Implementation of a comprehensive programme aimed at reducing traffic congestion and ease public transport in Dar es Salaam has finally started. The programme would involve construction of tarmac roads in different parts of the city, fly-overs at the main junctions, introduction of passenger train and setting up stations for marine transport service, the Ministry of Infrastructure Development said yesterday. According to an official statement issued by the ministry, the plan aims to redress long-standing transport problems including traffic congestion on the citys roads. There has been serious problems of congestion, especially at the main junctions of most city roads with the latest programme, these problems will be resolved, the statement, signed by the ministrys permanent secretary, Omar Chambo, said. It said the problems, particularly congestion, made it difficult for people to easily access business centres, public and private offices and social services centres. The notorious roads according to the statement included Mandela, Morogoro, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, Old Bagamoyo and Kawawa --which forced users to spend many hours on the roads. There are an estimated 300,000 registered vehicles plying Dar es Salaam routes, equivalent to 62 per cent of the registered vehicles countrywide, the statement said. In a recent meeting between the ministry and development partners, it was disclosed that the decongestion plan had started to be implemented through short-term, medium-term and long-term plans. Construction of tarmac roads started in the 2008/09 financial year, as one of the short terms measures; Chambo was quoted as telling the partners. The plan is expected to be completed in the year 2010/11, he noted and involved construction of a 6.4-kilometre road from Ubungo Bus Terminal via Kigogo to the round-about of Kawawa road at a cost of 11.4bn/-. It also involved construction of 2.7-kilometre road from Kigogo to Jangwani-Twiga at the cost of 8bn/-, Jet Corner Vituka Devis Corner Road (10.3Km) in Temeke at the cost of 12.9bn/-, Kigogo-Tabata Dampo road (2.3km) and construction of Box Culverts at Bungoni areas along Nyerere Road to cost 2.181bn/. The second phase of the short term plan to be completed in 2011/12 would involve construction of the Mabibo External road through Kilungule to Kimara Korogwe covering a distance of nine kilometres. The other road will start at Mbezi Victoria to Kifuru via Kinyerezi to Banana (14km). The statement said the plan will also include expansion of Morocco Road via Old Bagamoyo to Mlalakuwa, covering nine kilometres and connecting with Ali Hassan Mwinyi Road via Tanzania Peoples Defence Forces. The implementation of the third phase of the short plan which started since 2008/09 and would continue to 2012/ 13 would include construction of a road from Mbezi Mwisho to Goba and from Goba to Tangi Bovu. Another road, according to the statement, would start from Goba to Tegeta Kibaoni while another one would run from Kimara Baruti via Ubungo Msewe to Changanyikeni. The statement said under the Japanese government sponsorship, the government was completing preparations to start the extension of Morocco - Mwenge (4.1km), Mwenge Tegeta (12.9km) and Bendera Tatu Gerezani/Nyerere, Kamata junction (1.7km). On Rapid Transit Project the statement said the project would be implemented under the supervision of Minister of State in Prime Ministers Office - Regional Administration and Local governments and Infrastructure Ministry via Tanzania National Road Agency. The medium term plan focused on implementing the projects which were included in a five-year plan, the statement said, further disclosing that the project would include the construction of flyovers at the road junctions. The road junctions at which the flyovers would be constructed include Ubungo, Tazara, Gerezani, Mwenge, Morocco, Magomeni, Changombe and Institute of Accounts at Kurasini, the statement said. The Long term plan would involve the construction of four lanes from Kimara Mwisho to Kibaha and from the junction of Kawawa and Nyerere roads at Changombe to Tandika area. Chambo said preliminary process to establish the train routes from railway station to Ubungo Maziwa had been completed. He said experts from his ministry and other stakeholders had completed the inspection process and endorsed that the route be established. According to Chambo, the Surface and Marine Transport Regulatory Authority (SUMATRA) had also endorsed the plans, indicating that minor maintenance would be carried out on the railway line while preparations for passenger stations would be constructed at Kamata (Gerezani), Makuburi, Kwa Mnyamani, Tabata relini, AMI, Mabibo and Ubungo Maziwa.