Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

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Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe
By Brandon Specktor, Senior Writer | October 17, 2018 04:23pm ET

Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

In a new book that was published posthumously, Stephen Hawking, who died in March, wrote that it is impossible for God to exist in our universe.


From his desk at Cambridge University and beyond, Stephen Hawking sent his mind spiraling into the deepest depths of black holes, radiating across the endless cosmos and swirling back billions of years to witness time's first breath. He viewed creation as a scientist, and when he was called to discuss creation's biggest puzzles — Where do we come from? What is our purpose? Are we alone? — he answered as a scientist, often to the chagrin of religious critics.

In Stephen Hawking's final book "Brief Answers to Big Questions," published Tuesday (Oct. 16) by Bantam Books, the professor begins a series of 10 intergalactic essays by addressing life's oldest and most religiously fraught question of all: Is there a God? [Big Bang to Civilization: 10 Amazing Origin Events]

Hawking's answer — compiled from decades of prior interviews, essays and speeches with the help of his family, colleagues and the Steven Hawking Estate — should come as no surprise to readers who have followed his work, er, religiously.

Credit: Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images


"I think the universe was spontaneously created out of nothing, according to the laws of science," Hawking, who died in March, wrote. "If you accept, as I do, that the laws of nature are fixed, then it doesn't take long to ask: What role is there for God?"
In life, Hawking was a vocal champion of the Big Bang theory — the idea that the universe began by exploding suddenly out of an ultradense singularity smaller than an atom. From this speck emerged all the matter, energy and empty space that the universe would ever contain, and all that raw material evolved into the cosmos we perceive today by following a strict set of scientific laws. To Hawking and many like-minded scientists, the combined laws of gravity, relativity, quantum physics and a few other rules could explain everything that ever happened or ever will happen in our known universe.
"If you like, you can say the laws are the work of God, but that is more a definition of God than a proof of his existence," Hawking wrote.

With the universe running on a scientifically guided autopilot, the only role for an all-powerful deity might be setting the initial conditions of the universe so that those laws could take shape — a divine creator who caused the Big Bang to bang, then stepped back to behold His work.

"Did God create the quantum laws that allowed the Big Bang to occur?" Hawking wrote. "I have no desire to offend anyone of faith, but I think science has a more compelling explanation than a divine creator."
Hawking's explanation begins with quantum mechanics, which explains how subatomic particles behave. In quantum studies, it's common to see subatomic particles like protons and electrons seemingly appear out of nowhere, stick around for a while and then disappear again to a completely different location. Because the universe was once the size of a subatomic particle itself, it's plausible that it behaved similarly during the Big Bang, Hawking wrote.
"The universe itself, in all its mind-boggling vastness and complexity, could simply have popped into existence without violating the known laws of nature," he wrote.

That still doesn't explain away the possibility that God created that proton-size singularity, then flipped the quantum- mechanical switch that allowed it to pop. But Hawking says science has an explanation here, too. To illustrate, he points to the physics of black holes — collapsed stars that are so dense, nothing, including light, can escape their pull.
Black holes, like the universe before the Big Bang, condense into a singularity. In this ultra-packed point of mass, gravity is so strong that it distorts time as well as light and space. Simply put, in the depths of a black hole, time does not exist.

Because the universe also began as a singularity, time itself could not have existed before the Big Bang. Hawking's answer, then, to what happened before the Big Bang is, "there was no time before the Big Bang."

"We have finally found something that doesn’t have a cause, because there was no time for a cause to exist in," Hawking wrote. "For me this means that there is no possibility of a creator, because there is no time for a creator to have existed in."

This argument will do little to persuade theistic believers, but that was never Hawking's intent. As a scientist with a near-religious devotion to understanding the cosmos, Hawking sought to "know the mind of God" by learning everything he could about the self-sufficient universe around us. While his view of the universe might render a divine creator and the laws of nature incompatible, it still leaves ample space for faith, hope, wonder and, especially, gratitude.

"We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe," Hawking concludes the first chapter of his final book, "and for that I am extremely grateful."
Originally published on Live Science.

cc James Comey
 
SHIMBA YA BUYENZE

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Dini ya Mungu inayohusiana na wanasiasa na siasa sijui ni dini gani? Lakini ukweli ni kwamba ukizungumzia dini- mfano ya Kikristo - sidhani kama inaruhusu/kuhusiana moja kwa moja na kuchanganya dini na siasa.

Hivyo inakubalika kuheshimu serikali. Ingawa hairuhusiwi kushiriki katika mambo ya kisiasa, bali kuheshimu mamlaka za serikali zinazotutawala. Jambo hilo linapatana na amri ya Biblia inayosema: “Kila nafsi na ijitiishe kwa mamlaka zilizo kubwa.” (Waroma 13:1 ) Tunatii sheria, tunalipa kodi, na kuunga mkono jitihada za serikali za kuandaa hali bora kwa ajili ya raia. Badala ya kushiriki katika jitihada za kubadili serikali, tunafuata shauri la Biblia la kusali kwa ajili ya “wafalme na wale wote walio katika cheo cha juu,” hasa wakati ambapo wanafanya maamuzi yanayoweza kuathiri uhuru wa ibada.

Eti kwamba kiongozi flani amatokana na Mungu - Uongo mweupe.

"The leader who works for the people is not made by the Heaven. The leader who works for the people is created by the hands of the people themselves. "
Mkuu, wewe ni mfuasi wa Mashahidi wa Jehova? Nimeziona chembe chembe zao katika andiko lako....

Dini na siasa...ya Kaisari apewe Kaisari na ya Mungu Apewe Mungu
 
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Dini ya Mungu inayohusiana na wanasiasa na siasa sijui ni dini gani? Lakini ukweli ni kwamba ukizungumzia dini- mfano ya Kikristo - sidhani kama inaruhusu/kuhusiana moja kwa moja na kuchanganya dini na siasa.

Hivyo inakubalika kuheshimu serikali. Ingawa hairuhusiwi kushiriki katika mambo ya kisiasa, bali kuheshimu mamlaka za serikali zinazotutawala. Jambo hilo linapatana na amri ya Biblia inayosema: “Kila nafsi na ijitiishe kwa mamlaka zilizo kubwa.” (Waroma 13:1 ) Tunatii sheria, tunalipa kodi, na kuunga mkono jitihada za serikali za kuandaa hali bora kwa ajili ya raia. Badala ya kushiriki katika jitihada za kubadili serikali, tunafuata shauri la Biblia la kusali kwa ajili ya “wafalme na wale wote walio katika cheo cha juu,” hasa wakati ambapo wanafanya maamuzi yanayoweza kuathiri uhuru wa ibada.

Eti kwamba kiongozi flani amatokana na Mungu - Uongo mweupe.

"The leader who works for the people is not made by the Heaven. The leader who works for the people is created by the hands of the people themselves. "
Unavyoquote barua za biblia kama moral highground inaonyesha tayari huwezi fikiri nje yake.
Heshima ya utawala bora haitoki kwa mungu bali hutokana na serikali kuwa na maslahi sawa na majority ya raia.

Kuheshimu utawala kisa hadithi za biblia ni namna yakucontroll watu wasitetee haki na maslahi yao binafsi. pia ndio sababu ya kukwama kwa maendeleo ya kisayansi ulaya during the DARK AGE 1000AD-1400AD.
Hii kwasababu utawala wa MAPAPA uliona sayansi kama tishio kwa muelezo wa dunia waliotoa kwa watu. mfano kuzimu ,mbinguni ni wapi ? dunia inaumri gani? je kweli dunia ndio ipo katikati ya solar system? n.k

kama huyawahi kujiuliza vitu vya karatasi ya kwanza ya biblia. mimea iliumbwa kabla ya jua, je iliishije? hiyo NURU hapo mwanzo ulitokea wapi kama jua na nyota ziliumbwa siku ya nne? mungu hakujua JUA pia ni nyota? giza na mchana vilitokeaje bila JUA ? kama mungu aliumba mwezi kama mwanga mdogo jee inamaana mwezi una mwanga wake ? mbona kuna kupatwa kwa mwezi?
nashangaa watu wengi bado hawajajiuliza maswali niliojiuliza sekondari,

Vyombo vya dini vinapokea TAX REDUCTION mfano shule niliyosoma ST..,pia makanisa na misikiti hayalipi INCOME TAX huku yana uza elimu yakujirudia rudia kila mwaka na kuingiza kipato (sadaka) ndo maana vinapromote the status quo..

Matatizo ya ulaya ya 1300 AD ndo tunayo sasa Tanzania . Wengi humu ni part or symptom of the problem.

Tukiendelea kutumia vitabu vya karne 2000 zilizopita , hatuta weza kufanya reseach zakutransform maisha yetu in food , medicine , climate change ,judiciary n.k
Every scientific discovery is a nail in the religious COFFIN.
Hata marekani wavumbuzi ni atheists wengine wanakula matunda yao.
Kuna reseach evidence inayoonyesha jamii zenye dini ndizo maskini.
40% ya badget yetu ipo funded na donor countries ambapo kodi inayokusanywa kwenye prostitution ,night clubs na pornsites ulaya na marekani, INDIRECTLY inalipa mishahara ya WATANZANIA n.k sababu pesa ni pesa hakuna ya dhambi na safi..
 
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Proof 1. Using physics.

1. God is said to be the epitome of perfection.

2.Perfection, as expressed in thermodynamics language, is the lowest possible entropy level that cannot be lowered further. Any deviation from this lowest possible entropy is deviation from perfection. The second law of thermodynamics covers that.

3.The lowest possible entropy is nothingness.

4. If God is perfection, then God is nothingness.

5.If God is nothingness, then God does not exist.



Proof 2, abstract logic.

1. God is said to be all knowing, all loving and all capable.

2. An all knowing, all loving and all capable God would not like to see anyone suffer, that would contradict his all loving nature.

3.An all knowing, all loving and all capable God would have the means to create a universe in which suffering is not possible, in fact he wouldn't lack the capability make all existence suffering free. Allowing suffering anywhere would contradict his all knowing, all loving and all capable natures.

4. We do see suffering in the world. This contradicts the existence of the all knowing, all loving and all capab;le God.

5. This all knowing, all loving and all capable God cannot co exist with suffering. This is a mutually exclusive existence. Either this God exists and suffering is impossible, or suffering is possible and this God does not exist.

6. Suffering exists.

7. Therefore, this God does not exist.
Kuna jamaa aliwahi niuliza

Je mungu anaweza tengeneza jiwe kubwa asiloweza kulibeba !?
 
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Akiweza, atakuwa hawezi kubeba jiwe, asipoweza, atakuwa hawezi kutengeneza jiwe.

Vyovyote vile, Mungu muweza yote ni kamba tupu.
We wasema

Mi simo

Acha niendelee kuogopa
 
Kamwene kamwene

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Kamwene kamwene

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Toeni fact zenu zote lakini msisahau kuna kiumbe anaye iongoza hii dunia,
Jichunguzee kwanza ulivyo,haki utaamini uwepo wa huyo kiumbe
 
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Toeni fact zenu zote lakini msisahau kuna kiumbe anaye iongoza hii dunia,
Jichunguzee kwanza ulivyo,haki utaamini uwepo wa huyo kiumbe
Hoja ni kuwa hicho kiumbe ndie mungu huyu wetu sote au nn?na kama ni kiumbe je chanzo chake ni nini huyo kiumbe?
 
geniusbaraka

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geniusbaraka

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Unavyoquote barua za biblia kama moral highground inaonyesha tayari huwezi fikiri nje yake.
Heshima ya utawala bora haitoki kwa mungu bali hutokana na serikali kuwa na maslahi sawa na majority ya raia.

Kuheshimu utawala kisa hadithi za biblia ni namna yakucontroll watu wasitetee haki na maslahi yao binafsi. pia ndio sababu ya kukwama kwa maendeleo ya kisayansi ulaya during the DARK AGE 1000AD-1400AD.
Hii kwasababu utawala wa MAPAPA uliona sayansi kama tishio kwa muelezo wa dunia waliotoa kwa watu. mfano kuzimu ,mbinguni ni wapi ? dunia inaumri gani? je kweli dunia ndio ipo katikati ya solar system? n.k

kama huyawahi kujiuliza vitu vya karatasi ya kwanza ya biblia. mimea iliumbwa kabla ya jua, je iliishije? hiyo NURU hapo mwanzo ulitokea wapi kama jua na nyota ziliumbwa siku ya nne? mungu hakujua JUA pia ni nyota? giza na mchana vilitokeaje bila JUA ? kama mungu aliumba mwezi kama mwanga mdogo jee inamaana mwezi una mwanga wake ? mbona kuna kupatwa kwa mwezi?
nashangaa watu wengi bado hawajajiuliza maswali niliojiuliza sekondari,

Vyombo vya dini vinapokea TAX REDUCTION mfano shule niliyosoma ST..,pia makanisa na misikiti hayalipi INCOME TAX huku yana uza elimu yakujirudia rudia kila mwaka na kuingiza kipato (sadaka) ndo maana vinapromote the status quo..

Matatizo ya ulaya ya 1300 AD ndo tunayo sasa Tanzania . Wengi humu ni part or symptom of the problem.

Tukiendelea kutumia vitabu vya karne 2000 zilizopita , hatuta weza kufanya reseach zakutransform maisha yetu in food , medicine , climate change ,judiciary n.k
Every scientific discovery is a nail in the religious COFFIN.
Hata marekani wavumbuzi ni atheists wengine wanakula matunda yao.
Kuna reseach evidence inayoonyesha jamii zenye dini ndizo maskini.
40% ya badget yetu ipo funded na donor countries ambapo kodi inayokusanywa kwenye prostitution ,night clubs na pornsites ulaya na marekani, INDIRECTLY inalipa mishahara ya WATANZANIA n.k sababu pesa ni pesa hakuna ya dhambi na safi..
HAHAH UKISEMA 1000 AD TAYARI UNAKUBALIANA NA BIBLIA TAYAR UNAKUBALI YESU YUPO ..TAYAR MUNGU UNAKUBALI YUPO.. BIBLIA IKO FIXED SANA ASEE
 
Kizzy Wizzy

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God Almighty is everything, he has power of controlling everything. His power has no limit

Kwa akili za kibinadamu hautoweza kumwelewa kamwe
Akiweza, atakuwa hawezi kubeba jiwe, asipoweza, atakuwa hawezi kutengeneza jiwe.

Vyovyote vile, Mungu muweza yote ni kamba tupu.
 
Kizzy Wizzy

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Akiweza, atakuwa hawezi kubeba jiwe, asipoweza, atakuwa hawezi kutengeneza jiwe.

Vyovyote vile, Mungu muweza yote ni kamba tupu.
Unataka kumjua Mungu asie na mwili wa hisia kwa kutumia akili za mwili wenye hisia.

It's very difficult my friend.

Hautopata validity kamwe.

Ikiwa tu mfumo wa jua wanasayansi wanakwambia upo kwenye Milk way ambao kiujumla kunako mifumo mingi sana ya sayari (galaxies) zisizo hesabika... hao ni wana sayansi wametumia vifaa vya hali ya juu na bado wanashindwa kutegua vitendawili vya mwanzilishi wa hayo yote, itakuwaje kwa ww usietumia vifaa.

Jaribu kutafakari jambo moja.... the tiniest particle iliyohusika kukuumba ww ilianzaanzaje....
 
Kiranga

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God Almighty is everything, he has power of controlling everything. His power has no limit

Kwa akili za kibinadamu hautoweza kumwelewa kamwe
Thibitisha ulichoandika ni kweli na si hadithi za kutungwa na watu tu.
 
Kiranga

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Unataka kumjua Mungu asie na mwili wa hisia kwa kutumia akili za mwili wenye hisia.

It's very difficult my friend.

Hautopata validity kamwe.

Ikiwa tu mfumo wa jua wanasayansi wanakwambia upo kwenye Milk way ambao kiujumla kunako mifumo mingi sana ya sayari (galaxies) zisizo hesabika... hao ni wana sayansi wametumia vifaa vya hali ya juu na bado wanashindwa kutegua vitendawili vya mwanzilishi wa hayo yote, itakuwaje kwa ww usietumia vifaa.

Jaribu kutafakari jambo moja.... the tiniest particle iliyohusika kukuumba ww ilianzaanzaje....
Thibitisha Mungu yupo awali ya yote.

Tiniest particle iliyohusika kuniumba mimi ilianzaje?

Unaelewa habari nzima ya mwanzo na mwisho ni mazingaombwe?

Unaelewa kwa subatomic particles zinazosafiri kwa spidi ya mwanga hakuna wakati uliopita, wa sasa na ujao na mambo yote yanatokea kwa pamoja na hivyo suala zima la muda halipo?

Unaelewa muda si kitu fundamental, kuna level ya ulimwengu ambayo muda haupo?

Unaelewa kwamba ukiondoa muda, habari ya causality na hiki kilianzaje inakufa?

Unaelewa kwamba hata nikiruhusu kila kitu kilicho complex kihitaji muumbaji, hilo litaonesha Mungu hayupo, si kwamba Mungu yupo?

Unaelewa niliyoandika hapo juu?
 
Kiranga

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Unataka kumjua Mungu asie na mwili wa hisia kwa kutumia akili za mwili wenye hisia.

It's very difficult my friend.

Hautopata validity kamwe.

Ikiwa tu mfumo wa jua wanasayansi wanakwambia upo kwenye Milk way ambao kiujumla kunako mifumo mingi sana ya sayari (galaxies) zisizo hesabika... hao ni wana sayansi wametumia vifaa vya hali ya juu na bado wanashindwa kutegua vitendawili vya mwanzilishi wa hayo yote, itakuwaje kwa ww usietumia vifaa.

Jaribu kutafakari jambo moja.... the tiniest particle iliyohusika kukuumba ww ilianzaanzaje....
Nikikwambia Kipepe wa SANI ni Mungu asiye wa mwili wala hisia, na wewe huwezi kumuelewa kwa kutumia akili zako, ila ni Mungu.

Utakubali Kipepe wa SANI ni Mungu?
 
geniusbaraka

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Kwann mnatumia AD?? Na BC?


Kama hutoweza kuprove vitu vyote vimetokea wapi..

Bas jibu ni rahisi sana ni Mungu...

Usijibizane na mm kama hutotoa maelezo kwamba vitu vyote vimetokea wapi...mana hoja zako zote zimemezwa hapo...

Mungu akubariki
unaendelea kuprove right nlichosema kuhusu IQ za wafia dini.
Think harder , ni vigumu najua ila jaribu
 
aretasludovick

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Kuna rais mmoja wa Marekani wa mwanzo kabisa, nafikiri alikuwa John Aadams yule, alisema wao wanayafanyia kazi masuala ya msingi kabisa yasiyokwepeka katika maisha ya kila siku (kula, pahala pa kuishi, afya, mambo ya kimsingi ya kiuchumi kama ajira etc) ili watoto wao wawe na luxury ya kuweza kuchambua masuala mengine (kama haya ya uwepo wa Mungu).

Tatizo kwetu huko wengi hawajatatua matatizo ya msingi, sasa kujadiliana na mtu ambaye hajapata muda wa kumsoma Anselm, Augustine, Russell, Dawkins, Hitchens, kwa sababu hata bajeti ya vitabu hana, au Kiingereza hajui kwa sababu hakufanikiwa kupata nafasi ya kujifunza, ni tabu sana.

Ndiyo maana nafikia nafasi hata kuonesha areguments za kutokuwepo kwa Mungu zinazotolewa na watu wanaosema Mungu yupo.

Hawana uwezo wa kufikiri kwa kina, muda wao mwingi unatumiwa kufukuza riziki ya siku.

Mtu anakwambia complexity ya dunia na viumbe ni lazima iwe imeumbwa, haiwezi kuwa imetokea yenyewe tu.

Hajui kwamba, kwa kusema hilo, anachosema kiukweli kabisa, ni kwamba Mungu muumba vyote hawezi kuwepo.

Kwa sababu, kama complexity ni lazima iumbwe, haiwezi kutokea tu, hata Mungu naye ni complex, naye atahitaji muumba, na muumba wake atahitaji muumba, ad infinitum, ad nauseam.

Kwa hiyo, hapo hakuna Mungu muumba yote, kuna an infinity of viumbe.

Kwa hiyo Mungu hayupo.

Yani mtu anafikiri ananipinga mimi, kumbe anajipinga mwenyewe.

Kwa nini? Kwa sababu hajapata nafasi ya kuchunguza hoja yake kwa umakini kabla ya kuitoa, amejikita kwenye kufukuza riziki.
 
zacon franco

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Kwann mnatumia AD?? Na BC?


Kama hutoweza kuprove vitu vyote vimetokea wapi..

Bas jibu ni rahisi sana ni Mungu...

Usijibizane na mm kama hutotoa maelezo kwamba vitu vyote vimetokea wapi...mana hoja zako zote zimemezwa hapo...

Mungu akubariki
tunatumia AD na BC sababu ni mfumo wa calendar ulioanzishwa na WARUMI na kusambazwa katika utawala wao ambapo ni modern Britain , Germany ,France, Italy ...nk..
hivyo huo mfumo unatumika sababu ya ukoloni. mataifa yaliyoweza kuunda calendar zao mf. CHINA , ETHIOPIA , hata wanamfumo tofauti ila ilikuelewana na majority ya dunia wanatumia both calendars.

kama unge google tu ungejua hili.

na wewe uliye chembe aliyeishi duniani miaka 50,000 kati ya miaka billion 4.51 ya dunia iliyokaribu na nyota moja kati ya billion 100 ndani ya milky way galaxy iliyo miongoni mwa galaxies zaidi ya billion 100. kwamba unaomba kiumbe flani kinacho elewa lugha yako , ufaulu mtihani,upate gari:):)

Basi endelea kuomba uwe maskini ili iwe rahisi kuingia ufalme wa mbinguni.
wengine hatupendi kuabudu acha tutafute maendeleo duniani.
 

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