kuna programming language inaitwa HTML (Hypertext Mark up Language) ndio hutumika kutengenezea website pamoja na Java lakini the easiest way is using microsoft font page, ambayo ni user friendly kidogo. ukitaka kujifunza font page unaweza kwenda kwa site ya youtube kisha search tutorials za font page then zitatoke.
Swali lako in raisi lakini pia ni ngumu. Utengenezaji wa websites ni process na kila kila aina website inakuwa na process. Kiufupi unaweza kutengeneza basic website ya page mbili tu ambayo itakuwa na maandishi na picha moja tu kila page. Pia unaweza kutengeneza website kubwa kama ilivyo Jamii Forums ambayo ina maelfu ya page.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
Your first technology to learn will therefore have to be HTML. Contrary to what some people believe, HTML is not a programming language. HTML is simply a set of instructions that tell your internet browser (Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari, etc) how to treat things on the pages of your website. The heading for this paragraph, for example, Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), styled in bold is placed at the top. What the HTML in this webpage on Jamii Forums does is to ask of your browser, whichever that may be, something like like, "Hey Mr. Firefox, would you consider this text as a heading, please? Thanks for your cooperation."
Of course the exact wording of the message is an exaggeration but the idea is very close to that.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Over the years, another technology, CSS, emerged to work hand-in-hand with HTML. I like to think HTML and CSS are insperable. HTML is precisely about structure while CSS is about style.
Q: What's that mean?
A: Good question. While HTML would instruct a browser to treat a chunk of text as paragraph CSS gives instructions about how that chunk should be displayed. Using our ealier example where HTML instructs the browser how to the text at the top of the paragraph as a heading CSS would instruct the browser the display the letters in bold.
What Should You Do?
Q: What about those who say I should just learn FrontPage or Dreamweaver?
A: If you really want to know how a webpage works ignore them now. Learn Dreamweaver and FrontPage after you have mastered at least HTML and CSS.
Q: So is that all there is to creating websites?
A: No. My post only highlights the important technologies in what is commonly refered to as "front-end development". Even then, I didn't mention all the technologies that are involved. Images, for example, are an important aspect of front-end interfaces. You may, therefore, find learning an application like Adobe Photoshop worthwhile.
To sum up, everyday I meet two kinds of people: Those who learn how to accomplish a particular task using a tool without bothering to understand why it works and those who seek answers, they lift the hood and learn the inner workings of the tool.