- Sep 19, 2012
Alan Mathison Turing was born on June 23[SUP]rd[/SUP], 1912 and died on June 7[SUP]th[/SUP], 1954. He died from cyanide poisoning and an inquest concluded that he commit suicide. Before that he was found guilty for being a homosexual, which was considered a crime back then.
Modern, electronic computers
The invention of electronic computers, which we are all to familiar with today, was done by Alan Mathison Turing, an English scientist.
About Alan Turing
Alan Turning was born on June 23[SUP]rd[/SUP], 1912 in London, England. He was very interested in mathematics and science during his school days. However, he went to a public school, Sherborne, where the emphasis was on classical subjects and not on science or mathematics. But this didn't stop him from learning complex mathematical terms though. For example, even without studying elementary calculus, he studied Einstein's complex questioning on Newton's theory of motion and he did all of the learning, by himself.
The Turning Machine
Alan Turning began to explore the possibilities of computing when he attended the King's College in Cambridge for his undergraduate degree in Mathematics. He wrote a notable paper on computationalnumbers and its application. He also reformulated Kurt Gödel's arithmetic, universal formal language with his hypothesis on the legendary Turning Machine. The Turning Machine was the first machine that can use algorithms to solve arithmetic problems. For many experts, it was the first, theoretical concept of a modern computer. The basic concept of the Turning Machine is still being taught in computer science and computation theory courses, all over the world.
The Automatic Computing Engine
Based on his Turning Machine, he began to develop the Automatic Computing Engine or ACE during 1945 to 1947. He also presented a paper on the possibility that computers could execute stored programs, which is what our computers do every time we turned it on. Alan Turning developed other theories and concepts too, such as the halting problem, definable numbers, the Turing-Welchman bombe, Hut 8 and the Naval Enigma as well. He died on June 7[SUP]th[/SUP], 1954 in England.