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Kilimo cha Macadamia (karanga pori)

Discussion in 'Kilimo, Ufugaji na Uvuvi' started by Ntemi Kazwile, Jan 17, 2011.

  1. Ntemi Kazwile

    Ntemi Kazwile JF-Expert Member

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    Jan 17, 2011
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    Wadau,

    Kuna fursa kubwa kwenye kilimo cha matunda especially kwa nchi yetu ambayo ina ardhi nzuri na ambayo inafaa kwa mazao mengi.

    Zao la Macadamia ni miongoni mwa mazao ya muda mrefu ambalo linaweza kubadirisha kilimo cha Tanzania, kwa sasa kuna mtaalamu ambaye ana kitalu cha miche ya macadamia (mche mmoja unauzwa shs 2,000) macadamia inaweza kustawi vizuri kwenye sehemu za baridi lakini siyo baridi sana hivyo kilolo, ifakara, morogoro, arusha, lushoto inaweza kustawi kwa uzuri zaidi.
    Mimi nimechukua miche michache kwa ajiri ya kujaribu kwenye maeneo ya kisarawe.

    Ni PM kama unataka maelezo zaidi au google

    Unaweza pia kupata taarifa zaidi hapa: http://www.agroforestry.net/scps/Macadamia_specialty_crop.pdf
     
  2. kanyagio

    kanyagio JF-Expert Member

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    macadamia ni matunda gani hayo na matumizi yake?
     
  3. Ntemi Kazwile

    Ntemi Kazwile JF-Expert Member

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    Ni aina furani ya karanga, fungua hiyo attachment utapata maelezo mazuri zaidi
     
  4. K

    KVM JF-Expert Member

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    WanaJF naomba mwenye uelewa wowote wa kilimo ch Macadamia anijuze. Najua kuwa ni zao ambalo bei yake ni nzuri kutosha. Mara ya mwisho nilizungumza na dada mmoja akaniambia kuwa kule Lushoto kuna watu wanalima hilo zao. hakuweza kunipa taarifa kwa kina cha kutosha.

    Zao hili lipo Tanzania? Hali gani ya ardi inahitajika? Najua Kenya wanafanya export ya zaidi ya USD120m kwa mwaka.
     
  5. M

    Malila JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu asante kwa taarifa,

    macadamia ndio nini kwa kiswahili?
     
  6. Chasha Poultry Farm

    Chasha Poultry Farm Verified User

    #6
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    [​IMG]
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    Hiyo ndo Macadamia
     
  7. p

    peter tumaini JF-Expert Member

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    Komandoo, funguka kwa hii kitu inaonekana una uelewa wa kutosha.
     
  8. Ngongo

    Ngongo JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu bado umeniacha mbali sana picha hazijanisaidia hata kidogo.


     
  9. m

    muhinda JF-Expert Member

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  10. K

    KVM JF-Expert Member

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    Macadamia inatoa mbegu za mafuta kama ilivyo korosho. Hizo mbegu zinahitajika sana kwa watengenezaji wa chocolate vile vile unaweza kukamua mafuta na ubora wake ni sawa na mafuta ya mizeituni (olive oil). Bei ya Roasted and salted Macadamia Nuts kule Australia naona ni $18. Kule Kenya naona wanalamika utoroshwaji wa Macadamia kuja Tanzania kutayarishwa kwa kusafirisha nje.

    Upekuzi zaidi unasema macadamia yanastawi sehemu ambazo avocado, mapapai, na ndizi hustawi. Wakulima wengi wa kenya wanang'oa kahawa ili kupanda macadamia.
     
  11. CHAI CHUNGU

    CHAI CHUNGU JF-Expert Member

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    Funguka zaidi mkuu kuhusu ili zao,
    Alafu hao wa kenya waache ungesengese wao wa kulalamika mbona wao wanatorosha tanzanite yetu na wanaipa nembo yao?na mpaka wamemtorosha MRISHO MPOTO wetu sasa wanamtumia kule kwa obama kama muwakilishi wao wa kiswahili?
     
  12. m

    muhinda JF-Expert Member

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    I am interested kujua ili zao linachukua mda gani mpaka kuvuna?
     
  13. MamaEE

    MamaEE Senior Member

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  14. MamaEE

    MamaEE Senior Member

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    Macadamias are tricky to grow, but they are proving to be a lifeline for black farmers in South Africa.

    Do you know why macadamia nuts are so expensive? It is because it takes five to 12 years for a macadamia tree to produce nuts (a good tree will still be producing nuts 40 years on); and the shell is damned hard to crack – so hard that it will break domestic nutcrackers. The first commercial orchard of macadamia trees, which are native to Australia, was planted in the early 1880s in New South Wales. Australia is still the world's largest producer of macadamias, accounting for more than 40 per cent of world exports. Other leading producers are South Africa and Hawaii. Bush pigs are among the few animals with jaws strong enough to crack the nuts; monkeys simply eat them from the tree when the shells are soft. But we humans, it transpires, require cracking factories. The other obstacle is that harvesting, which takes place in late autumn to spring, is typically done by hand, and pickers have to wait until ripe nuts fall to the floor. Mechanised shaking machines (used for pecans and almonds, for example), which dislodge nuts from the tree to speed up the process, cannot be used with macadamias, as the nuts mature on the tree at different rates. So first the macadamia nuts are husked (like coconuts, the nut is encased within two layers) and then air-dried in the shade for at least two weeks to reduce the moisture content and allow the natural oil to develop. Once the nuts are in the cracking factory, the challenge is getting them out whole, which involves careful drying at 40-43C to further reduce the moisture content, making the shell brittle and easier to crack.

    Finally, the nuts are sorted into 'styles' or grades of quality. 'Style 4' is broken pieces and 'style 0' is the premium: glistening and ivory-coloured, big like a brazil nut, but somehow a more satisfying mouthful to crunch. Macadamia nuts are high in fat – up to 80 per cent oil – but it is the right sort, and they are a good source of protein and fibre.



    Yataka moyo, soma zaidi hapa: Macadamia nuts are a lifeline for black farmers in South Africa - Telegraph
     
  15. S

    Simbamwene JF-Expert Member

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    Lushoto, Wanalima sana, fika Sakharani Mission, Utapata kila unachohitaji.
     
  16. M

    Malila JF-Expert Member

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    Utasaidia sana kama utatoa maelezo yenye majibu ya maswali yafuatayo.

    Wanalima kwa scale gani? ( holela au estate)
    wanauza wapi mavuno yao?
    Je miche ya macadamia wanapata wapi?
    Wakulima wana mafanikio yo yote kupitia zao hili?

    vaveja sana.
     
  17. p

    peter tumaini JF-Expert Member

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    naomba lete details zake.
     
  18. S

    Simbamwene JF-Expert Member

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    Jun 15, 2012
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    Mkuu kwa muda huu nipo mjini Dar natafuta mtu lushoto anipe taarifa zaidi, , Ila Sakharani Mission, ipo chini ya Benedictine Abbey Missionary, (NMakao Makuu Ndanda Mission) , S.L.P. 40, Lushoto. Tanga.
    Hawa wa Misionari wana shamba la Macadamia, na wanauza hata mafuta yake, Kwa Dar es Salaam, Macadamia nuts hua zipo Oysterbay Shopping Centre, kuna mtu anauza kilo moja shillingi elfu nne. lakini upatikanaji wake sio mkubwa sana.
     
  19. S

    Simbamwene JF-Expert Member

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    ABOUT 150 km from the port of Tanga is Sakharani Farm in the Usambara Mountains. In 1946, the community in Ndanda bought a reasonably large portion of land in this area from an Englishman. This land was to be used for agricultural purposes. Its altitude of 1300m makes Sakharani suitable for growing different kinds of plants, namely: quinine trees, macadamia nuts, coffee, bananas and grapes. All these activities provide employment for many people. The community consists of about five confreres who, apart from farm work, engage themselves in pastoral work in the parishes of Sakharani, Soni and the surrounding outstations. Other activities include a small auto workshop, carpentry and gardening. Sakharani is also used as a rest house for many visitors as well as a meeting point for the young people who show an interest in joining the community in Ndanda. For more about Sakharani click here.
    AddressBenedictine Community,SakharaniP.O. Box 40, SoniLushoto Tanzania​
     
  20. S

    Simbamwene JF-Expert Member

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