Hizi ndio gharama za kuendesha Ndege, iwe hewani, ardhini ina gharama zake. Hizi za kwetu zinazalisha kwa faida?

Return Of Undertaker

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Return Of Undertaker

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The cost of operating a commercial aircraft can be broken down into two main categories:

airborne cost and ground cost.

The airborne costs are the actual costs of flying the aircraft; the ground costs are the cost of the airframe, engine maintenance, as well as airport and hangar expenses.

Both are typically measured hourly and are broken down per mile. The cost per seat mile is the cost of flying one passenger one mile and is used to measure operating costs. The average cost per seat mile is around 7 to 8 cents for low cost carriers and 11 to 12 cents for network carriers.

Labor and fuel are the largest expenses, accounting for about 12% of the total cost. On average, a pilot’s salary begins at $36,000 and caps around $196,000. The average fuel consumption per 100 kilometers is 3.035 liters (78.5 mpg) for turbo props, 3.126 liters (76.3 mpg) for regional jets, 2.405 liters (100.5 mpg) for short haul, 2.74 liters (86.8 mpg) for medium haul, and 2.959 (80.84 mpg) liters for long haul.

The 50 seat Bombardier Dash 8-300 costs around $1,564 per hour, less per seat than the 42 seat ATR 42, which costs around $1,552 per hour. The 72 seat ATR 72 costs around $2,247 per hour. All three aircraft cost less to operate per hour than the 50 seat Embraer ERJ 145, which costs around $3,503 per hour. The ERJ-145 may offer economic advantages for an airline with a faster cruise speed up to 180 miles per hour more and a range 500 miles longer than other aircraft of this category.

The CS300 costs around $3,100 per hour, the 737-700 costs around $2,900 per hour, the A320 costs around $3,200 per hour, while the Boeing 757 costs around $8,383.15 per hour.
With limited data on the dual engine widebodies, it appears that the Boeing 767 costs around $9,130 per hour to operate, the 777 costs around $7,380 per hour, and the Airbus A330 costs around $7,900 per hour.

More engines lead to higher prices. The average airborne operating cost of a Boeing 747-400 is between $24,000 and $27,000 per hour, around $39.08 to $43.97 per mile, using approximately $15,374 in fuel per hour. In perspective, according to a new Congressional Research Service report, Air Force One, a 747-200B (VC-25A) costs $179,750 per hour to operate. The Airbus A340-200 costs $14,000 per hour, while the larger A340-400 costs $21,000 per hour. The Airbus A380, the largest passenger jet, costs between $26,000 and $29,000 per hour, using roughly $17,467 of fuel, approximately $40.19 to $44.82 per mile. The engines on these aircraft account for 5% of the operating expenses. According to Airbus, a 475-seat A340 has an overall monthly cost advantage over the in comparison to the 747-400 of $557,000. However, even with the higher cost per seat mile, the 747-8’s cost per trip is just 12% lower than the A380’s, while the cost per seat is 9% higher.

A more detailed look at Qantas Airways flight offers a better understanding of typical costs. On a 14-hour A380-800 flight from Sydney to Los Angeles, the airline expenditures amount to $305,735; $11,414 in food and drink, $12,625 in staff pay and $37,157 in airport taxes and navigation services, and around $244,539 in fuel to fly the 484 seat plane. On a Boeing 777-300ER flight from Sydney to Los Angeles, the airline spends a total of $190,422. $9,652 in food and drink, $9,653 in staff pay, $31,117 in airport taxes and navigation services, and over $140,000 in fuel to fly the 361 seat plane on the 14-hour journey.

An average flight on a Delta Air Lines 737-800 costs $2,744 per hour. The plane burns 850 gallons per hour. Fuel costs $1,275 based on Jet-A fuel costing Delta $1.50 a gallon. Two pilots and five flight attendants costs around $500 an hour. Direct maintenance on the airframe is around $220, engines are around $130, and maintenance burden is around $150, for a total of $500. In addition to this cost is depreciation of $373 and aircraft rental of $96. An average flight on an American Airlines 737-800 costs $2,180 per hour. The plane burns 850 gallons per hour. Fuel costs $1,028 based on Jet-A fuel costing American $1.21 a gallon. A cockpit crew of two along with five flight attendants costs around $465 an hour. Direct maintenance on the airframe is around $200, engines are around $110, and maintenance burden is around $135, for a total of $315. Also added to this cost is depreciation of $259 and aircraft rental of $113.

An average flight on a Delta Air Lines MD-88 costs $2,978 per hour. The plane burns 1,050 gallons per hour. Fuel costs $1,575 based on Jet-A fuel costing Delta $1.50 a gallon. Two pilots and three flight attendants costs around $460 an hour. Direct maintenance on the airframe is around $200, engines are around $140, and maintenance burden is around $140, for a total of $480. Also added to this cost is depreciation of $247 and aircraft rental of $216. An average flight on an American Airlines MD-88 costs $2,541.5 per hour. The plane burns 1,050 gallons per hour. Fuel costs $1270.5 based on Jet-A fuel costing American $1.21 a gallon. Two pilots and three flight attendants costs around $403 an hour. Direct maintenance on the airframe is around $185, engines are around $165,and maintenance burden is around $240, for a total of $590. Also added to this cost is depreciation of $86 and aircraft rental of $192.

There are several rules, regulations, and procedures that account for an increase in flight expenditures. Normally, pilots are limited to eight hours of continuous flying and must have a mandatory rest period of 10 hours, or 14 hours for multi-time zone flights. This means that three to five alternate pilots per airplane are required for long international flights. In addition to more pilots, long international flights often also require additional flight attendants. The number of flight attendants is directly correlated to the number of passengers aboard; therefore, a long international flight with a large number of passengers would require a large crew. Seniority also factors in; pilots flying the larger aircraft demand higher pay, as they typically have more hours, and have been with the airline longer.

Other airport rules such as taxi procedures, takeoff, approach, and landing procedures all factor into the cost of the flight. Various landing patterns can extend the length of the flight, sometimes more than thirty miles. This is often dictated by the intensity of the winds, and which runway is in use. At London Heathrow for example, there are four holding stacks that act as waiting rooms for flights, adding time and fuel burn for the flight. Once flights are cleared to begin landing procedures for Heathrow, they follow a 29-mile approach path.

Operating an airline is very expensive. Airlines with multi-class seating have the option of charging more for first class, business class, or premium class, as opposed to the economy class. They also have the ability to charge ancillary fees, such as baggage fees or in-flight amenities to help increase revenue. The average airline’s operating expense equates to 90% of its total revenue, so each passenger makes a difference in this business.

The data in this article has been gathered and recalculated according to my research from various websites and articles. These numbers are not official and do not take fuel hedging into account.

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Next in the series: Airport Operations and expenses
 

Dua

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Dua

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[USER=88353 said:
Return Of Undertaker[/USER]...…...
Please can you specify your average costs in relation to the living cost and salaries for pilots? Does your costs differs for operating in non-busy airports? Do you have same analysis for African aircrafts as well? What is the contribution of GDP in relation to a country which does not have its own airline?
 

Missile of the Nation

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Missile of the Nation

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Kaka, Midege ni project ya mtu kwa sifa zake binafsi, ila kiukweli pesa ya mlipa kodi itaendelea kutumika sana kuyaweka hayo madege angani, maana kwa sasa hakuna business portfolio ya hayo madude kuingiza pesa, kubreak even na kisha kuanza kupiga faida
 

Akili 7

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Akili 7

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Kuendesha makampuni ya ndege ni gharama na hasara sana inaitajika akili na mbinu za kutosha ili kuingiza faida, mashirika mengi yanaendeshwa kisiasa au kupata ruzuku kutoka sarikalini kama Brand ya taifa.

Yumkini ndio maana hapa kwetu CAG amezuiwa kimkakati kukagua ATC ili kulinda aibu ya watawala kutokana na hasara inayosababishwa na shirika letu pendwa.

Na si siri kuna uwezekano bwana mkubwa alishajuzwa mbivu na mbichi za shirika hilo na kwa ubabe na kuvunja sheria akampiga stop cag kukagua ili kutafuta sifa kisiasa.(kujimwambafai)
 

Jon Stephano

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Jon Stephano

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Please can you specify your average costs in relation to the living cost and salaries for pilots? Does your costs differs for operating in non-busy airports? Do you have same analysis for African aircrafts as well? What is the contribution of GDP in relation to a country which does not have its own airline?
Hatufaiiiiiiiiiiiiiii
 

bagamoyo

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bagamoyo

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Return of Undertaker,

Umetoa mchanganuo bora wa gharama za kuwa na ndege, kazi kwao Waziri wa Sekta husika , CEO wa ATCL na wanaLumumba waje na hoja tofauti kuwa wanadhibiti vipi gharama hizi za uendeshaji shirika na kubakiwa na mamilioni ya dola za kimarekani kama faida.

Return of Undertaker unatakiwa kutupia sehemu ya pili haraka page hii hii ya kwanza ili thread isheheni taarifa zote za kiuendeshaji na changamoto kubwa ya uendeshaji wa shirika lolote la ndege duniani lakini tukiangazia hili shirika la ATCL linaloendeshwa kisiasa, lisilo na soko (abiria) wala mkakati-kazi endelevu.

Shukrani.
 

Perfectz

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Perfectz

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KAMA NI KWELI GHARAMA NDO HIZO SIO SIRI TUNAJIENDESHA KWA HASARA MAANA KWA SISI RANGI NYEUSI VICHWA MAJI SIDHANI KAMA TUNAHIMILI HESABU NZITO KAMA HIZO
 

MENGELENI KWETU

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MENGELENI KWETU

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Kwa hii analysis ya gharama za uendeshaji hapo juu..
HAKUNA faida yoyote inayotengenezwa pale ATCL..
Amruhusu CAG akague ukweli uwe dhahiri.

Mkuu Return Of Undertaker ungepandishia kwenye Uzi huuhuu category ya pili ya gharama za uendeshaji wa Ndege ili wahusika wapate kila kitu kwenye thread hii moja pls.
 

Return Of Undertaker

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Return Of Undertaker

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Kwa hii analysis ya gharama za uendeshaji japo juu..
HAKUNA faida yoyote inayotengenezwa pale ATCL..
Amruhusu CAG akague ukweli uwe dhahiri.

Mkuu Return Of Undertaker ungepandishia kwenye Uzi huuhuu category ya pili ya gharama za uendeshaji wa Ndege ili wahusika wapate kila kitu kwenye thread hii moja pls.
Noted
 

Marwa_J_Merengo

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Marwa_J_Merengo

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Kiukweli hata kwa kutumia ubongo wa kondoo huwezi kufanya biashara isiyokuwa na faida labda uwe na mambo mengine unafanya

Mbona kabla ya hayo madege ya magufuli yalikuwepo mashirika binafsi kama vile fastjet,precision air nk. yaliyokuwa yakijiendesha kwa faida na yalikuwa yakitoza nauli ndogo sana
 

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