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Ongeza spidi kwa 20% Aslimia

Discussion in 'Tech, Gadgets & Science Forum' started by MziziMkavu, Dec 28, 2010.

  1. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 39,229
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    [​IMG]Kuna wakati unaweza kufikiria unaibiwa na mtoa huduma ya internet kwakuwa spidi ya internet yako inakuwa taratibu mno,wengine wamediriki hata kwenda kwa mafundi na kulalamika kuwa kompyuta yangu ina matatizo,kwani internet ipo slo mno.

    Je ni kwa nini haswaa?

    Kiufupi ni kuwa,ufanyaji kazi wa internet ni kama wa barabara,barabara ni moja ila kuna magari mengiyanahitaji kupita juu yake,hapa utaona kuwa kila barabara ina uwezo wake wa kubeba magari husika,magari yakizidi basi kunatokea foleni,kwenye internet nako hivyohivyo,data zikizidi kunatokea foleni na ndio maana unaanza kulalamika internet yangu ipo taratibu mno.

    Sasa tukilinganisha barabara na internet ni kuwa magari ndio data ambazo wewe unahitaji kuzipata,iwe video,iwe miziki toka online na vinginevyo.Uwezo wa hizi barabara kubeba magari kwenye internet ndio kinaitwa bandwidth,yaani data kiasi ganicha data zinaweza

    kutumwa kwa sekunde moja.Hizi data zinapimwa kwa bit au byte(1byte=8bits).
    Hivyo basi ili kupima uwezo wa kusafirisha hizi data(packets kwa lugha ya kiufundi zaidi) tunatumia bits kwa sekunde,yaani bits ngapi zinaweza kupita kwa sekunde.Sasa kutokana

    na ukuaji wa internet siku hizi spidi zimeongezeka na tunauwezo wa kusafirisha data nyingi kwa pamoja hivo vipimo vikubwa vya hizi bits vinahitajika na hapo ndipo kukaja matumizi ya vipimo vingine zaidi ambavyo vina uiano na hizi bits, kama unavyoonekana hapo chini.

    1 byte = 8 bits
    1 kilobyte (K / Kb) = 2^10 bytes = 1,024 bytes
    1 megabyte (M / MB) = 2^20 bytes = 1,048,576 bytes
    1 gigabyte (G / GB) = 2^30 bytes = 1,073,741,824 bytes
    1 terabyte (T / TB) = 2^40 bytes = 1,099,511,627,776 bytes
    1 petabyte (P / PB) = 2^50 bytes = 1,125,899,906,842,624 bytes
    1 exabyte (E / EB) = 2^60 bytes = 1,152,921,504,606,846,976 bytes

    Vipimo hivi sio tu vinatumika kwenye ulimwengu wa internet,bali pia hata kwenye ulimwengu wa kompyuta ambapo utasikia mtu anasema nimenunua diski ngumu yenye uwezo wa Gigabyte mia tano.Kumbuka jinsi unavyotoka juu kwenda chini ndio ukubwa unavyoongezeka,na ukubwa unavyoongezeka ndio uwezo wa ufanisi unavyoongezeka.

    Tukirudi kwenye mfano wetu wa barabara,chukulia leo hii kiongozi fulani anapita barabara ya Mandela kuelekea Ubungo,ili kuhakikisha mheshimiwa anapita bila tabu kuna hatua kama tatu zinaweza kuchukuliwa.

    1.Kuzuia njia nzima kwa siku nzima[​IMG]
    2.Kuzuia njia nzima pindi tu kiongozi anapokaribia
    3.Kuzuia sehemu ya njia na sehemu iliyobaki kuruhusu magari yapite kimsuli.

    Hizo njia tatu zilizotumika hapo juu kwenye internet tunaziita Ubora wa huduma(Quality of Service-QoS),lengo lake ni kuzipa kipaombele zile data muhimu kupita kwanza,mfano wa hizi traffics ni kama sauti,video,simu za conference nk.Siku hizi tumeshuhudia matumizi ya simu za online ambapo hutumia huduma ya VoIP.Traffic hizi mara nyingi haziwezi kuvumilia foleni,ndio maana kuna wakati unapopiga simu za online halafu humsikii mtu,hapa inamaanisha mtaalamu wao hajafanya kazi vizuri kama inavyotakiwa.

    Ukiachia msafara wa kiongozi,chukulia gari la wagonjwa linampeleka mgonjwa Muhimbili,trafiki akisikia king’ora tu inabidi asimamamishe magari mengine kwani huyu mgonjwa akicheleweshwa tu hatunaye,ambapo kwenye internet ndio hizo zinazoitwa mission critical traffic(haziwezi kusubiri kitu).

    [​IMG]Ukiangalia hatua tatu za juu ambazo polisi wa usalama wa barabarani anaweza kutumia,mbili kidogo zina unafuu,ila ile ya kuzuia njia nzima inaboa.Hivyo kwenye uhalisia wa maisha hutumika mara chache,hata kwenye

    kopmyuta zetu vilevile huwa tunaikimbia njia hii.Kwenye kompyuta zetu nyingi tunatumia hii ya wa tatu inayofanana na ile ya kuzuia sehemu ya barabara na sehemu nyingine kuruhusu magari kupita.Hivyo basi wewe unaponunua internet yako hautumii

    yote,unatumia kiasi tu na kiasi kingine huwa inawekwa kusubiri hawa wazee kama simu za voip na nyinginezo ambazo haziwezi kusubiri foleni.Sasa ni wangapi tumekuwa tukitumia hizo huduma? Jibu hapana,Je nini kinahitajika? Wote tuunafahamu jibu lake,’Kuziondoa mara moja’,hehe.

    Leo hii nitakuonesha jinsi ya kuondoa hiki kizuizi ili kukuwezesha kutumia kiasi chote cha bandwidth kama uluvyonunua,ila kwa kufanya hivi unaweza kusababisha baadhi ya mambo yasiende sawa.Hivyo kama wewe ni mtumiaji wa hizi huduma zisizoweka kusubiri,kaa mbali na hatua inayofuata.

    Kwa kufuatisha hatua chache utawezakuongeza spidi ya internet yako kwa asilimia 20% bureeee.
    Twende sasa…
    1. Nenda start-> Run-> andika gpedit.msc[​IMG]
    2. Tanua kijitawi kilichoandikwa Administrative Templates
    3. Tanua pia Network tab
    4. Ichague QoS Packet Scheduler
    5. Bonyeza Limit Reservable Bandwidth na uchague(check) enabled box
    6. Baada ya hapo,badilisha Bandwidth limit % na kuweka 0 %
    Baada ya kumaliza unatakiwa kurestart kompyuta yako, hadi hapo utaweza kufaidi ongezeko la spidi ya kompyuta kwa kasi zaidi ya 20% ya ilivyokuwa awali,duh!.

    ifuatayo ni picha inayoonesha mlolongo mzima kwa wale watumiaji wa Windows XP
    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]Je una maswali ya ICT ambayo bado yana kutatiza? Tuma kwenye AfroIT forums au andika moja kwa moja kwenye fahamuict@afroit.com nasi tunaandaa makala itakayoelezea matatizo yako.Makala hii ni shukurani kwa bwana James Mutashobi ambaye alitaka kujua ni jinsi gani ataweza kuongeza spidi ya internet yake.
     
  2. Venant Ben

    Venant Ben Senior Member

    #2
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Nov 29, 2010
    Messages: 155
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    We need people like you
     
  3. mfereji maringo

    mfereji maringo JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Nov 19, 2010
    Messages: 1,002
    Likes Received: 19
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    asante kwa makala hiyo ambayo naamini itasaidia watu wengi sana. Asante afroIT.
     
  4. Mongoiwe

    Mongoiwe JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Feb 26, 2008
    Messages: 517
    Likes Received: 58
    Trophy Points: 45
    Asante sana ngoja nianze kazi nitakupa matokeo ya Computer yangu
     
  5. BinMgen

    BinMgen JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Jun 18, 2008
    Messages: 1,779
    Likes Received: 7
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    Goood!
     
  6. B

    BA-MUSHKA Member

    #6
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Nov 22, 2010
    Messages: 66
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    Be Blessed.
     
  7. Gurta

    Gurta JF-Expert Member

    #7
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Sep 17, 2010
    Messages: 2,246
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    Hii itakuwa ni maelekezo kwa matumizi ya programu endeshi gani? Mimi natumia WinXP Pro Ver 2002 SP3 lakini nikifuata maelekezo yako sipati hiyo kitu 'Net tab' naishia kupata tu 'Admin templates.'
     
  8. Mfamaji

    Mfamaji JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Nov 6, 2007
    Messages: 6,383
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    mbona computer zangu zote hazina hiyo QOS packet scheduler hence no 4. kama ulivyomark? What is the alternative ?
     
  9. N

    Ngereja JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Feb 27, 2007
    Messages: 796
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    Kwa tunaotumia Windows 7 bahati mbaya Gpedit.msc command haipatikani kwenye windows 7 Home Premium, inapatikana kwenye Ultimate, Professional na Enterprise editions tu. Je, hapa tunasaidiwaje kuongeza kasi ya mtandao?
     
  10. m

    maarufu Member

    #10
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Nov 28, 2010
    Messages: 63
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    ahsante mkuu
     
  11. Mongoiwe

    Mongoiwe JF-Expert Member

    #11
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Feb 26, 2008
    Messages: 517
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    Trophy Points: 45
    Asante nimekamilisha kazi hiyo
     
  12. g

    gooner Member

    #12
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Nov 23, 2010
    Messages: 16
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    this is great
     
  13. Madela Wa- Madilu

    Madela Wa- Madilu JF-Expert Member

    #13
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Mar 24, 2007
    Messages: 3,074
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    Mzizimkavu,

    Elimu haina maana yeyote zaidi ya ile ya kutatua matatizo yanayotukabili.

    Zidi kutuelimisha.
     
  14. Edward Teller

    Edward Teller JF-Expert Member

    #14
    Dec 28, 2010
    Joined: Oct 31, 2010
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    mimi natumia windows vista home premium lakina nimejaribu nimeshindwa-NAOMBA MWONGOZO WAKO MKUU
     
  15. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #15
    Dec 29, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    How to Make Vista Run Faster


    1. Introduction
    ‘The Wow starts Now’, was the catch-cry at Vista’s lavish launch early in 2007. The campaign was slick and glossy, but it didn’t take long for users to complain in droves that Vista was as slow as a wet week, a resource hog and painful to work with. The cool aero-glass look wasn’t enough to offset the pain. The verdict: Vista was a cane toad in fancy drag.

    Microsoft’s infrequent responses reflected, with crystal clarity, the company’s arrogance. ‘Frankly, the world wasn't 100 percent ready for Windows Vista,’ was how one spokesperson put it. Mostly, Microsoft ignored the howls of protest because it knew that Vista would sell up a storm regardless, because it gets installed on almost every new PC sold.

    By mid-year, the rousing chorus chanting that the Wow had become a mere whisper stung Microsoft into action. A new campaign was launched: ‘100 Reasons You’ll be Speechless.’ The marketing hype took enormous liberties with the truth and failed to mention the heavy slug of the Vista upgrade price or the cost of the extra hardware needed to run it.

    By the end of 2007, most of the early wrinkles - including missing drivers - had been ironed out via various updates, but Vista’s poor performance remained. Those who hope for Service Pack 1 to improve things will be out of luck, as the tests at this site show. Service Pack 3 for Windows XP, on the other hand, showed a 10% improvement.

    Reality bites

    Vista’s advantages over XP are largely cosmetic, despite what Microsoft says, while some of its drawbacks are very real. For a light-hearted take on this comparison, check this story which uses reality inversion to great effect by introducing XP as the successor to Vista and going on and on about the many improvements XP introduces.

    Bottom Line: If you have a well-working XP set-up on your PC, keep it. There’s little you can achieve with Vista that you can’t do faster with XP. If you run professional graphics applications, the lack of support for the OpenGL graphics library under Windows Vista is an extra handicap. The same applies to CPU-intensive applications like video transcoding, where Vista lags a long way behind XP.
    The old XP theme doesn’t look too bad if you change the blue borders for silver ones

    (Control [​IMG] Panel>Display>Themes) and replace the green lawn with a pretty picture (right-click on picture>set as desktop background). If you’re still hankering after Vista’s eye-candy, there’s plenty of it and it’s mostly free.
    Vista Style is a popular choice. Vista transformation pack is another. Be warned that some of these

    transformations can have unintended effects on system stability.
    If you still have your heart set on Vista, the best way to avoid the steep upgrade price is to buy it with a new PC. My Vista Business edition came with a bargain Compaq Presario laptop I bought on sale (twin AMD Turion cpus, 1gb of RAM, nVidia go 6100 graphics).

    "Vista makes using your PC a breeze"


    This is one of the first of the ‘100 Reasons you’ll be speechless’. It did that alright because, fresh out of the box, Vista Business took many minutes to reveal its full glory, the long periods of darkness relieved

    occasionally by the mouse pointer appearing with the circle spinning like a top.
    About performance, the 100 reasons list says this: ‘New technology in Windows Vista makes your PC significantly more responsive while you are performing everyday tasks. Improved start-up and sleep behavior helps both desktop and mobile PCs get up and running more quickly ...’

    Don’t believe a word of it - Vista runs many more services than XP and uses far more resources as it looks after itself. That’s no surprise, since new Windows releases have always been heftier than previous versions, and Microsoft’s architects have always relied on Intel to restore performance. Put another way, ‘whatever Intel giveth, Microsoft taketh away.’

    "It’s the Safest Version of Windows Ever"

    This is the third reason in Microsoft’s 100 reasons campaign. With Microsoft’s poor track record in security, that’s not saying much. Vista’s User Account Control, the great new security feature here, is about as well-thought out as Bush’s invasion of Iraq.

    What is the point of forcing a user (who is also the administrator) to re-enter the same password she started the system with, over and over again, and going all dark on her every time she wants to do something? It’s worse than the constant pop-ups in XP that warn us not to open files from un-trusted sources (including those from Microsoft). At

    least that made you stop and think. UAC just makes you mad.
    And Vista still needs the same old security software to keep it protected, despite Microsoft’s assurances to the contrary. More of that further down.

    2. Optimize Windows Vista for better performance


    That’s the title of one of the articles Microsoft has dribbled out of late to address the issue. It shows clearly that Microsoft is still in denial, preferring to blame the user: ‘That state-of-the-art PC you bought last year might not feel like such a screamer after you install a dozen programs, load it with anti-spyware and anti-virus tools, and download untold amounts of junk from the Internet.’

    That’s adding serious insult to grave injury, but the court jesters at Redmond aren’t done yet: ‘Sometimes changing your computing behavior can have a big impact on your PC's performance. If you’re the type of computer user who likes to keep eight programs and a dozen browser windows open at once—all while instant messaging your friends—don’t be surprised if your PC bogs down.’

    There you have it, you pitiful dumb users. The final insult for this user who bought a brand-new laptop with Vista Business installed is this piece of advice: ‘If your PC is rated lower than 2 or 3 [on the Vista Experience Scale], it might be time to consider a new PC ...’

    The Vista Experience Index


    In the Control Panel, clicking on ‘Performance Information’ leads to a panel where Vista offers to rate the Presario's performance. Taking up that option produces an ‘Experience Index’, which holds up numbers like those sullen judges who rate Olympic ice skaters.

    You
    ’d assume that the score is on a scale of 5 but it turns out to be out of 5.9, a number only the King's architects could conjure up, isolated as they are in their tall towers at Redmond. They say it's the nVIDIA GeForce Go 6150 integrated graphics chip that's letting the side down, which I’m not ready to accept. For one, the Presario handles Ubuntu’s Emerald’s aero-glass and compiz-fusion 3D with no dramas of any kind.
    [​IMG]
    When you explore 'learn how to improve your computer's performance', you’ll find that Vista's first suggestion is turning off the aero-glass. Microsoft’s article makes the same suggestion, but why would you turn off the WOW already? Isn’t that why you bought Vista in the first place?

    Getting rid of excess baggage


    Let’s move on. Our tweaks are for simple users with a working knowledge of Windows. Most involve turning off various services Vista starts automatically, whether you need them or not. To follow the simple instructions here, please choose ‘Classic View’ on the left hand side of the Control Panel.

    We’re not going near the Windows Registry, where one wrong move could stop Vista dead in its tracks - we’ll keep it nice and simple.
    The first candidate for deletion is the Vista Welcome screen. This is an easy checkbox at the bottom left of the screen.
    [​IMG]
    Vista’s Sidebar is also on by default. I like a sidebar but Vista’s gadgets are on the garish side and ill-matched. You can turn the Sidebar off by right-clicking the Windows Sidebar icon in the system tray> Properties>Uncheck the Start Sidebar when Windows starts box.

    User Account Control is the next item on our list: Control Panel>User Accounts>Turn User Account Control on or off. Uncheck the box that says ‘Use User Account Control to protect your computer ...’

    Stop auto-start applications


    The simplest way to do this is to run Windows Defender>Tools>Software Explorer. Go down the list and disable the start-up services you don’t need. This is one of the few useful suggestions made in the Microsoft piece.
    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]

    If you’ve already installed a security suite that includes spyware protection, you may want to turn Windows Defender off as well. Bring up Windows Defender from the main menu, click on Tools>Options, scroll to the bottom of the long panel until you see the ‘Administrator Options’, uncheck the ‘Use Windows Defender’ box and click SAVE. Confirm in the pop-up panel that you mean it, click Close, and you're all set.

    If your security suite includes a firewall, you should turn Vista’s firewall off. Some security suites do this for you – check Control Panel>Windows Firewall.
    [​IMG]
    Other candidates

    Microsoft’s article suggests uninstalling programs that are no longer needed, and getting rid of excess files. That’s like saying that washing your car will make it go faster. The advice to restart you PC at least once a week hints at users who’ve grown tired of
    waiting for Vista to boot up and shut down.

    User Account Control is a pain and a drain on resources. UAC’s primary purpose is to stop users from doing dumb things, like downloading suspect files or programs from unsavory sources. If you use common sense, download files only from reliable sources and have

    decent security software on board, there’s no need for Vista’s heavy chastity belt.
    Vista has a new search feature which replaces that useless puppy of old, but it indexes your files in the background to make searches more snappy.
    If you use Google or Copernic desktop search, you can turn this feature off. The easiest way is to open the Control Panel>Programs and Features>Turn Windows features on or off.
    [​IMG]
    Google desktop offers a sidebar as well. Right-click on the Google Search icon in the notification area (bottom right of screen), tick the sidebar option and choose your gadgets. If you choose carefully, they’ll look neater than Vista’s garish collection.

    Vista’s built-in disk defrag utility is enabled and set to keep your files tidy in the background. This is overhead and overkill, and Vista’s defragger does a pretty poor job anyway. You can turn it off this way: Control Panel>Performance information and tools>Advanced Tools>Open Disk Defragmenter. Uncheck ‘Run on a schedule’.

    Automatic backup is another candidate for deletion. It works in the background to back up files as you work. It’s a nice idea but you may not have an external drive, or you don’t have it connected all the time, or you’re running Vista on a laptop and backup your work when you get home. Most likely, you already have your favourite backup and defrag programs sorted out.

    Antivirus Software can bog a PC down faster than a mud slide. Norton, McAfee and Trend Micro used to be the worst offenders but Zone Alarm Internet Security Suite is the new champ. The suites that have the lightest footprint and interfere the least are ESET NOD32/ESS, Avira/Antivir and AVG. The first two also provide the best malware protection currently available.

    Laptop Users have found that Vista sucks battery juice like a Hummer guzzles gas. So much for Vista smarter power management capabilities. I said that Aero-glass wasn’t a big drain on performance but it is a drain on batteries because the video is doing the work, and the video card consumes power.

    When you want to get the most out of your batteries, turn off the aero-gloss. You’d assume that you do this under Personalization but Microsoft likes to play hide-and-seek with us as usual – go to Performance Information>Adjust Visual Settings>Visual Effects and select the radio button next to ‘Adjust for best performance. That turns Vista Business into Vista Home Basic but it conserves precious juice.

    Tuning for Performance


    The easiest option on a PC with 1gb of RAM is to double it. A simpler and cheaper way to raise performance is Vista’s Ready Boost feature, which uses the flash memory of a USB stick as additional RAM. Simply plug the USB flash drive in and select My Computer, right-click on the USB drive, select the Ready Boost tab, choose ‘Use this device’ and select as much space as you can. 2gb is optimal for 1gb of RAM.

    It makes a small difference to overall response, which will vary from PC to PC. I ran a simple benchmark often used by PC mags called PCMark05. Without the USB stick, PCMark05 came up with 2431. With a 2gb Cruzer flash drive, the number was 2741 – a 13% improvement. Not bad, but it doesn’t feel that much faster.
    Bear in mind that flash drives vary dramatically in read/write speed, even the newer USB2 types. The Cruzer is among the faster ones but a Lexar Lightning might’ve come up with a slightly better number.

    Disk Performance can be optimized for SATA disks, which are the norm these days. Here you can enable write-caching and advanced performance.
    This will speed up disk access but it has a downside: if you lose power suddenly, you’ll loose whatever data was sitting in the cache at the time. If you’re running Vista on a

    laptop as I am, that’s okay since the batteries take over when the power cuts out.
    To enable better hard disk performance, right-click on your hard drive in ‘My Computer’ and go to Hardware>Properties>Policies where you’ll find the check boxes we’re looking for.
    Superfetch is a new Vista feature that learns your habits and pre-loads the apps you use most often and keeps them on stand-by after you close them. It makes start-up a little slower but speeds up

    launching programs. The experts say that superfetch needs 2gb of RAM to show a benefit, or at least a USB drive on Ready Boost. With systems running 1gb of RAM, the advice is to turn it off.
    I tried both settings - Start>Run> type ‘services.msc’> scroll down to superfetch >right-click>properties>change startup type to disabled and status to stopped. Turning it off produced no improvement in speed of any kind. Against the odds, the Presario seems to run better with superfetch left on.

    This is one of those things that comes down to individual set-ups: by the time I got this far down the list, I’d cut the number of running services down from over 70 to 45 (see below) and Vista was using just over 500mb of RAM instead of over 700 at idle. That meant I had some spare RAM left for superfetch to work on. On systems with less available RAM, it may slow things down – there’s only one way to find out.

    The Page File is a small part of the hard disk Windows uses as ‘virtual memory’. In XP or Vista, you can adjust the size of the page file but just how much difference it makes is a hotly debated topic. Bring up the Control panel, choose System>Advanced System Settings. Choose Settings in the ‘Performance’ panel and then ‘Advanced’ in the

    Performance Options panel. Now you see a page file size, set to a minimum of 1500 here (if you have 1gb of RAM). Click on ‘Change’ and set the maximum number to 2500, then click ‘Set’ and ‘Apply’ and close the panels with OK. The common advice is to make the upper number 2.5 times the actual RAM.
    [​IMG]

    That’s about it for the easy tweaks. By now you should have a Vista setup that works reasonably well. The next section explores an area that is more tedious but it may help to improve performance by another 10%. It’s the law of diminishing returns.

    Serious Tweaks for Serious Types


    Unless you’re a competent user, you might want to skip this section. When you turn on your system, Vista starts up a host of background services for applications you may never use – Network Printing or FAX and Smartcard services, for example, and offline files and tablet PC and blue tooth stuff. Most of Vista’s services are much more obtuse, and you’ll need a reliable guide to help you decide whether you do or don’t need them.

    I used two guides to help me: this one from Black Viper's well known website, and another a stumbled on. The two guides don’t agree, which adds some drama to the tedious exercise. If in doubt, go with Black Viper’s ‘Safe’ settings, and don’t let the name put you off.

    The second list is a bit more radical and best left alone unless you’re looking to trim every bit of excess fat from Vista’s bulk. If in doubt, don’t disable a service but set it to manual. That way, a program or service that depends on it can prod it into action.
    To find the list of services you can use RUN and key in "services.msc", but a program like Starter from Codestuff is a better option.

    Starter makes the job a little easier with one click descriptions of running programs, services and processes. Just double click on the service you highlight and a panel pops up telling you what it is. Starter also has a section where you can easily check the services that keep ingratiating themselves in the start-up process.
    [​IMG]
    Unexpected Rewards
    After hours of fiddling, we've got the number of start-up processes down to 45, and the RAM that Vista chews up just idling is down to 500mb. Another reboot produces a big surprise: the login panel pops up in about 40 seconds, and it takes another 50 to get ESET’s signature database updated, the icons on the desktop settled down and Google’s sidebar up and working. Google desktop/sidebar runs 3 processes and uses over 20mb of RAM so it has an impact on performance.

    Still, programs are fast to launch and files quick to open, and I'm beginning to like using Vista rather than just admiring the show. What we have now is close to optimized XP performance, which is hard to believe after reading so many stories about Vista, the slug.

    Most of it was easy. Just what difference disabling the extra services made is hard to measure but it gives Vista much-needed elbow room on a machine with 1GB of RAM.

    Keeping the Edge


    Windows tends to get clogged up over time, and Vista is no exception. It’s worth cleaning out temporary files, the gunk that builds up in applications and in Windows, but registry cleaners that boast of restoring your PC to as-new performance aren’t worth the money. The only software that boosts performance is a good disk defrag utility, and that doesn’t involve the risk of breaking the fine china in Windows’ special cabinet – the registry.

    The experts say that the best way to rejuvenate Windows is to re-install it from scratch. For most of us, that’s about as much fun as doing tax returns. And it takes longer, given the time it takes to restore all your data and your programs, and to update Vista.
    An easier way to do this is to take a snapshot of our trim, taut and terrific Vista

    installation with disk imaging software like Acronis True Image (or the free version of Seagate Disk Wizard, if one of your HDs is a Seagate or Maxtor drive).
    My Presario didn’t come with a Vista install DVD – just a restore partition – so a disk image is essential. Now I have an easy and complete emergency option that restores my last optimized configuration, not the one HP put on the restore partition a year ago.

    And remember, it’s not the stuff you pile on your hard drive that adds the performance-strangling bulk, it’s Windows. Just take a look at this chart I found on WikiPedia
    The table doesn’t tell the whole truth, though: the specs given for XP above have increased dramatically over the last five years, after many updates and major revisions like Service pack 1 and 2. In fact, at the time of Vista’s release, Windows XP takes as much hardware to run well as is listed for Vista in the table above.

    The old PC I’m writing this on reflects this trend perfectly: it started life back in 2002 with a 600mHz CPU, 128mb of RAM and a 20GB hard disk, which seemed overkill at the time. Several upgrades later, it runs a 2.4gHz CPU, 1GB of RAM, and a 320GB hard disk.

    The original 20GB HDD – a Seagate Barracuda that is still doing duty for file backups – is now just big enough to hold Windows XP (including restore, page file, hibernation file and trash can).
    If this trend continues with Vista, and there’s no reason to assume it won’t, by 2012 the new OS will need a CPU 5 times more powerful than current issue, 8GB of RAM and 150GB of disk space. So be prepared for the occasional hardware upgrade.

    Briard

    February 2008
    For more useful stuff, check Briard's company website http://www.technoledge.com.au :
     
  16. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #16
    Dec 29, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 39,229
    Likes Received: 4,020
    Trophy Points: 280
    How to Make Windows XP Startup Faster

    Do you often get frustrated while you wait around for your slow Windows XP computer to startup? Windows XP will automatically load and startup all the programs that are in the startup folder whether you intend to use them or not. This article will show you how you can speed up the bootup process of your XP PC by removing the programs that usually bog it down.

    Steps


    • 1
      Click on Start, then Run, and type "msconfig". Wait for a new window to pop up.
    • 2
      Look under the "BOOT.INI" tab. You will see a box labeled "Timeout:", and a numerical value. By default, it's 30, which means 30 seconds of wait time before boot. This can be changed, make it 3 seconds. (Note: if you have more than one operating system, this means the wait time to startup to the highlighted Operating System. Sometimes you might want a bit more than 3 seconds than you can opt 5 or 10 seconds)
    • 3
      Delete The Temporary Files Periodically From Your Computer To Make The Applications Run Faster. Type %Temp% in the run dialog box by clicking on Start -> Run, and click on "OK". You will see an open folder with many files. Click on the Edit menu and click on Select all and then click on the File menu and select Delete. Note: Always confirm that the folder which is opened has a "temp" on the top of menu bar and the folder indicates that it is a temporary folder.
    • 4
      Perform a Scandisk To See That Your Computer Hard Drive is in Healthy Condition and it helps Your Computer Run Faster
    • 5
      Always Perform a Disk Defragmentation at least once in a month. Start the disk defragmentation from the system tools available in the accessories from the start menu. It takes a longer time and it is advised not to run any applications in the computer including the screen savers, while running disk defragmentation.

    Hibernation

    After doing all this, another method you can do is to allow the computer to hibernate. Hibernation closes and opens Windows faster than usual. However, Hibernation is a good long-term recommended solution, as it does save electricity.

    • 1
      Go to Start->Control Panel->Power Options. Click on the Hibernate tab.
    • 2
      Click on the box that says "Enable hibernation" to check it.
    • 3
      Click on the Advanced tab and change the Power buttons options if you want to hibernate by pressing the sleep button or the power button. Otherwise, holding the Shift key while in the Turn Off Computer menu will give you the option to hibernate.
    • 4
      Restart your computer every week or so to clean your computer.
    The power can then be completely turned off, even at the socket so that no power is wasted.

    Prefetch


    • 1
      Simply browse to the windows folder (Ex: C:\Windows) and under there you would see the prefetch folder. Go into the prefetch folder and delete all the files (Beware! It should look like this c:\windows\prefetch). We need to edit a registry key to tweak it. Open regedit and browse to this key:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Contro l\Session Manager\Memory Management\PrefetchParameters
    Under this key you should see a value named: EnablePrefetcher
    It has 4 possible values:
    0 - Disabled : The prefetch system is turned off.
    1 - Application : The prefetch only caches applications.
    2 - Boot : The prefetch only caches boot system files.
    3 - All : The prefetch caches boot, and application files.
    You need not to disable it entirely. This would actually make boot times *longer*. This is because this feature is also used to speed up the loading of boot files. That is why you should pick the number 2 option. It allows you to keep the advantage of caching system files, without continually clogging the system up with applications.
    Set the value to 2 and reboot.
    The 2nd time you boot it should boot much faster. Remember that, the side effect is that launching individual applications once windows has loaded will now be slightly slower.


    Video



    Source: How to Make Windows XP Startup Faster - wikiHow
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  17. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #17
    Dec 29, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 39,229
    Likes Received: 4,020
    Trophy Points: 280
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  18. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #18
    Dec 29, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 39,229
    Likes Received: 4,020
    Trophy Points: 280
    How To Increase Your Internet Speed By 20%


    If you use Windows XP Professional then it is possible to squeeze an extra 20% out of your internet connection. By default Windows XP Pro holds back 20% of your Internet speed for various services like windows update and spyware checks.
    If you want to tap into this locked speed then make the following changes:
    1. Go to Start-> Run-> and type gpedit.msc
    2. Expand the Administrative Templates branch
    3. Expand the Network tab
    4. Highlight QoS Packet Scheduler
    5. Click on Limit Reservable Bandwidth and check the enabled box
    6. Then Change the Bandwidth limit % to 0 %

    Once you have done this click apply and restart your PC. After rebooting you should see a noticeable improvement in your net speed.
     
  19. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #19
    Dec 29, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 39,229
    Likes Received: 4,020
    Trophy Points: 280
    How to Firefox start faster


    Mozilla Firefox has become the most used browser these days. It stands as the most used browser around the world even beating out the IE. The main advantage of the Firefox is the millions of addons the browser have. I have heard loads of people saying that the Mozilla browser is not getting started quickly for the first time and even few say it is slow all the time. I do accept that the browser is pretty slow when the browser is started for the first time. There are certain ways which can make your Mozilla start faster than before. Here are some simple tricks can help you.

    Clear all the History:

    Storing your history and cookies can make your Firefox dumb so it is highly advised to clear all your History and Cookies when closing the browser. There is an option to do that automatically as well.
    Go to -> Tools -> Options and click on the > Privacy tab. Mark the checkbox which says about the Clearing history when the Firefox gets closed. Play with the settings to clear what all you want.

    Avoid Session Saving:

    Do not load a saved session in Firefox because it can cause huge amount of load to the browser. When you open a saved session it gets opened in multiple browsers which will also create problems. If you really want to open a saved session then make it in less number of tabs.


    Reduce Bookmarks:


    Bookmarks can really slow the startup of your browser and especially live bookmarks can slow them a lot. Reduce the number of bookmarks you have to load the Browser fast.

    Clear out extensions:

    Firefox extensions can make them load slowly so try to avoid it as much as possible. Of course addons really help in many ways but too much of anything is bad.

    Clean the ‘Places’ database often:

    All your Bookmarks, History and cookies will be stored in a database called as ‘Places’. It is highly advised to clean it up then and now, there is an add-on which can do it for you. Vacuum Places Improved https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/13878/ is the add-on which will help you in clearing the database for every 30 Firefox startup.
     
  20. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #20
    Dec 29, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 39,229
    Likes Received: 4,020
    Trophy Points: 280
    How to Double Firefox Speed


    Firefox is in my opinion the best browser ever made until now. It includes:
    -improved tabbed browsing
    -pop up blocking
    -integrated Goggle search
    -enhanced privacy controls
    -built-in phishing protection
    -online spell checking
    -lots of themes, interfaces, and extensions/addons
    Mozilla Firefox officially supports:
    -Microsoft Windows
    -Linux
    -Mac OS X

    Unofficial Support:
    -Free BSD
    -OS/2
    -Solaris
    -SkyOS
    -BeOS
    -XP Professional x64 Edition

    Now here are some Tips&Tricks that can help you double the speed of Firefox.

    1.
    Type about:config in the address bar and then press Enter.

    2.
    In the filter search bar type network.http.pipelining. Be sure the value field is set true,if not double-click to set true.
    HTTP is the application-layer protocol that most web pages are transferred with. In HTTP 1.1, multiple requests can be sent before any responses are received. This is known as pipelining. Pipelining reduces page loading times, but not all servers support it.

    3.
    Go back to the filter search bar and type network.http.pipelining.maxrequests. Double-click this option and set its value to 8.

    4.
    In the filter search bar and type network.http.proxy.pipelining. Once opened double-click on it and set it to true.

    5.
    In IPv6-capable DNS servers, an IPv4 address may be returned when an IPv6 address is requested. It is possible for Mozilla to recover from this misinformation, but a significant delay is introduced.
    Type network.dns.disableIPv6 in the filter search bar and set this option to true by double clicking on it.

    6. CONTENT INTERRUPT PARSING
    This preference controls if the application will interrupt parsing a page to respond to UI events. It does not exist by default.
    Right-click (Apple users ctrl-click) anywhere in the about:config window, select New and then Boolean from the pop-up menu. Then:
    A. Enter content.interrupt.parsing in the New boolean value pop-up window and click OK
    B. When prompted to choose the value for the new boolean, select true and click OK.

    7.
    Rather than wait until a page has completely downloaded to display it to the user, Mozilla applications will regularly render what has been received to that point. This option controls the maximum amount of time the application will be unresponsive while rendering pages.
    Right-click (Apple users ctrl-click) anywhere in the about:config window, select New and then Integer from the pop-up menu.

    A.
    Enter content.max.tokenizing.time in the New integer value pop-up window and click OK
    B. You will be prompted to enter a value. Enter 2250000 and click OK.

    8.
    CONTENT NOTIFY INTERVAL
    This option sets the minimum amount of time to wait between reflows. Right-click (Apple users ctrl-click) anywhere in the about:config window, select New and then Integer from the pop-up menu.

    A. Type content.notify.interval in the New integer value pop-up window and click OK.
    B. You will be prompted to enter a value. Enter 750000 and click OK.

    9.
    CONTENT NOTIFY ONTIMER
    A. This option sets if to reflow pages at an interval any higher than that specified by content.notify.interval. Right-click (Apple users ctrl-click) anywhere in the about:config window and select New and then Boolean from the pop-up menu.
    B. Type content.notify.ontimer in the New boolean value pop-up window and click OK.
    C. You will be prompted to choose the value for the new boolean. Select true and click OK.

    10.
    Notify Backoffcount
    This option controls the maximum number of times the content will do timer-based reflows. After this number has been reached, the page will only reflow once it is finished downloading. Right-click (Apple users ctrl-click) anywhere in the about:config window and select New and then Integer from the pop-up menu.
    A. Enter content.notify.backoffcount in the New integer value pop-up window and click OK.
    B. You will be prompted to enter a value. Enter 5 and click OK.

    11.
    CONTENT SWITCH THRESHOLD
    You can interact with a loading page when content.interrupt.parsing is set to true. When a page is loading, the application has two modes: a high frequency interrupt mode and a low frequency interrupt mode. The first one interrupts the parser more frequently

    to allow for greater UI responsiveness during page load.
    The low frequency interrupt mode interrupts the parser less frequently to allow for quicker page load. The application enters high frequency interrupt mode when you move

    the mouse or type on the keyboard and switch back to low frequency mode when you had no activity for a certain amount of time. This preference controls that amount of time. Right-click (Apple users ctrl-click) anywhere in the about:config window and select New and then Integer from the pop-up menu.
    A. Enter content.switch.threshold in the New integer value pop-up window and click OK.
    B. You will be prompted to enter a value. Enter 750000 and click OK.

    12. NGLAYOUT INITIALPAINT DELAY


    Mozilla applications render web pages incrementally, they display what’s been received of a page before the entire page has been downloaded. Since the start of a web page normally doesn’t have much useful information to display, Mozilla applications will wait a short interval before first rendering a page. This preference controls that interval.

    Right-click (Apple users ctrl-click) anywhere in the about:config window and select New and then Integer from the pop-up menu.
    A. Enter nglayout.initialpaint.delay in the New integer value pop-up window and click OK.
    B. You will be prompted to enter a value. Enter 0 and click OK.
    Thanks ubuntugeek.com
     
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