- Nov 22, 2007
ABEID AMANI KARUME.
Abeid Amani Karume (August 4, 1905[SUP][/SUP] April 7, 1972), was the first President of Zanzibar. He obtained this title as a result of a popular revolution which led to the deposing of the last Sultan of Zanzibar Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah in January 1964. Three months later, the United Republic of Tanzania was founded as Tanzania, prompting Karume to become the first Vice President of the United Republic along with Julius Nyerere of Tanganyika as president.
Allegedly born at the village of Mwera in 1905, Karume had little formal education and worked as a seaman before entering politics. He left Zanzibar in the early years of his life, traveling among other places to London, where he gained an understanding of geopolitics and international affairs through exposure to African thinkers such as Kamuzu Banda of Malawi. Karume developed an apparatus of control through the expansion of the Afro-Shirazi Party and its relations with the Tanganyika African National Union party.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian politician who served as the first President of Tanzania and previously Tanganyika, from the country's founding in 1961 until his retirement in 1985.
Born in Tanganyika to Nyerere Burito (18601942), Chief of the Zanaki,[SUP][/SUP] Nyerere was known by the Swahili name Mwalimu or 'teacher', his profession prior to politics.[SUP][/SUP] He was also referred to as Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation).[SUP][/SUP]Nyerere received his higher education at Makerere University in Kampala and the University of Edinburgh. After he returned to Tanganyika, he worked as a teacher. In 1954, he helped form the Tanganyika African National Union.
Nimeona ni jambo la kitaifa ku- share na wenzangu hasa wale ambao hawakujua kama mimi. Lakini pia inaonyesha kwamba pamoja na Karume kumpita Nyerere kwa miaka 17 bado aliamini kijana huyo atamudu changamoto za kuongoza taifa. Tuna jambo la kujifunza hapa.