Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

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Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe
By Brandon Specktor, Senior Writer | October 17, 2018 04:23pm ET

Stephen Hawking's Final Book Says There's 'No Possibility' of God in Our Universe

In a new book that was published posthumously, Stephen Hawking, who died in March, wrote that it is impossible for God to exist in our universe.


From his desk at Cambridge University and beyond, Stephen Hawking sent his mind spiraling into the deepest depths of black holes, radiating across the endless cosmos and swirling back billions of years to witness time's first breath. He viewed creation as a scientist, and when he was called to discuss creation's biggest puzzles — Where do we come from? What is our purpose? Are we alone? — he answered as a scientist, often to the chagrin of religious critics.

In Stephen Hawking's final book "Brief Answers to Big Questions," published Tuesday (Oct. 16) by Bantam Books, the professor begins a series of 10 intergalactic essays by addressing life's oldest and most religiously fraught question of all: Is there a God? [Big Bang to Civilization: 10 Amazing Origin Events]

Hawking's answer — compiled from decades of prior interviews, essays and speeches with the help of his family, colleagues and the Steven Hawking Estate — should come as no surprise to readers who have followed his work, er, religiously.

Credit: Frederick M. Brown/Getty Images


"I think the universe was spontaneously created out of nothing, according to the laws of science," Hawking, who died in March, wrote. "If you accept, as I do, that the laws of nature are fixed, then it doesn't take long to ask: What role is there for God?"
In life, Hawking was a vocal champion of the Big Bang theory — the idea that the universe began by exploding suddenly out of an ultradense singularity smaller than an atom. From this speck emerged all the matter, energy and empty space that the universe would ever contain, and all that raw material evolved into the cosmos we perceive today by following a strict set of scientific laws. To Hawking and many like-minded scientists, the combined laws of gravity, relativity, quantum physics and a few other rules could explain everything that ever happened or ever will happen in our known universe.
"If you like, you can say the laws are the work of God, but that is more a definition of God than a proof of his existence," Hawking wrote.

With the universe running on a scientifically guided autopilot, the only role for an all-powerful deity might be setting the initial conditions of the universe so that those laws could take shape — a divine creator who caused the Big Bang to bang, then stepped back to behold His work.

"Did God create the quantum laws that allowed the Big Bang to occur?" Hawking wrote. "I have no desire to offend anyone of faith, but I think science has a more compelling explanation than a divine creator."
Hawking's explanation begins with quantum mechanics, which explains how subatomic particles behave. In quantum studies, it's common to see subatomic particles like protons and electrons seemingly appear out of nowhere, stick around for a while and then disappear again to a completely different location. Because the universe was once the size of a subatomic particle itself, it's plausible that it behaved similarly during the Big Bang, Hawking wrote.
"The universe itself, in all its mind-boggling vastness and complexity, could simply have popped into existence without violating the known laws of nature," he wrote.

That still doesn't explain away the possibility that God created that proton-size singularity, then flipped the quantum- mechanical switch that allowed it to pop. But Hawking says science has an explanation here, too. To illustrate, he points to the physics of black holes — collapsed stars that are so dense, nothing, including light, can escape their pull.
Black holes, like the universe before the Big Bang, condense into a singularity. In this ultra-packed point of mass, gravity is so strong that it distorts time as well as light and space. Simply put, in the depths of a black hole, time does not exist.

Because the universe also began as a singularity, time itself could not have existed before the Big Bang. Hawking's answer, then, to what happened before the Big Bang is, "there was no time before the Big Bang."

"We have finally found something that doesn’t have a cause, because there was no time for a cause to exist in," Hawking wrote. "For me this means that there is no possibility of a creator, because there is no time for a creator to have existed in."

This argument will do little to persuade theistic believers, but that was never Hawking's intent. As a scientist with a near-religious devotion to understanding the cosmos, Hawking sought to "know the mind of God" by learning everything he could about the self-sufficient universe around us. While his view of the universe might render a divine creator and the laws of nature incompatible, it still leaves ample space for faith, hope, wonder and, especially, gratitude.

"We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe," Hawking concludes the first chapter of his final book, "and for that I am extremely grateful."
Originally published on Live Science.

cc James Comey
 
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Tushajiunga zamani sana huko.

Ila hoja hujajibu.

Hujathibitisha Mungu yupo.

Hujaondoa contradictions ya Mungu mwenye uwezo wote, ujuzi wote na uoendo wote kuumba ulimwengu ambao suffering inawezekana.
  1. Kiranga nina majukumu mengine mengi ya msingi zaidi ya kushinda JF na kulumbana na wewe. Kwa hiyo elewa kuwa sijakimbia. Lakini ili uamini kuwa wewe ndio una hoja na kufurahi, tufanye kuwa umeshinda na umeweza kuthibitisha pasi na shaka kuwa Mungu hayupo.
 
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Ngoja nipitie huu uzi ili nipate hoja za kumuangushà huyu kijana...Kiranga.

Naomba nitoe angalizo kwamba sijawahi kushindwa kwa namna yoyote katika mabishano ya namna hii.

Jipange Mkuu,Kiranga.
 
Kiranga

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  1. Kiranga nina majukumu mengine mengi ya msingi zaidi ya kushinda JF na kulumbana na wewe. Kwa hiyo elewa kuwa sijakimbia. Lakini ili uamini kuwa wewe ndio una hoja na kufurahi, tufanye kuwa umeshinda na umeweza kuthibitisha pasi na shaka kuwa Mungu hayupo.
Siyo tufanye.

Hujathibitisha Mungu yupo.

Umeondoka hapa bila hata kujaribu kuthibitisha, achilia mbali kuthibitisha, kwamba Mungu yupo.
 
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Ngoja nipitie huu uzi ili nipate hoja za kumuangushà huyu kijana...Kiranga.

Naomba nitoe angalizo kwamba sijawahi kushindwa kwa namna yoyote katika mabishano ya namna hii.

Jipange Mkuu,Kiranga.
Kwanza kabisa. Thibitisha mimi ni kijana.

Pili, kama unaleta habari za ligi hapa, umepotea njia.
 
Emmanuel J. Buyamba

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Ngoja nipitie huu uzi ili nipate hoja za kumuangushà huyu kijana...Kiranga.

Naomba nitoe angalizo kwamba sijawahi kushindwa kwa namna yoyote katika mabishano ya namna hii.

Jipange Mkuu,Kiranga.
Hivi unamfahamu Kiranga kwenye hii mijadala ama unamsikia tu?

Wewe ndiye wakujipanga na ujipange kweli uwezavyo, japo bado najua utapelea parefu sana.

Wasiwasi wangu ni kwamba utatokomea mazima kama alivyotokomea Yesu wenu na akaahidi kurudi na hajarudi hadi leo.

Hakuna kazi ngumu kama ku defend haya maandiko uchwara mnayoambiwa ya Mungu.

Karibu udhalilike!!
 
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zacon franco

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Kitu kimoja umetaja hapo cha "government sucks". Kuna uhusiano wa moja kwa moja kati ya kuamini amini mambo kama ya kuwepo kwa Mungu na kupata uongozi mbovu.

Watu wanaoamini kuwapo kwa Mungu ni rahisi sana kuwa manipulate kisiasa na kuwashikia akili.

Ukisoma historia ya falme kubwa zilivyoweza kushika watu wengi, utaona katikati ya utawala wowote mkubwa, ni lazima kuwe na imani ya Mungu.

Wafalme wa Mesopotamia walitambua hili, Waisraeli walitambua hili, Wamisri walitambua hili, Wachina walitambua hili, Wagiriki walitambua hili, Warumi walitambua hili mpaka Constantine akaukumbatia Ukristo na kuhariri Biblia ya leo kwa sababu za kisiasa.

Mpaka ukija kwa watawala wa enzi hizi wakina George W Bush,Obama na Donald Trump wote wametumia dini kupata urahisi kutawala.

Na watawala wanajua kwamba watu wengi hawana muda wa kuchunguza vitu kwa kina, hivyo wanawanasa kwenye mtego wa "For God and Country".

Ndiyo hapo unapoambiwa habari za "fulani chaguo la Mungu". Wakitutajia Mungu tu, wanajua wengi wetu tunapeleka akili likizo!

Na hapo ndipo wanapopata nafasi za kupiga bila mjadala.
ndo serikali yetu ya sasa . wanamquote mungu kila sekunde wapatayo while wana abuse human rights and their constitutional powers , at the same time wamewaconvince a large group of people that they are doing it for the good of the country.
And they are succeeding because of people's prayers.. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! last time i believed in this was when i was 15 ,

its sad that there are adults who would rather you keep quiet than prove to them that their whole life philosophy is a lie.

Moreover they have been used and abused.
 
Kiranga

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ndo serikali yetu ya sasa . wanamquote mungu kila sekunde wapatayo while wana abuse human rights and their constitutional powers , at the same time wamewaconvince a large group of people that they are doing it for the good of the country.
And they are succeeding because of people's prayers.. ! ! ! ! ! ! ! last time i believed in this was when i was 15 ,

its sad that there are adults who would rather you keep quiet than prove to them that their whole life philosophy is a lie.

Moreover they have been used and abused.
Nashukuru sana na nafurahi sana ninapoona kuna watu wengi wamefunguka macho kuona uovu na ujinga huu.
 
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Hivi unamfahamu Kiranga kwenye hii mijadala ama unamsikia tu?

Wewe ndiye wakujipanga na ujipange kweli uwezavyo, japo bado najua utapelea parefu sana.

Wasiwasi wangu ni kwamba utatokomea mazima kama alivyotokomea Yesu wenu na akaahidi kurudi na hajarudi hadi leo.

Hakuna kazi ngumu kama ku defend haya maandiko uchwara mnayoambiwa ya Mungu.

Karibu udhalilike!!
First of all, sina sababu ya kumjua KIRANGA but I wanna make him avoid complacencies.
The man is too complacent kwa sababu ameridhika na mambo anayoyajua yeye na hayupo tayari kufundishwa wala kuelekezwa kitu ambacho hakijui.

Siwezi kutokomea kwa hoja nyepesi kama hizi Mkuu.

I'm ready to proceed defending Sir God against your claim.
 
Kiranga

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First of all, sina sababu ya kumjua KIRANGA but I wanna make him avoid complacencies.
The man is too complacent kwa sababu ameridhika na mambo anayoyajua yeye na hayupo tayari kufundishwa wala kuelekezwa kitu ambacho hakijui.

Siwezi kutokomea kwa hoja nyepesi kama hizi Mkuu.

I'm ready to proceed defending Sir God against your claim.
When you have to shoot, shoot.

Don't talk.

 
ManchoG

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Una point ya muhimu sana. Mtu mwenye njaa hana muda mwingi wa kuhoji uwepo wa Mungu.

Atasaka tonge kwanza, tena kwa kuomba Mungu.

Na ukimwambia Mungu hayupo, afanye kazi apate hela, anaweza kuona unamuwekea kijiba cha uchuro.

Ndiyo maana wengi wanapingana nami bila point.

Mtu katoka kusali kanisani apate kazi ili imsaidie kulisha familia yake, halafu unamwambia Mungu hayupo.

Unafikiri atafurahi?


Inabidi nicheke tu_kwaiyo mkuu si kwamba ukisemacho hakieleweki ila watu wanaogopa uchuro

Ila lina ukweli ndani yake
 
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Kuna rais mmoja wa Marekani wa mwanzo kabisa, nafikiri alikuwa John Aadams yule, alisema wao wanayafanyia kazi masuala ya msingi kabisa yasiyokwepeka katika maisha ya kila siku (kula, pahala pa kuishi, afya, mambo ya kimsingi ya kiuchumi kama ajira etc) ili watoto wao wawe na luxury ya kuweza kuchambua masuala mengine (kama haya ya uwepo wa Mungu).

Tatizo kwetu huko wengi hawajatatua matatizo ya msingi, sasa kujadiliana na mtu ambaye hajapata muda wa kumsoma Anselm, Augustine, Russell, Dawkins, Hitchens, kwa sababu hata bajeti ya vitabu hana, au Kiingereza hajui kwa sababu hakufanikiwa kupata nafasi ya kujifunza, ni tabu sana.

Ndiyo maana nafikia nafasi hata kuonesha areguments za kutokuwepo kwa Mungu zinazotolewa na watu wanaosema Mungu yupo.

Hawana uwezo wa kufikiri kwa kina, muda wao mwingi unatumiwa kufukuza riziki ya siku.

Mtu anakwambia complexity ya dunia na viumbe ni lazima iwe imeumbwa, haiwezi kuwa imetokea yenyewe tu.

Hajui kwamba, kwa kusema hilo, anachosema kiukweli kabisa, ni kwamba Mungu muumba vyote hawezi kuwepo.

Kwa sababu, kama complexity ni lazima iumbwe, haiwezi kutokea tu, hata Mungu naye ni complex, naye atahitaji muumba, na muumba wake atahitaji muumba, ad infinitum, ad nauseam.

Kwa hiyo, hapo hakuna Mungu muumba yote, kuna an infinity of viumbe.

Kwa hiyo Mungu hayupo.

Yani mtu anafikiri ananipinga mimi, kumbe anajipinga mwenyewe.

Kwa nini? Kwa sababu hajapata nafasi ya kuchunguza hoja yake kwa umakini kabla ya kuitoa, amejikita kwenye kufukuza riziki.
Hizi zarau sasa kwaiyo sie wengine utapiamlo unatusumbua ..
 
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Jeff Bezos wa Amazon anamtaliki mkewe, katika talaka yao, Jeff anamuachia mkewe utajiri wa dola za Marekani takriban bilioni 35.

Na bado Jeff Bezos anabaki na utajiri wa dola za Kimarekani zaidi ya bilioni 100.

GDP ya Tanzania ya mwaka 2017 ni dola za Kimarekani Bilioni 52.

Utajiri wa mtu mmoja tu Jeff Bezos, baada ya kumtaliki mkewe na kumuachia utajiri wa dola za Kimarekani bilioni 35, ni takriban GDP ya miaka miwili ya nchi nzima ya Tanzania.

Yani uchanganye uchimbaji madini, utalii, kilimo na kila shughuli ya uzalishaji inayofanyika Tanzania, kwa miaka kama miwili mfululizo, ndiyo unafikia utajiri wa mtu huyu mmoja, tena baada ya yeye kupunguza utajiri wake kwa dola bilioni 35 kutokana na talaka.

Huyo mtu mmoja tu.

Halafu kuna watoto wanakufa vijijini Tanzania kwa sababu hawana chakula, hawana neti za kujikinga na mbu.

Halafu unaambiwa kuna Mungu anayetupenda wote sawasawa, ana uwezo wote na ujuzi wote.

Huyo Mungu yupo kweli au ni hadithi tu?
Mtu akifuatisha wewe anaweza kuacha kuamini mungu kiroho safi
 
Kiranga

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Izi zarau sasa kwaiyo sie wengine utapiamlo unatusumbua ..
Kama dharau au si dharau ni jambo la kujadiliwa, inawezekana ufukara unasababisha "inferiority complex" mpaka mtu akikwambia ukweli unaona hii dharau.

Kwa hiyo unaweza kuambiwa ukweli, ukaona dharau.

Cha msingi ni, huo ni ukweli au si ukweli?

Inawezekana pia ikawa dharau unayostahili kwa haki na ukweli.
 
Kiranga

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Kiranga

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Mtu akifuatisha wewe anaweza kuacha kuamini mungu kiroho safi
"anaweza kuacha kuamini mungu kiroho safi" ni tungo tata.

Maana yako ni ipi?

Anaweza kuacha kuamini imani ya roho safi ambayo ni ya kuamini Mungu?

Au anaweza kuacha kuamini Imani ya kuwepo Mungu kwa namna ya roho safi tu?
 
ManchoG

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"anaweza kuacha kuamini mungu kiroho safi" ni tungo tata.

Maana yako ni ipi?

Anaweza kuacha kuamini imani ya roho safi ambayo ni ya kuamini Mungu?

Au anaweza kuacha kuamini Imani ya kuwepo Mungu kwa namna ya roho safi tu?
Hakuna utata ni kwamba ataungana na wewe kimtazamo

Ila pia kuna shida ya kuwa na mtazamo kama huu wa kwako
 
Kiranga

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Hakuna utata ni kwamba ataungana na wewe kimtazamo

Ila pia kuna shida ya kuwa na mtazamo kama huu wa kwako
Shida ipi?

Mbaraka Mwinshehe Kila kitu shida shida, shida haiishi mpaka siku ya mwisho.
 
mjingamimi

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Sasa hadi Hilo la watoto kufa njaa vijijini. Unataka umlaumu mungu? Si uwapelekee chakula
Jeff Bezos wa Amazon anamtaliki mkewe, katika talaka yao, Jeff anamuachia mkewe utajiri wa dola za Marekani takriban bilioni 35.

Na bado Jeff Bezos anabaki na utajiri wa dola za Kimarekani zaidi ya bilioni 100.

GDP ya Tanzania ya mwaka 2017 ni dola za Kimarekani Bilioni 52.

Utajiri wa mtu mmoja tu Jeff Bezos, baada ya kumtaliki mkewe na kumuachia utajiri wa dola za Kimarekani bilioni 35, ni takriban GDP ya miaka miwili ya nchi nzima ya Tanzania.

Yani uchanganye uchimbaji madini, utalii, kilimo na kila shughuli ya uzalishaji inayofanyika Tanzania, kwa miaka kama miwili mfululizo, ndiyo unafikia utajiri wa mtu huyu mmoja, tena baada ya yeye kupunguza utajiri wake kwa dola bilioni 35 kutokana na talaka.

Huyo mtu mmoja tu.

Halafu kuna watoto wanakufa vijijini Tanzania kwa sababu hawana chakula, hawana neti za kujikinga na mbu.

Halafu unaambiwa kuna Mungu anayetupenda wote sawasawa, ana uwezo wote na ujuzi wote.

Huyo Mungu yupo kweli au ni hadithi tu?
 
Kiranga

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Sasa hadi Hilo la watoto kufa njaa vijijini. Unataka umlaumu mungu? Si uwapelekee chakula
Kama Mungu yupo kweli, yeye ni muweza yote, mjuzi wa yote na mwenye upendo wote.

Alishindwa kuumba ulimwengu ambao watoto hawawezi kufa na njaa?

Kama alitaka kuumba ulimwengu huo, ila hakuweza tu, je, ni kweli ana uwezo wote?

Kama aliweza kuumba ulimwengu huo, hakutaka tu, je, ni kweli ana upendo wote?

Mungu mjuzi wa yote, mwenye uwezo wote na upendo wote, yupo kweli?

Au ni hadithi ya kutengenezwa na watu tu, isiyo na uhalisia?
 
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Shida ipi?

Mbaraka Mwinshehe Kila kitu shida shida, shida haiishi mpaka siku ya mwisho.
Wewe huoni ulafi unaotengenezeka kwa jamii zisizo amini habari za Mungu unavotamalaki

Mtu anamiliki $100 million na bado anajiona masikini kila siku anatafuta

Wakat hata 1% ya pesa hiyo mtumishi wa kitanzania mwenye kuamini mungu anaweza akaacha kufanya kazi na kuimba haleluya mpaka anajifea kiroho safi_pasipo kuendelea kuinyonya jamii na kuipeleka puta
 

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