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Je, Wajua?

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by Tiger, May 30, 2010.

  1. T

    Tiger JF-Expert Member

    May 30, 2010
    Joined: Nov 30, 2007
    Messages: 1,750
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    Kwa muda mrefu sana nilikuwa nikifahamu kuwa the Universe is made up of
    time, space, energy and matter.
    Hii ilikuwa inamaana(kwangu) every thing in the universe is either energy or matter if not space or time.
    This is true from the galaxies,stars to the individuals cells of our bodies.
    Muda si mfrefu nilikuja kufahamu kuwa apart from those entities,
    there is another entity which is neither energy nor matter and that entity is INFORMATION.

    The Information Philosopher

    In a single decade of the mid-twentieth century, the word information was transformed from a synonym for knowledge into a mathematical, physical, and biological quantity that can be measured and studied scientifically. In the early 1940s, digital computers were invented that could run a stored program to manipulate stored data. In the late 1940s, the problem of communicating digital data signals in the presence of noise was first explored. And in the early 1950s, inheritable characteristics were shown to be transmitted from generation to generation in a digital code.
    Biological systems are different from purely physical systems primarily because they create, store, and communicate information. Living things store information in a memory of the past that they use to shape their future. Fundamental physical objects like atoms have no history.
    Information is neither matter nor energy, but it needs matter for its embodiment and energy for its communication. When a living being dies, it is the maintenance of biological information that ceases. The matter remains.
    Immaterial information is perhaps as close as a physical scientist can get to the idea of a soul or spirit that departs the body at death. And when human beings export some of their information to become a part of human culture, that information is close to becoming immortal.
    Human beings differ from other animals in their extraordinary ability to communicate information and store it in external artifacts. In the last decade the amount of external information per person has grown to exceed an individual's purely biological information.
    Since the 1950's, the science of human behavior has changed dramatically from a "black box" model of a mind, one that started out as a "blank slate" conditioned by environmental stimuli. The new mind model contains many "functions" implemented with stored programs, all of them information structures in the brain. The new cognitive science likens the brain to a computer, with some programs and data inherited and others developed as appropriate reactions to experience.
    The brain may be regarded less as an algorithmic computer than as a primitive experience recorder and reproducer. Information about an experience - the sights, sounds, smells, touch, and taste - is recorded along with the emotions - feelings of pleasure, pain, hopes, and fears - that accompany the experience. When confronted with similar experiences later, the brain can reproduce information about the original experience (an instant replay) to guide current actions.
    Information philosophy is an exploration of some classical problems in philosophy from the standpoint of information, which may provide deeper and more fundamental insights than is possible with the logic and language approach of modern analytic philosophy.

    Source :The Information Philosopher - dedicated to the new information philosophy