Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

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Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe
By Brandon Specktor, Senior Writer | October 17, 2018 04:23pm ET

Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

In a new book that was published posthumously, Stephen Hawking, who died in March, wrote that it is impossible for God to exist in our universe.


From his desk at Cambridge University and beyond, Stephen Hawking sent his mind spiraling into the deepest depths of black holes, radiating across the endless cosmos and swirling back billions of years to witness time's first breath. He viewed creation as a scientist, and when he was called to discuss creation's biggest puzzles — Where do we come from? What is our purpose? Are we alone? — he answered as a scientist, often to the chagrin of religious critics.

In Stephen Hawking's final book "Brief Answers to Big Questions," published Tuesday (Oct. 16) by Bantam Books, the professor begins a series of 10 intergalactic essays by addressing life's oldest and most religiously fraught question of all: Is there a God? [Big Bang to Civilization: 10 Amazing Origin Events]

Hawking's answer — compiled from decades of prior interviews, essays and speeches with the help of his family, colleagues and the Steven Hawking Estate — should come as no surprise to readers who have followed his work, er, religiously.

Credit: Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images


"I think the universe was spontaneously created out of nothing, according to the laws of science," Hawking, who died in March, wrote. "If you accept, as I do, that the laws of nature are fixed, then it doesn't take long to ask: What role is there for God?"
In life, Hawking was a vocal champion of the Big Bang theory — the idea that the universe began by exploding suddenly out of an ultradense singularity smaller than an atom. From this speck emerged all the matter, energy and empty space that the universe would ever contain, and all that raw material evolved into the cosmos we perceive today by following a strict set of scientific laws. To Hawking and many like-minded scientists, the combined laws of gravity, relativity, quantum physics and a few other rules could explain everything that ever happened or ever will happen in our known universe.
"If you like, you can say the laws are the work of God, but that is more a definition of God than a proof of his existence," Hawking wrote.

With the universe running on a scientifically guided autopilot, the only role for an all-powerful deity might be setting the initial conditions of the universe so that those laws could take shape — a divine creator who caused the Big Bang to bang, then stepped back to behold His work.

"Did God create the quantum laws that allowed the Big Bang to occur?" Hawking wrote. "I have no desire to offend anyone of faith, but I think science has a more compelling explanation than a divine creator."
Hawking's explanation begins with quantum mechanics, which explains how subatomic particles behave. In quantum studies, it's common to see subatomic particles like protons and electrons seemingly appear out of nowhere, stick around for a while and then disappear again to a completely different location. Because the universe was once the size of a subatomic particle itself, it's plausible that it behaved similarly during the Big Bang, Hawking wrote.
"The universe itself, in all its mind-boggling vastness and complexity, could simply have popped into existence without violating the known laws of nature," he wrote.

That still doesn't explain away the possibility that God created that proton-size singularity, then flipped the quantum- mechanical switch that allowed it to pop. But Hawking says science has an explanation here, too. To illustrate, he points to the physics of black holes — collapsed stars that are so dense, nothing, including light, can escape their pull.
Black holes, like the universe before the Big Bang, condense into a singularity. In this ultra-packed point of mass, gravity is so strong that it distorts time as well as light and space. Simply put, in the depths of a black hole, time does not exist.

Because the universe also began as a singularity, time itself could not have existed before the Big Bang. Hawking's answer, then, to what happened before the Big Bang is, "there was no time before the Big Bang."

"We have finally found something that doesn’t have a cause, because there was no time for a cause to exist in," Hawking wrote. "For me this means that there is no possibility of a creator, because there is no time for a creator to have existed in."

This argument will do little to persuade theistic believers, but that was never Hawking's intent. As a scientist with a near-religious devotion to understanding the cosmos, Hawking sought to "know the mind of God" by learning everything he could about the self-sufficient universe around us. While his view of the universe might render a divine creator and the laws of nature incompatible, it still leaves ample space for faith, hope, wonder and, especially, gratitude.

"We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe," Hawking concludes the first chapter of his final book, "and for that I am extremely grateful."
Originally published on Live Science.

cc James Comey
 
mjingamimi

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Kama aliweza kukugeuza wewe. Kutoka kwenye manii ya mzazi wako wa kiume. Yakaingia katika tumbo la Mama yako. Ukageuka ukawa kiumbe.
Kwanini ashindwe kuumba hivyo unavyodhani?
Hakushindwa Bali HAKUTAKA
Kama Mungu yupo kweli, yeye ni muweza yote, mjuzi wa yote na mwenye upendo wote.

Alishindwa kuumba ulimwengu ambao watoto hawawezi kufa na njaa?

Kama alitaka kuumba ulimwengu huo, ila hakuweza tu, je, ni kweli ana uwezo wote?

Kama aliweza kuumba ulimwengu huo, hakutaka tu, je, ni kweli ana upendo wote?

Mungu mjuzi wa yote, mwenye uwezo wote na upendo wote, yupo kweli?

Au ni hadithi ya kutengenezwa na watu tu, isiyo na uhalisia?
 
Kiranga

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Kiranga

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Wewe huoni ulafi unaotengenezeka kwa jamii zisizo amini habari za Mungu unavotamalaki

Mtu anamiliki $100 million na bado anajiona masikini kila siku anatafuta

Wakat hata 1% ya pesa hiyo mtumishi wa kitanzania mwenye kuamini mungu anaweza akaacha kufanya kazi na kuimba haleluya mpaka anajifea kiroho safi_pasipo kuendelea kuinyonya jamii na kuipeleka puta
Naweza kujenga hoja kwamba, katika jamii zilizoendelea na kuwa na viwanda, Marekani ina watu wenye kuamini Mungu wengi zaidi kama asilimia ya watu wote kuliko nchi za Ulaya ya kaskazini.

Hii link inatupa figures za 2017 zikionesha Marekani wasioamini dini ni 39%, wakati Finland ni 55%.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_irreligion

Na uwiano wa kipato kati ya masikini na tajiri uko vizuri zaidi katika nchi za Scandinavia kuliko Marekani.

US 18.5 Finland 5.6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_income_equality

Ukiangalia hizo nchi zilizo most committed, ni nchi zilizoendelea ambazo Imani ya mungu ni ndogo zaidi ya nchi zilizo least committed ambazo zina Imani kubwa ya mungu.

Nchi ambayo inaendesha sovereign wealth fund vizuri kabisa ni Norway, wanatumia vizuri sana hela za mafuta yao. Hii ni huko Scandinavia ambako hawaamini Mungu sana, wanaamini watu kutumia rasilimali vizuri.

Huko wanakoamini Mungu sana Venezuela kwa mfano, nchi imebarikiwa mafuta lakini inaelekea ku collapse sasa. Kwa nini? Kila mtu anayepata nafasi anajilia yeye na Rafiki zake, wengine hawahurumii. Mkizidiwa ni mtaomba Mungu?


http://www.inequalityindex.com/


Most committed

1 Denmark (Global Rank #1)
2 Germany (Global Rank #2)
3 Finland (Global Rank #3)
4 Austria (Global Rank #4)
5 Norway (Global Rank #5)
6 Belgium (Global Rank #6)
7 Sweden (Global Rank #7)
8 France (Global Rank #8)
9 Iceland (Global Rank #9)
10 Luxembourg (Global Rank #10)


Least committed

1 Nigeria (Global Rank #157)
2 Uzbekistan (Global Rank #156)
3 Haiti (Global Rank #155)
4 Chad (Global Rank #154)
5 Sierra Leone (Global Rank #153)
6 Bhutan (Global Rank #152)
7 Madagascar (Global Rank #151)
8 Lao People's Democratic Republic (Global Rank #150)
9 Singapore (Global Rank #149)
10 Bangladesh (Global Rank #148)


Halafu, ni bora nchi ikawa an inequality ya masikini wengi wenye kuwa na basic needs zote, na matajiri wachache wenye utajiri wa kufuru, kuliko nchi kuwa na equality ya wananchi wote wako sawa lakini wote wana umasikini wa kutupwa wanagawana umasikini sawasawa.
 
Kiranga

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Kama aliweza kukugeuza wewe. Kutoka kwenye manii ya mzazi wako wa kiume. Yakaingia katika tumbo la Mama yako. Ukageuka ukawa kiumbe.
Kwanini ashindwe kuumba hivyo unavyodhani?
Hakushindwa Bali HAKUTAKA
Unaweza kuthibitisha yupo, achilia mbali kwamba alinigeuza unavyosema?
 
mjingamimi

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kwa hyo unataka mungu aje mwenyewe akwambie kwamba yeye ndo mungu?
Hujathibitisha, unahubiri.

Sijaomba mahubiri, nimetaka uthibitisho.

Hata mimi naweza kuhubiri kwamba Comrade Kipepe, yule kibonzo wa gazeti la Sani, ndiye Mungu aliyeumba mbingu na dunia, na kaumba alivyotaka yeye.

Utakubali?
 
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msijaribu kunchanganya..MUNGU yupo nimesema kama hutaki sikulazimishi.
 
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msijaribu kunchanganya..MUNGU yupo nimesema kama hutaki sikulazimishi.
sema battle na Point za Kiranga siwezi..maana ana point mpk anaweza kukuondoa kwenye mstari ukajikuta unaishiwa Hoja unabaki unaongea Pumba less.

ili kuficha ninachowaza...mimi ntamjibu kwa jibu 1 kua MUNGU YUPO...akinambia nimpe ushahidi nitamjibu jibu la pili kwamba SINA...mjadala utaishia hapo.

Vita ya debate na huyu kiumbe ngumu sana kuishinda maana anatetea vitu vyenye uthibitisho ila wengine tunakubali tusivyoweza vithibitisha.

SO

Mungu yupo...na staki ulizwa A wala B.nimemaliza.
 
mjingamimi

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mjingamimi

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Soma Aya ya 4.
Mungu ameumba mbingu na ardhi.
Sasa kama wewe unabisha.
UNATAKIWA UTUAMBIE MBINGU NA ARDHI HAJAUMBA MUNGU.
alafu ututajie aliyeziumba
Hujathibitisha, unahubiri.

Sijaomba mahubiri, nimetaka uthibitisho.

Hata mimi naweza kuhubiri kwamba Comrade Kipepe, yule kibonzo wa gazeti la Sani, ndiye Mungu aliyeumba mbingu na dunia, na kaumba alivyotaka yeye.

Utakubali?
screenshot_2019-07-05-21-27-25-jpeg.1147570
 
Kiranga

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sema battle na Point za Kiranga siwezi..maana ana point mpk anaweza kukuondoa kwenye mstari ukajikuta unaishiwa Hoja unabaki unaongea Pumba less.

ili kuficha ninachowaza...mimi ntamjibu kwa jibu 1 kua MUNGU YUPO...akinambia nimpe ushahidi nitamjibu jibu la pili kwamba SINA...mjadala utaishia hapo.

Vita ya debate na huyu kiumbe ngumu sana kuishinda maana anatetea vitu vyenye uthibitisho ila wengine tunakubali tusivyoweza vithibitisha.

SO

Mungu yupo...na staki ulizwa A wala B.nimemaliza.
Kimsingi, mtu anayesema Mungu yupo, bila ya kuwa na ushahidi, ni mtu mwenye kuamini habari za uwepo wa Mungu.

Mimi sina ugomvi wala haja ya mabishano na mtu anayeamini Mungu yupo.

Mimi nina ugomvi na mabishano na mtu anayesema anajua Mungu yupo.

Huyo anayeamini Mungu yupo, anatumia haki yake ya kikatiba, anatumia haki ya utu kama ilivyotangazwa katika Universal Declaration of Human Rights tarehe 10 December 1948.

Mimi ni kati ya watu wanaotetea haki za watu kuamini wanavyotaka, na hivyo, hata kama mimi siamini sawa na wewe, natetea uhuru wako wa kuamini unavyotaka.

Yani kama Tanzania ikija serikali inayotaka kupiga marufuku Imani za Mungu na dini, nitaipinga vikali serikali hiyo. Nitaungana na waamini Mungu na dini katika kuipinga serikali inayotaka kupiga marufuku dini na Imani ya Mungu.

Kwa nini?

Kwa sababu ninaongozwa na kanuni inayosema, kila mtu ana haki na uhuru wa kuamua aamini au asiamini, aamini au asimaini nini na aamini au asiamini vipi, wapi etc.

Kwa hivyo, hata kama mimi siamini dini wala Mungu, napigania haki za waamini dini kwa sababu ni haki zao za msingi, za kikatiba na za kiutu.

Ila ukileta habari za mjadala wa dini JF nakutaka ulete uthibitisho, JF is "Where We Dare To Talk Openly".

Ukiabudu Mungu wako nyumbani kwako au kanisani kwako, sina habari nawe, nakuacha utimize haki yako ya kikatiba.
 
Kiranga

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Soma Aya ya 4.
Mungu ameumba mbingu na ardhi.
Sasa kama wewe unabisha.
UNATAKIWA UTUAMBIE MBINGU NA ARDHI HAJAUMBA MUNGU.
alafu ututajie aliyeziumba View attachment 1147570
Logical non sequitur.

Yani hapo umesema kwamba wewe ni mtoto wa Comrade Kipepe.Kibonzo wa gazeti la Sani.

Halafu unanipa challenge, mimi ambaye sijui baba yako ni ni nani, nikuambie baba yako ni nani.

Nikishindwa kukuambia baba yako ni nani, basi lazima baba yako ni Comrade Kipepe.

Kama baba yako si Comrade Kipepe, ni lazima nimjue na nikueleze baba yako ni nani.

Logical non sequitur.

Wewe baba yako ni Comrade Kipepe?
 
Emmanuel J. Buyamba

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Ndio najua kusoma na ndiyo maana baada ya kusoma ulichoandika ndipo nikauliza hilo swali.
Kama unajua kusoma basi utakuwa na upungufu kweñye kipengele cha pili.

Nacho ni cha kuelewa.

Laiti ungekuwa unajua kusoma na kuelewa bila shaka ungeelewa kwamba jibu la swali lipo kwenye hiyo hiyo comment yangu.

Hebu fanya uisome vizuri na kuielewa!.
 
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Emmanuel J. Buyamba

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First of all, sina sababu ya kumjua KIRANGA but I wanna make him avoid complacencies.
The man is too complacent kwa sababu ameridhika na mambo anayoyajua yeye na hayupo tayari kufundishwa wala kuelekezwa kitu ambacho hakijui.

Siwezi kutokomea kwa hoja nyepesi kama hizi Mkuu.

I'm ready to proceed defending Sir God against your claim.
Nilisema awali kwamba angalia sana usije ukatokomea mazima kama Yesu alivyotokomea.

Nadhani post yako hii imesadifu nilichokisema,umesepa!.

Kuhusu Kiranga kusema karidhika na anachokijua na hataki kujifunza toka kwa wengine napingana nawe.

Mshikaji hayuko hivyo,anapenda kujifunza toka kwa wengine.

Ndiyo maana kaweka kitabu cha Stephen Hawking hapa.

Shida yenu ni pale mnapoleta maelezo ama maandiko yasiyokuwa na logical consistence huku mkilazimisha watu wayameze kama yalivyo.

Hapo lazima mpate shida aise!.
 
Tz mbongo

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Kama unajua kusoma basi utakuwa na upungufu kweñye kipengele cha pili.
Nacho ni cha kuelewa.
Laiti ungekuwa unajua kusoma na kuelewa bila shaka ungeelewa kwamba jibu la swali lipo kwenye hiyo hiyo comment yangu.
Hebu fanya uisome vizuri na kuielewa!.
Sawa ila naomba kuuliza,wewe unawezaje kuitambua harufu(kuwa ndiyo yenyewe ama sio) ambayo inadaiwa ni ushahidi katika kuthibitisha uwepo wa Mungu?
 
Tz mbongo

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Tz mbongo

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Nilisema awali kwamba angalia sana usije ukatokomea mazima kama Yesu alivyotokomea.
Nadhani post yako hii imesadifu nilichokisema,umesepa!.
Kuhusu Kiranga kusema karidhika na anachokijua na hataki kujifunza toka kwa wengine napingana nawe.
Mshikaji hayuko hivyo,anapenda kujifunza toka kwa wengine.
Ndiyo maana kaweka kitabu cha Stephen Hawking hapa.
Shida yenu ni pale mnapoleta maelezo ama maandiko yasiyokuwa na logical consistence huku mkilazimisha watu wayameze kama yalivyo.
Hapo lazima mpate shida aise!.
Mtu ambaye anaweza kusema hataki kujadiliana na wewe kisa hujasoma kitabu fulani ambacho yeye amesoma,kwamba ukitaka kujadiliana nae basi kwanza lazima ukasome hicho kitabu na ukimalize ndio uje kujadiliana nae.
 
Emmanuel J. Buyamba

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Sawa ila naomba kuuliza,wewe unawezaje kuitambua harufu(kuwa ndiyo yenyewe ama sio) ambayo inadaiwa ni ushahidi katika kuthibitisha uwepo wa Mungu?
Hujathibitisha uwepo wa Mungu.

Thibitisha kwanza uwepo wake halafu ndiyo tusonge mbele unapopataka.
 
Tz mbongo

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Tz mbongo

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Hujathibitisha uwepo wa Mungu.
Thibitisha kwanza uwepo wake halafu ndiyo tusonge mbele unapopataka.
Hukuniambia mie nithibitishe,mie nitokea kukuuliza swali baada ya maelezo yako hivyo huwezi kuniambia nithibitishe kwanza.

Nimekuuliza swali muhimu.
 
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Hukuniambia mie nithibitishe,mie nitokea kukuuliza swali baada ya maelezo yako hivyo huwezi kuniambia nithibitishe kwanza.

Nimekuuliza swali muhimu.
Unakumbuka swali lako lilitokana na swali langu lililotaka nini?
 
Witted Jc

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ndo serikali yetu ya sasa . wanamquote mungu kila sekunde wapatayo while wana abuse human rights and their constitutional powers , at the same time wamewaconvince a large group of people that they are doing it for the good of the country.
And they are succeeding because of people's prayers.. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! last time i believed in this was when i was 15 ,

its sad that there are adults who would rather you keep quiet than prove to them that their whole life philosophy is a lie.

Moreover they have been used and abused.

Dini ya Mungu inayohusiana na wanasiasa na siasa sijui ni dini gani? Lakini ukweli ni kwamba ukizungumzia dini- mfano ya Kikristo - sidhani kama inaruhusu/kuhusiana moja kwa moja na kuchanganya dini na siasa.

Hivyo inakubalika kuheshimu serikali. Ingawa hairuhusiwi kushiriki katika mambo ya kisiasa, bali kuheshimu mamlaka za serikali zinazotutawala. Jambo hilo linapatana na amri ya Biblia inayosema: “Kila nafsi na ijitiishe kwa mamlaka zilizo kubwa.” (Waroma 13:1 ) Tunatii sheria, tunalipa kodi, na kuunga mkono jitihada za serikali za kuandaa hali bora kwa ajili ya raia. Badala ya kushiriki katika jitihada za kubadili serikali, tunafuata shauri la Biblia la kusali kwa ajili ya “wafalme na wale wote walio katika cheo cha juu,” hasa wakati ambapo wanafanya maamuzi yanayoweza kuathiri uhuru wa ibada.

Eti kwamba kiongozi flani amatokana na Mungu - Uongo mweupe.

"The leader who works for the people is not made by the Heaven. The leader who works for the people is created by the hands of the people themselves. "
 

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