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Matumizi Ya Tovuti Yana Athari Mbaya Kwa Ubongo Wa Mwanadamu.

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by X-PASTER, Jul 18, 2011.


    X-PASTER Moderator

    Jul 18, 2011
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    Internet Use Affects Memory, Study Finds

    The widespread use of search engines and online databases has affected the way people remember information, researchers are reporting.

    The scientists, led by Betsy Sparrow, an assistant professor of psychology at Columbia, wondered whether people were more likely to remember information that could be easily retrieved from a computer, just as students are more likely to recall facts they believe will be on a test.

    Dr. Sparrow and her collaborators, Daniel M. Wegner of Harvard and Jenny Liu of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, staged four different memory experiments. In one, participants typed 40 bits of trivia - for example, "an ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain" - into a computer. Half of the subjects believed the information would be saved in the computer; the other half believed the items they typed would be erased.

    The subjects were significantly more likely to remember information if they thought they would not be able to find it later. "Participants did not make the effort to remember when they thought they could later look up the trivia statement they had read," the authors write.

    A second experiment was aimed at determining whether computer accessibility affects precisely what we remember. "If asked the question whether there are any countries with only one color in their flag, for example," the researchers wrote, "do we think about flags - or immediately think to go online to find out?"

    In this case, participants were asked to remember both the trivia statement itself and which of five computer folders it was saved in. The researchers were surprised to find that people seemed better able to recall the folder.

    "That kind of blew my mind," Dr. Sparrow said in an interview.

    The experiment explores an aspect of what is known as transactive memory - the notion that we rely on our family, friends and co-workers as well as reference material to store information for us.

    "I love watching baseball," Dr. Sparrow said. "But I know my husband knows baseball facts, so when I want to know something I ask him, and I don't bother to remember it."

    The Internet's effects on memory are still largely unexplored, Dr. Sparrow said, adding that her experiments had led her to conclude that the Internet has become our primary external storage system.

    "Human memory," she said, "is adapting to new communications technology."

    [A version of this article appeared in print on July 15, 2011, on page A14 of the New York edition with the headline: Internet Use Affects How We Remember.]
  2. Mwanamayu

    Mwanamayu JF-Expert Member

    Jul 18, 2011
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    Hawa researchers wanashangaza kwa sababu internet ni medium kama media nyingine. Inabidi basi waangalie na matumizi ya encyclopaedia, dictionary, vitabu, catalogues, directories ambavyo vinakazi kama ya internet - actually hivi ndio sasa viko kwenye internet. Hivi wenyewe wamejipima na kuona kuwa memory yao imekaa vizuri?
  3. s

    sikiolakufa JF-Expert Member

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    n i
  4. Gama

    Gama JF-Expert Member

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    Huo utafiti ni wa kweli kabisa. Ukimwambia mtoto wako au wife akutafutie simu yako chumbani hatatafuta physically atakuambia ngoja ni-beep. Muda wa kutumia akiri umepita.