Discussion in 'International Forum' started by Game Theory, Jul 6, 2009.
Breaking on BBC world service now
Kafa na siri nyingi sana huyu,despite all his memoirs and documentaries.Pamoja na Vietnam atakumbukwa kwa kumsaidia sana JFK wakati JFK alivyokuwa a rookie president, ilibidi JFK amuombe atoke Ford alikokuwa na lucrative corporate job kuja kurudi DC kwenye ki meager salary cha serikali, lakini alikuwa anapalilia baadaye akaja kuwa rais wa World Bank. Alikuwa mshikaji wake sana Nyerere na alimmwagia mihela kibao ya World Bank kipindi cha mwanzo wa nchi yetu.
Na vilevile ali-play part kubwa sana kwa mikopo ya World bank/ IMF kwa nchi masikini akiwa kama rais wa World Bank. Hata huo Ujamaa unaopigiwa kuwa ulijenga viwanda Tanzania, usingefanya hivyo bila ya huyu Santa Claus.
Robert McNamara, who served as US defence secretary during the Vietnam war and the Cuban Missile Crisis, has died aged 93.
Mr McNamara, who served under presidents John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson, was also an architect of the US policy of nuclear deterrence. After leaving the Pentagon he became president of the World Bank.
His wife Diana said he had suffered failing health for some time and died in his sleep at home in Washington DC.
Before taking up the post as Pentagon chief in 1961, Mr McNamara was the president of Ford Motor Company, turning the company around in the post World War II era. He is most closely associated with overseeing the involvement of the US in Vietnam from 1961 to 1968.
Mr McNamara became to many anti-war critics the symbol of a failed policy that left more than 58,000 US troops dead. Even his son, as a Stanford University student, took part in protests against the war while his father was running it. However, in his 1995 memoirs In Retrospect: The Tragedies and Lessons of Vietnam, Mr McNamara wrote of his regret over his Vietnam role.
He described the war as "terribly wrong" owing to a combination of the anti-communist climate of the times, mistaken assumptions of foreign policy and military misjudgements.
He spoke frankly about the Vietnam war and the Cuban Missile Crisis in the 2003 documentary "The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara."
With the US in the first year of the war in Iraq, it became a popular and timely attraction and won an Oscar for best documentary feature.
In 1967 Mr McNamara criticised the decision to bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes on US bases in the south. President Johnson decided to remove him the following year, offering him the presidency of the World Bank. When he left office he was the longest-serving US defence secretary.
In his new role, Mr McNamara devoted great energy to improving life in rural communities in developing countries. He believed it was a more promising path to peace than the build-up of arms and armies.
After retiring in 1981, he championed the cause of nuclear disarmament. Lawrence Korb, a former US assistant secretary of defence, told US broadcaster WGBH that he had been brave to admit that the war was a terrible mistake. But it was something for which he was never forgiven, he said.
"I can't remember a public official with the courage to confess error and explain where the country went wrong," said Mr Korb, who was a friend of Mr McNamara.
"It bothered him for the rest of his life. People forget that after he left the Pentagon he ran the World Bank and did an awful lot in terms of dealing with poverty and hunger around the world.
"Then he dedicated the rest of his life to trying to do something about the proliferation of nuclear weapons, but it's all been lost because of the Vietnam era."
BBC NEWS | Americas | Ex-Pentagon chief McNamara dies