Mahakama Kuu: Sheria inayozuia watuhumiwa kupewa dhamana ni kinyume cha Katiba. Serikali yaazimia kukata rufaa

Lord Diplock MR

JF-Expert Member
Mar 16, 2015
1,050
2,000
Katika hali ambayo haikutegemewa na wengi Mahakama Kuu ya Tanzania Masijala ya Dar Es Salaam leo tarehe 18 May, 2020 imetangaza vifungu vya sheria vinavyozuia watuhumiwa wa makosa mbalimbali ya jinai kupewa dhamana kuwa kinyume cha Katiba ya Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania.

Katika kesi iliyofunguliwa na Wakili Dickson Paulo Sanga dhidi ya Mwanasheria Mkuu wa serikali katika Mahakama kuu masijala ya Tanga na baadaye ilihamishiwa masijala kuu ya Dar es Salaam. Katika kesi hiyo mahakama imekitangaza kifungu chote cha 148(5) cha sheria ya mwenendo wa makosa ya jinai ( The Criminal Procedure Act) kuwa na kinyume cha katiba kwa kuwa kinapingana na Ibara ya 13(6) b na 15(2) ya katiba ya jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania.

Hata hivyo mahakama kuu imeipa serikali miezi 18 ya kufanya mabadiliko ya kifungu hicho la sivyo kifungu husika kitaondolewa kwenye vitabu vya sheria.

Kifungu hicho kinazuia watuhumiwa wa makosa mbalimbali yakiwemo ya utakatishaji fedha, uuzaji madawa ya kulevya, kukamatwa na nyara za serikali, na makosa mengine ya uhujumu uchumi kupewa dhamana.

THE HIGH COURT OF TANZANIA HAS DECLARED THE WHOLE SECTION 148(5) OF THE CPA UNCONSTITUTIONAL

The High Court of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Main Registry has declared that the whole section 148(5) of the Criminal Procedure Act, [Cap 20 R:E 2002] is unconstitutional.

The today's High Court landmark Judgment has been issued in the case of advocate Dickson Paulo Sanga Versus the Attorney General [Miscellaneous Civil Cause No 29 of 2019]. Mr. Sanga filed his case on 9th May 2019 at the High Court of Tanzania, Tanga District Registry challenging bail denial for persons charged under Section 148(5) of the Criminal Procedure Act, [Cap 20 R:E 2002]. The case was later on shifted to the High Court of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam Main Registry on 18th November 2019.

THE HIGH COURT HAS ORDERED THE FOLLOWINGS;

1. That, the entire Sect 148(5) of CPA violates articles 13(6)b and 15 (2) a of Constitution of United Republic of Tanzania, 1977.

2. That, in accordance to Article 30(5 ) of the Constitution, the High Court has granted 18 months to the government to rectify the defect, failure to do so in the specified time shall render the entire section to automatically be expunged.

3 That, the above time of 18 months will not be applicable under section 148(5)(i) in respect of the offence of armed robbery as the government had been granted time in the case of Mjomba Mjomba but nothing has been done to date, hence the said offence is automatic expunged from the list of the unbailable offences in the CPA as of todate.

WHAT OFFENCES WERE UNBAILABLE UNDER SECTION 148(5) OF THE CPA?

Section 148(5) of the Criminal Procedure Act, [Cap 20 R:E 2002] provides a list of unbailable offences, if a person become charged with, cannot be given bail by the police or the court of law. It reads that;

148(5) A police officer in charge of a police station or a court before whom an accused person is brought or appears, shall not admit that person to bail if–
(a) that person is charged with–
(i) murder, treason, armed robbery, or defilement;

(ii) illicit trafficking in drugs against the Drugs and Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Drugs Act, but does not include a person charged for an offence of being in possession of drugs which taking into account all circumstances in which the offence was committed, was not meant for conveyance or commercial purpose;

(iii) an offence involving heroin, cocaine, prepared opium, opium poppy (papaver setigerum), poppy straw, coca plant, coca leaves, cannabis sativa or cannabis resin (Indian hemp), methaqualone (mandrax), catha edulis (khat) or any other narcotic drug or psychotropic substance specified in the Schedule to this Act which has an established value certified by the Commissioner for National Co- ordination of Drugs Control Commission, as exceeding ten million shillings;

(iv) terrorism against the Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002;
(v) money laundering contrary to Anti-money Laundering Act, 2006;

(b) it appears that the accused person has previously been sentenced to imprisonment for a term exceeding three years;

(c) it appears that the accused person has previously been granted bail by a court and failed to comply with the conditions of the bail or absconded;

(d) it appears to the court that it is necessary that the accused person be kept in custody for his own protection or safety;

(e) the offence with which the person is charged involves actual money or property whose value exceeds ten million shillings unless that person deposits cash or other property equivalent to half the amount or value of actual money or property involved and the rest is secured by execution of a bond.

Provided that where the property to be deposited is immovable, it shall be sufficient to deposit the title deed, or if the title deed is not available such other evidence as is satisfactory to the court in proof of existence of the property; save that this provision shall not apply in the case of police bail.

Mr. Dickson Sanga sought the following three declarations from the High Court of Tanzania;

1. Declaration orders that Section 148(5) of the Criminal Procedure Act [Cap 20 R:E 2002] is unconstitutional and violates Articles 13(3), (6)(b) and 15(1) & (2) of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, 1977.

1. Declaratory orders that the trial courts with jurisdiction to deal with any offences should be left to deal with the question of bail upon being properly moved by the parties to the criminal disputes.

3. And lastly, that the honourable court be moved to issue such directives as it may deem fit to meet the ends of justice and the protection of the Constitutional rights of the people.

THE GROUNDS FOR FILING THE CASE WERE BASICALLY 5;

1. That, the personal liberty and presumption of innocence are Constitutional rights guaranteed vide Articles 13(6)(b) and 15(1) & (2) of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania, 1977.

2. That, Section 148(5) of the Criminal Procedure Act, [Cap 20 R:E 2002] takes away the mandatory constitutional mandate of the courts of law as provided under Article 13(3) of the Constitution, which is the principal body charged with determining the guilt or innocence and the rights of the people in Tanzania.

3. That, in compliance with the provision of the Criminal Procedure Act, the time frame for investigating and prosecuting the accused person in respect of the non bailable offences is unknown and left to the devices and desecration of the investigating body, and is subject to abuse in most cases, hence denying the liberty of the accused at the hands of the state.

4. That, the existence of Section 148(5) of the Criminal Procedure Act, is contrary to the verily basic jurisprudence in the sense that bail is the fundamental instrument for the court to administering criminal justice during court proceedings.

5. That, Section 148(5) of the Criminal Procedure Act, contravenes various international legal instruments to which Tanzania is a party and these includes Article 11(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, Article 14(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966 and Article 7(1) B, D of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, 1981.

THRDC supports and encourages citizens, Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) and lawyers to use Public Interest Litigation (PIL) or other human rights and constitutional litigation to reform legal and criminal justice system in Tanzania. A court case digest of this decision will be provided in both languages in the course of few days after receiving the writen judgement.

Issued by
Tanzania Human Rights Defenders Coalition (THRDC)
18th May, 2020
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Sent using Jamii Forums mobile app


===============

SERIKALI KUKATA RUFAA DHIDI YA HUKUMU YA SHERIA YA MAKOSA YA JINAI

Mwanasheria Mkuu wa Serikali ameazimia kukata Rufaa dhidi ya hukumu iliyotolewa leo na Mahakama Kuu ya Tanzania ya kutaka Serikali kufanyia marekebisho Kifungu 148(5) Cha Sheria ya Mwenendo wa Makosa ya jinai ndani ya miezi 18

Katika hukumu hiyo, Mahakama kuu imetangaza kuwa Watuhumiwa wa makosa ya jinai kutopewa dhamana hiyo ni kinyume cha Katiba ya Tanzania

Makosa yanayohesabiwa kwenye kwenye kifungu hicho ni pamoja na Utakatishaji fedha, uuzaji #DawaZaKulevya na uhujumu uchumi

Serikali kukata rufaa sheria inayozuia dhamana kutangazwa kuwa inapingana na katiba - JamiiForums
 

Ndachuwa

JF-Expert Member
Mar 8, 2006
5,885
2,000
ii) illicit trafficking in drugs against the Drugs and Prevention of Illicit Traffic in Drugs Act, but does not include a person charged for an offence of being in possession of drugs which taking into account all circumstances in which the offence was committed, was not meant for conveyance or commercial purpose;
Mdude Ngalali ile 23gms .......was not meant for conveyance or commercial purpose, I think so. Apewe dhamana
 

Synthesizer

JF-Expert Member
Feb 15, 2010
8,259
2,000
Siku mbaya na giza nene kwa Lumumba FC


View attachment 1453332
Mmmh, good point Fatma. Sasa haiwezekani kufungua tena kesi kupinga serikali kupewa miezi 18 na kudai hiyo sheria ibatilishwe immediately? Naona ukosefu wa haki mkubwa.

Kwa mfano ingekuwa sheria inayopingwa ni kuwaua kwa kuwanyonga wale wote wanaopinga lockdown na mahakama ikasema ni kosa kuwanyonga, ina maana serikali ingepewa miezi 18 kuacha kuwanyonga wanaopinga lockdown, kwamba japo ni kosa endelea tu kuwanyonga angalau kwa miezi 18 halafu uache kabisa mara moja!?
 

Synthesizer

JF-Expert Member
Feb 15, 2010
8,259
2,000
Mwanzo mzuri,maana watu wanataka kukomoana

Sent using Jamii Forums mobile app
Tunafurahia kutangaza kifo cha sheria kandamizi ya kuweka watu mahabusu kwa kukomoana kilichotokea leo 18 May 2020 huko Mahakama Kuu ya Tanzania. Mazishi yatafanyika baada ya miezi 18

Na habari hii iwafikie Siro wa Polisi, Gambo wa Arusha, Chalamila wa Mbeya, Hapi wa Iringa, Makonda wa Dar es Salaam na wengine wote wanaohusika na msiba huu popote pale walipo!
 

battawi

JF-Expert Member
Mar 29, 2014
1,388
2,000
Sasa ni wakati muafaka. Mashekh wetu wa Muamsho waachiwe Kwa dhamana au kesi yao isiyokuwa na ushahidi hadi leo ifutwe.

Miaka 7 mahabusu ni kinyume na haki zote.
 

bagamoyo

JF-Expert Member
Jan 14, 2010
8,744
2,000
Naona imeanza kutekelezwa mapema na leo Mahakama Kuu imetoa hukumu itakayokuwa judicial precedent The doctrine of precedent and the value of s 39(2) of the Constitution - De Rebus , Mahakama kuzifanyia kazi ili haki ipatikane kwa wakati:

Mfano kesi hii ya juzi kada na mbunge wa CCM ila pia raia wengine wasio wana CCM pia waifaidi huu muongozo mpya bila ubaguzi:

15 May 2020
Mahakama kuu ya Tanzania Kanda ya Shinyanga, imetoa uamuzi kuwa mbunge wa Kishapu (CCM) Suleiman Nchambi, aliyeshtakiwa kwa makosa 12 ya uhujumu uchumi, ana haki ya kupata dhamana
 

Inside10

JF-Expert Member
May 20, 2011
20,863
2,000
Msishangilie ni yaleyale, mahakama imeipa serikali/bunge miezi 18 kubqdilisha sheria hiyo.

Kwahiyo wale wenye kesi za ML,ugaidi kama mashehe n.k wataendelea kusota rumande.

Mahakama ilatakiwa itoe amri ya urekebishaji wa sheria hiyo haraka ili kuokoa watu wanaokaa mahabusu pasipo msingi.
 

Salary Slip

JF-Expert Member
Apr 3, 2012
37,583
2,000
Watakata rufaa Mahakama ya Rufaa na msishangae wakashinda wanasahau kuna siku wao kama sio ndugu zao wanaweza kuja kuwa watuhumiwa.
 

tindo

JF-Expert Member
Sep 28, 2011
28,655
2,000
Tunafurahia kutangaza kifo cha sheria kandamizi ya kuweka watu mahabusu kwa kukomoana kilichotokea leo 18 May 2020 huko Mahakama Kuu ya Tanzania. Mazishi yatafanyika baada ya miezi 18

Na habari hii iwafikie Siro wa Polisi, Gambo wa Arusha, Chalamila wa Mbeya, Hapi wa Iringa, Makonda wa Dar es Salaam na wengine wote wanaohusika na msiba huu popote pale walipo!
Mkuu kwa jinsi kulivyo na ukiukwaji mkubwa wa sheria awamu hii, hata kama kukifanyika mabadiliko ya hiyo sheria, bado wanaotakiwa kukomolewa watakomolewa bila kujali hiyo sheria.
 
Top Bottom