Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

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Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe
By Brandon Specktor, Senior Writer | October 17, 2018 04:23pm ET

Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

In a new book that was published posthumously, Stephen Hawking, who died in March, wrote that it is impossible for God to exist in our universe.


From his desk at Cambridge University and beyond, Stephen Hawking sent his mind spiraling into the deepest depths of black holes, radiating across the endless cosmos and swirling back billions of years to witness time's first breath. He viewed creation as a scientist, and when he was called to discuss creation's biggest puzzles — Where do we come from? What is our purpose? Are we alone? — he answered as a scientist, often to the chagrin of religious critics.

In Stephen Hawking's final book "Brief Answers to Big Questions," published Tuesday (Oct. 16) by Bantam Books, the professor begins a series of 10 intergalactic essays by addressing life's oldest and most religiously fraught question of all: Is there a God? [Big Bang to Civilization: 10 Amazing Origin Events]

Hawking's answer — compiled from decades of prior interviews, essays and speeches with the help of his family, colleagues and the Steven Hawking Estate — should come as no surprise to readers who have followed his work, er, religiously.

Credit: Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images


"I think the universe was spontaneously created out of nothing, according to the laws of science," Hawking, who died in March, wrote. "If you accept, as I do, that the laws of nature are fixed, then it doesn't take long to ask: What role is there for God?"
In life, Hawking was a vocal champion of the Big Bang theory — the idea that the universe began by exploding suddenly out of an ultradense singularity smaller than an atom. From this speck emerged all the matter, energy and empty space that the universe would ever contain, and all that raw material evolved into the cosmos we perceive today by following a strict set of scientific laws. To Hawking and many like-minded scientists, the combined laws of gravity, relativity, quantum physics and a few other rules could explain everything that ever happened or ever will happen in our known universe.
"If you like, you can say the laws are the work of God, but that is more a definition of God than a proof of his existence," Hawking wrote.

With the universe running on a scientifically guided autopilot, the only role for an all-powerful deity might be setting the initial conditions of the universe so that those laws could take shape — a divine creator who caused the Big Bang to bang, then stepped back to behold His work.

"Did God create the quantum laws that allowed the Big Bang to occur?" Hawking wrote. "I have no desire to offend anyone of faith, but I think science has a more compelling explanation than a divine creator."
Hawking's explanation begins with quantum mechanics, which explains how subatomic particles behave. In quantum studies, it's common to see subatomic particles like protons and electrons seemingly appear out of nowhere, stick around for a while and then disappear again to a completely different location. Because the universe was once the size of a subatomic particle itself, it's plausible that it behaved similarly during the Big Bang, Hawking wrote.
"The universe itself, in all its mind-boggling vastness and complexity, could simply have popped into existence without violating the known laws of nature," he wrote.

That still doesn't explain away the possibility that God created that proton-size singularity, then flipped the quantum- mechanical switch that allowed it to pop. But Hawking says science has an explanation here, too. To illustrate, he points to the physics of black holes — collapsed stars that are so dense, nothing, including light, can escape their pull.
Black holes, like the universe before the Big Bang, condense into a singularity. In this ultra-packed point of mass, gravity is so strong that it distorts time as well as light and space. Simply put, in the depths of a black hole, time does not exist.

Because the universe also began as a singularity, time itself could not have existed before the Big Bang. Hawking's answer, then, to what happened before the Big Bang is, "there was no time before the Big Bang."

"We have finally found something that doesn’t have a cause, because there was no time for a cause to exist in," Hawking wrote. "For me this means that there is no possibility of a creator, because there is no time for a creator to have existed in."

This argument will do little to persuade theistic believers, but that was never Hawking's intent. As a scientist with a near-religious devotion to understanding the cosmos, Hawking sought to "know the mind of God" by learning everything he could about the self-sufficient universe around us. While his view of the universe might render a divine creator and the laws of nature incompatible, it still leaves ample space for faith, hope, wonder and, especially, gratitude.

"We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe," Hawking concludes the first chapter of his final book, "and for that I am extremely grateful."
Originally published on Live Science.

cc James Comey
 
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You are an incurious imbecile, a calcified cretin and an ignoble ignoramus.

I don't see the point of wasting my time with you.
Huwezi kuona "point" japo nimekuandikia wewe na mfano wako,na silazima uelewe leo,ila nimekufikishia ujumbe,japo wewe ni kipofu wa moyo na akili.
 
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Kwa nini swali liwe "who" is the designer?

Kwa nini umeweka "who" ?

Huoni kwamba umeuliza swali kwa kulenga jibu fulani?
Una maswali ya kitoto sana,lugha ni asili katika kujenga hoja na kueleweka kwa ziada ya ufasaha.

Swali la "nani" ni swali lisilo na badali kwa maana kinyume chake hakiwezekani,kwa maana kinachozungumziwa hapo ni chenye ufahamu,na lugha kwa asili ina unga mkono hilo. Kwa maana kisicho na ufahamu na ujuzi hakiwezi kuuliziwa kwa tamko "nani" ?
 
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Huoni kwamba umeuliza swali kwa kulenga jibu fulani?

Umeamka umekuta jani la muembe liko mlangoni mwako.

Hujui kama jani la muembe limewekwa na mtoto hapo mlangoni mwako, limewekwa na kichaa, limewekwa na mbwa au limepeperushwa na upepo tu.

Unauliza, mtoto gani kaweka hili jani la muembe mlangoni mwangu?
Hivi leo hii ukimkuta mbwa juu ya mti. Utajiuliza :

1. Kapandaje ? au
2. Kapandishwa na nani ?
 
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Kwa nini unauliza swali lililolenga katika jibu fulani, wakati huna ushahidi wowote kwamba huko ulikolenga kwa swali lako ndiko kwenye jibu?

Kwa nini unauliza mtoto gani kaweka jani la muembe mlangoni kwako, wakati hujui jani la muembe limekuja vipi mlangoni mwako?

Unajuaje limewekwa na mtoto?
Hivi nje ya "nani" kuna nini chenye kuweza kubuni ? Hii ni lugha mzee,haikwepi kwani ilianza yenyewe kabla ya hizi fani.
 
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Mpaka sasa nilichogundua nikwamba biblia na quaran ni vitabu vilivyoandikwa na watu wakijaribu kumuelezea mungu na makusudi yake ktk ulimwengu na viumbe vyake, ndio maana utaona Luna makosa mengi kama unavyobainisha kila siku,
Naomba unipe makosa mawili tu kutoka kwenye Qur'aan.
 
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geniusbaraka

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Joshua akisimamisha jua" jua linatembea? Au Dunia ndio inazunguka jua?
aliongea ivo ili ieleweke kitendo kilichofanyika sasa ULITAKA ASEME JUSHUA ALISIMAMISHA DUNIA WATU WASINGEWEZA ELEWA NN KILIFANYIKA... KWA MANENO MENGINE JUA LILIKUA HALIONEKANI LIKIZIMA..MBONA INAELEWEKA SANA..WEWE NA WAJOMBA RAFIK ZAKO MNAOPINGA NDIO MNAJICHANGANYA ....HAYO MANENO HATA MTOTO MDOGO AKISOMA ATAELEWA KUA JUA LILIGANGA....

BIBLIA HAITAFSIRI KISAYANSI KAMA NYIE MTAKAVYO ILI MKOSOE..ILA HUKUUNA NENO HATA MOJA KWENYE BIBLIA LITAKALOPITA HATA NUKTA...DUNIA NA VYOTE VITABIPA ILA SIO ILE HOLY BIBLE
 
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Hata Galileo Galilei aliposema dunia inazunguka jua, na si kweli kwamba jua linazunguka dunia kama kanisa na Biblia inavyosema, aliambiwa kakufuru. Akafungiwa nyumbani kwake baada ya kuomba msamaha bila sababu ili tu asiuawe.

Biblia inasema Mungu ameisimamisha dunia, haizunguki. Hilo tu linatakiwa kukuonesha Biblia imeandikwa na watu, si Mungu. Tena watu ambao hawakuwa na elimu ya kujua dunia inazunguka.

Miaka 350 baadaye, kanisa katoliki limeomba msamaha na kusema Galileo alikuwa sawa.

Galileo alikuwa mbele zaidi ya kanisa katika kujua ukweli, kwa kutumia majaribio ya kisayansi.

Unaweza kuthibitisha Mungu yupo na habari za kuwapo huyo Mungu si hadithi za watu tu?

Habari ya kanisa kuomba radhi kwa kumhukumu Galileo kimakosa iliandikwa na The New York Times hapa chini.

Wengine mpaka leo tunahukumiwa kimakosa na wanadini kama alivyohukumiwa Galileo. Labda miaka 350 ijayo watu wataelewa ukweli.

Mistari ya Biblia inayosema dunia haizunguki.

1 Chronicles 16:30: "He has fixed the earth firm, immovable."

Psalm 93:1: "Thou hast fixed the earth immovable and firm ..."

Psalm 96:10: "He has fixed the earth firm, immovable ..."

Psalm 104:5: "Thou didst fix the earth on its foundation so that it never can be shaken."

Isaiah 45:18: "...who made the earth and fashioned it, and himself fixed it fast

Unaweza kutupa uthibitisho wa hiki unachosema?
 
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Teh.....



Mi nshawahi wauliza dini ya kweli ni ipi uislam au ukristo

Huyo zurri alichonijibu , sure ni idiot
Naomba unikumbushe nilichokujibu ? Si unajua sisi binadamu tuna sahau sahau.

Sasa huyo mwenzako nimemuuliza maswali madogo lakini kwa kushindwa kwake kujibu "amepanic" kama amesingiziwa ufisadi.

Nimemuuliza swali dogo na wewe unaweza kumsaidia pia : Vipi hatilii shaka uwepo wa Socrates wakati hajawahi kumuona zaidi ya kusikia habari zake ? Je anaweza kunipa ushahidi kama huyo Socrates aliwahi kuishi hapa duniani ?

Hapa ndipo utaona tofauti yetu na nyinyi,sisi tunafikiria juu ya ukamilifu wa mambo lakini nyinyi mnaongozwa na dhana na wasi wasi tele.
 
baba swalehe

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baba swalehe

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Naomba unikumbushe nilichokujibu ? Si unajua sisi binadamu tuna sahau sahau.

Sasa huyo mwenzako nimemuuliza maswali madogo lakini kwa kushindwa kwake kujibu "amepanic" kama amesingiziwa ufisadi.

Nimemuuliza swali dogo na wewe unaweza kumsaidia pia : Vipi hatilii shaka uwepo wa Socrates wakati hajawahi kumuona zaidi ya kusikia habari zake ? Je anaweza kunipa ushahidi kama huyo Socrates aliwahi kuishi hapa duniani ?

Hapa ndipo utaona tofauti yetu na nyinyi,sisi tunafikiria juu ya ukamilifu wa mambo lakini nyinyi mnaongozwa na dhana na wasi wasi tele.
cha kwanza naamini Mungu yupo , usiniweke kundi moja na kiranga
Umenisikia ?!
 
Tz mbongo

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Tz mbongo

Tz mbongo

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Kuna kitu wengi humu hamjamuelewa KIRANGA. Anachofanya ndicho walichofanya wanafalisafa wengi wa karne za nyuma sana. Sidhani kama Kiranga anapinga Uwepo wa Mungu, nadhani anachotafuta ni UKWELI.'' IF YOU WANT TO KNOW THE TRUTH, YOU MUST DOUBT EVERYTHING, EVEN THE TRUTH MUST BE DOUBTED''. Asumption za wanafalsafa wa zamani ndizo zilizopelekea UGUNDUZI wa mambo mengi makubwa kwenye hii Dunia. Hata wapo waliohukumiwa kifo kwa kuambiwa wamekufuru lakini baadae ikagundulika Asumption zao zilikuwa ni Sahihi. ndio maana wenzetu wazungu wanafika mbali sana lakini sisi bado tunateswa na imani na mtu anapohoji anaonekana anakufuru. NINACHOAMINI MIMI HATA HAWA WANAOHOJI UWEPO WA MUNGU SIDHANI KAMA WANAMKOSEA MUNGU BALI MUNGU ANAPENDEZWA NAO KWAKUWA WANAUTAFUTA UKWELI ZAIDI NA KUTAKA KUMJUA
Unaweza kutaja hoja tu yenye kuonesha Kiranga anatafuta ukweli na si kwamba anapinga uwepo wa Mungu? Maana huyo jamaa anajua kabisa kuwa watu hawawezi kuthibitisha uwepo wa Mungu na pia anajua kuwa kabisa mtu kushindwa kuthibitisha kitu haifanyi hicho kitu kuwa hakipo kama kweli kipo kitakuwepo tu,ila yeye pamoja na hivyo bado hoja yake kubwa humu ni kudai uthibitisho kwa sababu anajua hutoweza kuthibitisha na ndiyo anaposema hakuna Mungu na ndiyo maana watu hawawezi kuthibitisha. Kwahiyo unaweza ukajadiliana naye ila akishaona mjadala unamshinda ndipo anapotumia silaha yake ya kutaka uthibitisho ili akunyamazishe.

Sasa huyu hayupo kutafuta ukweli bali yupo kiushindani katika kupinga uwepo wa Mungu na ndiyo maana anajaribu kuwafanya watu waone hakuna Mungu kisa uthibitisho wakati anajua hakuna anayesema kuna Mungu kwa sababu kuna uthibitisho.
 
baba swalehe

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baba swalehe

baba swalehe

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Huyo Kiranga amekuwa muoga sana siku hizi,unatakiwa umshajiishe aache uoga na asiwe anakimbia maswali.
Kitu cha pili fikiria hichi kitu

Tupo watu takribani , let us say kama ishirini kwenye majadiliano

Ni watu wa dini tofauti tofauti lakini katikati yetu kuna watu wawili hawaamini Mungu yupo

Kwa umoja wetu sisi watu kumi na nane wa dini tofaut tofaut si mwislamu si mkristo si mbudha si mnani yaan wote tukashirikiana kupinga wale watu wawili

Wale watu wawili wakaona isiwe tabu wakajitenga na sisi , tuliobaki tukaanza kuondoka kwenda sehemu

Katika maongezi yetu tukaanza kuwaponda wale jamaa , aah mafala sana wale hawaamini uwepo wa Mungu , kwa kweli tukawasema sana

Lakini mbudha akaibua hoja , hivi nyie wakristo na waislamu mungu wenu sio wa kweli ,, teh

Tukajitenga nae

Tukabaki wakristo na waislam , tukaanza kumponda mbudha , aaah yule jamaa ni multi orse jinga kabisa

Mara teh , sheikh akaibuka nyie mnaamini Allah

Wakristo wakaja juu , "we fala unasemaje

Kilichofuata ni mapigano ambayo hata hapa jukwaa la dini huwa tunayaona matusi kejeli , kati ya hizi dini mbili

Mara wakristo wakaenda njia yao huko walijitenga kinoma

Yaanu tukamkuta

Msabato

Mlokole

Mroma

Muanglican

Mpentecost

Mmoravian

Mluthet

Na wwngine wengi , ambao hawakuaminiana kabsa kuhusu mungu wanayemuabudu

Mara huku waislam nao wakajitenga

Nadhan unajua kuna makundi mangapi ya waislamu

Je unadhani , hilo la kujitenga linathababishwa na nini , kwa nini Mungu hakuamua kuwe na njia moja ya kumjua yeye

Usibishe hapa , unawakosoa sana wakristo jukwaa la dini

Je Mungu wao ni wauongo ?

Je wako ni wa kweli ?

Je tumwamini Mungu yupi ?

Kwa nini anajicontradict hivi

Kuna sehemu wanakula kitimoto

Mara huku hawali

Hapo ni kwa wakristo huku

Unadhani sababu ni ipi

Huo mtengano uliotokea kwa watu ishirini , je unaweza kuwa uthibitisho wa kwamba mungu yupo au hayupo ?!
 

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