; and exported nothing to them. We sent our children to Uganda and Kenya for their education, and rushed there ourselves when not feeling well to buy the medical services from these countries or travel further afield in quest for medical treatment. Seventy per cent of South Sudan income was paid out as salaries in the public sector, while getting nothing back by the of way economic output." Kenyan officials say they are trying to help the South diversify its economy by investing heavily in manpower development and training programmes. Mr Wetang'ula pointed out that Kenyan educational institutions do not charge a higher fee for students from the South, which is the practice for students from outside the East African Community. The efforts to boost cultural ties, he said, were also demonstrated by the opening of a University of Nairobi campus in Lokichoggio on the Kenyan border with the South. The biggest population of students there is Southern Sudanese. But all the bets on a major leap in economic ties may fall through, however, if the North and the South do not respect their obligations under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. So far, both sides have largely respected the deal. But some southern ministers have warned that they will demand a unilateral declaration of independence if anything happens to disrupt the referendum, something which Kenya has cautioned against. firstname.lastname@example.org nation.co.ke Brazil comes to East Africa Brazil's Kaka (Right) shrugs off the attention of Zimbabwe midfielder Lionel Mitzwa Ashley in build-up match on June 2 at the National Sport Stadium in Harare. The Brazilians won 3-0 and face Tanzania in Dar -es-Salaam on Mondday in their final warm up game ahead of the World Cup. Photos/FILE Posted Sunday, June 6 2010 Kleberson, a player the "Boo Boys" at Man United called the "Great Brazilian Flop" was hounded out Old Trafford, Sir Alex probably having agreed with the proletariat and banishing the poor fella. You never thought it would come down to this, did you? But Monday evening we are trooping into the Dar es Salaam National Stadium; and after the Taifa Stars v Brazil game, kick-off 6pm, Dunga has promised the only interview the Samba boys will give in Tanzania since arriving here Sunday evening and taking off again on Monday night. Only two players will be in the "Mixed Zone" to field media questions, said the company that works as publicists for Dunga's World Cup squad. We shall all owe it to Kleberson, the man who has been picked by Dunga to lead the mega stars. Because he speaks English, the publicists say, Kleberson will do the talking. The other player will be a "high profile" one, we are told. It is said, and we hope, that it will be Kaka. We hear that Kaka is also "European" and can cope with English. Brazilian wonders But Kleberson will be key to concluding an assignment that has taken hours, days, to plan. In the end you might have to be grateful to a man who was probably mistaken by so many and suffered ridicule for not having worked "Brazilian wonders" each time he walked out onto the turf at Old Trafford. There might not be enough time to hear it all from Kleberson in Dar tonight; how it was since those far flung days of infamy at Old Trafford – 2003 to 2005, to be precise -- and just how such a "castaway", a full 31-year-old now, made it to this year's World Cup squad, nay, probably, team! Jose Kleberson Pereira had football credentials lofty enough for Alex Ferguson to make him the first Brazilian to have ever played for Manchester United. Only something seriously wrong would have forced Kleberson to have had such an ignominious stay in the North West of England. Kleberson had shone in Luiz Felipe Scolari's 2002 World Cup winning team. He was brought into the starting line-up for Brazil's game against England, with Scolari feeling his tenacity would help counter the high work-rate of the English side. His tackle on his future team-mate Paul Scholes, ironically clinched his transfer to Man United. The dispossession directly led to Brazil's equaliser before Scolari's men ended up winning 2–1 on their way to the world tile. After Manchester, Kleberson went to Turkey, to play for Besiktas and then, since 2008 settled back home with Flamengo. In a twist of irony, after more than four years in the international wilderness, Kléberson was recalled to the national team by Dunga on May 28, 2009 to replace a Manchester United man, Anderson. After recovering from a shoulder surgery once again Kléberson was then called up for the national team on February 9, 2010, in a friendly against Ireland on March 2, in London. Then came the fight for places in the team for South Africa and Kleberson got the better of – of all people – Ronaldinho! So, there is really another thoroughly professional and result-oriented face to Kleberson other than that of his haunting stay at Manchester. And perhaps he is as deserving as any of the players in Dar tonight – Kaka, Maicon, Robinho, Juan, Danni Alves, and Lucio, included – to be the spokesman in a rare mingle with East Africans. Kleberson's choice is as surprising as that of Tanzania and Zimbabwe being the only countries in this region that were able to pull off such a huge feat as bringing no less than the five –time World Cup champions to play in their respective soils. Robert Mugabe and Morgan Tsivangarai -- both close to fame as Kaka, indeed – were among a 60,000 admirers of the Samba Boys as they entertained Zimbabwe to a 3-0 defeat at the National Sports Stadium, Harare, and last Wednesday. Mugabe would definitely have played as busy a role as the Zimbabwe FA (football association) to bring home the Brazilians. Jakaya Kikwete, did no less to make sure tonight's spectacle came to Dar. Top players That is just how football is played outside the pitches. Even on the negotiating table you have to enlist your "top players". Any other way you will have a long, long wait before such eagerly awaited events can happen. The United States want the World Cup back to their country 2022. Vice-President Joe Biden will be in South Africa in the next few days to show everyone down there how the Americans are interested in a carnival of the same. Barrack Obama has even said if the USA make it to the final on July 11 he will be in Johannesburg. Meanwhile, the campaign team to bring the 2022 Fifa World Cup to the US is already in place. It comprises Brad Pitt, Bill Clinton, Henry Kissinger, Spike Lee and Arnold Schwarzenegger, no less. Daily Nation: These guys never stop surprising me, i think they feel jitter of the Brazilian team coming to Tanzania! why the hell do they think it is surprisingly for Brazil to visit Tanzania and Zimbabwe and not Kenya? who the f?ck is Kenya?