Im bringing this issues to great thinkers toponder and advise our Dear Foreign Minister Bernard C. Membe and the Secretary General ofthe Ruling Party of the Republic of Tanzania to help and clearly understand the inner part of the conflictof South Sudanese people before stepping in. I know the Foreign Minister mightbe well informed, but to my thinking he misses a point to mediate the politicalfractures in the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army (SPLA) and Sudan PeoplesLiberation Movement (SPLM) will solve the problem of the Republic of SouthSudan (ROSS). The fracture profoundly entrenched in ethnicity line thanpolitical. It is true that a power struggle within the political elite of theSPLA and SPLM came to a head in July 2013 when the political relationshipbetween President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar deteriorated andthe latter was removed from his post. In December 2013, following an allegedattempt at a coup détat by soldiers loyal to Machar, tensions descended intoviolent conflict in the streets of Juba. Hundreds were reported killed in thedays that followed, and the violence, which quickly took on an ethnicdimension, spread rapidly throughout the country. The point to comprehend for now is that conflictis characterised by the fracturing of communities. Whilethe conflict may be viewed in simple terms as a dispute between SPLM-inOpposition-supporting Nuer andSPLM-supporting Dinka, the realityis more complex, and many Nuerremain loyal to the SPLM. Even in Bentiu, Unity state, which has been a site ofcontinued violence, the SPLM government is predominantly Nuer. Nonetheless, traditional rivalries between the Dinka and Nuer have been a strong feature and driver of the on-goingconflict. The good intention of the Foreign Minister if not fingered properlyto know the true face of the conflict of the ROSS, it will be waste of time,waste of monies of Tanzanians tax payers and will exasperate his politicalambitions. I respect the Minister.