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Kikwete: Unprepared to lead

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Mzee Mwanakijiji, Sep 18, 2009.

  1. Mzee Mwanakijiji

    Mzee Mwanakijiji Platinum Member

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    He assumed the office of the presidency with fanfare and with an overwhelming mandate he ascended to power. He was called to lead. He has miserably failed and now he has become a good follower. Discuss.
  2. Rev. Kishoka

    Rev. Kishoka JF-Expert Member

    Sep 18, 2009
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    Mimi simo, nilisshaysema mengi tangu enzi zile za On Muungwana...
  3. Teamo

    Teamo JF-Expert Member

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    unfortunately HE WILL TAKE THE LEAD AGAIN!
  4. Baba_Enock

    Baba_Enock JF-Expert Member

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    A good follower? Are we in a fellowship now? This can not be true!
  5. Field Marshall ES

    Field Marshall ES JF-Expert Member

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    - It is a high time sasa, tuka-discuss who is an-alternative in the spirit of looking at the big picture yaani our nation, can we?


  6. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

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    One year on in Tanzania: A false start
    Issa G Shivji

    2007-01-04, Issue 284

    President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete came to power on a populist vote. Wamachinga, the semi-employed and unemployed youth of Dar es Salaam symbolized his populist support. He promised them one million jobs.

    Kikwete’s first task was to convert his populist support into a popular support. Populism is fragile; it is ambivalent and can go in either direction, progressive or reactionary. In a country like Tanzania with over 12,000 villages, in which live some 80 per cent of the population, mostly smallholder peasants, converting populism to popularity means establishing a close rapport with village communities.

    Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere did have such rapport but it was top-down, paternalistic. Mwalimu did not see peasants as an agency for change; peasants could not bring about change, rather he saw change being brought to them. Edward Moringe Sokoine had a developmental conception of the village. Sokoine saw the village as a harbinger of self-reliant, national development and the peasant (a rich peasant?) as an agency of change. Whatever the differences, there was one fundamental thing common to them. Both men were persons of unimpeachable personal integrity, which endeared them to the masses and strengthened them against pressures from local reactionary and foreign imperialist forces.

    A fourth phase president who would make a difference would have had to combine the popular rapport of a Kambarage with the sober developmental vision of a Moringe. We therefore needed a JMK. In his first year, I envisioned President Kikwete in khaki perched on a landrover conversing with villagers, visiting even those villages where they still think Nyerere is the president. It was not to be. Instead, we found the President jet-trotting to foreign lands, including the most hated bullies of this world, chasing ‘development’. If investors needed to be charmed, that could well have been done by his charming Prime Minister. But JK needed to be in the country to transform himself into a JMK.

    While the populist support was not converted into a popular support, worse, within one year the President lost even his populist support, thanks to his short-sighted lieutenants who mercilessly chased away Wamachinga thus piling up the numbers of unemployed. Now the President will have to create not one million, but perhaps 1.4 million jobs to accommodate the former Wamachingas!

    The Cabinet

    The ‘who’s who’ in the cabinet would give a signal of the President’s direction. In the people’s perception, the previous vigogo had indulged in an orgy of self-enrichment, ujasiriamali. They could not name names in public for fear of being persecuted by the State but in their palavers - majiweni and mabarazani - they could tell you who owned what and how he/she got it. The tip of the iceberg was an utterly inexplicable sale of government houses.

    True, Mwalimu’s leadership code was killed and buried in Zanzibar by Mzee Ruksa. What we did not know then was that it was a signal to forsake even elementary political ethics. In the second half of the third phase government the neo-wabenzi, against whom the leadership code was promulgated in the first place, went berserk, holding directorships in companies, sometimes in the very sector under your ministry; awarding tenders to sons, and cousins and girlfriends; accumulating real estate; having a finger in every business pie, fair or foul, and much more. People were not only disappointed with this type of ujasiriamali, they were simply disgusted - and despaired.

    People expected a messiah in JK who would deliver them from the orgy of self-enrichment. They expected him to signal a different direction by, at least, choosing into his cabinet people of unquestionable personal integrity. As a symbolic gesture he would have perhaps declared that those who took government houses had disqualified themselves from the potential pool of ministers. That alone would have sent a signal that he meant business, that he was truly a man of the people. And Kikwete could have done it; he was riding on a wave of 80 per cent vote. For reasons best known to him and his advisers, the president rubbed salt into the wound by announcing that he too had “bought” a government house!

    CCM appointments

    The 2005 nomination process of the presidential candidate within the CCM was one of the worst in the party’s history. Politics of ethnicity and race were freely deployed; the amount of money used could have only come from slush funds provided by tycoons; factional fights and intrigues abounded. Many felt in their bones that the party could crack. That did not happen. But the party came out of elections more fractionalized than it had entered it. Any farsighted leader of a political party in that situation had two major tasks.

    First, to cement the party with a vision and a programme transcending factions and primordial prejudices. Second, to re-establish the integrity of the party and its leadership. Two party posts would be germane to this double-task, the post of the secretary general and that of the treasurer.

    The party cried out for a sober organizer as the secretary general, not a cheer-leader used to haranguing people as if they were some empty tins fit only for making noises. It called for a treasurer who would be absolutely above board and known for his/her personal integrity, who would not compromise in matters of money. Again, the chairman did not measure up to the expectations in his party appointments.

    Social and economic development

    One year is not long enough to assess the developmental performance of a regime. But it is long enough to gauge its developmental direction. In this case, the fourth phase government seems to have decided, either consciously or by default, to stay the course. The course was set by the Mkapa regime: mindless privatisation and marketisation of the economy, including privatisation of strategic sectors, for example, finance and insurance; commodification of public goods and services, for example, land, water, energy, health and education and ruthless and unregulated exploitation of resources by multinationals – minerals, timber and forests and other bio-resources.

    The experience of mining companies and the fiasco of privatized management in the water and electricity should have made the fourth phase government to revisit the course rather than stay it. The current power crisis, whose origins could be traced to the scandalous IPTL deal and equally scandalous imposition of Net Group management by force (remember that FFU accompanied the South African management when taking over TANESCO offices against resisting workers!), has been made worse by the outrageously scandalous Richmond saga. The credibility of the regime has hit rock-bottom, and the president’s studious silence only helps to feed the rumour mills of Dar es Salaam.

    After some twenty years of the neo-liberal direction of the economy, one would have thought that the new government would have made a sober assessment in the light of its own experience and the experience of other countries, particularly Latin America where neo-liberalism has been discredited to the boot. Instead, we have accepted to be part of the perverted logic of IFIs (International Finance Institutions) which attributes lack of success to insufficient reforms – so reform is the only industry that shows exponential growth rates! When shall we be done with reforms?

    Space does not allow going into details. But the least that is expected is that we seriously revisit our development paradigm. Are Mkukuta and Mkurabita serious developmental programmes? Which country has reduced poverty by cash transfers without developing the economy? And where is an example of success of De Soto’s Mkurabita?

    Foreign policy

    If there is one area where both the third and fourth phase governments have shown utter lack of appreciation of the world situation, it is in the country’s foreign alignments. True, there is only one superpower but that does not mean one has to go into its armpit. This superpower is a vicious military power with a clear military design on Africa. It is therefore very difficult to understand Tanzania accepting to send a brigade to Lebanon and co-sponsoring the US-authored UN resolution for intervention in Somalia. The design of the US on the Eastern seaboard is clear – to string it with military bases from Djibouti through Somalia and Dar es Salaam to Durban. Tanzania is one country which has a relatively stable polity and the lingering Nyerereist legitimacy in Africa. Its landmass connects the Indian Ocean to the heart of rich Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo. For these and many other reasons, US eyes Tanzania. It is surprising therefore that instead of keeping safe distance, our leadership goes out of its way to court this dangerous military octopus.

    It is school-boyish to think that non-alignment does not make sense in the unipolar world. It makes more sense today than ever before. Remember Bush has drawn the line – you are either with us or with the “terrorists”, which means anyone who is against US foreign policy. Under these circumstances, non-alignment means ‘we are neither with you nor with the terrorists!’

    By the same token, it is again surprising that Tanzania is increasingly courting and embracing another vicious military power totally aligned with the US – Israel. Hopefully, our leadership will realise its folly before it is too late.

    The union question

    This has been the continuing subject of discussions and frustrations in the media. The tail continues to wag the dog. The mpasuko in the union cannot be resolved without resolving the mpasuko in Zanzibar. And for resolving the mapasuko, the CCM has to rise above political opportunism. The problem is that the CCM leadership fails to discipline the Zanzibar CCM because mainland CCM factions opportunistically seek out the most reactionary elements in Zanzibar, lest the ‘opposition’ get into power. This is a groundless fear. There is no force in Zanzibar which would want to break the union but if the situation continues as it is, where Zanzibar fails to build a national consensus, then indeed the union could breakup. The JK government has failed to move on this score. One needs to be firm; flabbiness of position wouldn’t do. Sharing of power in Zanzibar is not going to rock the Tanzanian boat at all, nor, in fact CCM’s hegemony. Those who are opposed to national unity on the Islands are purely doing so out of personal interest and personal interests cannot be allowed to wreck a country.

    Summing up

    In sum, then, the immediate task facing the fourth phase government is to take a serious stock, not only of its one year in power, but also the direction in which the country has been moving for the last twenty years. For any government to lose its massive support within a year is very serious indeed and it requires serious attention, not escapism and scapegoating.

    • This article first appeared in The Citizen, a Tanzanian daily, on 21st December, 2006. Issa Shivji is a retired law professor.

    • Please send comments to or comment online at
  7. M

    Mundu JF-Expert Member

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    When he was speaking to the wananchi 'Mpigie Simu Rais" he stressed and mechanically diverted his Maisha bora kwa kila Mtanzania motto to now potentially mean; good roads, Mushroomed ward Sec schools and the promised 14M mosquito nets from the US.

    Yesterday I heard one of his men (Kamara) saying, Kikwete's term has surpassed the 1M Employment target by 200,000 new employments.

    But the question is, can they give us details?

    Surely, they have got nothing to tell wananchi...
  8. Kilasara

    Kilasara JF-Expert Member

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    Asili ya umbumbumbu huu Tz ni kutotambua vihiyo miongoni mwetu. Imagine siku ile Mkuu akichekelea na kumwi-encourage Guninita kushambulia Sitta avuliwe uanachama na baadae u-spika. Kosa lilikuwa Sitta anaungana na wapigaji dhidi ya mafisadi.

    Angejua Guninita ni kihiyo labda angempuuza.

    Tumeshuhudia Chiligati akifoka baada ya ule mkutano na Makamba akifuatilia kwamba Bunge ni mali ya ccm na kwamba haliwezi kamwe kuruhusiwa kuchonganisha wananchi na serikali yao.

    Hazijapita siku zaidi ya 20, Mkuu (?anasahau na) anatamka katika interview kwamba hana urafiki au undugu na mafisadi. Makamba anadakia huko Urambo na kuanza kampeni za Ubunge wa 2010. Sitta ni lazima achaguliwe ili aendelee kupiga vita ufisadi.

    Hivi kwa nini hawa watu wanadhani sisi Watanzania hatukumbuki waliyosema siku chache zilizopita? Wengi wetu siyo vihiyo na 2010 tutawashughulikia.
    Last edited: Sep 18, 2009
  9. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

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    This makes me laugh. He is supposed to lead. If he does not lead then who is the leader...obvious for him to become a follower someone must be leading.Who is the leader then?
  10. Chapakazi

    Chapakazi JF-Expert Member

    Sep 18, 2009
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    Nadhani tanzania haitaji a flamboyant president kwa sasa. Inahitaji mtu atakayekaa na kuwa na serikali yenye direct connection to the people. Hii link imevunjika baada ya Nyerere kutoka madarakani. Tumebaki kumnyanyua Rais juu sana na hivyo kuwa na excessive powers. Nguvu za rais zinaanza pychological. So once we remove this cloud from our minds that a president = God, ndipo tutaweza kwenda naye sahani moja. Tanzania ina muundo mzuri sana wa utawala - serikali za mitaa, wakuu wa mikoa, nk, lakini tumeshindwa kuwatumia kuleta maendeleo kutokana na ujinga (ignorance) ya jinsi system inavyotakiwa kufanya kazi. Nilidhani Pinda baada ya kuwa Waziri anayesimamia Serikali za Mitaa angekuja na 'new thinking' lakini naona tumebaki pale pale.
  11. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

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    Imefika wakati sasa kwa viongozi kuanza kutolea majibu maswali mengi ya wananchi.Kama vile credibility yetu inawekwa kwenye mizani kwa kuonekana kama hatuko serious?
  12. Jethro

    Jethro JF-Expert Member

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    Bwana Mtoto,

    Tatizo viongozi wetu wengi hawajui nini maana ya kuwa kiongozi na ni jinsi gani ya kuuendesha utawala bora mbali na kuwa na mifumo mizuri ktk nchi yetu kwani tatizo kubwa hapo ni Viongozi kuogopana na kupeana madaraka hapo wategemea huo mfumo utaongozwa kwa sheri na utawala bora???? Litakapo ondoka hilo jinamizi la kupeana madaraka na kuchaguana na kuogopana ktk utendaji ndani ya siasa na serikalini basi tutasonga mbele bila shida. Huyo Pinda wazani ataweza leo kwani kuna vibaraka huko white house na kwenye sekta nyingi tu za serikali wanjiona wao ndio washika dau kwa hii nchi bila wao ati hakitowezekana na ndio washauri wabovu na wanaipeleka nchi pabaya.

    Ikulu ikipata washauri wazuri am telling you to natoka na twafika mbali ila pale ndipo panashida ikulu na kuna watu wasafishwe kwanza jamani.
  13. 911

    911 Platinum Member

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    He remained to be just a ruler of this nation.
    Alipokuwa anagombea alidhani urais ni kwenda kuongea na 'wawekezaji' then the next morning wanakuja kuinvest na by the sunset maendeleo hayooo...Simply he underestimated of what it takes to be a president of the nation.No wonder sasa amegeuka na kusema ilani ya CCM hakuitunga yeye....Cha ajabu yeye ndio aliyekuwa "anaiuza" kwa wananchi.Leo ngwe ya kwanza inaisha,hajakamilisha ahadi zilizomo mule let alone zile za papo kwa hapo alizokuwa akizitoa wakati wa kampeni...Anapata uthubutu wa kusema ilani bla,bla,blah...Pls gv me a break.
  14. J

    Jasusi JF-Expert Member

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    Unakumbuka hata Mkapa alisema ilani ya CCM haitekelezeki? Utakuwa mwendawazimu kuipigia kura CCM.
  15. Nyani Ngabu

    Nyani Ngabu Platinum Member

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    Kikwete was never a leader before even being called to lead the nation! Can anybody show me any consequential thing or issue that he showed leadership on prior to becoming president?
  16. The Boss

    The Boss JF-Expert Member

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    he founded tra.
  17. J

    Jasusi JF-Expert Member

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  18. A

    AmaniGK JF-Expert Member

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    Daah hii project X ya mwaka 2010 imekua dedicate kwa Mr president?
  19. M

    Mwafrika JF-Expert Member

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    So, would he be the same person who found (determined by all declining factors instead of ....)

    KRA in Kenya and URA in Uganda!

    He should then be the EA's first president ....or if?!
  20. M

    Mafuluto JF-Expert Member

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    Ndg uliyesema kuwa " he founded' tra ebu fafanua maana naona maluelue...