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'Sex-for-grades' in varsities

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by Luteni, Jan 27, 2010.

  1. Luteni

    Luteni JF-Expert Member

    Jan 27, 2010
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    The 'sex-for-grades' syndrome in local varsities: How serious?

    CASES of sexual harassment mostly involving male lecturers and female students in local higher learning institutions are said to have become widespread and now posing a serious threat to quality education in the country.

    According to the findings of a new study conducted by two British researchers in Tanzania and Ghana, some male lecturers consider it their right to demand sex for grades.

    Louise Morley and Kattie Lussier, from Sussex University in the UK, wrote their findings after encountering frequent reports of sexual harassment suffered by female students during separate researches on widening participation in the higher education systems of both countries.

    But on the other hand, it is also understood that in some cases some female students seduce male lecturers in order to be given higher grades.

    Contacted for comment, the Deputy Minister for Education and Vocational Training, Ms Mwamtumu Mahiza, said she personally has never received any complaint of sexual harassment from either students or lecturers.

    On the other hand, the director of public service at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM), Prof. Amandina Lihamba, acknowledged that the university management is aware of cases of sexual harassment within the institution, but dismissed reports of the trend being rampant.

    Prof. Lihamba told THISDAY in an interview that the university is "just like any other society", bringing together people from a diversity of backgrounds, and thus such acts could not be ruled out completely.

    "Sexual harassment does exist here at the university...though I wouldn't say it's rampant as such," she said, adding that the UDSM has policies and guidelines on how to handle the problem when it arises amongst lecturers and students alike.

    While affirming that there have been official complaints of sexual harassment from both students and lecturers, Prof. Lihamba was not in a position to state the exact figures of reported cases or which group complained more than the other.

    "It should be understood that some cases are not even reported officially," she pointed out.

    Regarding female students harassing male lecturers for grades and the like, she said such cases were "very rare."

    Among measures put in place to curb sexual harassment as a trend, Prof. Lihamba cited policies on anti-sexual harassment, gender, and human resources, all of which give guidelines for what is acceptable and what isn't.

    "We also carry out advocacy and sensitization sessions for students, as well as an orientation programme for new students which includes how to go about avoiding such incidences. The dean of students is also responsible for ensuring that such cases are reported and dealt with accordingly," she explained.

    On his part, Tanzania Students Networking Program (TSNP) chairman Stephen Owawa said most higher learning institutions in the country lack proper systems to channel and work on complaints about sexual harassment.

    While acknowledging that such cases are widespread, Owawa said there are few official records on the matter because sometimes it is hard to prove alleged sexual harassment.

    "There is a need to have a proper machinery to deal with these issues, and above all there should be an independent body in place to monitor the ethics of lecturers," the TSNP chairman declared.

    An ex-president of the Dar es Salaam University Students Organization (DARUSO), Anthony Machibya, also confirmed the existence of sexual harassment at the 'Hill', but noted also that he never received an official complaint during his own presidency.

    "It is true that some male lecturers do ask for sex to favour female students, while it is also true that some academically-weak female students do seduce male lecturers so that they can be favoured," stated Machibya, now a fourth-year UDSM student pursuing a Bachelor of science degree in geology.

    A number of female students at the Institute of Finance Management (IFM) and College of Business Administration (CBE) in downtown Dar es Salaam, all of whom requested to remain anonymous for fear of possible repercussions at their institutions of learning, confirmed such cases.

    "Nowadays we have some very young lecturers and I think that could also be a reason. It is also true that some female students who are academically poor will try to win over such lecturers so that they could get better grades," said one of the female students in her early 20s.

    In their paper titled 'Sex, Grades and Power: Gender Violence in African Higher Education,' the UK researchers state: "Hierarchical power relations within universities appear to have naturalized a sexual contract in which some male academics consider it their right to demand sex for grades".

    "This has led to the construction of negative female learner identities", they continue. "If women fail, this is seen as evidence of their lack of academic abilities and preparedness for higher education. If they achieve academically, this is attributed to prostitution."

    According to Prof. Morley, lead researcher and director of the centre for higher education and equity research at Sussex University, sexual harassment in universities is not limited to Africa.

    "It's a global issue," she said, adding: "It's about power and the abuse of power."

    The paper, presented at a Society for Research into Higher Education conference last month, cites interviews with staff and students. Prof. Morley and Dr Lussier conducted 200 interviews with academics and policymakers, and 200 life-history interviews with students.

    The paper quotes an academic manager from a Ghanaian university who said: "Sexual harassment is a way of life at this university...the female students are very vulnerable to lecturers, and the girls think that's a legitimate way to get marks. As a result, the boys think the girls have an advantage."

    A female Tanzanian student cited in the paper said: "Being a girl costs sometimes. There are corrupt staff. If you want help, they say you have to do this or that...it is not your fault but he does that so that he can get you...get sex."

    A male Ghanaian student cast doubt on the achievements of female students, saying: "Sometimes you will see a woman in a class or maybe in a group discussion...you wonder how she got admission. But when the paper comes she performs better than you...sometimes some women have been favoured."

    Prof. Morley said she hopes to research the issue further.
  2. Exaud J. Makyao

    Exaud J. Makyao JF-Expert Member

    Jan 27, 2010
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    Very bad man.
  3. M

    Mende dume Member

    Jan 28, 2010
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    hili tatizo ni sugu ktk vyuo vyetu, ila sasa hakuna anayesimama na kuliangalia kwa umakini wa kutosha, especially with a weak system we have now where fave dr are appointed by ikulu who will care a single subject favour!

    kuna utata mkubwa, tunaambiwa kuwa mabint wananyanyaswa madarsani, hawawezi kusoma vizuri wakafaulu kama wenzao wa kiume. utakuta darasani mwaka wa kwanza best 3 students in -ME, wa pili pia lakini overall mwaka wa tatu the best student ni -KE ambaye kwenye top 5 miaka 2 iliyopita hakuwepo but is the best last year!

    hapo kunani.

    dont get me wrong, kuna watoto wa kike vichwa safi na wanaume hawafiki. hawa sasa ndo tunawaumiza kwani wakifaulu vizuri and they are beautiful, watu wanawajumuisha na degree za chupi. lets be care ful and fair.
  4. H

    Hofstede JF-Expert Member

    Jan 28, 2010
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    Hakuna kitu hapo. Huwezi kuniambia kuwa masomo kumi plus yenye walimu tofauti mtu atatoa penzi kwa walimu wote. Ukiona msichana anakuwa best last year basi ujue amefahamu umuhimu wa kupata alama za juu na anasoma kwelikweli.
  5. M

    Magezi JF-Expert Member

    Jan 28, 2010
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    sidhani kwamba siku hizi wasichana wanalazimishwa kufanya mapenzi na walimu, sema wanapenda ili wawe favored.

    Kwanza siku hizi wasichana wengi wanafanya vizuri darasani kuliko wavulana kwa sababu ya nidhamu.
  6. L

    Lunanilo JF-Expert Member

    Jan 28, 2010
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    Unajua hii kusema wasichana wanapata maksi za nanhii imekomaa sana katika mawazo yetu. Nakumbuka kuna dada mmoja alipata scholarship kwenda majuu, akaenda kumuaga mkuu wake wa kazi kuwa atasafiri kwenda ulaya kusoma, amini usiamini mkuu wa kazi alimwambia kuwa unajua huko ulaya unaweza ukafeli, si tunasikia ulikuwa ukipendelewa pale milmani!

    Mtu amesoma miaka mitatu kozi mbalimbali, ambazo wakati mwingine ni interfaculty, ( kwa mfano, zamani ilikuwa kama unasoma Economics, kuna kozi za commerce ambazo ni lazima uchukue) sasa alikuwa anapendelewa na waalimu wote? Huwezi kupata upper second or first class kwa kupendelewa. Hao waalimu wenyewe nao wanataka kulinda hadhi zao? Vipi external examiner?

    Hii inakatisha tamaa watoto wetu wa kike ambao wanajitahidi kuzingatia masomo yao. Sasa hivi ni rahisi kuwasema akina dada kwa sababu kichwani kwako unaona unawasema class mates wako wa kike, lakini miaka kumi au ishirini kutoka sasa huyo mtoto wako wa miaka miwili atakuwa kwenye moja ya vyuo vikuu, hutapenda kusikia kuwa watu wanamsema kuwa anapata makisi za kupendelewa kwa sababu ya jinsia yake.
  7. kui

    kui JF-Expert Member

    Jan 28, 2010
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    Mh!, kazi iipo!, so who's to blame, the nasty Professors or the dumb girls?
  8. Regia Mtema

    Regia Mtema R I P

    Jan 28, 2010
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    You dont know what ur saying...wapo wasichana wanaolazimshwa kufanya hayo....fuatilia then utapata jibu...fanya a Simple Research on that.
  9. M

    Magezi JF-Expert Member

    Jan 28, 2010
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    Vyovyote iwavyo lakini mwenye maamuzi ya kutoa K ni msichana, kama kweli kuna professor au lecturer yeyote anakulazimisha si mwekee mtego akamatwe??

    Ukimnyamaza kimya basi unawekwa kwenye kundi la wanaopenda uroda ili wapate grade nzuri bila jasho.

    Kuna binti mmoja pale mzumbe kweli aligawa uroda kwa walimu wawili lakini kwa sababu hakuwa na uwezo ali-disco tu. Kwa hiyo sikatai kwamba watu hawali uroda lakini mwenye maamuzi ya kutoa ni msichana husika.
  10. Masikini_Jeuri

    Masikini_Jeuri JF-Expert Member

    Jan 29, 2010
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    Akili kumkichwa! Lakini mchezo upo ama haupo?; tujibuni!
  11. Pape

    Pape JF-Expert Member

    Jan 29, 2010
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    does it apply the same in Tanzanian's universities?
  12. Mponjoli

    Mponjoli JF-Expert Member

    Jan 29, 2010
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    Haya mambo yanatokea sana kwenye jamii yetu.

    Mfano: Kuna lecturer mmoja kijana alikuwa anafundisha Management Informations systems pale Faculty of Commerce UDSM alikuwa anapenda sana hayo mambo. Kila mwaka alikuwa lazima awe na demu darasani. Wasichana aliokuwa anawachukua ni lazima somo lake wapate A.

    Halafu kila akitaka test ifanyike hao mademu wake wakimwambia ahairishe anahairisha. Kuna mwaka aliaibika baada ya darasa kumjia juu kwanini anaahirisha test kila mara wakati wanafunzi wamejiandaa,akajichanganya kuwa aliambiwa na huyo demu kuwa ahairishe kwani watu hawajajiandaa,kumbe huyo demu peke yake alikuwa hajajiandaa kati ya watu 600 wa darasa zima.
  13. bona

    bona JF-Expert Member

    Jan 29, 2010
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    i totally disagree with the research, i went to udsm a couple of yrs back and i spent 4yrs there, it might be suprise to many but over there the situation is opposite, female student are the one seducing male lectures for grades and you can be suprised they are so many trying to seduce one lecturer, most of lecturer that taught me never did that but on contrary they were seduced, i think the researcher should have go to all instituitions to get the big picture!
  14. M

    Mtu B JF-Expert Member

    Feb 1, 2010
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    Hivi hamjagundua pia kuwa kila mwanamke anayepata madaraka makubwa serikalini watu wanasema ni 'chakula ya JK'? Kuna ukweli hapo? JK atakula wote hao saa ngapi? Watu wamezidi wivu na uvivu. Yaani mwanamke akifaulu tu, utasikia 'maksi za chupi'! Acheni wivu. Na huyo research yake ni bogus, ameamua kugeuza udaku kuwa facts kwa vile anajua topic hiyo ina soko, mwizi tu, opportunist kama kina Shigongo. Huyu ni Shigongo-type, hana lolote!