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Norway yahofia wanasiasa Tanzania kuhujumu utajiri wa gesi na mafuta

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by sikiolakufa, Sep 6, 2012.

  1. s

    sikiolakufa JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Wakuu salama? nimetoka kifungoni naona mods wase.. walinifunga ila nimekutana na hii article huko Norway ni vizuri kuijadili hapa.


    Norad advises Tanzania on oil, keeps Statoil at arm’s length (From Norwegian magazine Development Today).

    Tanzania is on the brink of becoming an oil and gas nation. As it seeks Norwegian assistance in designing legal and policy frameworks to handle this new wealth, Statoil is set to reap the benefits from two historic offshore finds.

    [TABLE="width: 200"]
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    The drillship Ocean Rig Poseidon and support vessels at Zafarani exploration well off Tanzania. Photo: Statoil / Heine Melkevik

    While donors in Dar es Salaam are lining up to help Tanzania revamp its oil sector, the government is insisting on having Norway do the job. Eager to help, Norway is moving slowly, extremely wary of blurring the lines between an aid programme aimed at hiking Tanzania’s future oil and gas revenues and Norwegian commercial interests.

    Earlier this year, the state-owned Norwegian oil company Statoil made its first huge gas find off the Tanzanian coast.

    In the light of Statoil’s find, integrity guidelines have been sharpened. Representatives of the prestigious Norwegian Oil for Development Programme go out of their way to keep the Norwegian oil company at a distance.

    They skip dinners at the embassy in Dar when Statoil representatives are participating. And when oil delegations from Tanzania visit Norway they avoid being involved in organising visits to Statoil. That has to be handled by someone else.

    “Sometimes it feels a bit artificial, but we consider it important not to blur the lines and maintain the integrity of the programme,” Assistant Director of the Oil for Development Programme Petter Stigset tells Development Today.
    “We have a very clear mandate, which is to assist Tanzania. Our aim is to help them find solutions that are as good as possible for the country.”

    Oil for Development, an aid-financed programme operating in 22 countries, is located within the aid agency Norad. According to a recent memo sent to all embassies, Norad’s involvement will be intensified. The agency will now “coordinate and quality-check” all aid-funded oil assistance, independent of which budget line funds the project.

    The tightening of the guidelines comes in response to the fact that Tanzania is about to become an oil and gas nation. Aid cooperation has a long history, but now huge Norwegian commercial interests must also be carefully considered.

    A year and a half ago, Tanzania requested Norwegian technical support to develop its oil sector. An agreement over four years through the Oil for Development Programme worth NOK 27 million is about to start. It will cover themes like policy development, legal framework, environmental issues, security, management of data and training.

    Such advice could in theory play directly into Statoil’s interests. The Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy owns 67 per cent of Statoil, which gained its experience from the prosperous oil and gas production off the Norwegian coast 40 years ago. Oil and gas have made Norway one of the richest countries in the world and Statoil has been a key tool.

    In February, the company announced a historic gas find in the first well it drilled in Block 2 off the coast of Tanzania. A second find was announced in June. Statoil has a 65 per cent stake in the block, which it operates on behalf of the Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC).

    If successful the find could turn the economic relations between Norway and Tanzania upsidedown. From being the largest recipient of Norwegian aid during the last half century, Tanzania might very well become a net exporter of capital to Norway.

    For Oil for Development, these finds represented a game changer. Concerned about the risk that conflicts of interest could arise, the secretariat of the programme wrote to Norad’s Director Villa Kulild, pointing to the Norwegian embassy’s double role as promoter of Norwegian commercial interests and manager of Oil for Development.

    “We recognise that Statoil’s international competitors could link Statoil’s presence as operator in the country and the Oil for Development Programme,” the secretariat’s letter states.

    Then Development Minister Erik Solheim called for a meeting at his office in mid-March. The Embassy in Dar participated by phone, while Kulild was present in the room. On the agenda was the dilemma that the secretariat of Oil for Development had identified: how to increase support without creating a conflict of interest and possible negative consequences for Statoil.

    Documents obtained by Development Today show that Kulild warned strongly against Oil for Development getting involved in Production Sharing Agreements. These are contracts signed between a government and oil companies that set the terms for future revenue sharing.

    Solheim asked for Norad’s further analysis. The aid agency presented a memo in April that outlined Statoil and Oil for Development’s differing goals.

    Statoil’s is to maximise the company’s values on behalf of the owner (the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy), while Oil for Development’s is to ensure the highest possible revenues for Tanzania.

    Norad writes that there should be no links between the Norwegian private sector and Oil for Development. This needs to be clarified in order “to avoid any confusion of roles”. Some activities might have to be removed from the programme, and the embassy should avoid having the same person handling both Oil for Development and Statoil.

    Ultimately, it is the responsibility of the leadership in the two Norwegian ministries – oil and foreign affairs - to ensure “necessary integrity and clarity in handling the different roles.”

    Norad warns explicitly that unclear roles could create a “bad reputation” for Norway which, if there is a change of regime in Tanzania, could be used against either Statoil or the Oil for Development. Such eventualities can only be countered by full openness about the programme and Statoil’s role in Tanzania, Norad says.

    The situation is made more complicated by the fact that both the Foreign Ministry and the Petroleum Ministry promote Norwegian commercial interests abroad. At the same time they both act as counterparts in the Oil for Development Programme in Tanzania, though day-to-day activities are handled by Norad and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate.

    The Norwegian way of managing its oil sector has been hailed as a role model for other nations. Indeed, Norway has been able put away hundreds of billions of dollars in reserves from oil revenues.

    Still, for foreign observers it might be hard at first glance to understand how the model works with the Petroleum Ministry serving many functions simultaneously: as owner of Statoil, regulator of the oil sector in Norway and, in this context, as counterpart for signing the agreement with for the Energy Ministry in Tanzania for implementation of the Oil for Development Programme. This agreement has not yet been signed.

    On April 27, the Foreign Ministry had a meeting with Statoil to hear the company’s perspectives. Oil for Development staff did not participate at this meeting – again, to avoid confusion about the different roles, Tore Nedrebø, coordinator of the Oil for Development Programme at the Foreign Ministry, tells Development Today.

    At the meeting, Statoil told the ministry that they think it is fine that Oil for Development provides impartial advice to Tanzania, according to Nedrebø.

    Bård Glad Pedersen, press spokesperson at Statoil tells Development Today that the company wants “an orderly and clear” system when they operate in Tanzania and other countries in Africa.

    “Statoil is a listed company and all our activities are carried out on pure commercial terms. We must win business opportunities in Tanzania and other place in tough competition,” he says to DT.

    In Tanzania, Statoil is an operator on behalf of the Tanzanian oil corporation, TPDC. Documents show that in early June TPDC requested technical support from Norway. They needed economic and legal assistance for a third party assessment of changes in their Model Production Sharing Agreements. In the opinion of the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, there was no conflict of interest.

    But engaging in Production Sharing Agreements is exactly what Norad director Kulid had warned against. Moreover, the Foreign Ministry had decided that all requests about support to the oil sector should be sent to Norad for consideration and quality checking.

    This instruction reached the embassy in Dar es Salaam in late June. For the Tanzania case, it was too late.

    On June 15, a few days before the instruction arrived, the embassy went ahead and engaged the consultant Econ Pöyry and the law firm Arntzen de Besche to advise TPDC on Production Sharing Agreements.

    The process was rushed because Tanzania was in a hurry to revise the >>> >>> agreements before new areas are opened for oil and gas exploration in time for a bidding round this fall. Statoil is among the potential bidders in the coming round.

    Since the agreement on the Norwegian support through Oil for Development Programme had not yet been signed, the embassy decided to fund the contracts from another budget line.

    Petter Stigset at the Oil for Development secretariat at Norad sent a strongly-worded email to the embassy asking for a clarification in late June. Today he says they are satisfied with the job done by Econ Pöyry and Arntzen de Besche.

    “We have looked into the results and have found we can stand behind their proposals. They appear to be 100 per cent to the advantage of Tanzania,” he says.

    Tanzania does not seem to be very concerned about Norway’s double role in the oil and gas sector.

    Ambassador Ingunn Klepsvik writes home in an e-mail that Tanzania expects that Norway will assist in revising Production Sharing Agreements based on agreements already signed. If Norway cannot do this, Tanzanian authorities have to be informed so they can approach other donors, Klepsvik writes.

    According to the embassy, both private firms and other donors, including the World Bank, are ready to take on the role of advisor to Tanzania in the oil sector.

    In her note to Oslo, Klepsvik writes that Tanzania emphasises from the highest political level “again and again” that “Norway is the preferred cooperation partner in this field”.

    Author: Bjørn H Amland
  2. 50thebe

    50thebe JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    kitu kimoja naamini sasa kuwa watanzania hatuipendi Tanzania yetu.
  3. mansakankanmusa

    mansakankanmusa JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    haya mambo yatatufikisha pabaya, ila mkae mkijua

    Tanzania kupigana ni lazima/must
  4. Nzi

    Nzi JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Hivi tuna haraka ya nini na kuvuna hizi maliasili?

    Kwanini tusisubiri tukawa na wataalamu wetu wa mambo ya sera na sheria za mafuta na gesi? Hivi tunategemea nini kwa hadi leo kuwategemea wataalamu kutoka nje katika kutuandalia mifumo ya kimikataba, kisera na kisheria katika mafuta na gesi?

    Hivi hatujajifunza tu makosa na madudu katika madini?
  5. K

    Kamundu JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Hizi kampuni za Europe siziamini sana. Hapa Houston, TX imetokea kuwa ndiyo makao makuu ya kampuni za Oli and Gas duniani. Na kizuri ni kwamba kuna Watanzania wengi sana hapa wanafanya kwenye kampuni za Oil and Gas.

    Nilijaribu kuwasiliana na kampuni zinazofanya biashara za Gas Tanzania hasa hizi za Europe mwaka huu mwanzoni na walionyesha uoaga wa hali ya juu kwa Watanzania wanaoishi Marekani ni kama vile wanaogopa kueleza kinachoendelea maana sisi tunajua vizuri biashara za Gas zinavyofanywa. Ukiwaambia hao wenye kampuni kwamba umetokea Houston, TX na ni Mtanzania wanaogopa sana.

    Vilevile nilikutana na Mfanyakazi mmoja wa kampuni ya Norway kwenye ndege ya kwenda Tanzania kutoka UK na alivyojua nimetokea Houston akaacha kuongea na mimi lakini kabla ya hapo alinieleza analipwa hadi $10,000 kwa mwezi kwa kwenda kufanya kazi Tanzania. Tanzania inatakiwa kuwahusishwa Watanzania walio na uzoefu kwenye hizi biashara.
  6. s

    sikiolakufa JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Duh mkuu kumbe hii hoja niliyokutana nayo hapa aslo ni ya haja em tusikie majadiliano zaidi ila huyu KIKWETE anaipeleka hii nchi pabaya na kama hasimu Lowassa akiingia madarakani kutakuwa na vita nchi hii
  7. Nzi

    Nzi JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Chief,mmewahi kuomba kufanya kazi katika sekta hii hapa Tanzania? Kwa maana kila anayewekeza humo analalama uhaba wa wataalamu wa kitanzania.

    Hamuoni kama kwa kufahamu huko,ni wakati muafaka kwa nyinyi kurudi Tanzania na kuondoa uhaba huo? Chief,kama kuna watanzania hapo Houston wana uelewa wa sekta hii,warudi. Waache kulalama kwamba taifa litaibiwa,waje walete utaalamu wao na kuwa tija kwa taifa.
  8. Mtoto Wa Mbale

    Mtoto Wa Mbale JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    By 2015 ccm may no longer be there, it is important that they strike these deals now or never.
  9. Mkali Tozz

    Mkali Tozz JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Ndio kwanza nimesikia wanafunzi 5 wamepata schoolership kwenda Russia kusomea shahada ya kwanza ya utaalalamu wa Gas.Utawala wa kikwete ndio anamalizia lazima nae anauroho wa kufaidika na genge lake kabla hajamaliza muda wake wa uraisi.
  10. Kiranga

    Kiranga JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Tushazoea kufanyiwa kila kitu.

    Hata mikataba ya mafuta tutataka WaNorway watuandikie na kutusainia.

    Halafu tutawatisha, msipotuandikia na kutusainia tutaenda kwa Wajapani.
  11. Ngoromiko

    Ngoromiko JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Kichwa cha habari mbona hakiendani na maudhui kwenye hii mada? Au hukuisoma? Hakuna mahali ambapo wanasiasa wa Tz wameelezewa kuwa wanaogopwa.

    Kutokana na yaliyomo kwenye hii mada, Uongozi wa nchi yetu unafanya vizuri kwenye suala la mafuta na gesi. Hata Serikali ya Norway inakiri kuwa ushauri ambao serikali imeupata kutoka kwa kampuni zilizoteuliwa kutushauri kuhusu mapato yatakayotokana na mafuta/gesi ni mzuri sana.
  12. Semilong

    Semilong JF-Expert Member

    Sep 6, 2012
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    Hawa wawekezaji usipowawekea masharti ya kuwa na idadi ya watz kwenye makampuni yao na pia kuwa train watz watakuletea story za kutokuwa na wataalamu kila siku, ndio walivyo wanapeana kazi wenyewe kwa wenyewe tu
  13. Kiranga

    Kiranga JF-Expert Member

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    Unaelewa maana ya maneno haya?

    Inaonekana WaNorway wako concerned kuhusu our own due diligence in the process and avoiding conflict of interest kuliko sisi tunavyokuwa concerned. Ndiyo maana ya hiyo heading uki i tie na hiki kifungu cha mwisho.

    Ndiyo maana nikaandika

  14. mansakankanmusa

    mansakankanmusa JF-Expert Member

    Sep 8, 2012
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    Norway wanauza mafuta na gesi yao Marekani, Tunakubali wanorsk wanorway ni matajiri wa mafuta lakini? mtoto wa mtumwa ni mtumwa pia hivyo tutawauzia marekani!
  15. Kigogo

    Kigogo JF-Expert Member

    Sep 8, 2012
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    Nchi hii ina laana jamqni
  16. h

    hukumundo JF-Expert Member

    Sep 8, 2012
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    Watu wengi wamevunjwa mioyo juu ya hilo. mtaalamu wa kuaminika kaacha kazi US kwa ahadi ya kupewa kazi nyeti kwa faida ya nchi yake TZ. baada ya kufika hakupata ushirikiano wala hakusikilizwa. wengi wanajikuta wanapigwa vita. it is a scenario that plays out again and again.

    QUOTE=Nzi;4577021]Chief,mmewahi kuomba kufanya kazi katika sekta hii hapa Tanzania? Kwa maana kila anayewekeza humo analalama uhaba wa wataalamu wa kitanzania.

    Hamuoni kama kwa kufahamu huko,ni wakati muafaka kwa nyinyi kurudi Tanzania na kuondoa uhaba huo? Chief,kama kuna watanzania hapo Houston wana uelewa wa sekta hii,warudi. Waache kulalama kwamba taifa litaibiwa,waje walete utaalamu wao na kuwa tija kwa taifa.[/QUOTE]