By James Ratemo Kenya has emerged with a ranking of 113 in the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2009 moving up four places compared with last year. The Index is a ranking of 144 countries - from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe - listed according to their peacefulness. "This year it received a favourable score for low number of deaths from organised conflict, " reads the GPI report in part. In Africa Kenya is ranked 13th out of 31 countries. Botswana is the most peaceful in Africa followed by Malawi, Gabon, Ghana, Mozambique, Zambia and Tanzania. Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan and Somali are rated the most dangerous places in Africa. For the third year running, the country ranked least at peace is Iraq with Afghanistan and Somalia following behind. Madagascar is the country that has fallen the most (30 places) amid mounting political instability and violent demonstrations. Bosnia Herzegovina is the biggest riser, up 23 places from 73rd position last year. The Global Peace Index (GPI) - now in its third year - has been compiled by the Economist Intelligence Unit, using a broad range of 23 indicators measuring both internal and external peacefulness of nations. This year the Index has been expanded to rank 144 countries and now encompasses almost 99 per cent of the world's population. The Index is constructed from 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators of external and internal measures of peace including levels of democracy and transparency, education and material wellbeing. It has won the backing of an influential and distinguished group of supporters including Nobel Laureates Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Professor Joseph Stiglitz and former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, as well as from the world of business including Sir Mark Moody-Stuart and Sir Richard Branson. As the global economy was heading into a synchronised recession at the beginning of 2008, many of the GPI measures, including likelihood of violent demonstration and political instability, also deteriorated. Iceland is a prime example of the link between economic strength and peace. Last year it topped the index but this year it has fallen into fourth place following the collapse of its financial system. Also released with the GPI is a groundbreaking study on the economic impact of violence that estimates the loss to global GDP at US$ 4.8 trillion per year. Analysis has confirmed that peace is a significant factor in the creation of wealth. The Global Peace Index was founded by Steve Killelea, an Australian international technology entrepreneur and philanthropist. It forms part of the Institute for Economics and Peace, a new global think tank dedicated to the research and education of the relationship between economics, business and peace. source: East African Standard Tanzania has ranked 7th in Africa, not bad but not as well as I expected. Africa need to do more to achieve peace. Kenya which ranks 113 in the world is the 13th in Africa. Somalia is the third from last. Madagascar has dropped 30 points. Not to mention we still have problems with Zimbabwe and DR Congo.